3. Ven±gapurasuttavaººan±

64. Tatiye eva½n±make janapadeti yattha n±maggahaºena kosalasaddassa ru¼h²saddata½ dasseti. Tath± hi kosal± n±ma j±napadino r±jakum±r±, tesa½ niv±so ekopi janapado ru¼h²saddena “kosal±”ti vuccati. Akkharacintak± hi ²disesu µh±nesu yutte viya saliªgavacan±ni (p±ºini 1.2.51) icchanti. Ayamettha ru¼h² yath± aññatth±pi “kur³su viharati, aªgesu viharat²”ti ca. Tabbisesane pana janapadasadde j±tisadde ekavacanameva yath± “kosalesu janapade”ti. C±rikanti caraºa½. Caraºa½ v± c±ro, so eva c±rik±. Tayida½ maggagamana½ idh±dhippeta½, na cuººikagamanamattanti ±ha “addh±nagamana½ gacchanto”ti. Ta½ vibh±gena dassetu½ “c±rik± ca n±mes±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha d³rep²ti d³repi n±tid³repi. Sahas± gamananti s²ghagamana½. Mah±kassapapaccuggaman±d²s³ti ±di-saddena ±¼avak±d²na½ atth±ya gamana½ saªgaºh±ti. Bhagav± hi mah±kassapatthera½ paccuggacchanto muhuttena tig±vutamaggamagam±si. ¾¼avakassatth±ya ti½sayojana½, tath± aªgulim±lassa, pukkus±tissa pana pañcacatt±l²sayojana½, mah±kappinassa v²sayojanasata½, dhaniyassatth±ya satta yojanasat±ni, dhammasen±patino saddhivih±rikassa vanav±sissa tissas±maºerassa tig±vut±dhika½ v²sayojanasata½ agam±si. Ima½ sandh±y±ti ima½ aturitac±rika½ sandh±ya.
Upalabhi½s³ti ettha savanavasena upalabhi½s³ti imamattha½ dassento “sotadv±ra…pe… j±ni½s³”ti ±ha. Sabbampi v±kya½ avadh±raºaphalatt± antogadh±vadh±raºanti ±ha “padap³raºamatte v± nip±to”ti. Avadh±raºatthen±ti pana imin± iµµhatthatovadh±raºattha½ kho-saddaggahaºanti dasseti. Assos²ti pada½ kho-sadde gahite tena phullitamaº¹itavibh³sita½ viya honta½ p³rita½ n±ma hoti, tena ca purimapacchimapad±ni sa½siliµµh±ni n±ma honti, na tasmi½ aggahiteti ±ha “padap³raºena byañjanasiliµµhat±mattamev±”ti. Mattasaddo visesanivatti-attho. Tenassa anatthantarad²panat± dassit± hoti, evasaddena pana byañjanasiliµµhat±ya ekantikat±.
Samitap±patt±ti accanta½ anavasesato sav±sana½ samitap±patt±. Evañhi b±hirakav²tar±gasekkh±sekkhap±pasamanato bhagavato p±pasamana½ visesita½ hoti. Tenassa yath±bh³taguº±dhigatameta½ n±ma½ yadida½ samaºoti d²peti. Anekatthatt± nip±t±na½ idha anussavattho adhippetoti ±ha “khal³ti anussavatthe nip±to”ti. ¾lapanamattanti piy±l±pavacanamatta½. Piyasamud±h±r± hete “bho”ti v± “±vuso”ti v± “dev±na½ piy±”ti v±. Gottavasen±ti ettha ga½ t±yat²ti gotta½. Gotamoti hi pavattam±na½ vacana½ buddhiñca t±yati eka½sikavisayat±ya rakkhat²ti gotta½. Yath± hi buddhi ±rammaºabh³tena atthena vin± na vattati, tath± abhidh±na½ abhidheyyabh³tena, tasm± so gottasaªkh±to attho t±ni t±yati rakkhat²ti vuccati. Ko pana soti? Aññakulaparampar±s±dh±raºa½ tassa kulassa ±dipurisasamud±gata½ ta½kulapariy±pannas±dh±raºa½ s±maññar³panti daµµhabba½. Ettha ca samaºoti imin± parikkhakajanehi bhagavato bahumatabh±vo dassito samitap±pat±kittanato. Gotamoti imin± lokiyajanehi ucc±kulasambh³tat± d²pit± tena uditoditavipulakhattiyakulavibh±vanato. Sabbakhattiy±nañhi ±dibh³tamah±sammatamah±r±jato paµµh±ya asambhinna½ u¼±ratama½ sakyar±jakula½.
Kenaci p±rijuññen±ti ñ±tip±rijuññabhogap±rijuññ±din± kenacipi p±rijuññena parih±niy± anabhibh³to anajjhotthaµo. Tath± hi tassa kulassa na kiñci p±rijuñña½ lokan±thassa abhij±tiya½, atha kho va¹¹hiyeva. Abhinikkhamane ca tatopi samiddhatamabh±vo loke p±kaµo paññ±toti. Sakyakul± pabbajitoti ida½ vacana½ bhagavato saddh±pabbajitabh±vad²pana½ vutta½ mahanta½ ñ±tiparivaµµa½ mahantañca bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya pabbajitabh±vasiddhito.
Itthambh³t±khy±nattheti ittha½ eva½pak±ro bh³to j±toti eva½ kathanatthe. Upayogavacananti “abbhuggato”ti ettha abhi-saddo itthambh³t±khy±natthajotako, tena yogato “ta½ kho pana bhavantan”ti ida½ s±mi-atthe upayogavacana½. Ten±ha “tassa kho pana bhoto gotamass±ti attho”ti. Kaly±ºaguºasamann±gatoti kaly±ºehi guºehi yutto, tannissito tabbisayat±y±ti adhipp±yo. Seµµhoti etth±pi eseva nayo. Kittetabbato kitti, s± eva saddan²yato saddoti ±ha “kittisaddoti kittiyev±”ti. Abhitthavanavasena pavatto saddo thutighoso. Sadevaka½ loka½ ajjhottharitv± uggatoti anaññas±dh±raºe guºe ±rabbha pavattatt± sadevaka½ loka½ ajjhottharitv± abhibhavitv± uggato.
So bhagav±ti yo so samati½sa p±ramiyo p³retv± sabbakilese bhañjitv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho dev±na½ atidevo sakk±na½ atisakko brahm±na½ atibrahm± lokan±tho bh±gyavantat±d²hi k±raºehi sadevake loke “bhagav±”ti patthaµakittisaddo, so bhagav±. “Bhagav±”ti ca ida½ satthu n±makittana½. Ten±ha ±yasm± dhammasen±pati “bhagav±ti neta½ n±ma½ m±tar± katan”ti-±di (mah±ni. 84). Parato pana bhagav±ti guºakittana½. Yath± kammaµµh±nikena “arahan”ti-±d²su navasu µh±nesu pacceka½ iti-sadda½ yojetv± buddhaguº± anussariyanti, eva½ buddhaguºasa½kittanenap²ti dassento “itipi araha½ itipi samm±sambuddho…pe… itipi bhagav±”ti ±ha. “Itipeta½ bh³ta½ itipeta½ tacchan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.6) viya idha itisaddo ±sannapaccakkhakaraºattho, pi-saddo sampiº¹anattho, tena ca tesa½ guº±na½ bahubh±vo d²pito, t±ni ca sa½kittentena viññun± cittassa sammukh²bh³t±neva katv± sa½kittetabb±n²ti dassento “imin± ca imin± ca k±raºen±ti vutta½ hot²”ti ±ha. Eva½ nir³petv± kittento yo kitteti, tassa bhagavati ativiya abhippas±do hoti.
¾rakatt±ti suvid³ratt±. Ar²nanti kiles±r²na½. Ar±nanti sa½s±racakkassa ar±na½. Hatatt±ti viddha½sitatt±. Paccay±d²nanti c²var±dipaccay±nañceva p³j±vises±nañca. Tatoti visuddhimaggato (visuddhi. 1.125-127). Yath± ca visuddhimaggato, eva½ ta½sa½vaººan±topi nesa½ vitth±ro gahetabbo.
Ima½ lokanti nayida½ mah±janassa sammukhamatta½ sandh±ya vutta½, atha kho anavasesa½ pariy±d±y±ti dassetu½ “sadevakan”ti-±di vutta½. Ten±ha “id±ni vattabba½ nidasset²”ti. Paj±tatt±ti yath±saka½ kammakilesehi nibbattatt±. Pañcak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½ p±risesanayena itaresa½ padantarena gahitatt±. Sadevakanti ca avayavena viggaho samud±yo sam±sattho. Chaµµhak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½ pacc±sattinayena. Tattha hi so j±to tanniv±s² ca. Sabrahmakavacanena brahmak±yik±dibrahmaggahaºanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Paccatthikasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºanti nidassanamattameta½ apaccatthik±na½ samitab±hitap±p±nañca samaºabr±hmaº±na½ samaºabr±hmaºavacanena gahitatt±. K±ma½ “sadevakan”ti-±divisesan±na½ vasena sattavisayo lokasaddoti viññ±yati tulyayogavisayatt± tesa½, “salomako sapakkhako”ti-±d²su pana atulyayogepi aya½ sam±so labbhat²ti byabhic±radassanato paj±gahaºanti ±ha “paj±vacanena sattalokaggahaºan”ti.
Ar³pino satt± attano ±neñjavih±rena viharant± dibbant²ti dev±ti ima½ nibbacana½ labhant²ti ±ha “sadevakaggahaºena ar³p±vacaraloko gahito”ti. Ten±ha “±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½ sahabyatan”ti (a. ni. 3.117). Sam±rakaggahaºena chak±m±vacaradevaloko gahito tassa savisesa½ m±rassa vase vattanato. Sabrahmakaggahaºena r³p²brahmaloko gahito ar³p²brahmalokassa gahitatt±. Catuparisavasen±ti khattiy±dicatuparisavasena. Itar± pana catasso paris± sam±rak±diggahaºena gahit± ev±ti. Avasesasattaloko n±gagaru¼±dibhedo. T²h±k±reh²ti devam±rabrahmasahitat±saªkh±tehi t²hi pak±rehi. T²su pades³ti “sadevakan”ti-±d²su t²su padesu. Tena ten±k±ren±ti sadevakatt±din± tena tena pak±rena. Tedh±tukameva pariy±dinnanti por±º± ±h³ti yojan±.
Abhiññ±ti yak±ralopen±ya½ niddeso, abhij±nitv±ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “abhiññ±ya adhikena ñ±ºena ñatv±”ti. Anum±n±dipaµikkhepoti anum±na-atth±patti-±dippaµikkhepo ekappam±ºatt±. Sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºac±rat±ya hi sabbapaccakkh± buddh± bhagavanto.
Anuttara½ vivekasukhanti phalasam±pattisukha½. Tena vimiss±pi kad±ci bhagavato dhammadesan± hot²ti “hitv±p²”ti pi-saddaggahaºa½. Bhagav± hi dhamma½ desento yasmi½ khaºe paris± s±dhuk±ra½ v± deti, yath±suta½ v± dhamma½ paccavekkhati, ta½ khaºa½ pubbabh±gena paricchinditv± phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjati, yath±paricchedañca sam±pattito vuµµh±ya µhitaµµh±nato paµµh±ya dhamma½ deseti. Appa½ v± bahu½ v± desentoti ugghaµitaññussa vasena appa½ v±, vipañcitaññussa neyyassa v± vasena bahu½ v± desento. Dhammassa kaly±ºat± ca niyy±nikat± ca sabbaso anavajjabh±venev±ti ±ha “anavajjameva katv±”ti.
Desak±yattena ±º±dividhin± atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±ti s± pariyattidhammavasena veditabb±ti ±ha “desan±ya t±va c±tuppadikag±th±yap²”ti-±di. Nid±nanigam±nipi satthu desan±ya anuvidh±nato tadantogadh±ni ev±ti ±ha “nid±na½ ±di, idamavoc±ti pariyos±nan”ti.
S±sitabbapuggalagatena yath±par±dh±dis±sitabbabh±vena anus±sana½ tadaªgavinay±divasena vinayana½ s±sananti ta½ paµipattidhammavasena veditabbanti ±ha “s²lasam±dhivipassan±”ti-±di. Kusal±nanti anavajjadhamm±na½ s²lasamathavipassan±na½ s²ladiµµh²nañca ±dibh±vo ta½m³likatt± uttarimanussadhamm±na½. Ariyamaggassa antadvayavigamena majjhim±paµipad±bh±vo viya samm±paµipattiy± ±rabbha nibbatt²na½ vemajjhat±pi majjhabh±voti vutta½ “atthi, bhikkhave…pe… majjhima½ n±m±”ti. Phala½ pariyos±na½ n±ma sa-up±disesat±vasena. Nibb±na½ pariyos±na½ n±ma anup±disesat±vasena. Id±ni tesa½ dvinnampi s±sanassa pariyos±nata½ ±gamena dassetu½ “tasm±tiha tvan”ti-±di vutta½. “S±ttha½ sabyañjanan”ti-±divacanato dhammadesan±ya ±dimajjhapariyos±na½ adhippetanti ±ha “idha…pe… adhippetan”ti. Tasmi½ tasmi½ atthe kath±vadhisaddappabandho g±th±vasena suttavasena ca vavatthito pariyattidhammo, so idha desan±ti vutto, tassa pana attho visesato s²l±di ev±ti ±ha “bhagav± hi dhamma½ desento…pe… dasset²”ti. Tattha s²la½ dassetv±ti s²laggahaºena sasambh±ra½ s²la½ gahita½, tath± maggaggahaºena sasambh±ro maggoti tadubhayavasena anavasesato pariyatti-attha½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhati. Ten±ti s²l±didassanena. Atthavasena hi idha desan±ya ±dikaly±º±dibh±vo adhippeto. Kathikasaºµhit²ti kathikassa saºµh±na½ kathanavasena samavaµµh±na½.
Na so s±ttha½ deseti niyy±natthavirahato tass± desan±ya. Ekabyañjan±diyutt± v±ti sithil±dibhedesu byañjanesu ekappak±reneva dvippak±reneva v± byañjanena yutt± dami¼abh±s± viya. Vivaµakaraºat±ya oµµhe aphus±petv± ucc±retabbato sabbaniroµµhabyañjan± v± kir±tabh±s± viya. Sabbasseva vissajjan²yayuttat±ya sabbavissaµµhabyañjan± yavanabh±s± viya. Sabbasseva s±nus±rat±ya sabbaniggahitabyañjan± v± p±rasik±dimilakkhabh±s± viya. Sabb±pes± byañjanekadesavaseneva pavattiy± aparipuººabyañjan±ti katv± “abyañjan±”ti vutt±.
Ýh±nakaraº±ni sithil±ni katv± ucc±retabba½ akkhara½ pañcasu vaggesu paµhamatatiyanti evam±di sithila½. T±ni asithil±ni katv± ucc±retabba½ akkhara½ vaggesu dutiyacatutthanti evam±di dhanita½. Dvimattak±la½ d²gha½. Ekamattak±la½ rassa½. Tadeva lahuka½ lahukameva. Sa½yogapara½ d²ghañca garuka½. Ýh±nakaraº±ni niggahetv± ucc±retabba½ niggahita½. Parena sambandha½ katv± ucc±retabba½ sambandha½. Tath± na sambandha½ vavatthita½. Ýh±nakaraº±ni vissaµµh±ni katv± ucc±retabba½ vimutta½. Dasadh± byañjanabuddhiy± pabhedoti eva½ sithil±divasena byañjanabuddhiy± akkharupp±dakacittassa dasappak±rena pabhedo. Sabb±ni hi akkhar±ni cittasamuµµh±n±ni yath±dhippetatthabyañjanato byañjan±ni ca.
Amakkhetv±ti amilecchetv±, avin±setv±, ah±petv±ti attho. Bhagav± yamattha½ ñ±petu½ ekag±tha½ ekav±kyampi deseti, tamattha½ t±ya desan±ya parimaº¹alapadabyañjan±ya eva deset²ti ±ha “paripuººabyañjanameva katv± dhamma½ deset²”ti. Idha kevalasaddo anavasesav±cako, na avomissat±div±cakoti ±ha “sakal±dhivacanan”ti. Paripuººanti sabbaso puººa½. Ta½ pana kiñci ³na½ v± adhika½ v± na hot²ti “an³n±dhikavacanan”ti vutta½. Tattha yadattha½ desita½, tassa s±dhakatt± an³nat± veditabb±, tabbidhurassa pana as±dhakatt± anadhikat±. Sakalanti sabbabh±gavanta½. Paripuººamev±ti sabbaso paripuººameva. Ten±ha “ekadesan±pi aparipuºº± natth²”ti. Aparisuddh± desan± n±ma hoti taºh±sa½kilesatt±. Lok±misa½ c²var±dayo paccay±, tattha agadhitacittat±ya lok±misanirapekkho. Hitapharaºen±ti hit³pasa½haraºena. Mett±bh±van±ya muduhadayoti mett±bh±van±ya karuº±ya v± muduhadayo. Ullumpanasabh±vasaºµhiten±ti sakalasa½kilesato vaµµadukkhato ca uddharaº±k±r±vaµµhitena cittena, karuº±dhipp±yen±ti attho. Tasm±ti yasm± sikkhattayasaªgaha½ sakala½ s±sana½ idha brahmacariyanti adhippeta½, tasm±. Brahmacariyanti imin± sam±n±dhikaraº±ni sabbapad±ni yojetv± attha½ dassento “so dhamma½ deseti…pe… pak±set²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo”ti ±ha.
Sundaranti bhaddaka½. Bhaddakat± ca passantassa hitasukh±vahabh±vena veditabb±ti ±ha “atth±vaha½ sukh±vahan”ti. Tattha atth±vahanti diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthasa½hitahit±vaha½. Sukh±vahanti yath±vuttatividhasukh±vaha½. Tath±nur³p±nanti t±dis±na½. Y±disehi pana guºehi bhagav± samann±gato, tehi catuppam±ºikassa lokassa sabbath±pi accantappas±dan²yo tesa½ yath±bh³tasabh±vatt±ti dassento “yath±r³po”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yath±bh³ta…pe… arahatanti imin± dhammappam±ºal³khappam±º±na½ satt±na½ bhagavato pas±d±vahat± dassit±, itarena itaresa½. Dassanamattampi s±dhu hot²ti ettha kosiyavatthu kathetabba½. Ubhatopakkhik±ti micch±diµµhisamm±diµµhivasena ubhayapakkhik±. Ker±µik±ti saµh±.
Anekatthatt± nip±t±na½ y±vañcidanti nip±tasamud±yo adhimattappam±ºapariccheda½ d²pet²ti ±ha “adhimattappam±ºaparicchedavacanametan”ti. Adhimattavippasann±n²ti adhikappam±ºena vippasann±ni. Vippasann±n²ti ca pakati-±k±ra½ atikkamitv± vippasann±n²ti attho. Nanu ca cakkh±d²na½ indriy±na½ manoviññeyyatt± katha½ tena tesa½ vippasannat± viññ±yat²ti ±ha “tassa h²”ti-±di. Tass±ti br±hmaºassa. Tesanti cakkh±d²na½ pañcanna½ indriy±na½. Evampi manindriyena patiµµhitok±sassa adiµµhatt± katha½ manindriyassa vippasannat± tena viññ±yat²ti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. Nayagg±hapaññ± hes± tassa br±hmaºassa. Mane vippasanneyeva hoti pasannacittasamuµµhitar³pasampad±hi eva cakkh±d²na½ patiµµhitok±sassa pasannat±sambhavato.
Jambonadasuvaººa½ rattavaººameva hot²ti ±ha “surattavaººass±”ti. Jambonadasuvaººassa ghaµik±ti jambonadasuvaººapiº¹a½. Imin± nekkhanti nekkhappam±ºajambonadasuvaººena kata½ akatabhaº¹a½ vuttanti dasseti. Nekkhanti v± atirekapañcasuvaººena katapilandhana½ katabhaº¹a½ vutta½. Tañhi ghaµµanamajjanakkhama½ hot²ti. Suvaººanti ca pañcadharaºassa samaññ±, tasm± pañcav²satidharaºahiraññavicita½ ±bharaºa½ idha nekkhanti adhippeta½. Jambonadanti mah±jambus±kh±ya pavattanadiya½ nibbatta½. Ta½ kira ratana½ ratta½. Suvaºº±k±re mah±jambuphalarase v± pathaviya½ paviµµhe suvaººaªkur± uµµhahanti, tena suvaººena katapilandhanantipi attho. Suparikammakatanti suµµhu kataparikamma½. Sampahaµµhanti samm± pahaµµha½ ghaµµan±divasena sukataparikamma½. Ten±ha “suvaººak±ra…pe… suparimajjitanti attho”ti.
V±¼ar³p±n²ti ±harim±ni v±¼ar³p±ni. “Akappiyar³p±kulo akappiyamañco pallaªkoti s±rasam±se. Ratanacitranti bhitticched±divasena ratanacitra½. Rukkhat³lalat±t³lapoµakit³l±na½ vasena tiººa½ t³l±na½. Uddalomiya½ kec²ti s±rasam±s±cariy± uttaravih±rino ca. Tath± ekantalomiya½. Koseyyakaµµissamayanti koseyyakasaµamaya½. Ajinacammeh²ti ajinamigacammehi. T±ni kira camm±ni sukhumatar±ni. Tasm± dupaµµatipaµµ±ni katv± sibbanti. Tena vutta½ “ajinappaveº²”ti-±di.
Nik±mal±bh²ti yathicchital±bh². Ten±ha “icchiticchital±bh²”ti. Vipulal±bh²ti u¼±ral±bh². Kasiranti hi paritta½ vuccati, tappaµikkhepena akasira½ u¼±ra½. Ten±ha “mahantal±bh²”ti-±di.
Laddh± ca na kappant²ti s±maññena paµisiddhatt± sabbath± na kappat²ti kassaci ±saªk± siy±, tannivattanattha½ “kiñci kiñci kappat²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha suddhakoseyyanti ratanaparisibbanarahita½. Ettha ca “suddhakoseyya½ pana vaµµat²”ti vinaye (mah±va. aµµha. 254) vuttatt± idh±pi ettakameva vutta½. D²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.15) pana “µhapetv± t³lika½ sabb±neva gonak±d²ni ratanaparisibbit±ni na vaµµant²”ti vutta½. Tattha “µhapetv± t³likan”ti etena ratanasibbanarahit±p² t³lik± na vaµµat²ti d²peti. Vacanatoti etena vinaye (c³¼ava. 297) vuttabh±va½ dasseti. Ekena vidh±nen±ti yath±vuttameva vidh±na½ sandh±ya vadati. Yadi eva½ kasm± bhagavat± “laddh± ca na kappant²”ti s±maññena paµisedho katoti ±ha “akappiya½ pana up±d±y±”ti-±di.
Pallaªkanti ettha pari-saddo samantatoti etasmi½ atthe vattati, tasm± v±m³ru½ dakkhiº³ruñca sama½ µhapetv± ubho p±de aññamaññasambandhe katv± nisajj± pallaªkanti ±ha “samantato ³rubaddh±sanan”ti. Ðr³na½ bandhanavasena nisajj±. Pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±ti ca yath± pallaªkavasena nisajj± hoti, eva½ ubho p±de ±bhuje samiñjite katv±ti attho. Ta½ pana ubhinna½ p±d±na½ tath± sambandhat±karaºanti ±ha “bandhitv±”ti. Uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±ti uparima½ sar²ra½ ujuka½ µhapetv± aµµh±rasa piµµhikaºµake koµiy± koµi½ paµip±detv±. Evañhi nisinnassa cammama½sanh±r³ni na paºamanti. Athassa y± tesa½ paºamanapaccay± khaºe khaºe vedan± uppajjeyyu½, t± na uppajjanti. T±su anuppajjam±n±su citta½ ekagga½ hoti, kammaµµh±na½ na paripatati, vuddhi½ ph±ti½ gacchati. Ten±ha “aµµh±rasa piµµhikaºµake”ti-±di. Uju½ k±ya½ µhapetv±ti uparima½ k±ya½ ujuka½ µhapetv±, ayameva v± p±µho. Heµµhimak±yassa hi anujukaµµhapana½ nisajj±vacaneneva bodhitanti. Uju½ k±yanti ettha k±ya-saddo uparimak±yavisayo.
Parimukhanti ettha pari-saddo abhisaddena sam±natthoti ±ha “kammaµµh±n±bhimukhan”ti, bahiddh± puthutt±rammaºato niv±retv± kammaµµh±na½yeva purakkhatv±ti attho. Ettha yath± “vanantaññeva pavis±m²”ti-±din± bh±van±nur³pa½ sen±sana½ dassita½, eva½ “nis²d±m²”ti imin± al²n±nuddhaccapakkhiyo santo iriy±patho dassito, “pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±”ti imin± nisajj±ya da¼habh±vo, “parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti imin± ±rammaºapariggah³p±yo. Pariggahitaniyy±nanti sabbath± gahit±sammosa½ pariccattasammosa½ sati½ katv±, paramasatinepakka½ upaµµhapetv±ti attho. Par²ti pariggahaµµho “pariº±yik±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 16.20) viya. Mukhanti niyy±naµµho “suññatavimokkhan”ti-±d²su (paµi. ma. 1.209-210) viya. Paµipakkhato niggamanaµµho hi niyy±naµµho.
Catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni dibbabh±v±vahatt± dibbavih±r± n±ma hont²ti tad±sannappavattacaªkamopi tadupac±rato dibbo n±ma hot²ti ±ha “catt±ri hi r³pajjh±n±n²”ti-±di. Sam±pajjitv± caªkamantass±ti idañca caªkamantassa antarantar± sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± uµµh±yuµµh±ya caªkamana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Na hi sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± avuµµhitena sakk± caªkamitu½. Sam±pattito vuµµh±ya caªkamantassapi caªkamoti ida½ pana sam±pattito vuµµhahitv± antarantar± sam±pajjitv± caªkamantassa vasena vutta½. Dv²su vih±res³ti brahmavih±re, ariyavih±re ca. Mett±jh±n±dayo hit³pasa½h±r±divasena pavattiy± brahmabh³t± seµµhabh³t± vih±r±ti brahmavih±r±. Anaññas±dh±raºatt± pana ariy±na½ vih±r±ti ariyavih±r±, catassopi phalasam±pattiyo. Idha pana arahattaphalasam±pattiyeva ±gat±.
Paccavekkhaº±ya phalasam±patti kathit± sam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµhitassa paccavekkhaº±sambhavato. Caªkam±dayoti phalasam±patti½ sam±pannassapi sam±pattito vuµµhitassapi caªkamaµµh±nanisajj±dayo. Ariyacaªkam±dayo honti na pana paccavekkhantass±ti adhipp±yo.

Ven±gapurasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.