2. S±raº²yavaggo

1. Paµhamas±raº²yasuttavaººan±

11. Dutiyassa paµhame s±raº²y±ti saritabbayuttak±. Metta½ k±yakammanti mettena cittena k±tabba½ k±yakamma½. Vac²kammamanokammesupi eseva nayo. Im±ni ca pana bhikkh³na½ vasena ±gat±ni, gih²supi labbhanti. Bhikkh³nañhi mettena cittena ±bhisam±c±rikadhammap³raºa½ metta½ k±yakamma½ n±ma. Gih²na½ cetiyavandanatth±ya bodhivandanatth±ya saªghanimantanatth±ya gamana½, g±ma½ piº¹±ya paviµµhe bhikkh³ disv± paccuggamana½, pattapaµiggahaºa½, ±sanapaññ±pana½, anugamananti evam±dika½ metta½ k±yakamma½ n±ma.
Bhikkh³na½ mettena cittena ±c±rapaººattisikkh±pana½, kammaµµh±nakathana½, dhammadesan±, tepiµakampi buddhavacana½ metta½ vac²kamma½ n±ma. Gih²na½ “cetiyavandan±ya gacch±ma, bodhivandan±ya gacch±ma, dhammassavana½ kariss±ma, d²pam±l±pupphap³ja½ kariss±ma, t²ºi sucarit±ni sam±d±ya vattiss±ma, sal±kabhatt±d²ni dass±ma, vass±v±sika½ dass±ma, ajja saªghassa catt±ro paccaye dass±ma, saªgha½ nimantetv± kh±dan²y±d²ni sa½vidahatha, ±san±ni paññ±petha, p±n²ya½ upaµµh±petha, saªgha½ paccuggantv± ±netha, paññatt±sane nis²d±petv± uss±haj±t± veyy±vacca½ karoth±”ti-±divacanak±le metta½ vac²kamma½ n±ma.
Bhikkh³na½ p±tova uµµh±ya sar²rapaµijaggana½ cetiyaªgaºavatt±d²ni ca katv± vivitt±sane nis²ditv± “imasmi½ vih±re bhikkh³ sukh² hontu aver± aby±pajjh±”ti cintana½ metta½ manokamma½ n±ma. Gih²na½ “ayy± sukh² hontu aver± aby±pajjh±”ti cintana½ metta½ manokamma½ n±ma.
¾vi ceva raho c±ti sammukh± ca parammukh± ca. Tattha navak±na½ c²varakamm±d²su sah±yabh±vagamana½ sammukh± metta½ k±yakamma½ n±ma, ther±na½ pana p±dadhovanad±n±dibheda½ sabbampi s±m²cikamma½ sammukh± metta½ k±yakamma½ n±ma. Ubhayehipi dunnikkhitt±na½ d±rubhaº¹±d²na½ tesu avañña½ akatv± attan± dunnikkhitt±na½ viya paµis±mana½ parammukh± metta½ k±yakamma½ n±ma. “Devatthero tissatthero”ti eva½ paggayha vacana½ sammukh± metta½ vac²kamma½ n±ma. Vih±re asanta½ pana paµipucchantassa “kaha½ amh±ka½ devatthero, kaha½ amh±ka½ tissatthero, kad± nu kho ±gamissat²”ti eva½ mam±yanavacana½ parammukh± metta½ vac²kamma½ n±ma. Mett±sinehasiniddh±ni pana nayan±ni umm²letv± pasannena mukhena olokana½ sammukh± metta½ manokamma½ n±ma. “Devatthero tissatthero arogo hotu app±b±dho”ti samann±haraºa½ parammukh± metta½ manokamma½ n±ma.
L±bh±ti c²var±dayo laddhapaccay±. Dhammik±ti kuhan±dibheda½ micch±j²va½ vajjetv± dhammena samena bhikkh±cariyavattena uppann±. Antamaso pattapariy±pannamattamp²ti pacchimakoµiy± pattapariy±panna½ pattassa antogata½ dvattikaµacchubhikkh±mattampi. Appaµivibhattabhog²ti ettha dve paµivibhatt±ni n±ma ±misapaµivibhatta½ pana puggalapaµivibhattañca. Tattha “ettaka½ dass±mi, ettaka½ na dass±m²”ti eva½ cittena paµivibhajana½ ±misapaµivibhatta½ n±ma. “Asukassa dass±mi, asukassa na dass±m²”ti eva½ cittena vibhajana½ pana puggalapaµivibhatta½ n±ma. Tadubhayampi akatv± yo appaµivibhatta½ bhuñjati, aya½ appaµivibhattabhog² n±ma. S²lavantehi sabrahmac±r²hi s±dh±raºabhog²ti ettha s±dh±raºabhogino ida½ lakkhaºa½– ya½ ya½ paº²ta½ labhati, ta½ ta½ neva l±bhenal±bha½-nijig²sanat±mukhena gih²na½ deti, na attan± paribhuñjati, paµiggaºhanto ca “saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³”ti gahetv± ghaºµi½ paharitv± paribhuñjitabba½ saªghasantaka½ viya passati.
Ima½ pana s±raº²yadhamma½ ko p³reti, ko na p³reti? Duss²lo t±va na p³reti. Na hi tassa santaka½ s²lavant± gaºhanti. Parisuddhas²lo pana vatta½ akhaº¹ento p³reti. Tatrida½ vatta½– yo hi odissaka½ katv± m±tu v± pitu v± ±cariyupajjh±y±d²na½ v± deti, so d±tabba½ deti. S±raº²yadhammo panassa na hoti, palibodhajaggana½ n±ma hoti. S±raº²yadhammo hi muttapalibodhassa vaµµati. Tena pana odissaka½ dentena gil±nagil±nupaµµh±ka-±gantukagamik±nañceva navapabbajitassa ca saªgh±µipattaggahaºa½ aj±nantassa d±tabba½. Etesa½ datv± avasesa½ ther±sanato paµµh±ya thoka½ thoka½ adatv± yo yattaka½ gaºh±ti, tassa tattaka½ d±tabba½. Avasiµµhe asati puna piº¹±ya caritv± ther±sanato paµµh±ya ya½ ya½ paº²ta½, ta½ ta½ datv± sesa½ bhuñjitabba½. “S²lavanteh²”ti vacanato duss²lassa ad±tumpi vaµµati.
Aya½ pana s±raº²yadhammo susikkhit±ya paris±ya sup³ro hoti, susikkhit±ya hi paris±ya yo aññato labhati, so na gaºh±ti. Aññato alabhantopi pam±ºayuttameva gaºhati, na atireka½. Aya½ pana s±raº²yadhammo eva½ punappuna½ piº¹±ya caritv± laddha½ laddha½ dentass±pi dv±dasahi vassehi p³reti, na tato ora½. Sace hi dv±dasame vasse s±raº²yadhammap³rako piº¹ap±tap³ra½ patta½ ±sanas±l±ya½ µhapetv± nh±yitu½ gacchati, saªghatthero ca “kasseso patto”ti vatv± “s±raº²yadhammap³rakass±”ti vutte “±haratha nan”ti sabba½ piº¹ap±ta½ vic±retv±va bhuñjitv± rittapatta½ µhapeti. Atha kho so bhikkhu rittapatta½ disv± “mayha½ asesetv±va paribhuñji½s³”ti domanassa½ upp±deti, s±raº²yadhammo bhijjati, puna dv±dasa vass±ni p³retabbo hoti. Titthiyapariv±sasadiso hesa, saki½ khaº¹e j±te puna p³retabbova. Yo pana “l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me, yassa me pattagata½ an±pucch±va sabrahmac±r² paribhuñjant²”ti somanassa½ janeti, tassa puººo n±ma hoti.
Eva½ p³ritas±raº²yadhammassa pana neva iss± na macchariya½ hoti, manuss±na½ piyo hoti, amanuss±na½ piyo hoti, sulabhapaccayo. Pattagatamassa diyyam±nampi na kh²yati, bh±jan²yabhaº¹aµµh±ne aggabhaº¹a½ labhati, bhaye v± ch±take v± patte devat± ussukka½ ±pajjanti.
Tatrim±ni vatth³ni– senagiriv±s² tissatthero kira mah±girig±ma½ upaniss±ya vasati, paññ±sa mah±ther± n±gad²pa½ cetiyavandanatth±ya gacchant± girig±me piº¹±ya caritv± kiñci aladdh± nikkhami½su. Thero pavisanto te disv± pucchi– “laddha½, bhante”ti? Vicarimh±, ±vusoti. So aladdhabh±va½ ñatv± ±ha– “bhante, y±v±ha½ ±gacch±mi, t±va idheva hoth±”ti. Maya½, ±vuso, paññ±sa jan± pattatemanamattampi na labhimh±ti. Bhante, nev±sik± n±ma paµibal± honti, alabhant±pi bhikkh±c±ramaggasabh±ga½ j±nant²ti. Ther± ±gamesu½. Thero g±ma½ p±visi. Dhurageheyeva mah±-up±sik± kh²rabhatta½ sajjetv± thera½ olokayam±n± µhit± therassa dv±ra½ sampattasseva patta½ p³retv± ad±si. So ta½ ±d±ya ther±na½ santika½ gantv± “gaºhatha bhante”ti saªghatthera½ ±ha. Thero “amhehi ettakehi kiñci na laddha½, aya½ s²ghameva gahetv± ±gato, ki½ nu kho”ti ses±na½ mukha½ olokesi. Thero olokan±k±reneva ñatv±, “bhante, dhammena samena laddho, nikkukkucc± gaºhath±”ti ±dito paµµh±ya sabbesa½ y±vadattha½ datv± attan±pi y±vadattha½ bhuñji.
Atha na½ bhattakicc±vas±ne ther± pucchi½su– “kad±, ±vuso, lokuttaradhamma½ paµivijjh²”ti? Natthi me, bhante, lokuttaradhammoti. Jh±nal±bh²si, ±vusoti. Etampi, bhante, natth²ti? Nanu, ±vuso, p±µih±riyanti. S±raº²yadhammo me, bhante, p³rito, tassa me p³ritak±lato paµµh±ya sacepi bhikkhusatasahassa½ hoti, pattagata½ na kh²yat²ti. S±dhu s±dhu, sappurisa, anucchavikamida½ tuyhanti. Ida½ t±va pattagata½ na kh²yat²ti ettha vatthu.
Ayameva pana thero cetiyapabbate giribhaº¹amah±p³j±ya d±naµµh±na½ gantv± “imasmi½ d±ne ki½ varabhaº¹an”ti pucchi. Dve s±µak±, bhanteti. Ete mayha½ p±puºissant²ti? Ta½ sutv± amacco rañño ±rocesi– “eko daharo eva½ vadat²”ti. “Daharassa eva½ citta½, mah±ther±na½ pana sukhumas±µak± vaµµant²”ti vatv± “mah±ther±na½ dass±m²”ti µhapesi. Tassa bhikkhusaªghe paµip±µiy± µhite dentassa matthake µhapit±pi te s±µak± hattha½ n±rohanti, aññeva ±rohanti. Daharassa d±nak±le pana hattha½ ±ru¼h±. So tassa hatthe µhapetv± amaccassa mukha½ oloketv± dahara½ nis²d±petv± d±na½ datv± saªgha½ vissajjetv± daharassa santike nis²ditv± “kad±, bhante, ima½ dhamma½ paµivijjhitth±”ti ±ha. So pariy±yenapi asanta½ avadanto “natthi mayha½, mah±r±ja, lokuttaradhammo”ti ±ha. Nanu, bhante, pubbeva avacutth±ti. ¾ma, mah±r±ja, s±raº²yadhammap³rako aha½, tassa me dhammassa p³ritak±lato paµµh±ya bh±jan²yabhaº¹aµµh±ne aggabhaº¹a½ p±puº±t²ti. “S±dhu s±dhu, bhante, anucchavikamida½ tumh±kan”ti vatv± pakk±mi. Ida½ bh±jan²yabhaº¹aµµh±ne aggabhaº¹a½ p±puº±t²ti ettha vatthu.
Br±hmaºatissabhaye pana bh±tarag±mav±sino n±gattheriy± an±rocetv±va pal±yi½su. Ther² pacc³sasamaye “ativiya appanigghoso g±mo, upadh±retha t±v±”ti daharabhikkhuniyo ±ha. T± gantv± sabbesa½ gatabh±va½ ñatv± ±gamma theriy± ±rocesu½. S± sutv± “m± tumhe tesa½ gatabh±va½ cintayittha, attano uddesaparipucch±yonisomanasik±resuyeva yoga½ karoth±”ti vatv± bhikkh±c±ravel±ya½ p±rupitv± attadv±dasam± g±madv±re nigrodharukkham³le aµµh±si. Rukkhe adhivatth± devat± dv±dasannampi bhikkhun²na½ piº¹ap±ta½ datv±, “ayye, aññattha m± gacchatha, nicca½ idheva ±gaccheyy±th±”ti ±ha. Theriy± pana kaniµµhabh±t± n±gatthero n±ma atthi. So “mahanta½ bhaya½, na sakk± y±petu½, parat²ra½ gamiss±m²”ti attadv±dasamova attano vasanaµµh±n± nikkhanto “theri½ disv± gamiss±m²”ti bh±tarag±ma½ ±gato. Ther² “ther± ±gat±”ti sutv± tesa½ santika½ gantv± “ki½ ayy±”ti pucchi. So ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. S± “ajja ekadivasa½ vih±reva vasitv± sve gamissath±”ti ±ha. Ther± vih±ra½ agami½su.
Ther² punadivase rukkham³le piº¹±ya caritv± thera½ upasaªkamitv± “ima½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjath±”ti ±ha. Thero “vaµµissati ther²”ti vatv± tuºh² aµµh±si. Dhammiko, t±ta, piº¹ap±to, kukkucca½ akatv± paribhuñjath±ti Vaµµissati ther²ti? S± patta½ gahetv± ±k±se khipi, patto ±k±se aµµh±si. Thero “sattat±lamatte µhitampi bhikkhun²bhattameva ther²”ti vatv± “bhaya½ n±ma sabbak±la½ na hoti, bhaye v³pasante ariyava½sa½ kathayam±no, ‘bho piº¹ap±tika, bhikkhun²bhatta½ bhuñjitv± v²tin±mayitth±’ti cittena anuvadiyam±no santhambhitu½ na sakkhiss±mi, appamatt± hotha theriyo”ti magga½ paµipajji.
Rukkhadevat±pi “sace thero theriy± hatthato piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjissati, na ta½ nivattess±mi. Sace na paribhuñjissati, nivattess±m²”ti cintayam±n± µhatv± therassa gamana½ disv± rukkh± oruyha “patta½, bhante, deth±”ti vatv± patta½ gahetv± thera½ rukkham³la½yeva ±netv± ±sana½ paññ±petv± piº¹ap±ta½ datv± katabhattakicca½ paµiñña½ k±retv± dv±dasa bhikkhuniyo dv±dasa ca bhikkh³ satta vass±ni upaµµhahi. Ida½ devat± ussukka½ ±pajjant²ti ettha vatthu. Tatra hi ther² s±raº²yadhammap³rik± ahosi.
Akhaº¹±n²ti-±d²su yassa sattasu ±pattikkhandhesu ±dimhi v± ante v± sikkh±pada½ bhinna½ hoti, tassa s²la½ pariyante chinnas±µako viya khaº¹a½ n±ma. Yassa pana vemajjhe bhinna½, tassa chiddas±µako viya chidda½ n±ma hoti. Yassa paµip±µiy± dve t²ºi bhinn±ni, tassa piµµhiya½ v± kucchiya½ v± uµµhitena visabh±gavaººena k±¼aratt±d²na½ aññataravaºº± g±v² viya sabala½ n±ma hoti. Yassa antarantar± bhinn±ni, tassa antarantar± visabh±gabinduvicitr± g±v² viya kamm±sa½ n±ma hoti. Yassa pana sabbena sabba½ abhinn±ni, tassa t±ni s²l±ni akhaº¹±ni acchidd±ni asabal±ni akamm±s±ni n±ma honti. T±ni panet±ni taºh±d±sabyato mocetv± bhujissabh±vakaraºato bhujiss±ni, buddh±d²hi viññ³hi pasatthatt± viññuppasatth±ni, taºh±diµµh²hi apar±maµµhatt± “ida½ n±ma tva½ ±pannapubbo”ti kenaci par±maµµhu½ asakkuºeyyatt± ca apar±maµµh±ni, upac±rasam±dhi½ appan±sam±dhi½ v± sa½vattayant²ti sam±dhisa½vattanik±n²ti vuccanti.
S²las±maññagato viharat²ti tesu tesu dis±bh±gesu viharantehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sam±nabh±v³pagatas²lo viharati. Sot±pann±d²nañhi s²la½ samuddantarepi devalokepi vasant±na½ aññesa½ sot±pann±d²na½ s²lena sam±nameva hoti, natthi maggas²le n±natta½. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
Y±ya½ diµµh²ti maggasampayutt± samm±diµµhi. Ariy±ti niddos±. Niyy±t²ti niyy±nik±. Takkarass±ti yo tath±k±r² hoti. Dukkhakkhay±y±ti sabbadukkhakkhayattha½. Diµµhis±maññagatoti sam±nadiµµhibh±va½ upagato hutv± viharat²ti.