6. Mah±vaggo

1. Soºasuttavaººan±

55. Chaµµhassa paµhame soºoti sukhum±lasoºatthero. S²tavaneti eva½n±make sus±ne. Tasmi½ kira paµip±µiy± pañca caªkamanapaººas±l±sat±ni m±pit±ni, tesu thero attano sapp±yacaªkamana½ gahetv± samaºadhamma½ karoti. Tassa ±raddhav²riyassa hutv± caªkamato p±datal±ni bhijji½su, j±º³hi caªkamato j±ºuk±nipi hatthatal±nipi bhijji½su, chidd±ni ahesu½. Eva½ ±raddhav²riyo viharanto obh±sanimittamattakampi dassetu½ n±sakkhi. Tassa v²riyena kilamitak±yassa koµiya½ p±s±ºaphalake nisinnassa yo vitakko udap±di, ta½ dassetu½ atha kho ±yasmatoti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±raddhav²riy±ti paripuººapaggahitav²riy±. Na anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuccat²ti sace hi aha½ ugghaµitaññ³ v± assa½ vipañcitaññ³ v± neyyo v±, n³na me citta½ vimucceyya. Addh± panasmi padaparamo, yena me citta½ na vimuccat²ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± sa½vijjanti kho pan±ti-±d²ni cintesi. Tattha bhog±ti upayogatthe paccatta½.
P±turahos²ti therassa citt±c±ra½ ñatv± “aya½ soºo ajja s²tavane padh±nabh³miya½ nisinno ima½ vitakka½ vitakketi, gantv±ssa vitakka½ sahottha½ gaºhitv± v²ºopama½ kammaµµh±na½ kathess±m²”ti pamukhe p±kaµo ahosi. Paññatte ±saneti padh±nikabhikkh³ attano vasanaµµh±ne ovaditu½ ±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato nis²danattha½ yath±l±bhena ±sana½ paññ±petv±va padh±na½ karonti, añña½ alabham±n± pur±ºapaºº±nipi santharitv± upari saªgh±µi½ paññapenti. Theropi ±sana½ paññ±petv± padh±na½ ak±si. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½– “paññatte ±sane”ti.
Ta½ ki½ maññas²ti satth± “imassa bhikkhuno avasesakammaµµh±nehi attho natthi, aya½ gandhabbasippe cheko ciººavas², attano visaye kathiyam±na½ khippameva sallakkhessat²”ti v²ºopama½ kathetu½ “ta½ ki½ maññas²”ti-±dim±ha. V²º±ya tantissare kusalat± n±ma v²º±ya v±danakusalat±, so ca tattha kusalo. M±t±pitaro hissa “amh±ka½ putto añña½ sippa½ sikkhanto k±yena kilamissati, ida½ pana sayane nisinneneva sakk± uggaºhitun”ti gandhabbasippameva uggaºh±pesu½. Tassa–
“Satta sar± tayo g±m±, mucchan± ekav²sati;
µh±n± ek³napaññ±sa, iccete saramaº¹al±”ti.–

¾dika½ gandhabbasippa½ sabbameva paguºa½ ahosi. Acc±yat±ti ati-±yat± kharamucchan±. Saravat²ti sarasampann±. Kammaññ±ti kammakkham± kammayogg±. Atisithil±ti mandamucchan±. Same guºe patiµµhit±ti majjhime sare µhapetv± mucchit±.

Acc±raddhanti atig±¼ha½. Uddhacc±ya sa½vattat²ti uddhatabh±v±ya sa½vattati. Atil²nanti atisithila½. Kosajj±y±ti kus²tabh±vatth±ya. V²riyasamatha½ adhiµµhah±ti v²riyasampayutta½ samatha½ adhiµµhaha, v²riya½ samathena yojeh²ti attho. Indriy±nañca samata½ paµivijjh±ti saddh±d²na½ indriy±na½ samata½ samabh±va½ adhiµµh±hi. Tattha saddha½ paññ±ya, paññañca saddh±ya, v²riya½ sam±dhin±, sam±dhiñca v²riyena yojayat± indriy±na½ samat± adhiµµhit± n±ma hoti. Sati pana sabbatthik±, s± sad± balavat²yeva vaµµati. Tañca pana tesa½ yojan±vidh±na½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.60-62) pak±sitameva. Tattha ca nimitta½ gaºh±h²ti tasmiñca samabh±ve sati yena ±d±se mukhabimbeneva nimittena uppajjitabba½, ta½ samathanimitta½ vipassan±nimitta½ magganimitta½ phalanimittañca gaºh±hi nibbatteh²ti evamassa satth± arahatte pakkhipitv± kammaµµh±na½ kathesi.
Tattha ca nimitta½ aggahes²ti samathanimittañca vipassan±nimittañca aggahesi. Cha µh±n±n²ti cha k±raº±ni. Adhimutto hot²ti paµivijjhitv± paccakkha½ katv± µhito hoti. Nekkhamm±dhimuttoti-±di sabba½ arahattavaseneva vutta½. Arahattañhi sabbakilesehi nikkhantatt± nekkhamma½, teheva pavivittatt± paviveko, by±pajjh±bh±vato aby±pajjha½, taºh±kkhayante uppannatt± taºh±kkhayo up±d±nakkhayante uppannatt± up±d±nakkhayo, sammoh±bh±vato asammohoti vuccati.
Kevala½ saddh±mattakanti paµivedharahita½ kevala½ paµivedhapaññ±ya asammissaka½ saddh±mattaka½. Paµicayanti punappuna½ karaºena va¹¹hi½. V²tar±gatt±ti maggapaµivedhena r±gassa vigatatt±yeva nekkhammasaªkh±ta½ arahatta½ paµivijjhitv± sacchikatv± µhito hoti, phalasam±pattivih±rena viharati, tanninnam±nasoyeva ca hot²ti attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
L±bhasakk±rasilokanti catupaccayal±bhañca tesaññeva sukatabh±vañca vaººabhaºanañca. Nik±mayam±noti iccham±no patthayam±no. Pavivek±dhimuttoti paviveke adhimutto arahanti eva½ arahatta½ by±karot²ti attho.
S²labbatapar±m±santi s²lañca vatañca par±masitv± gahita½ gahaºamatta½. S±rato pacc±gacchantoti s±rabh±vena j±nanto. Aby±pajjh±dhimuttoti aby±pajjha½ arahatta½ by±karoti. Imin±va nayena sabbaµµh±nesu attho daµµhabbo. Apicettha “nekkhamm±dhimuttoti imasmi½yeva arahatta½ kathita½, sesesu pañcasu nibb±nan”ti eke vadanti. Apare “asammoh±dhimuttoti ettheva nibb±na½ kathita½, sesesu arahattan”ti vadanti. Aya½ panettha s±ro– sabbesveva tesu arahattampi nibb±nampi kathitamev±ti.
Bhus±ti balavanto dibbar³pasadis±. Nevassa citta½ pariy±diyant²ti etassa kh²º±savassa citta½ gahetv± µh±tu½ na sakkonti. Kiles± hi uppajjam±n± citta½ gaºhanti n±ma. Amiss²katanti kiles± hi ±rammaºena saddhi½ citta½ missa½ karonti, tesa½ abh±v± amiss²kata½. Ýhitanti patiµµhita½. ¾neñjappattanti acalappatta½. Vayañcass±nupassat²ti tassa cesa cittassa upp±dampi vayampi passati. Bhus± v±tavuµµh²ti balav± v±takkhandho. Neva sampakampeyy±ti ekabh±gena c±letu½ na sakkuºeyya. Na sampakampeyy±ti th³ºa½ viya sabbabh±gato kampetu½ na sakkuºeyya. Na sampavedheyy±ti vedhetv± pavedhetv± p±tetu½ na sakkuºeyya.
Nekkhamma½ adhimuttass±ti arahatta½ paµivijjhitv± µhitassa kh²º±savassa. Sesapadesupi arahattameva kathita½. Up±d±nakkhayassa c±ti upayogatthe s±mivacana½. Asammohañca cetasoti cittassa ca asammoha½ adhimuttassa. Disv± ±yatanupp±danti ±yatan±na½ upp±dañca vayañca disv±. Samm± citta½ vimuccat²ti samm± hetun± nayena im±ya vipassan±paµipattiy± phalasam±pattivasena citta½ vimuccati, nibb±n±rammaºe adhimuccati. Atha v± imin± kh²º±savassa paµipad± kathit±. Tassa hi ±yatanupp±da½ disv± im±ya vipassan±ya adhigatassa ariyamaggass±nubh±vena sabbakilesehi samm± citta½ vimuccati. Eva½ tassa samm± vimuttassa…pe… na vijjati. Tattha santacittass±ti nibbutacittassa. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti.