4. Sarabhasuttavaººan±

65. Catutthe gijjh± ettha sant²ti gijjha½, k³µa½. Ta½ etass±ti gijjhak³µo. Gijjho viy±ti v± gijjha½, k³µa½. Ta½ etass±ti gijjhak³µo, pabbato. Tasmi½ gijjhak³µe. Ten±ha “gijjh± v±”ti-±di. Acirapakkantoti ettha na desantarapakkamana½ adhippeta½, atha kho s±sanapakkamananti dassento “imasmi½ s±sane pabbajitv±”ti-±dim±ha, teneva hi “imass± dhammavinay±”ti vutta½. Labbhat²ti l±bho, catunna½ paccay±nameta½ adhivacana½. Sakkacca½ k±tabbo d±tabboti sakk±ro. Paccay± eva hi paº²tapaº²t± sundarasundar± abhisaªkharitv± kat± sakk±r±ti vuccanti. Sakk±roti v± sundarak±ro, parehi attano g±ravakiriy± pupph±d²hi v± p³j±. L±bho ca sakk±ro ca l±bhasakk±r±, te naµµh± pah²n± etesanti naµµhal±bhasakk±r±.
Mah±l±bhasakk±ro uppajj²ti tad± kira bhagavato mah±l±bhasakk±ro uppajji yath± ta½ catt±ro asaªkheyye p³ritad±nap±ramisañcayassa. Sabbadis±su hi yamakamah±megho vuµµhahitv± mahogho viya sabbap±ramiyo “ekasmi½ attabh±ve vip±ka½ dass±m±”ti sampiº¹it± viya l±bhasakk±ramahogha½ nibbattayi½su. Tato tato annap±nay±navattham±l±gandhavilepan±dihatth± khattiyabr±hmaº±dayo ±gantv± “kaha½ buddho kaha½ bhagav±, kaha½ devadevo nar±sabho purisas²ho”ti bhagavanta½ pariyesanti, sakaµasatehipi paccaye ±haritv± ok±sa½ alabham±n± samant± g±vutappam±ºampi sakaµadhurena sakaµadhura½ ±hacca tiµµhanti ceva anubandhanti ca andhakavindabr±hmaºo viya. Yath± ca bhagavato, eva½ bhikkhusaªghassapi. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± sakkato hoti garukato m±nito p³jito apacito l±bh² c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±na½, bhikkhusaªghopi sakkato hoti…pe… parikkh±r±nan”ti (ud±. 38).
Tath±–
“Y±vat± kho pana, cunda, etarahi saªgho v± gaºo v± loke uppanno, n±ha½, cunda, añña½ eka½ saªghampi samanupass±mi eva½l±bhaggayasaggappatta½ yathariv±ya½, cunda, bhikkhusaªgho”ti (d². ni. 3.176).
Sv±ya½ bhagavato ca saªghassa ca uppanno l±bhasakk±ro ekato hutv± dvinna½ mah±nad²na½ udaka½ viya appameyyo ahosi, bhagavato pana bhikkhusaªghassa ca uppanno l±bhasakk±ro dhammassapi uppannoyeva. Dhammadhar±nañhi kato sakk±ro dhammassa kato n±ma hoti. Tena vutta½ “tiººa½ ratan±na½ mah±l±bhasakk±ro uppajj²”ti.
Vuttamattha½ p±¼iy± nidassento “yath±h±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sakkatoti sakk±rappatto. Yassa hi catt±ro paccaye sakkatv± su-abhisaªkhate paº²tapaº²te upaneti, so sakkato. Garukatoti garubh±vahet³na½ uttamaguº±na½ matthakappattiy± anaññas±dh±raºena garuk±rena sabbadevamanussehi p±s±ºacchatta½ viya garukato. Yasmiñhi garubh±va½ paccupaµµhapetv± paccaye denti, so garukato. M±nitoti samm±paµipattiy± m±nito manena piy±yito. T±ya hi viññ³na½ man±pat±. P³jitoti m±nan±dip³j±ya ceva catupaccayap³j±ya ca p³jito. Yassa hi sabbameta½ p³janañca karonti, so p³jito. Apacitoti n²cavuttikaraºena apacito. Satth±rañhi disv± manuss± hatthikkhandh±d²hi otaranti, magga½ denti, a½sak³µato s±µaka½ apanenti. ¾sanato vuµµhahanti, vandant²ti eva½ so tehi apacito n±ma hoti.
Avaººa½ pattharitv±ti avaººa½ tattha tattha sa½kittanavasena pattharitv±. ¾vaµµanim±yanti ±vaµµetv± gahaºam±ya½. ¾vaµµeti purim±k±rato nivatteti attano vase vatteti et±y±ti ±vaµµan², m±y±, ta½ ±vaµµanim±ya½ os±retv± parijappetv±ti attho. Koµito paµµh±y±ti antimakoµito paµµh±ya. Thaddhak±yena pharusav±c±ya tiººa½ ratan±na½ avaººakathana½ anatth±vahatt± visasiñcanasadis± hot²ti ±ha “visa½ siñcitv±”ti. Aññ±toti ±ñ±to. Ten±ha “ñ±to”ti-±di.
K±yaªganti k±yameva aªga½, k±yassa v± aªga½, s²s±di. V±caªganti “hotu, s±dh³”ti evam±div±c±ya avayava½. Ekaken±ti asah±yena. Imassa panatthass±ti “cariya½ caraºak±le”ti-±din± vuttassa. Yato yato garu dhuranti yasmi½ yasmi½ µh±ne dhura½ garu bh±rika½ hoti, aññe balibadd± ukkhipitu½ na sakkonti. Yato gambh²ravattan²ti vattanti etth±ti vattan², dummaggasseta½ n±ma½, yasmi½ µh±ne udakacikkhallamahantat±ya v± visamacchinnataµabh±vena v± maggo gambh²ro hot²ti attho. Tad±ssu kaºha½ yuñjent²ti ass³ti nip±tamatta½, tad± kaºha½ yuñjent²ti attho. Yad± dhurañca garu hoti maggo ca gambh²ro, tad± aññe balibadde apanetv± kaºhameva yuñjent²ti vutta½ hoti. Sv±ssu ta½ vahate dhuranti etthapi ass³ti nip±tamattameva, so ta½ dhura½ vahat²ti attho.
Gehavetananti gehe nivuµµhabh±vahetu d±tabba½. K±¼ako n±ma n±men±ti añjanavaººo kiresa, tenassa “k±¼ako”ti n±ma½ aka½su. K±¼aka½ upasaªkamitv± ±h±ti k±¼ako kira ekadivasa½ cintesi “mayha½ m±t± duggat± ma½ puttaµµh±ne µhapetv± dukkhena poseti, ya½n³n±ha½ bhati½ katv± ima½ duggatabh±vato moceyyan”ti. So tato paµµh±ya bhati½ upadh±rento vicarati. Atha tasmi½ divase g±magor³pehi saddhi½ tattha sam²pe carati. Satthav±haputtopi gosuttavittako, so “atthi nu kho etesa½ gunna½ antare sakaµ±ni utt±retu½ samatthousabh±j±n²yo”ti upadh±rayam±no bodhisatta½ disv± “aya½ ±j±n²yo sakkhissati mayha½ sakaµ±ni utt±retun”ti aññ±si. Tena ta½ upasaªkamitv± evam±ha. So aññesa½…pe… gehameva agam±s²ti tad± kira g±mad±rak± “ki½ n±meta½ k±¼akassa gale”ti tassa santika½ ±gacchanti. So te anubandhitv± d³ratova pal±pento m±tu santika½ gato. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
S±yanhasamayanti s±yanhak±le. Bhummatthe eta½ upayogavacana½. Na hettha accantasa½yogo sambhavati. Paµisall±n± vuµµhitoti ettha tehi tehi saddhivih±rika-antev±sika-up±saka-up±sik±disattehi ceva r³p±rammaº±disaªkh±rehi ca paµinivattetv± apasakkitv± nil²yana½ vivecana½ k±yacittehi tato vivittat±ya paµisall±na½ k±yaviveko, cittaviveko ca. Yo tato duvidhavivekato vuµµhito bhavaªgappattiy± sabrahmac±r²hi sam±gamena ca apeto. So paµisall±n± vuµµhito n±ma hoti. Aya½ pana yasm± paµisall±n±na½ uttamato phalasam±pattito vuµµh±si, tasm± “phalasam±pattito”ti vutta½. K±yasakkhino bhaviss±m±ti n±mak±yena desan±sampaµicchanavasena sakkhibh³t± bhaviss±ma. Nanu ca “paññatte ±sane nis²d²”ti ida½ kasm± vutta½. Titthiy± hi bhagavato paµipakkh±, te kasm± tassa ±sana½ paññ±pent²ti ±ha “tath±gato h²”ti-±di.
Vigg±hikakathanti vigg±hasa½vattanika½ s±rambhakatha½. ¾y±ceyy±s²ti vac²bheda½ katv± y±ceyy±si. Pattheyy±s²ti manas± ±s²seyy±si. Piheyy±s²ti tasseva vevacana½. Nittejata½ ±pannoti tejah±niy± nittejabh±va½ ±panno, nittejabh³toti attho. Tato eva bhikkhu-±dayopi sammukh± oloketu½ asamatthat±ya pattakkhandho, patitakkhandhoti attho. Ten±ha “onatag²vo”ti. Dassitadhammes³ti vuttadhammesu. Vacanamattameva hi tesa½, na pana dassana½ t±disasseva dhammassa abh±vato. Bhagavato eva v± “ime dhamm± anabhisambuddh±”ti parassa vacanavasena dassitadhammesu. Paµicarissat²ti paµicch±danavase carissati pavattissati, paµicch±danattho eva v± carati-saddo anekatthatt± dh±t³nanti ±ha “paµicch±dessat²”ti. Aññena v± aññanti pana paµicch±dan±k±radassananti ±ha “aññena v± vacanen±”ti-±di.
Tattha añña½ vacananti ya½ samanuyuñjantena bhagavat± parassa dosavibh±vana½ vacana½ vutta½, ta½ tato aññeneva vacanena paµicch±deti. “¾patti½ ±pannos²”ti codakena vuttavacana½ viya “ko ±panno, ki½ ±panno, kismi½ ±panno, ka½ bhaºatha, ki½ bhaºath±”ti-±divacanena añña½ ±gantukakatha½ ±haranto “tva½ itthann±ma½ ±patti½ ±pannos²”ti puµµho “p±µaliputta½ gatomh²”ti vatv± puna “na tava p±µaliputtagamana½ pucch±ma, ±patti½ pucch±m±”ti vutte tato r±jagaha½ gatomhi. R±jagaha½ v± y±hi br±hmaºageha½ v±, ±patti½ ±pannos²ti. “Tattha me s³karama½sa½ laddhan”ti-±d²ni vadanto viya samanuyuñjakena vuttavacanato añña½ ±gantukakatha½ ±haranto apan±messati, vikkhepa½ gamayissati. Appat²t± honti tena atuµµh± asomanassik±ti apaccayo, domanasseta½ adhivacana½. Neva attano, na paresa½ hita½ abhir±dhayat²ti anabhiraddhi, domanassameva. Tenev±ha “apaccayena domanassa½ vuttan”ti.
Yassa kho pana te atth±ya dhammo desitoti ettha dhamma-saddena catusaccadhammo vuttoti ±ha “yassa maggassa v± phalassa v± atth±y±”ti. Catusaccadhammo hi maggaphal±dhigamatth±ya des²yati. Na niggacchat²ti na pavatteti. Nanti na½ dhamma½. Id±ni “yassa kho pana te atth±ya dhammo desito”ti ettha dhamma-saddena paµipattidhammo dassito, na pana catusaccadhammoti adhipp±yena atthavikappa½ dassento “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Pañca dhamm±ti gambh²rañ±ºacariyabh³t±na½ khandh±d²na½ uggahasavanadh±raºaparicayayonisomanasik±re sandh±y±ha. Takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±y±ti ettha samm±saddo ubhayatth±pi yojetabbo “samm± takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±y±”ti. Yo hi samm± dhamma½ paµipajjati, tasseva samm± dukkhakkhayo hot²ti. Yo pana vuttanayena takkaro, tassa niyy±na½ atthato dhammasseva niyy±nanti tappaµikkhepena “so dhammo…pe… na niyy±ti na niggacchat²”ti ±ha.
Yadi tiracch±nas²hassa n±do sabbatiracch±na-ekaccamanuss±manussan±dato seµµhatt± seµµhan±do, kimaªga½ pana tath±gatas²hassa n±doti ±ha “s²han±danti seµµhan±dan”ti. Yadi v± tiracch±nas²han±dassa seµµhan±dat± nibbhayat±ya appaµisattut±ya icchit±, tath±gatas²han±dasseva ayamattho s±tisayoti ±ha “abh²tan±da½ appaµin±dan”ti. “Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.129; a. ni. 1.268-271) hi yo attho vutto, tassa bh³tat±ya aya½ n±do seµµhan±do n±ma hoti uttaman±do. Bh³tattho hi uttamatthoti. Imamattha½ pana vadantassa bhagavato aññato bhaya½ v± ±saªk± v± natth²ti abh²tan±do n±ma hoti. Abh³tañhi vadato kutoci bhaya½ v± ±saªk± v± siy±, eva½ pana vadanta½ bhagavanta½ koci uµµhahitv± paµib±hitu½ samattho n±ma natth²ti aya½ n±do appaµin±do n±ma hoti.
Samantato niggaºhanavasena todana½ vijjhana½ sannitodaka½, samm± v± nitudanti p²¼enti eten±ti sannitodaka½. V±c±y±ti ca paccatte karaºavacana½. Ten±ha “vacanapatoden±”ti. Sañjambharimaka½s³ti samantato sambharita½ aka½su, sabbe paribb±jak± v±c±todanehi tudi½s³ti attho. Ten±ha “sambharita½…pe… vijjhi½s³”ti. Siªg±laka½yev±ti siªg±lameva, “seg±laka½yev±”tipi p±µho. Tassev±ti siªg±laravasseva. Atha v± bheraº¹aka½yev±ti bhedaº¹asakuºisadisa½yev±ti attho. Bhedaº¹a½ n±ma eko pakkh² dvimukho, tassa kira saddo ativiya vir³po aman±po. Ten±ha “apica bhinnassara½ aman±pasadda½ nadat²”ti. Sesamettha utt±nameva.

Sarabhasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.