2. Adhikaraºavaggavaººan±

11. Dutiyavaggassa paµhame appaµisaªkh±ne na kampat²ti paµisaªkh±nabala½, upaparikkhanapaññ±yeta½ n±ma½. V²riyas²sena satta bojjhaªge bh±ventassa uppanna½ bala½ bh±van±bala½. V²riyupatthambhena hi kusalabh±van± balavat² thir± uppajjati, tath± uppann± balavat² kusalabh±van± balavanto satta bojjhaªg±tipi vuccanti. Atthato v²riyasambojjhaªgas²sena satta bojjhaªg± honti. Vuttampi ceta½– “tattha katama½ bh±van±bala½? Y± kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ ±sevan± bh±van± bahul²kamma½, ida½ vuccati bh±van±bala½. Sattapi bojjhaªg± bh±van±balan”ti (dha. sa. 1361).
Akampiyaµµhen±ti paµipakkhehi akampan²yaµµhena. Durabhibhavanaµµhen±ti durabhibhavan²yaµµhena. Anajjhomaddanaµµhen±ti adhibhavitv± anavamaddanaµµhena. Et±n²ti et±ni yath±vutt±ni dvepi bal±ni. Etadagga½ n±gatanti “etadagga½, bhikkhave, dvinna½ bal±na½ yadida½ bh±van±balan”ti evamettha etadagga½ n±gatanti attho.
12. Dutiye viveka½ nissitanti vivekanissita½, yath± v± vivekavasena pavatta½ jh±na½ “vivekajan”ti vutta½, eva½ vivekavasena pavatto satisambojjhaªgo “vivekanissito”ti daµµhabbo. Nissayaµµho ca vipassan±magg±na½ vasena maggaphal±na½ veditabbo, asatipi v± pubb±parabh±ve “paµiccasamupp±do”ti ettha paccayena samupp±dana½ viya avin±bh±vidhammaby±p±r± nissayanabh±van± sambhavant²ti. “Tadaªgasamucchedanissaraºavivekanissitan”ti vatv± paµippassaddhivivekanissitassa avacana½ “satisambojjhaªga½ bh±vet²”ti-±din± idha bh±vetabb±na½ sambojjhaªg±na½ vuttatt±. Bh±vitabojjhaªgassa hi sacchik±tabb± balabojjhaªg±, tesa½ kicca½ paµippassaddhiviveko. Ajjh±sayatoti “nibb±na½ sacchikariss±m²”ti pavatta-ajjh±sayato. Yadipi hi vipassan±kkhaºe saªkh±r±rammaºa½ citta½, saªkh±resu pana ±d²nava½ disv± tappaµipakkhe nibb±ne ninnat±ya ajjh±sayato nissaraºavivekanissito hoti uºh±bhibh³tassa puggalassa s²taninnacittat± viya.
“Pañcavidhavivekanissitamp²ti eke”ti vatv± tattha yath±vuttavivekattayato añña½ vivekadvaya½ uddharitv± dassetu½ “te h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha jh±nakkhaºe t±va kiccato vikkhambhanavivekanissita½, vipassan±kkhaºe ajjh±sayato paµippassaddhivivekanissita½ bh±vet²ti vattabba½ “ev±ha½ anuttara½ vimokkha½ upasampajja vihariss±m²”ti tattha ninnajjh±sayat±ya. Ten±ha “tasm± tesa½ maten±”ti-±di. Heµµh± kasiºajjh±naggahaºena ±rupp±nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½, tasm± “etesa½ jh±n±nan”ti imin±pi tesa½ saªgaho veditabbo. Yasm± pah±navinayo viya vir±ganirodh±pi idh±dhippetavivekena atthato nibbisiµµh±, tasm± vutta½ “esa nayo vir±ganissitanti-±d²s³”ti. Ten±ha “vivekatth± eva hi vir±g±dayo”ti.
Vossagga-saddo paricc±gattho pakkhandanattho c±ti vossaggassa duvidhat± vutt±. Vossajjanañhi pah±na½ vissaµµhabh±vena nirodhanapakkhandanampi ca Tasm± vipassan±kkhaºe tadaªgavasena maggakkhaºe samucchedavasena paµipakkhassa pah±na½ vossaggo, tath± vipassan±kkhaºe tanninnabh±vena, maggakkhaºe ±rammaºakaraºena vissaµµhasabh±vat± vossaggoti veditabba½. Tenev±ha “tattha paricc±gavossaggo”ti-±di. Aya½ satisambojjhaªgoti aya½ missakavasena vutto satisambojjhaªgo. Yath±vuttena pak±ren±ti tadaªgappah±nasamucchedappah±nappak±rena tanninnatad±rammaºappak±rena ca. Pubbe vossaggavacanasseva atthassa vuttatt± ±ha “sakalena vacanen±”ti. Pariºamantanti vipassan±kkhaºe tadaªgatanninnappak±rena pariºamanta½. Pariºatanti maggakkhaºe samucchedatad±rammaºappak±rena pariºata½. Pariº±mo n±ma idha parip±koti ±ha “paripaccanta½ paripakkañc±”ti. Parip±ko ca ±sevanal±bhena laddhas±matthiyassa kilese pariccajitu½ nibb±na½ pakkhanditu½ tikkhavisadabh±vo. Ten±ha “ayañh²”ti-±di. Esa nayoti yv±ya½ nayo “vivekanissitan”ti-±din± satisambojjhaªge vutto, sesesu dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±d²supi eseva nayo, eva½ tattha netabbanti attho.
“Vivekanissitan”ti-±d²su labbham±namattha½ s±maññato dassetv± id±ni idh±dhippetamattha½ dassento “idha pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sabbasaªkhateh²ti sabbehi paccayasamuppannadhammehi. Sabbesanti saªkhatadhamm±na½. Viveka½ ±rammaºa½ katv±ti nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ viveka½ ±rammaºa½ katv±. Tañca khoti tadeva satisambojjhaªga½.
13. Tatiye cittekaggatth±y±ti cittasam±dh±natth±ya, diµµhadhamme sukhavih±r±y±ti attho. Cittekaggat±s²sena hi diµµhadhammasukhavih±ro vutto. Sukkhavipassakakh²º±sav±na½ vasena heta½ vutta½. Te hi sam±pajjitv± “ekaggacitt± sukha½ divasa½ vihariss±m±”ti icceva kasiºaparikamma½ katv± aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattenti. Vipassan±p±dakatth±y±ti-±d²su pana sekkhaputhujjan± “sam±pattito vuµµh±ya sam±hitena cittena vipass±m±”ti nibbattent± vipassan±p±dakatth±ya bh±venti.
Ye pana aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± abhiññ±p±dakajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± sam±pattito vuµµh±ya “ekopi hutv± bahudh± hot²”ti (d². ni. 1.238; ma. ni. 1.147; sa½. ni. 2.70; 5.834, 842) vuttanay± abhiññ±yo patthent± nibbattenti, te abhiññ±p±dakatth±ya bh±venti. Ye aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± nirodhasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± “satt±ha½ acitt± hutv± diµµheva dhamme nirodha½ nibb±na½ patv± sukha½ vihariss±m±”ti nibbattenti, te nirodhap±dakatth±ya bh±venti. Ye pana aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± “aparih²najjh±n± brahmaloke uppajjiss±m±”ti nibbattenti, te bhavavisesatth±ya bh±venti.
Yutta½ t±va cittekaggat±ya bhavavisesatthat± viya vipassan±p±dakatthat±pi catukkajjh±nas±dh±raº±ti tesa½ vasena “catt±ri jh±n±n²”ti vacana½, abhiññ±p±dakatthat± pana nirodhap±dakatthat± ca catutthasseva jh±nassa ±veºik±, s± katha½ catukkajjh±nas±dh±raº± vutt±ti? Parampar±dhiµµh±nabh±vato. Padaµµh±napadaµµh±nampi hi padaµµh±nanti vuccati k±raºak±raºanti yath± “tiºehi bhatta½ siddhan”ti.
14. Catutthe sasakassa uppatana½ viya hot²ti pathavijigucchanasasakassa uppatana½ viya hoti. Tatth±ya½ atthasall±pik± upam±– pathav² kira sasaka½ ±ha– “he sasak±”ti. Sasako ±ha– “ko eso”ti. Kasm± mameva upari sabba-iriy±pathe kappento ucc±rapass±va½ karonto ma½ na j±n±s²ti? Suµµhu tay± aha½ diµµho, may± akkantaµµh±nañhi aªgulaggehi phuµµhaµµh±na½ viya hoti, vissaµµha-udaka½ appamattaka½, kar²sa½ kaµakaphalamatta½, hatthi-ass±d²hi pana akkantaµµh±nampi mahanta½, pass±vopi nesa½ ghaµamatto, ucc±ropi pacchimatto hoti, ala½ mayha½ tay±ti uppatitv± aññasmi½ µh±ne patito. Tato na½ pathav² ±ha– “aho d³ra½ gatopi nanu mayha½yeva upari patitos²”ti? So puna ta½ jigucchanto uppatitv± aññattha patito. Eva½ vassasahassampi uppatitv± uppatitv± patam±no sasako neva pathaviy± anta½ p±puºitu½ sakkoti. Na koµinti na pubbakoµi½. Itaresanti vipañcitaññuneyyapadaparam±na½.
15. Pañcame samathehi adhikar²yati v³pasammat²ti adhikaraºa½, aµµh±rasa bhedakaravatth³ni niss±ya uppanno viv±doyeva viv±d±dhikaraºa½. “Idha bhikkh³ bhikkhu½ anuvadanti s²lavipattiy± v±”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. 215) catasso vipattiyo niss±ya uppanno anuv±doyeva anuv±d±dhikaraºa½. Pañcapi ±pattikkhandh± ±patt±dhikaraºa½. “Sattapi ±pattikkhandh± ±patt±dhikaraºan”ti (c³¼ava. 215) vacanato ±pattiyeva ±patt±dhikaraºa½. “Y± saªghassa kiccayat± karaº²yat± apalokanakamma½ ñattikamma½ ñattidutiyakamma½ ñatticatutthakamman”ti (c³¼ava. 215) evam±gata½ catubbidha½ saªghakicca½ kicc±dhikaraºanti veditabba½. Sesamettha utt±nameva.
16. Chaµµhe ap±kaµan±moti “selo, k³µadanto”ti-±din± anabhiññ±to. Yena v± k±raºen±ti hetumhi ida½ karaºavacana½. Hetu-attho hi kiriy±k±raºa½, na karaºa½ viya kiriyattho, tasm± n±nappak±raguºavises±dhigamatth± idha upasaªkamanakiriy±ti “annena vasati, ajjhenena vasat²”ti-±d²su viya hetu-atthameveta½ karaºavacana½ yutta½, na karaºattha½ tassa ayujjam±natt±ti vutta½ “yena v± k±raºen±”ti. Avibh±gato satata½ pavattitaniratisayas±duvipul±matarasasaddhammaphalat±ya s±duphalaniccaphalitamah±rukkhena bhagav± upamito. S±duphal³pabhog±dhipp±yaggahaºeneva hi rukkhassa s±duphalat± gahit±ti. Upasaªkam²ti upasaªkanto. Sampattak±mat±ya hi kiñci µh±na½ gacchanto ta½ta½pades±tikkamanena upasaªkami, upasaªkantoti ca vattabbata½ labhati. Ten±ha “gatoti vutta½ hot²”ti, upagatoti attho. Upasaªkamitv±ti pubbak±lakiriy±niddesoti ±ha “upasaªkamanapariyos±nad²panan”ti. Tatoti ya½ µh±na½ patto “upasaªkam²”ti vutto, tato upagataµµh±nato.
Yath± khaman²y±d²ni pucchantoti yath± bhagav± “kacci te, br±hmaºa, khaman²ya½, kacci y±pan²yan”ti-±din± khaman²y±d²ni pucchanto tena br±hmaºena saddhi½ samappavattamodo ahosi pubbabh±sit±ya, eva½ sopi br±hmaºo tadanukaraºena bhagavat± saddhi½ samappavattamodo ahos²ti yojan±. Ta½ pana samappavattamodata½ upam±ya dassetu½ “s²todaka½ viy±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sammoditanti sa½sandita½. Ek²bh±vanti sammodanakiriy±ya sam±nata½. Khaman²yanti “ida½ catucakka½ navadv±ra½ sar²rayanta½ dukkhabahulat±ya sabh±vato dussaha½, kacci khamitu½ sakkuºeyyan”ti pucchati. Y±pan²yanti ±h±r±dippaµibaddhavuttika½ cirappabandhasaªkh±t±ya y±pan±ya kacci y±petu½ sakkuºeyya½. S²sarog±di-±b±dh±bh±vena kacci app±b±dha½. Dukkhaj²vik±bh±vena kacci app±taªka½. Ta½ta½kiccakaraºe uµµh±nasukhat±ya kacci lahuµµh±na½. Tadanur³pabalayogato kacci bala½ Sukhavih±rasambhavena kacci ph±suvih±ro atth²ti sabbattha kacci-sadda½ yojetv± attho veditabbo.
Balappatt± p²ti p²tiyeva. Taruºap²ti p±mojja½. Sammoda½ janeti karot²ti sammodan²ka½, tadeva sammodan²ya½. Sammoditabbato sammodan²yanti ima½ pana attha½ dassetu½ “sammoditu½ yuttabh±vato”ti ±ha. Saritabbabh±vatoti anussaritabbabh±vato. “Saraº²yan”ti vattabbe d²gha½ katv± “s±raº²yan”ti vutta½. Suyyam±nasukhatoti ±p±thagatamadhurata½ ±ha, anussariyam±nasukhatoti vimaddaramaº²yata½. Byañjanaparisuddhat±y±ti sabh±vaniruttibh±vena tass± kath±ya vacanac±turiyam±ha. Atthaparisuddhat±y±ti atthassa nirupakkilesata½. Anekehi pariy±yeh²ti anekehi k±raºehi.
Atid³ra-acc±sannappaµikkhepena n±tid³ra½ nacc±sanna½ n±ma gahita½, ta½ pana avaka½sato ubhinna½ pas±ritahatth±saªghaµµanena daµµhabba½. G²va½ pas±retv±ti g²va½ parivaµµanavasena pas±retv±.