8. Sukkasuttavaººan±

8. Aµµhame “sukka½ vatthan”ti-±d²su viya na vaººasukkat±ya dhamm±na½ sukkat±, atha kho sukk±bhij±tihetuto pabhassarabh±vakaraºato c±ti dassento “na vaººasukkat±y±”ti-±dim±ha. Sukkat±y±ti sukk±bhij±tit±ya. Hir² p±padhamme g³tha½ viya passant² jigucchat²ti ±ha “p±pato jigucchanalakkhaº± hir²”ti. Ottappa½ te uºha½ viya passanta½ tato bh±yat²ti vutta½ “bh±yanalakkhaºa½ otappan”ti. Idañca hirottappa½ aññamaññavippayog² p±pato vimukhabh³tañca, tasm± nesa½ ida½ n±n±karaºa½– ajjhattasamuµµh±n± hir², bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½. Att±dhipati hir², lok±dhipati otappa½. Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit± hir², bhayasabh±vasaºµhita½ ottappa½. Sappatissavalakkhaº± hir², vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappanti.
Tattha ajjhattasamuµµh±na½ hiri½ cat³hi k±raºehi samuµµh±peti j±ti½ paccavekkhitv±, vaya½, s³rabh±va½, b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv±. Katha½? “P±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ na j±tisampann±na½ kamma½, h²najacc±na½ kevaµµ±d²na½ kamma½, m±disassa j±tisampannassa ida½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ t±va j±ti½ paccavekkhitv± p±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ daharehi kattabba½ kamma½, m±disassa vaye µhitassa ida½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ vaya½ paccavekkhitv± p±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ dubbalaj±tik±na½ kamma½, m±disassa s³rabh±vasampannassa ida½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ s³rabh±va½ paccavekkhitv± p±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± “p±pakamma½ n±meta½ andhab±l±na½ kamma½, na paº¹it±na½, m±disassa paº¹itassa bahussutassa ida½ k±tu½ na yuttan”ti eva½ b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv± p±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Eva½ ajjhattasamuµµh±na½ hiri½ cat³hi k±raºehi samuµµh±peti, samuµµh±pento ca hiri½ niss±ya p±pakamma½ na karoti.
Katha½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½? “Sace tva½ p±pakamma½ karissasi, cat³su paris±su garahappatto bhavissasi, tato ta½ s²lavanto sabrahmac±r² vivajjissant²”ti paccavekkhitv± bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½ niss±ya p±pakamma½ na karoti. Eva½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½.
Katha½ att±dhipati hir²? Idhekacco kulaputto att±na½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± “m±disassa saddh±pabbajitassa bahussutassa dhutadharassa na yutta½ p±pakamma½ k±tun”ti p±pa½ na karoti. Eva½ att±dhipati hir². Ten±ha bhagav± “so att±na½yeva adhipati½ karitv± akusala½ pajahati, kusala½ bh±veti, s±vajja½ pajahati, anavajja½ bh±veti, suddha½ att±na½ pariharat²”ti (a. ni. 3.40).
Katha½ lok±dhipati ottappa½? Idhekacco kulaputto loka½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± “sace kho tva½ p±pakamma½ kareyy±si, sabrahmac±rino t±va ta½ j±nissanti, mahiddhik± mah±nubh±v± loke ca samaºabr±hmaº± devat± ca, tasm± te na yutta½ p±pa½ k±tun”ti p±pakamma½ na karoti. Yath±ha– “mah± kho pan±ya½ lokasanniv±so, mahantasmi½ kho pana lokasanniv±se santi samaºabr±hmaº± iddhimanto dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduno. Te d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ j±nanti, tepi ma½ eva½ j±nissanti ‘passatha, bho, ima½ kulaputta½, saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiººo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti. Santi devat± iddhimantiniyo dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduniyo, t± d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ j±nanti, t±pi ma½ j±nissanti ‘passatha, bho, ima½ kulaputta½, saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiººo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti…pe… so loka½yeva adhipati½ karitv± akusala½…pe… pariharat²”ti. Eva½ lok±dhipati ottappa½.
Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit±ti ettha lajj±ti lajjan±k±ro, tena sabh±vena saºµhit± hir². Bhayanti ap±yabhaya½, tena sabh±vena saºµhita½ ottappa½. Tadubhaya½ p±paparivajjane p±kaµa½ hoti. Tattha yath± dv²su ayogu¼esu eko s²talo bhaveyya g³thamakkhito, eko uºho ±ditto. Tesu yath± s²tala½ g³thamakkhitatt± jigucchanto viññuj±tiko na gaºh±ti, itara½ ¹±habhayena. Eva½ paº¹ito lajj±ya jigucchanto p±pa½ na karoti, ottappena ap±yabhayabh²to p±pa½ na karoti, eva½ lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit± hir², bhayasabh±vasaºµhita½ ottappa½.
Katha½ sappatissavalakkhaº± hir², vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappa½? Ekacco hi j±timahattapaccavekkhaº±, satthumahattapaccavekkhaº±, d±yajjamahattapaccavekkhaº±, sabrahmac±rimahattapaccavekkhaº±ti eva½ cat³hi k±raºehi tattha g±ravena sappatissavalakkhaºa½ hiri½ samuµµh±petv± p±pa½ na karoti. Ekacco att±nuv±dabhaya½, par±nuv±dabhaya½, daº¹abhaya½, duggatibhayanti eva½ cat³hi k±raºehi vajjato bh±yanto vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappa½ paccupaµµh±petv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Ettha ca ajjhattasamuµµh±n±dit± hirottapp±na½ tattha tattha p±kaµabh±vena vutt±, na pana nesa½ kad±ci aññamaññavippayogo. Na hi lajjana½ nibbhaya½, p±pabhaya½ v± alajjana½ atth²ti. Evamettha vitth±rato atthavaººan± veditabb±.

Sukkasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.