5. Dhammikavaggo

1. N±gasuttavaººan±

43. Pañcamassa paµhame ±yasmat± ±nandena saddhinti ida½ “±y±m±nand±”ti thera½ ±mantetv± gatatt± vutta½, satth± pana an³nehi pañcahi bhikkhusatehi parivuto tattha agam±s²ti veditabbo. Tenupasaªkam²ti teheva pañcahi bhikkhusatehi parivuto upasaªkami. Parisiñcitv±ti voh±ravacanameta½, nh±yitv±ti attho. Pubb±payam±noti rattadupaµµa½ niv±setv± uttar±saªgac²vara½ dv²hi hatthehi gahetv± pacchimalokadh±tu½ piµµhito katv± puratthimalokadh±tu½ abhimukho vodakabh±vena gatt±ni pubbasadis±ni kurum±no aµµh±s²ti attho. Bhikkhusaªghopi tena tena µh±nena otaritv± nhatv± paccuttaritv± satth±ra½yeva pariv±retv± aµµh±si. Iti tasmi½ samaye ±k±sato patam±na½ rattasuvaººakuº¹ala½ viya s³riyo pacchimalokadh±tu½ paµipajji, parisuddharajatamaº¹alo viya p±c²nalokadh±tuto cando abbhuggañchi, majjhaµµh±nepi pañcabhikkhusatapariv±ro samm±sambuddho chabbaººabuddharasmiyo vissajjetv± pubbakoµµhakanad²t²re loka½ alaªkurum±no aµµh±si.
Tena kho pana samayena…pe… seto n±ma n±goti setavaººat±ya eva½ laddhan±mo hatthin±go. Mah±t³riyat±¼itav±diten±ti mahantena t³riyat±¼itav±ditena. Tattha paµhama½ saªghaµµana½ t±¼ita½ n±ma hoti, tato para½ v±dita½. Janoti hatthidassanattha½ sannipatitamah±jano. Disv± evam±h±ti aªgapaccaªg±ni gha½sitv± nh±petv± utt±retv± bahit²re µhapetv± gatt±ni vodak±ni katv± hatth±laªk±rena alaªkata½ ta½ mah±n±ga½ disv± ida½ “abhir³po vata, bho”ti pasa½s±vacanam±ha. K±yupapannoti sar²rasampattiy± upapanno, paripuººaªgapaccaªgoti attho. ¾yasm± ud±y²ti paµisambhid±ppatto k±¼ud±yitthero. Etadavoc±ti ta½ mah±jana½ hatthissa vaººa½ bhaºanta½ disv± “aya½ jano ahetukapaµisandhiya½ nibbattahatthino vaººa½ katheti, na buddhahatthissa. Aha½ d±ni imin± hatthin±gena upama½ katv± buddhan±gassa vaººa½ kathess±m²”ti cintetv± eta½ “hatthimeva nu kho, bhante”ti-±divacana½ avoca. Tattha mahantanti ±rohasampanna½. Brahantanti pariº±hasampanna½. Evam±h±ti eva½ vadati. Atha bhagav± yasm± aya½ n±gasaddo hatthimhiceva assagoºa-uragarukkhamanussesu c±pi pavattati, tasm± hatthimpi khoti-±dim±ha.
¾gunti p±paka½ l±maka½ akusaladhamma½. Tamaha½ n±goti br³m²ti ta½ aha½ imehi t²hi dv±rehi dasanna½ akusalakammapath±na½ dv±dasannañca akusalacitt±na½ akaraºato n±goti vad±mi. Ayañhi na ±gu½ karot²ti imin± atthena n±go. Im±hi g±th±hi anumod±m²ti im±hi catusaµµhipad±hi so¼asahi g±th±hi anumod±mi abhinand±mi.
Manussabh³tanti dev±dibh±va½ anupagantv± manussameva bh³ta½. Attadantanti attan±yeva danta½, na aññehi damatha½ upan²ta½. Bhagav± hi attan± upp±diteneva maggadamathena cakkhutopi danto, sotatopi, gh±natopi, jivh±topi, k±yatopi, manatop²ti imesu chasu µh±nesu danto santo nibbuto parinibbuto. Ten±ha– “attadantan”ti. Sam±hitanti duvidhen±pi sam±dhin± sam±hita½. Iriyam±nanti viharam±na½. Brahmapatheti seµµhapathe, amatapathe, nibb±napathe. Cittass³pasame ratanti paµhamajjh±nena pañca n²varaº±ni v³pasametv±, dutiyajjh±nena vitakkavic±re, tatiyajjh±nena p²ti½, catutthajjh±nena sukhadukkha½ v³pasametv± tasmi½ cittass³pasame rata½ abhirata½.
Namassant²ti k±yena namassanti, v±c±ya namassanti, manas± namassanti, dhamm±nudhammapaµipattiy± namassanti, sakkaronti garu½ karonti. Sabbadhamm±nap±ragunti sabbesa½ khandh±yatanadh±tudhamm±na½ abhiññ±p±rag³, pariññ±p±rag³, pah±nap±rag³, bh±van±p±rag³, sacchikiriy±p±rag³, sam±pattip±rag³ti chabbidhena p±ragamanena p±ragata½ p±rappatta½ matthakappatta½. Dev±pi ta½ namassant²ti dukkhappatt± subrahmadevaputt±dayo sukhappatt± ca sabbeva dasasahassacakkav±¼av±sino dev±pi tumhe namassanti. Iti me arahato sutanti iti may± cat³hi k±raºehi arah±ti laddhavoh±r±na½ tumh±ka½yeva santike sutanti d²peti.
Sabbasa½yojan±t²tanti sabb±ni dasavidhasa½yojan±ni atikkanta½. Van± nibbanam±gatanti kilesavanato nibbana½ kilesavanarahita½ nibb±na½ ±gata½ sampatta½. K±mehi nekkhammaratanti duvidhehi k±mehi nikkhantatt± pabbajj± aµµha sam±pattiyo catt±ro ca ariyamagg± k±mehi nekkhamma½ n±ma, tattha rata½ abhirata½. Mutta½ sel±va kañcananti seladh±tuto mutta½ kañcanasadisa½.
Sabbe accaruc²ti sabbasatte atikkamitv± pavattaruci. Aµµhamakañhi atikkamitv± pavattarucit±ya sot±panno accaruci n±ma, sot±panna½ atikkamitv± pavattarucit±ya sakad±g±m²…pe… kh²º±sava½ atikkamitv± pavattarucit±ya paccekasambuddho, paccekasambuddha½ atikkamitv± pavattarucit±ya samm±sambuddho accaruci n±ma. Himav±vaññe siluccayeti yath± himav± pabbatar±j± aññe pabbate atirocati, eva½ atirocat²ti attho. Saccan±moti tacchan±mo bh³tan±mo ±gu½ akaraºeneva n±goti eva½ avitathan±mo.
Soraccanti sucis²la½. Avihi½s±ti karuº± ca karuº±pubbabh±go ca. P±d± n±gassa te duveti te buddhan±gassa duve purimap±d±.
Tapoti dhutasam±d±na½. Brahmacariyanti ariyamaggas²la½. Caraº± n±gassa ty±pareti te buddhan±gassa apare dve pacchimap±d±. Saddh±hatthoti saddh±may±ya soº¹±ya samann±gato. Upekkh±setadantav±ti cha¼aªgupekkh±mayehi setadantehi samann±gato.
Sati g²v±ti yath± n±gassa aªgapaccaªgasmi½ sir±j±l±na½ g²v± patiµµh±, eva½ buddhan±gassa soracc±d²na½ dhamm±na½ sati. Tena vutta½– “sati g²v±”ti. Siro paññ±ti yath± hatthin±gassa siro uttamaªgo, eva½ buddhan±gassa sabbaññutañ±ºa½. Tena hi so sabbadhamme j±n±ti. Tena vutta½– “siro paññ±”ti. V²ma½s± dhammacintan±ti yath± hatthin±gassa aggasoº¹o v²ma½s± n±ma hoti. So t±ya thaddhamuduka½ kh±ditabb±kh±ditabbañca v²ma½sati, tato pah±tabba½ pajahati, ±d±tabba½ ±diyati, evameva buddhan±gassa dhammakoµµh±saparicchedakañ±ºasaªkh±t± dhammacintan± v²ma½s±. Tena hi ñ±ºena so bhabb±bhabbe j±n±ti. Tena vutta½– “v²ma½s± dhammacintan±”ti Dhammakucchisam±tapoti dhammo vuccati catutthajjh±nasam±dhi, kucchiyeva sam±tapo kucchisam±tapo. Sam±tapo n±ma sam±tapanaµµh±na½. Dhammo kucchisam±tapo ass±ti dhammakucchisam±tapo. Catutthajjh±nasam±dhismi½ µhitassa hi te te iddhividh±didhamm± ijjhanti, tasm± so kucchisam±tapoti vutto. Vivekoti k±yacitta-upadhiviveko. Yath± n±gassa v±ladhi makkhik± v±reti, eva½ tath±gatassa viveko gahaµµhapabbajite v±reti. Tasm± so v±ladh²ti vutto.
Jh±y²ti duvidhena jh±nena jh±y². Ass±saratoti n±gassa hi ass±sapass±s± viya buddhan±gassa phalasam±patti, tattha rato, ass±sapass±sehi viya t±ya vin± na vattat²ti attho. Sabbattha sa½vutoti sabbadv±resu sa½vuto. Anavajj±n²ti samm±-±j²vena uppannabhojan±ni. S±vajj±n²ti pañcavidhamicch±j²vavasena uppannabhojan±ni.
Aºu½th³lanti khuddakañca mahantañca. Sabba½ chetv±na bandhananti sabba½ dasavidhampi sa½yojana½ chinditv±na. Nupalippati loken±ti lokena saddhi½ taºh±m±nadiµµhilepehi na lippati. Mah±gin²ti mah±-aggi. Viññ³hi desit±ti idha paµisambhid±ppatto k±¼ud±yittherova viññ³ paº¹ito, tena desit±ti attho. Viññassanti mah±n±g±, n±ga½ n±gena desitanti ud±yittheran±gena desita½ buddhan±ga½ itare kh²º±sav± n±g± vij±nissanti.
Sar²ra½ vijaha½ n±go, parinibbissat²ti bodhipallaªke kilesaparinibb±nena parinibbuto, yamakas±lantare anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yissati. Eva½ paµisambhid±ppatto ud±yitthero so¼asahi g±th±hi catusaµµhiy± padehi dasabalassa vaººa½ kathento desana½ niµµh±pesi Bhagav± anumodi. Desan±vas±ne catur±s²tip±ºasahass±ni amatap±na½ pivi½s³ti.