8. Licchavikum±rakasutta½

58. Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± ves±liya½ viharati mah±vane k³µ±g±ras±l±ya½. Atha kho bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya ves±li½ piº¹±ya p±visi. Ves±liya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto mah±vana½ ajjhog±hetv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le div±vih±ra½ nis²di.
Tena kho pana samayena sambahul± licchavikum±rak± sajj±ni dhan³ni ±d±ya kukkurasaªghaparivut± mah±vane anucaªkamam±n± anuvicaram±n± addasu bhagavanta½ aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nisinna½; disv±na sajj±ni dhan³ni nikkhipitv± kukkurasaªgha½ ekamanta½ uyyojetv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± tuºh²bh³t± tuºh²bh³t± pañjalik± bhagavanta½ payirup±santi.
Tena kho pana samayena mah±n±mo licchavi mah±vane jaªgh±vih±ra½ anucaªkamam±no addasa te licchavikum±rake tuºh²bh³te tuºh²bh³te pañjalike bhagavanta½ payirup±sante; disv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho mah±n±mo licchavi ud±na½ ud±nesi– ‘bhavissanti vajj², bhavissanti vajj²”’ti!
“Ki½ pana tva½, mah±n±ma, eva½ vadesi– ‘bhavissanti vajj², bhavissanti vajj²”’ti? “Ime, bhante, licchavikum±rak± caº¹± pharus± ap±nubh± [apajah±ti (s².), ap±µubh± (sy±. ka½.), apajah± (p².), ap±nut± (katthaci)]. Y±nipi t±ni kulesu paheºak±ni [pah²nak±ni (s².), pah²ºak±ni (sy±. ka½. p².)] pah²yanti, ucch³ti v± badar±ti v± p³v±ti v± modak±ti v± sa½kulik±ti v± [sakkhalik±ti v± (s². p².)], t±ni vilumpitv± vilumpitv± kh±danti; kulitth²nampi kulakum±r²nampi pacch±liya½ khipanti. Te d±nime tuºh²bh³t± tuºh²bh³t± pañjalik± bhagavanta½ payirup±sant²”ti.
“Yassa kassaci, mah±n±ma, kulaputtassa pañca dhamm± sa½vijjanti– yadi v± rañño khattiyassa muddh±vasittassa, yadi v± raµµhikassa pettanikassa [muddh±bhisittassa (ka.) a. ni. 5.135, 136 passitabba½], yadi v± sen±ya sen±patikassa, yadi v± g±mag±maºikassa, yadi v± p³gag±maºikassa, ye v± pana kulesu paccek±dhipacca½ k±renti, vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±ni.
“Katame pañca? Idha, mah±n±ma, kulaputto uµµh±nav²riy±dhigatehi bhogehi b±h±balaparicitehi sed±vakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi m±t±pitaro sakkaroti garu½ karoti m±neti p³jeti Tamena½ m±t±pitaro sakkat± garukat± m±nit± p³jit± kaly±ºena manas± anukampanti– ‘cira½ j²va, d²gham±yu½ p±leh²’ti. M±t±pit±nukampitassa, mah±n±ma, kulaputtassa vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±ni.
“Puna capara½, mah±n±ma, kulaputto uµµh±nav²riy±dhigatehi bhogehi b±h±balaparicitehi sed±vakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi puttad±rad±sakammakaraporise [… s±mantasa½voh±re (s². p².)] sakkaroti garu½ karoti m±neti p³jeti. Tamena½ puttad±rad±sakammakaraporis± sakkat± garukat± m±nit± p³jit± kaly±ºena manas± anukampanti– ‘cira½ j²va, d²gham±yu½ p±leh²’ti. Puttad±rad±sakammakaraporis±nukampitassa, mah±n±ma, kulaputtassa vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±ni.
“Puna capara½, mah±n±ma, kulaputto uµµh±nav²riy±dhigatehi bhogehi b±h±balaparicitehi sed±vakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi khettakammantas±mantasabyoh±re sakkaroti garu½ karoti m±neti p³jeti. Tamena½ khettakammantas±mantasabyoh±r± sakkat± garukat± m±nit± p³jit± kaly±ºena manas± anukampanti– ‘cira½ j²va, d²gham±yu½ p±leh²’ti. Khettakammantas±mantasabyoh±r±nukampitassa, mah±n±ma, kulaputtassa vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±ni.
“Puna capara½, mah±n±ma, kulaputto uµµh±nav²riy±dhigatehi bhogehi b±h±balaparicitehi sed±vakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi y±vat± balipaµigg±hik± devat± sakkaroti garu½ karoti m±neti p³jeti. Tamena½ balipaµigg±hik± devat± sakkat± garukat± m±nit± p³jit± kaly±ºena manas± anukampanti– ‘cira½ j²va, d²gham±yu½ p±leh²’ti. Devat±nukampitassa, mah±n±ma, kulaputtassa vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±ni.
“Puna capara½, mah±n±ma, kulaputto uµµh±nav²riy±dhigatehi bhogehi b±h±balaparicitehi sed±vakkhittehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi samaºabr±hmaºe sakkaroti garu½ karoti m±neti p³jeti. Tamena½ samaºabr±hmaº± sakkat± garukat± m±nit± p³jit± kaly±ºena manas± anukampanti– ‘cira½ j²va, d²gham±yu½ p±leh²’ti. Samaºabr±hmaº±nukampitassa mah±n±ma, kulaputtassa vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±ni.
“Yassa kassaci, mah±n±ma, kulaputtassa ime pañca dhamm± sa½vijjanti– yadi v± rañño khattiyassa muddh±vasittassa, yadi v± raµµhikassa pettanikassa yadi v± sen±ya sen±patikassa, yadi v± g±mag±maºikassa, yadi v± p³gag±maºikassa, ye v± pana kulesu paccek±dhipacca½ k±renti, vuddhiyeva p±µikaªkh±, no parih±n²”ti.
“M±t±pitukiccakaro, puttad±rahito sad±;
antojanassa atth±ya, ye cassa anuj²vino.
“Ubhinnañceva atth±ya, vadaññ³ hoti s²lav±;
ñ±t²na½ pubbapet±na½, diµµhe dhamme ca j²vata½ [j²vina½ (s².), j²vita½ (sy±. ka½. p². ka.)].
“Samaº±na½ br±hmaº±na½, devat±nañca paº¹ito;
vittisañjanano hoti, dhammena gharam±vasa½.
“So karitv±na kaly±ºa½, pujjo hoti pasa½siyo;
idheva na½ pasa½santi, pecca sagge pamodat²”ti. Aµµhama½.