3. Vajjisattakavaggo

1. S±randadasuttavaººan±

21. Tatiyassa paµhame s±randade cetiyeti eva½n±make vih±re. Anuppanne kira tath±gate tattha s±randadassa yakkhassa niv±sanaµµh±na½ cetiya½ ahosi, athettha bhagavato vih±ra½ k±resu½. So s±randadacetiya½tveva saªkha½ gato. Y±vak²vañc±ti yattaka½ k±la½. Abhiºha½ sannip±t±ti divasassa tikkhattu½ sannipatant±pi antarantar± sannipatant±pi abhiºha½ sannip±t±va. Sannip±tabahul±ti “hiyyopi purimadivasampi sannipatamha, puna ajja kimattha½ sannipat±m±”ti vos±naman±pajjanena sannip±tabahul±. Vuddhiyeva licchav² vajj²na½ p±µikaªkh± no parih±n²ti abhiºha½ asannipatant± hi dis±su ±gata½ s±sana½ na suºanti, tato “asukag±mas²m± v± nigamas²m± v± ±kul±, asukaµµh±ne cor± pariyuµµhit±”ti na j±nanti. Cor±pi “pamatt± r±j±no”ti ñatv± g±manigam±d²ni paharant± janapada½ n±senti. Eva½ r±j³na½ parih±ni hoti Abhiºha½ sannipatant± pana ta½ pavatti½ suºanti, tato bala½ pesetv± amittamaddana½ karonti. Cor±pi “appamatt± r±j±no, na sakk± amhehi vaggabandhanena vicaritun”ti bhijjitv± pal±yanti. Eva½ r±j³na½ vuddhi hoti. Tena vutta½– “vuddhiyeva licchav² vajj²na½ p±µikaªkh± no parih±n²”ti.
Samagg±ti-±d²su sannip±tabheriy± niggat±ya “ajja me kicca½ atthi maªgala½ atth²”ti vikkhepa½ karont± na samagg± sannipatanti n±ma. Bherisadda½ pana sutv±va bhuñjam±n±pi alaªkurum±n±pi vatth±ni niv±sayam±n±pi addhabhutt± addh±laªkat± vattha½ niv±sent±va sannipatant± samagg± sannipatanti n±ma. Sannipatit± pana cintetv± mantetv± kattabba½ katv± ekatova avuµµhahant± na samagg± vuµµhahanti n±ma. Eva½ vuµµhitesu hi ye paµhama½ gacchanti, tesa½ eva½ hoti “amhehi b±hirakath±va sut±, id±ni vinicchayakath± bhavissat²”ti. Ekato vuµµhahant± pana samagg± vuµµhahanti n±ma. Apica “asukaµµh±ne g±mas²m± v± nigamas²m± v± ±kul±, cor± v± pariyuµµhit±”ti sutv± “ko gantv± amittamaddana½ karissat²”ti vutte “aha½ paµhama½ aha½ paµhaman”ti vatv± gacchant±pi samagg± vuµµhahanti n±ma. Ekassa pana kammante os²dam±ne ses± puttabh±taro pesetv± tassa kammanta½ upatthambhayam±n±pi ±gantukar±j±na½ “asukassa geha½ gacchatu, asukassa geha½ gacchat³”ti avatv± sabbe ekato saªgaºhant±pi ekassa maªgale v± roge v± aññasmi½ v± pana t±dise sukhadukkhe uppanne sabbe tattha sah±yabh±va½ gacchant±pi samagg± vajjikaraº²y±ni karonti n±ma.
Appaññattanti-±d²su pubbe akata½ suªka½ v± bali½ v± daº¹a½ v± ±har±pent± appaññatta½ paññ±penti n±ma. Por±ºapaveºiy± ±gatameva pana an±har±pent± paññatta½ samucchindanti n±ma. Coroti gahetv± dassite avicinitv± chejjabhejja½ anus±sant± por±ºa½ vajjidhamma½ sam±d±ya na vattanti n±ma. Tesa½ apaññatta½ paññ±pent±na½ abhinavasuªk±dip²¼it± manuss± “ati-upaddutamha, ke imesa½ vijite vasissant²”ti paccanta½ pavisitv± cor± v± corasah±y± v± hutv± janapada½ hananti. Paññatta½ samucchindant±na½ paveºi-±gat±ni suªk±d²ni agaºhant±na½ koso parih±yati, tato hatthi-assabalak±ya-orodh±dayo yath±nibaddha½ vaµµa½ alabham±n± th±mabalena parih±yanti. Te neva yuddhakkham± honti na p±ricariyakkham±. Por±ºa½ vajjidhamma½ sam±d±ya avattant±na½ vijite manuss± “amh±ka½ putta½ pitara½ bh±tara½ acora½yeva coroti katv± chindi½su bhindi½s³”ti kujjhitv± paccanta½ pavisitv± cor± v± corasah±y± v± hutv± janapada½ hananti. Eva½ r±j³na½ parih±ni hoti. Apaññatta½ na paññ±pent±na½ pana “paveºi-±gata½yeva r±j±no karont²”ti manuss± haµµhatuµµh± kasiv±ºijj±dike kammante samp±denti. Paññatta½ asamucchindant±na½ paveºi-±gat±ni suªk±d²ni gaºhant±na½ koso va¹¹hati, tato hatthi-assabalak±ya-orodh±dayo yath±nibaddha½ vaµµa½ labham±n± th±mabalasampann± yuddhakkham± ceva p±ricariyakkham± ca honti. Por±ºe vajjidhamme sam±d±ya vattant±na½ manuss± na ujjh±yanti. “R±j±no por±ºapaveºiy± karonti, aµµakulikasen±pati-upar±j³hi parikkhita½ sayampi parikkhipitv± paveºipotthaka½ v±c±petv± anucchavikameva daº¹a½ pavattayanti, etesa½ doso natthi, amh±ka½yeva doso”ti appamatt± kammante karonti. Eva½ r±j³na½ vuddhi hoti.
Sakkarissant²ti ya½kiñci tesa½ sakk±ra½ karont± sundarameva karissanti. Garu½ karissant²ti garubh±va½ paccupaµµhapetv± karissanti. M±nessant²ti manena piy±yissanti. P³jessant²ti paccayap³j±ya p³jessanti. Sotabba½ maññissant²ti divasassa dve tayo v±re upaµµh±na½ gantv± tesa½ katha½ sotabba½ saddh±tabba½ maññissanti. Tattha ye eva½ mahallak±na½ r±j³na½ sakk±r±d²ni na karonti, ov±datth±ya v± nesa½ upaµµh±na½ na gacchanti, te tehi vissaµµh± anovadiyam±n± k²¼±pasut± rajjato parih±yanti. Ye pana tath± paµipajjanti, tesa½ mahallakar±j±no “ida½ k±tabba½ ida½ na k±tabban”ti por±ºapaveºi½ ±cikkhanti. Saªg±ma½ patv±pi “eva½ pavisitabba½, eva½ nikkhamitabban”ti up±ya½ dassenti. Te tehi ovadiyam±n± yath±-ov±da½ paµipajjam±n± sakkonti rajjapaveºi½ sandh±retu½. Tena vutta½– “vuddhiyeva licchav² vajj²na½ p±µikaªkh±”ti.
Kulitthiyoti kulagharaºiyo. Kulakum±riyoti anividdh± t±sa½ dh²taro. Okass±ti v± pasayh±ti v± pasayh±k±rasseveta½ n±ma½. Ok±s±tipi paµhanti. Tattha okass±ti avakasitv± ±ka¹¹hitv±. Pasayh±ti abhibhavitv± ajjhottharitv±ti aya½ vacanattho. Evañhi karont±na½ vijite manuss± “amh±ka½ gehe puttabh±taropi, khe¼asiªgh±nik±d²ni mukhena apanetv± sa½va¹¹hit± dh²taropi ime balakk±rena gahetv± attano ghare v±sent²”ti kupit± paccanta½ pavisitv± cor± v± corasah±y± v± hutv± janapada½ hananti. Eva½ akaront±na½ pana vijite manuss± appossukk± sak±ni kamm±ni karont± r±jakosa½ va¹¹henti. Evamettha vuddhih±niyo veditabb±.
Vajj²na½ vajjicetiy±n²ti vajjir±j³na½ vajjiraµµhe citt²kataµµhena cetiy±n²ti laddhan±m±ni yakkhaµµh±n±ni. Abbhantar±n²ti antonagare µhit±ni. B±hir±n²ti bahinagare µhit±ni. Dinnapubba½ katapubbanti pubbe dinnañca katañca. No parih±pessant²ti ah±petv± yath±pavattameva karissanti. Dhammika½ bali½ parih±pent±nañhi devat± ±rakkha½ susa½vihita½ na karonti, anuppanna½ dukkha½ upp±detu½ asakkontiyopi uppanna½ k±sas²sarog±di½ va¹¹henti, saªg±me patte sah±y± na honti. Aparih±pent±na½ pana ±rakkha½ susa½vihita½ karonti, anuppanna½ sukha½ upp±detu½ asakkontiyopi uppanna½ k±sas²sarog±di½ haranti, saªg±mas²se sah±y± hont²ti. Evamettha vuddhih±niyo veditabb±.
Dhammik± rakkh±varaºagutt²ti ettha rakkh± eva yath± anicchita½ n±gacchati, eva½ ±varaºato ±varaºa½. Yath± icchita½ na nassati, eva½ gop±yanato gutti. Tattha balak±yena pariv±retv± rakkhana½ pabbajit±na½ dhammik± rakkh±varaºagutti n±ma na hoti. Yath± pana vih±rassa upavane rukkhe na chindanti, v±jik± v±ja½ na karonti, pokkharaº²su macche na gaºhanti, eva½ karaºa½ dhammik± rakkh±varaºagutti n±ma. Kint²ti kena nu kho k±raºena.
Tattha ye an±gat±na½ arahant±na½ ±gamana½ na icchanti, te assaddh± honti appasann±. Pabbajite sampatte paccuggamana½ na karonti, gantv± na passanti, paµisanth±ra½ na karonti, pañha½ na pucchanti, dhamma½ na suºanti, d±na½ na denti, anumodana½ na suºanti, niv±sanaµµh±na½ na sa½vidahanti. Atha nesa½ avaººo uggacchati “asuko n±ma r±j± assaddho appasanno, pabbajite sampatte paccuggamana½ na karoti…pe… niv±sanaµµh±na½ na sa½vidahat²”ti. Ta½ sutv± pabbajit± tassa nagaradv±rena gacchant±pi nagara½ na pavisanti. Eva½ an±gat±na½ arahant±na½ an±gamanameva hoti. ¾gat±na½ pana ph±suvih±re asati yepi aj±nitv± ±gat±, te “vasiss±m±ti t±va cintetv± ±gatamh±, imesa½ pana r±j³na½ imin± n²h±rena ke vasissant²”ti nikkhamitv± gacchanti. Eva½ an±gatesu an±gacchantesu ±gatesu dukkha½ viharantesu so doso pabbajit±na½ an±v±so hoti. Tato devat±rakkh± na hoti, devat±rakkh±ya asati amanuss± ok±sa½ labhanti, amanuss± ussann± anuppanna½ by±dhi½ upp±denti. S²lavant±na½ dassanapañhapucchan±divatthukassa puññassa an±gamo hoti. Vipariy±yena yath±vuttakaºhapakkhavipar²tassa sukkapakkhassa sambhavo hot²ti evamettha vuddhih±niyo veditabb±.