6. Devad³tasuttavaººan±

36. Chaµµhe devad³t±n²ti liªgavipall±sa½ katv± vuttanti ±ha “devad³t±”ti, ubhayaliªga½ v± eta½ pada½, tasm± napu½sakaliªgavasena p±¼iya½ vuttassa pulliªgavasena atthadassana½ kata½. Devoti macc³ti abhibhavanaµµhena satt±na½ attano vase vatt±panato maccur±j± “devo”ti vuccati. Yath± hi devo pakatisatte abhibhavati, eva½ maccu sabbasatte abhibhavati, tasm± devo viy±ti devo. “Tassa d³t±”ti vatv± id±nissa d³te tesa½ d³tabh±vañca vibh±vetu½ “jiººaby±dhimat± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tena codanatthena devassa d³t± viy±ti devad³t±ti dasseti. “Aha½ asuka½ pamadditu½ ±gamiss±mi, tuva½ tassa kese gahetv± m± vissajjeh²”ti maccudevassa ±º±kar± d³t± viy±ti hi d³t±ti vuccanti.
Id±ni saddh±tabbaµµhena dev± viya d³t±ti devad³t±ti dassento “dev± viya d³t±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha alaªkatappaµiyatt±y±ti ida½ attano dibb±nubh±va½ ±vikatv± µhit±y±ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Devat±ya by±karaºasadisameva hoti na cirasseva jar±by±dhimaraºassa sambhavato. Visuddhidev±nanti kh²º±savabrahm±na½. Te hi carimabhave bodhisatt±na½ jiºº±dibheda½ dassenti, tasm± antimabhavikabodhisatt±na½ visuddhidevehi upaµµh±pitabh±va½ up±d±ya tadaññesampi tehi anupaµµh±pit±nampi tath± voharitabbat± pariy±yasiddh±ti veditabb±. Disv±v±ti visuddhidevehi dassite disv±va. Tatoyeva hi te visuddhidev±na½ d³t± vutt±.
Kasm± ±raddhanti kevala½ devad³te eva sar³pato adassetv±ti adhipp±yo. Dev±na½ d³t±na½ dassan³p±yatt± tath± vuttanti dassento “devad³t±…pe… samanuyuñjat²”ti ±ha. Tattha devad³t±…pe… dassanatthanti devad³t±na½ anuyuñjanaµµh±n³pagassa kammassa dassanattha½.
Ekacce ther±ti andhak±dike viññ±ºav±dino ca sandh±ya vadati. Nerayike niraye p±lenti tato niggantu½ appad±navasena rakkhant²ti nirayap±l±. Atha v± nirayap±lat±ya nerayik±na½ nirayadukkhena pariyonaddh±ya ala½ samatth±ti nirayap±l±. Tanti “natthi nirayap±l±”ti vacana½. Paµisedhitamev±ti “atthi nirayesu nirayap±l± atthi ca k±raºik±”ti-±din± nayena abhidhamme (kath±. 866) paµisedhitameva. Yadi nirayap±l± n±ma na siyu½, kammak±raº±pi na bhaveyya. Sati hi k±raºike kammak±raº±ya bhavitabbanti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “yath± h²”ti-±di. Etth±ha– “ki½ panete nirayap±l± nerayik±, ud±hu anerayik±”ti. Kiñcettha– yadi t±va nerayik± nirayasa½vattaniyena kammena nibbatt±, sayampi nirayadukkha½ paccanubhaveyyu½, tath± sati aññesa½ nerayik±na½ gh±tan±ya asamatth± siyu½, “ime nerayik± ime nirayap±l±”ti vavatth±nañca na siy±. Ye ca ye gh±tenti, tehi sam±nar³pabalappam±ºehi itaresa½ bhayasant±s± na siyu½. Atha anerayik±, nesa½ tattha katha½ sambhavoti? Vuccate– anerayik± nirayap±l± anirayagatisa½vattaniyakammanibbattito. Niray³papattisa½vattaniyakammato hi aññeneva kammun± te nibbattanti rakkhasaj±tikatt±. Tath± hi vadanti sabbatthiv±dino–
“Kodh± kur³rakammant±, p±p±bhirucino tath±;
dukkhitesu ca nandanti, j±yanti yamarakkhas±”ti.
Tattha yadeke vadanti “y±tan±dukkha½ paµisa½vedeyyu½, atha v± aññamañña½ gh±teyyun”ti-±di, tayida½ as±ra½ nirayap±l±na½ nerayikabh±vasseva abh±vato. Yadipi anerayik± nirayap±l±, ayomay±ya pana ±ditt±ya sampajjalit±ya sajotibh³t±ya nirayabh³miy± parikkamam±n± katha½ d±hadukkha½ n±nubhavant²ti? Kamm±nubh±vato. Yath± hi iddhimanto cetovasippatt± mah±moggall±n±dayo nerayike anukampant± iddhibalena nirayabh³mi½ upagat± d±hadukkhena na b±dh²yanti, eva½ sampadamida½ daµµhabba½.
Iddhivisayassa acinteyyabh±vatoti ce? Idampi ta½sam±na½ kammavip±kassa acinteyyabh±vato. Tath±r³pena hi kammun± te nibbatt± yath± nirayadukkhena ab±dhit± eva hutv± nerayike gh±tenti, na cettakena b±hiravisay±bh±vo yujjati iµµh±niµµhat±ya pacceka½ dv±rapurisesupi vibhattasabh±vatt±. Tath± hi ekaccassa dv±rassa purisassa ca iµµha½ ekaccassa aniµµha½, ekaccassa ca aniµµha½ ekaccassa iµµha½ hoti. Evañca katv± yadeke vadanti “natthi kammavasena tejas± par³pat±panan”ti-±di, tadap±hata½ hoti. Ya½ pana vadanti “anerayik±na½ tesa½ katha½ tattha sambhavo”ti niraye nerayik±na½ y±tan±sabbh±vabh±vato. Nerayikasattay±tan±yoggañhi attabh±va½ nibbattenta½ kamma½ t±disanikanti vin±mita½ nirayaµµh±ne eva nibbatteti. Te hi nerayikehi adhikatarabal±rohapariº±h± ativiya bhay±nakadassan± kur³ratarapayog± ca honti. Eteneva tattha nerayik±na½ vib±dhakak±kasunakh±d²nampi nibbattiy± atthibh±vo sa½vaººitoti daµµhabbo.
Kathamaññagatikehi aññagatikab±dhananti ca na vattabba½ aññatth±pi tath± dassanato. Ya½ paneke vadanti “asattasabh±v± eva niraye nirayap±l± niraye sunakh±dayo c±”ti, tampetesa½ matimatta½ aññattha tath± adassanato. Na hi k±ci atthi t±dis² dhammappavatti, y± asattasabh±v±, sampatisattehi appayojit± ca atthakicca½ s±dhent² diµµhapubb±. Pet±na½ p±n²yaniv±rak±na½ daº¹±dihatth±nañca puris±na½ sabbh±ve asattabh±ve ca visesak±raºa½ natth²ti t±dis±na½ sabbh±ve ki½ p±pak±na½ vattabba½. Supinopagh±topi atthakiccasamatthat±ya appam±ºa½ dassan±dimattenapi tadatthasiddhito. Tath± hi supine ±h±r³pabhog±din± na atthasiddhi, iddhinimm±nar³pa½ panettha laddhaparih±ra½ iddhivisayassa acinteyyabh±vato. Idh±pi kammavip±kassa acinteyyabh±vatoti ce? Ta½ na, asiddhatt±. Nerayik±na½ kammavip±ko nirayap±l±ti siddhametta½, vuttanayena p±¼ito ca tesa½ sattabh±vo eva siddho. Sakk± hi vattu½ sattasaªkh±t± nirayap±lasaññit± dhammappavatti s±bhisandhikapar³pagh±ti atthakiccasabbh±vato oj±h±r±di rakkhasasantati viya. Abhisandhipubbakat± cettha na sakk± paµikkhipitu½ tath± tath± abhisandhiy± gh±tanato. Tato eva na saªgh±tapabbatehi anekantikat±. Ye pana vadanti “bh³tavises± eva te vaººasaºµh±n±divisesavanto bherav±k±r± narakap±l±ti samañña½ labhant²”ti, tadasiddha½ ujukameva p±¼iya½ “atthi niraye nirayap±l±”ti v±dassa patiµµh±pitatt±.
Apica yath± ariyavinaye narakap±l±na½ bh³tamattat± asiddh±, tath± paññattimattav±dinopi bh³tamattat± asiddh± sabbaso r³padhamm±na½ atthibh±vasseva appaµij±nanato. Na hi tassa bh³t±ni n±ma paramatthato santi. Yadi paramattha½ gahetv± voharati, atha kasm± cakkhur³p±d²ni paµikkhipat²ti? Tiµµhates± anavaµµhitatakk±na½ appah²navipall±s±na½ v±dav²ma½s±. Eva½ attheva niraye nirayap±l±ti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Sati ca nesa½ sabbh±ve asatipi b±hire visaye narake viya des±diniyamo hot²ti v±do na sijjhati, sati eva pana b±hire visaye des±diniyamoti daµµhabba½.
Devad³tasar±panavasena satte yath³pacite puññakamme yameti niyamet²ti yamo. Tassa yamassa vem±nikapet±na½ r±jabh±vato rañño. Ten±ha “yamar±j± n±ma vem±nikapetar±j±”ti. Kammavip±kanti akusalakammavip±ka½. Vem±nikapet± hi kaºhasukkavasena missaka½ kamma½ katv± vinip±tikadevat± viya sukkena kammun± paµisandhi½ gaºhanti. Tath± hi maggaphalabh±ginopi honti, pavattiya½ pana kamm±nur³pa½ kad±ci puññaphala½, kad±ci apuññaphala½ paccanubhavanti. Yesa½ pana ariyamaggo uppajjati, tesa½ magg±dhigamato paµµh±ya puññaphalameva uppajjat²ti daµµhabba½. Apuññaphala½ pubbe viya kaµuka½ na hoti, manussattabh±ve µhit±na½ viya mudukameva hot²ti apare. Dhammiko r±j±ti ettha tassa dhammikabh±vo dhammadevaputtassa viya uppattiniyato dhammat±vasena veditabbo. Dv±res³ti av²cimah±narakassa cat³su dv±resu. Kh²º±sav± br±hmaº± n±ma ukkaµµhaniddesena.
Anuyogavattanti anuyoge kate vattitabbavatta½. ¾ropentoti k±r±pento, attano puccha½ uddissa paµivacana½ d±pento pucchati. Parassa hi adhipp±ya½ ñ±tu½ icchanto tadupaga½ payoga½ karonto pucchati n±ma. Laddhinti g±ha½. Patiµµh±pentoti tattha niccak±la½ k±r±pento. K±raºa½ pucchantoti yutti½ pucchanto. Samanubh±sat²ti yath±nuyuttamattha½ vibh³ta½ katv± katheti.
Jiººanti jar±pattiy± jiººa½. Ekacco daharak±lato paµµh±ya paº¹urog±din± abhibh³tak±yat±ya jiººasadiso hoti, aya½ na tath± jar±pattiy± jiººoti dasseti. Gop±nas² viya vaªkanti vaªkagop±nas² viya vaªka½. Na hi vaªkabh±vassa nidassanattha½ avaªkagop±nas² gayhati. Bhagganti bhaggasar²ra½ kaµiya½ bhaggak±yatt±. Ten±ha “imin±pissa vaªkabh±vameva d²pet²”ti. Daº¹apaµisaraºanti µh±nagamanesu daº¹o paµisaraºa½ etass±ti daº¹apaµisaraºa½ tena vin± vattitu½ asamatthatt±. Ten±ha “daº¹adutiyan”ti. Jar±turanti jar±ya patthatasa½kilantak±ya½. Sabbaso kimihata½ viya mah±khall±µa½ s²samass±ti mah±khall±µas²sa½. Sañj±tavalinti samantato j±tavalika½. Jar±dhammoti jar±pakatiko. Ten±ha “jar±sabh±vo”ti. Sabh±vo ca n±ma tejodh±tuy± uºhat± viya na kad±ci vigacchat²ti ±ha “aparimutto jar±y±”ti-±di.
Atthato eva½ vadati n±ma, v±c±ya avadantopi atth±pattito eva½ vadanto viya hoti viññ³nanti attho. Taruºo ahosi½ yobbanena samann±gato. Ðr³na½ bala½ etassa atth²ti ³rubal². Tena d³repi gaman±gamanalaªghan±disamatthata½ dasseti, b±hubal²ti pana imin± hatthehi k±tabbakiccasamatthata½, javaggahaºena vegas± pavattisamatthata½. Antarahit±ti naµµh±. Ettha ca na kho pan±hanti-±di jar±ya devad³tabh±vadassana½. Ten±ha “tenesa devad³to n±ma j±to”ti. ¾b±dhassa atthit±ya ±b±dhika½. Vividha½ dukkha½ ±dahat²ti by±dhi, visesena v± ±dhiyati eten±ti by±dhi, by±dhi sa½j±to etass±ti by±dhita½. Esa nayo dukkhitanti etth±pi.
Dutiya½ devad³tanti etth±pi vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. By±dhin± abhihatoti by±dhin± b±dhito, upaddutoti attho.
Viparibhinnavaººoti viparibhinnan²lavaººo. Tañhi yattha yattha gahitapubbaka½, tattha tattha paº¹uvaººa½, ma½sussadaµµh±ne rattavaººa½, yebhuyyena ca n²las±µakap±ruta½ viya hoti. Tena vutta½ “viparibhinnan²lavaººo”ti.
“Ko labhati, ko na labhat²”ti nirayupagasseva vasen±ya½ vic±raº±ti “yena t±va bahu p±pa½ katan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Bahu p±pa½ katanti bahuso p±pa½ kata½. Tena p±passa bahul²karaºam±ha. Bah³ti v± mahanta½. Mahatthopi hi bahusaddo dissati “bahu vata kata½ ass±”ti-±d²su, garukanti vutta½ hoti. So garuka½ bahula½ v± p±pa½ katv± µhito niraye nibbattatiyeva, na yamapurisehi yamassa santika½ n²yat²ti. Parittanti pam±ºaparittat±ya k±laparittat±ya ca paritta½. Purimasmi½ atthe agar³ti attho, dutiyasmi½ abahulanti. Yath±vuttamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Kattabbameva karont²ti daº¹ameva karonti. Anuvijjitv±ti v²ma½sitv±. Vinicchayaµµh±nanti aµµakaraºaµµh±na½. Parittap±pakamm±ti dubbalap±pakamm±. Attano dhammat±y±ti parehi as±riyam±nepi attano dhammat±ya saranti. Te hi p±pakammassa dubbalabh±vato kat³pacitassa ca ok±s±rahakusalakammassa balavabh±vato attano dhammat±yapi saranti. S±riyam±n±p²ti “ida½ n±ma tay± kata½ puññakamman”ti parehi s±riyam±n±pi.
¾k±sacetiyanti girisikhare abbhok±se vivaµaªgaºe katacetiya½. Rattapaµen±ti rattavaººena paµena p³jesi paµ±ka½ katv±. Aggij±lasaddanti paµapaµ±yanta½ narake aggij±lasadda½ sutv±va. Attan± p³jitapaµa½ anussar²ti tad± paµ±k±ya v±tappah±rasadde nimittassa gahitatt± “may± tad± ±k±sacetiye p³jitarattapaµasaddo viy±”ti attan± p³jitapaµa½ anussari.
Sumanapupphakumbhen±ti kumbhaparim±ºena sumanapupphar±sin±. “Das±dhika½ n±¼isahassakumbhan”ti keci, “pañca-ambaºan”ti apare. T²hipi na sarati balavato p±pakammena by±mohito. Tuºh² ahos²ti “kamm±raho ayan”ti tattha paµik±ra½ apassanto tuºh² ahosi.
Ekapakkhacchadanamatt±h²ti majjhimappam±ºassa gehassa ekacchadanappam±ºehi. Sutt±hata½ karitv±ti k±¼asutta½ p±tetv±. Yath± ratho sabbaso pajjalito hoti ayomayo, eva½ yug±dayopissa pajjalit± sajotibh³t± eva hont²ti ±ha “saddhi½…pe… rathe yojetv±”ti. Mah±k³µ±g±rappam±ºanti sattabh³makamah±k³µ±g±rappam±ºa½.
Vibhattoti satt±na½ s±dh±raºena p±pakammun± vibhatto. H²na½ k±yanti h²na½ sattanik±ya½, h²na½ v± attabh±va½. Up±d±neti catubbidhe up±d±ne. Atthato pana taºh±diµµhigg±hoti ±ha “taºh±diµµhiggahaºe”ti Sambhavati jar±maraºa½ eten±ti sambhavo, up±d±nanti ±ha “j±tiy± ca maraºassa cha k±raºabh³te”ti. Anup±d±ti anup±d±ya. Ten±ha “anup±diyitv±”ti. Sakalavaµµadukkha½ atikkant±ti carimacittanirodhena vaµµadukkhassa kiles±nampi asambhavato sabba½ vaµµadukkha½ atikkant±.

Devad³tasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.