11. Kodhanasutta½

64. “Sattime bhikkhave, dhamm± sapattakant± sapattakaraº± kodhana½ ±gacchanti itthi½ v± purisa½ v±. Katame satta? Idha, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa eva½ icchati– ‘aho vat±ya½ dubbaººo ass±’ti! Ta½ kissa hetu? Na, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa vaººavat±ya nandati. Kodhanoya½ [kodhan±ya½ (ka.)], bhikkhave, purisapuggalo kodh±bhibh³to kodhapareto, kiñc±pi so hoti sunh±to suvilitto kappitakesamassu od±tavatthavasano [od±tavasano (ka.)]; atha kho so dubbaººova hoti kodh±bhibh³to. Aya½, bhikkhave, paµhamo dhammo sapattakanto sapattakaraºo kodhana½ ±gacchati itthi½ v± purisa½ v±.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa eva½ icchati– ‘aho vat±ya½ dukkha½ sayeyy±’ti! Ta½ kissa hetu? Na, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa sukhaseyy±ya nandati. Kodhanoya½, bhikkhave, purisapuggalo kodh±bhibh³to kodhapareto, kiñc±pi so pallaªke seti gonakatthate paµalikatthate kadalimigapavarapaccattharaºe sa-uttaracchade ubhatolohitak³padh±ne; atha kho so dukkhaññeva seti kodh±bhibh³to. Aya½, bhikkhave, dutiyo dhammo sapattakanto sapattakaraºo kodhana½ ±gacchati itthi½ v± purisa½ v±.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa eva½ icchati– ‘aho vat±ya½ na pacurattho ass±’ti! Ta½ kissa hetu? Na, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa pacuratthat±ya nandati Kodhanoya½ bhikkhave, purisapuggalo kodh±bhibh³to kodhapareto, anatthampi gahetv± ‘attho me gahito’ti maññati atthampi gahetv± ‘anattho me gahito’ti maññati. Tassime dhamm± aññamañña½ vipaccan²k± gahit± d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti kodh±bhibh³tassa. Aya½, bhikkhave, tatiyo dhammo sapattakanto sapattakaraºo kodhana½ ±gacchati itthi½ v± purisa½ v±.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa eva½ icchati– ‘aho vat±ya½ na bhogav± ass±’ti! Ta½ kissa hetu? Na, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa bhogavat±ya nandati. Kodhanassa, bhikkhave, purisapuggalassa kodh±bhibh³tassa kodhaparetassa, yepissa te honti bhog± uµµh±nav²riy±dhigat± b±h±balaparicit± sed±vakkhitt± dhammik± dhammaladdh±, tepi r±j±no r±jakosa½ pavesenti kodh±bhibh³tassa. Aya½, bhikkhave, catuttho dhammo sapattakanto sapattakaraºo kodhana½ ±gacchati itthi½ v± purisa½ v±.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa eva½ icchati– ‘aho vat±ya½ na yasav± ass±’ti! Ta½ kissa hetu? Na, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa yasavat±ya nandati. Kodhanoya½, bhikkhave, purisapuggalo kodh±bhibh³to kodhapareto, yopissa so hoti yaso appam±d±dhigato, tamh±pi dha½sati kodh±bhibh³to. Aya½, bhikkhave, pañcamo dhammo sapattakanto sapattakaraºo kodhana½ ±gacchati itthi½ v± purisa½ v±.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa eva½ icchati– ‘aho vat±ya½ na mittav± ass±’ti! Ta½ kissa hetu? Na, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa mittavat±ya nandati. Kodhana½, bhikkhave, purisapuggala½ kodh±bhibh³ta½ kodhapareta½, yepissa te honti mitt±macc± ñ±tis±lohit±, tepi ±rak± parivajjanti kodh±bhibh³ta½. Aya½, bhikkhave, chaµµho dhammo sapattakanto sapattakaraºo kodhana½ ±gacchati itthi½ v± purisa½ v±.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa eva½ icchati– ‘aho vat±ya½ k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyy±’ti! Ta½ kissa hetu? Na, bhikkhave, sapatto sapattassa sugatigamane nandati. Kodhanoya½, bhikkhave, purisapuggalo kodh±bhibh³to kodhapareto k±yena duccarita½ carati, v±c±ya duccarita½ carati, manas± duccarita½ carati. So k±yena duccarita½ caritv± v±c±ya…pe… k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjati kodh±bhibh³to. Aya½, bhikkhave, sattamo dhammo sapattakanto sapattakaraºo kodhana½ ±gacchati itthi½ v± purisa½ v±. Ime kho, bhikkhave, satta dhamm± sapattakant± sapattakaraº± kodhana½ ±gacchanti itthi½ v± purisa½ v±”ti.
“Kodhano dubbaººo hoti, atho dukkhampi seti so;
atho attha½ gahetv±na, anattha½ adhipajjati [adhigacchati (s².), paµipajjati (sy±.)].
“Tato k±yena v±c±ya, vadha½ katv±na kodhano;
kodh±bhibh³to puriso, dhanaj±ni½ nigacchati.
“Kodhasammadasammatto ±yasakya½ [±yasakkha½ (sy±.)] nigacchati;
ñ±timitt± suhajj± ca, parivajjanti kodhana½.
[Itivu. 88 itivuttakepi] “anatthajanano kodho, kodho cittappakopano;
bhayamantarato j±ta½, ta½ jano n±vabujjhati.
“Kuddho attha½ na j±n±ti, kuddho dhamma½ na passati;
andhatama½ tad± hoti, ya½ kodho sahate nara½.
“Ya½ kuddho uparodheti, sukara½ viya dukkara½;
pacch± so vigate kodhe, aggida¹¹hova tappati.
“Dummaªkuya½ padasseti [sadasseti (s².), paµhama½ dasseti (sy±.)], dh³ma½ dh³m²va p±vako;
yato pat±yati kodho, yena kujjhanti m±nav±.
“N±ssa hir² na ottappa½ [na assa hir² ottappañca (ka.)], na v±co hoti g±ravo;
kodhena abhibh³tassa, na d²pa½ hoti kiñcana½.
“Tapan²y±ni kamm±ni, y±ni dhammehi ±rak±;
t±ni ±rocayiss±mi, ta½ suº±tha yath± tatha½.
“Kuddho hi pitara½ hanti, hanti kuddho sam±tara½;
kuddho hi br±hmaºa½ hanti, hanti kuddho puthujjana½.
“Y±ya m±tu bhato poso, ima½ loka½ avekkhati;
tampi p±ºadadi½ santi½, hanti kuddho puthujjano.
“Att³pam± hi te satt±, att± hi paramo [parama½ (s². sy±.)] piyo;
hanti kuddho puthutt±na½, n±n±r³pesu mucchito.
“Asin± hanti att±na½, visa½ kh±danti mucchit±;
rajjuy± bajjha m²yanti, pabbat±mapi kandare.
“Bh³nahacc±ni [bh³tahacc±ni (s². sy±.)] kamm±ni, attam±raºiy±ni ca;
karont± n±vabujjhanti [karonto n±vabujjhati (ka.)], kodhaj±to par±bhavo.
“It±ya½ kodhar³pena, maccup±so guh±sayo;
ta½ damena samucchinde, paññ±v²riyena diµµhiy±.
“Yath± meta½ [ekameta½ (sy±.), ekameta½ (s².)] akusala½, samucchindetha paº¹ito;
tatheva dhamme sikkhetha, m± no dummaªkuya½ ahu.
“V²takodh± an±y±s±, v²talobh± anussuk± [anissuk± (s². sy±.) tadaµµhakath±su pana “anussuk±” tveva dissati];
dant± kodha½ pahantv±na, parinibbanti an±sav±”ti [parinibbissathan±sav±ti (sy±.), parinibbi½su an±sav±ti (ka.)]. Ek±dasama½.

Aby±katavaggo chaµµho.

Tassudd±na½–
Aby±kato purisagati, tissa s²ha arakkhiya½;
kimila½ satta pacal±, mett± bhariy± kodhek±das±ti.