4. Sumanavaggo

1. Sumanasuttavaººan±

31. Catutthassa paµhame suman± r±jakum±r²ti mah±sakk±ra½ katv± patthana½ patthetv± eva½ laddhan±m± r±jakaññ±. Vipassisamm±sambuddhak±lasmi½ hi n±garesu “yuddhampi katv± satth±ra½ amh±ka½ gaºhiss±m±”ti sen±pati½ niss±ya buddhappamukha½ saªgha½ labhitv± paµip±µiy± puññ±ni k±tu½ ±raddhesu sabbapaµhamadivaso sen±patissa v±ro ahosi. Tasmi½ divase sen±pati mah±d±na½ sajjetv± “ajja yath± añño koci ekabhikkhampi na deti, eva½ rakkhath±”ti samant± purise µhapesi. Ta½divasa½ seµµhibhariy± rodam±n± pañcahi kum±rik±satehi saddhi½ k²¼itv± ±gata½ dh²tara½ ±ha– “sace, amma, tava pit± j²veyya, ajj±ha½ paµhama½ dasabala½ bhojeyyan”ti. S± ta½ ±ha– “amma, m± cintayi, aha½ tath± kariss±mi, yath± buddhappamukho saªgho amh±ka½ paµhama½ bhikkha½ bhuñjissat²”ti. Tato satasahassagghanik±ya suvaººap±tiy± nirudakap±y±sa½ p³retv± sappimadhusakkhar±d²hi abhisaªkharitv± aññiss± p±tiy± paµikujjitv± ta½ sumanam±l±gu¼ehi parikkhipitv± m±l±gu¼asadisa½ katv± bhagavato g±ma½ pavisanavel±ya sayameva ukkhipitv± dh±tigaºaparivut± ghar± nikkhami.
Antar±magge sen±patino upaµµh±k±, “amma, m± ito ±gam±”ti vadanti. Mah±puññ± n±ma man±pakath± honti, na ca tesa½ punappuna½ bhaºant±na½ kath± paµikkhipitu½ sakk± hoti. S± “c³¼apita, mah±pita, m±tula, kissa tumhe gantu½ na deth±”ti ±ha. Sen±patin± “aññassa kassaci kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ m± deth±”ti µhapitamha, amm±ti. Ki½ pana mama hatthe kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ passath±ti? M±l±gu¼a½ pass±m±ti. Ki½ tumh±ka½ sen±pati m±l±p³jampi k±tu½ na det²ti? Deti, amm±ti. Tena hi apeth±ti bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± “m±l±gu¼a½ gaºhatha bhagav±”ti ±ha. Bhagav± eka½ sen±patissa upaµµh±ka½ oloketv± m±l±gu¼a½ gaºh±pesi. S± bhagavanta½ vanditv± “bhav±bhav±bhinibbattiya½ me sati paritassanaj²vita½ n±ma m± hotu, aya½ sumanam±l± viya nibbattanibbattaµµh±ne piy±va homi, n±mena ca suman±yev±”ti patthana½ katv± satth±r± “sukhin² hoh²”ti vutt± vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi.
Bhagav±pi sen±patissa geha½ gantv± paññatt±sane nis²di. Sen±pati y±gu½ gahetv± upagañchi, satth± hatthena patta½ pidahi. Nisinno, bhante, bhikkhusaªghoti Atthi no eko antar±magge piº¹ap±to laddhoti? M±la½ apanetv± piº¹ap±ta½ addasa. C³¼upaµµh±ko ±ha– “s±mi m±l±ti ma½ vatv± m±tug±mo vañces²”ti. P±y±so bhagavanta½ ±di½ katv± sabbabhikkh³na½ pahosi. Sen±pati attano deyyadhamma½ ad±si. Satth± bhattakicca½ katv± maªgala½ vatv± pakk±mi. Sen±pati “k± n±ma s± piº¹ap±tamad±s²”ti pucchi. Seµµhidh²t± s±m²ti. Sappaññ± itth², evar³p±ya ghare vasantiy± purisassa saggasampatti n±ma na dullabh±ti ka½ ±netv± jeµµhakaµµh±ne µhapesi?
S± pitugehe ca sen±patigehe ca dhana½ gahetv± y±vat±yuka½ tath±gatassa d±na½ datv± puññ±ni karitv± tato cut± k±m±vacaradevaloke nibbatti. Nibbattakkhaºeyeva j±ºuppam±ºena odhin± sakala½ devaloka½ parip³rayam±na½ sumanavassa½ vassi. Devat± “aya½ attan±va attano n±ma½ gahetv± ±gat±”ti “suman± devadh²t±”tvevass± n±ma½ aka½su. S± ekanavutikappe devesu ca manussesu ca sa½sarant² nibbattanibbattaµµh±ne avijahitasumanavass± “suman± suman±”tveva n±m± ahosi. Imasmi½ pana k±le kosalarañño aggamahesiy± kucchismi½ paµisandhi½ gaºhi. T±pi pañcasat± kum±rik± ta½divasaññeva tasmi½ tasmi½ kule paµisandhi½ gahetv± ekadivaseyeva sabb± m±tukucchito nikkhami½su. Ta½khaºa½yeva j±ºuppam±ºena odhin± sumanavassa½ vassi. Ta½ disv± r±j± “pubbe kat±bhin²h±r± es± bhavissat²”ti tuµµham±naso “dh²t± me attan±va attano n±ma½ gahetv± ±gat±”ti suman±tvevass± n±ma½ katv± “mayha½ dh²t± na ekik±va nibbattissat²”ti nagara½ vicin±pento ‘pañca d±rik±sat±ni j±t±n²”ti sutv± sabb± attan±va pos±pesi. M±se m±se sampate “±netv± mama dh²tu dasseth±”ti ±ha. Evames± mah±sakk±ra½ katv± patthana½ patthetv± eva½laddhan±m±ti veditabb±.
Tass± sattavassikak±le an±thapiº¹ikena vih±ra½ niµµh±petv± tath±gatassa d³te pesite satth± bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro s±vatthi½ agam±si. An±thapiº¹iko gantv± r±j±na½ evam±ha– “mah±r±ja, satthu idh±gamana½ amh±kampi maªgala½ tumh±kampi maªgalameva, sumana½ r±jakum±ri½ pañcahi d±rik±satehi saddhi½ puººaghaµe ca gandham±l±d²ni ca g±h±petv± dasabalassa paccuggamana½ peseth±”ti. R±j± “s±dhu mah±seµµh²”ti tath± ak±si. S±pi raññ± vuttanayeneva gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± gandham±l±d²hi p³jetv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Satth± tass± dhamma½ desesi. S± pañcahi kum±rik±satehi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si. Aññ±nipi pañca d±rik±sat±ni pañca m±tug±masat±ni pañca up±sakasat±ni tasmi½yeva khaºe sot±pattiphala½ p±puºi½su. Eva½ tasmi½ divase antar±maggeyeva dve sot±pannasahass±ni j±t±ni.
Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkam²ti kasm± upasaªkam²ti? Pañha½ pucchituk±mat±ya. Kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le kira sah±yak± dve bhikkh³ ahesu½. Tesu eko s±raº²yadhamma½ p³reti, eko bhattaggavatta½. S±raº²yadhammap³rako itara½ ±ha– “±vuso, adinnassa phala½ n±ma natthi, attan± laddha½ paresa½ datv± bhuñjitu½ vaµµat²”ti. Itaro pana ±ha– “±vuso, tva½ na j±n±si, deyyadhamma½ n±ma vinip±tetu½ na vaµµati, attano y±panamattameva gaºhantena bhattaggavatta½ p³retu½ vaµµat²”ti. Tesu ekopi eka½ attano ov±de ot±retu½ n±sakkhi. Dvepi attano paµipatti½ p³retv± tato cut± k±m±vacaradevaloke nibbatti½su. Tattha s±raº²yadhammap³rako itara½ pañcahi dhammehi adhigaºhi.
Eva½ te devesu ca manussesu ca sa½sarant± eka½ buddhantara½ khepetv± imasmi½ k±le s±vatthiya½ nibbatti½su. S±raº²yadhammap³rako kosalarañño aggamahesiy± kucchismi½ paµisandhi½ gaºhi itaro tass±yeva upaµµh±ka-itthiy± kucchismi½ paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Te dvepi jan± ekadivaseneva j±yi½su. Te n±maggahaºadivase nh±petv± sirigabbhe nipajj±petv± dvinnampi m±taro bahi sakk±ra½ sa½vidahi½su. Tesu s±raº²yadhammap³rako akkh²ni umm²letv± mahanta½ setacchatta½ supaññatta½ sirisayana½ alaªkatapaµiyattañca nivesana½ disv± “ekasmi½ r±jakule nibbattosm²”ti aññ±si. So “ki½ nu kho kamma½ katv± idha nibbattosm²”ti ±vajjento “s±raº²yadhammanissanden±”ti ñatv± “sah±yo me kuhi½ nu kho nibbatto”ti ±vajjento n²casayane nipanna½ disv± “aya½ bhattaggavatta½ p³rem²ti mama vacana½ na gaºhi, imasmi½ id±ni ta½ µh±ne niggaºhitu½ vaµµat²”ti “samma mama vacana½ n±k±s²”ti ±ha. Atha ki½ j±tanti. Passa mayha½ sampatti½, setacchattassa heµµh± sirisayane nipannosmi, tva½ n²camañce thaddha-attharaºamatte nipannos²ti. Ki½ pana tva½ eta½ niss±ya m±na½ karosi, nanu ve¼usal±k±hi katv± pilotik±ya paliveµhita½ sabbameta½ pathav²dh±tumattamev±ti?
Suman± tesa½ katha½ sutv± “mama bh±tik±na½ santike koci natth²”ti tesa½ sam²pa½ gacchant² dv±ra½ niss±ya µhit± “dh±t³”ti vacana½ sutv± “ida½ dh±t³ti vacana½ bahiddh± natthi. Mama bh±tik± samaºadevaputt± bhavissant²”ti cintetv±– “sac±ha½ ‘ime eva½ kathent²’ti m±t±pit³na½ kathess±mi, ‘amanuss± ete’ti n²har±pessanti. Ida½ k±raºa½ aññassa akathetv± kaªkhacchedaka½ purisaheraññika½ mama pitara½ mah±gotamadasabala½yeva pucchiss±m²”ti bhuttap±tar±s± r±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± “dasabalassa upaµµh±na½ gamiss±m²”ti ±ha. R±j± pañca rathasat±ni yoj±pesi. Jambud²patalasmiñhi tissova kum±riyo pit³na½ santik± pañca rathasat±ni labhi½su– bimbis±rarañño dh²t± cund² r±jakaññ±, dhanañcayassa seµµhissa dh²t± vis±kh±, aya½ suman± r±jakaññ±ti. S± gandham±la½ ±d±ya rathe µhit± pañcarathasatapariv±r± “ima½ pañha½ pucchiss±m²”ti yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami.
Idhass³ti idha bhaveyyu½. Eko d±yakoti eko attan± laddhal±bhato parassa datv± paribhuñjanako s±raº²yadhammap³rako. Eko ad±yakoti eko attan± laddha½ parassa adatv± paribhuñjanako bhattaggavattap³rako. Devabh³t±na½ pana nesanti devabh³t±na½ etesa½. Adhigaºh±t²ti adhibhavitv± gaºh±ti ajjhottharati atiseti. ¾dhipateyyen±ti jeµµhakak±raºena. Imehi pañcahi µh±neh²ti sesadeve sakko devar±j± viya imehi pañcahi k±raºehi adhigaºh±ti. M±nusaken±ti-±d²su ±yun± mah±kassapatthero viya b±kulatthero viya ±nandatthero viya ca, vaººena mah±gatimba-abhayatthero viya bhaº¹±g±ra-amacco viya ca, sukhena raµµhap±lakulaputto viya soºaseµµhiputto viya yasad±rako viya ca, yasena dhamm±soko viya, tath± ±dhipaccen±ti imehi pañcahi k±raºehi atireko jeµµhako hoti.
Y±citova bahulanti b±kulatthera-s²valitthera-±nandatther±dayo viya y±citova bahula½ c²var±d²ni paribhuñjat²ti imehi k±raºehi atireko hoti jeµµhako. Yadida½ vimuttiy± vimuttinti ya½ ekassa vimuttiy± saddhi½ itarassa vimutti½ ±rabbha n±n±karaºa½ vattabba½ bhaveyya, ta½ na vad±m²ti attho. Sattavassikad±rako v± hi vimutti½ paµivijjhatu vassasatikatthero v± bhikkhu v± bhikkhun² v± up±sako v± up±sik± v± devo v± m±ro v± brahm± v±, paµividdhalokuttaramagge n±natta½ n±ma natthi. Alamev±ti yuttameva. Yatra hi n±m±ti y±ni n±ma.
Gaccha½ ±k±sadh±tuy±ti ±k±sena gacchanto. Saddhoti ratanattayaguº±na½ saddh±t±. Thanayanti gajjanto. Vijjum±l²ti m±l±sadis±ya meghamukhe carantiy± vijjulat±ya samann±gato. Satakkak³ti satak³µo, ito cito ca uµµhitena val±hakak³µasatena samann±gatoti attho. Dassanasampannoti sot±panno. Bhogapariby³¼hoti udakoghena viya d±navasena d²yam±nehi bhogehi pariby³¼ho, devaloka½ samp±pitoti attho. Pecc±ti paraloke. Sagge pamodat²ti yasmi½ sagge uppajjati, tattheva modat²ti.