6. Apaººakasuttavaººan±

16. Chaµµhe virajjhanakiriy± n±ma pacch± sam±d±tabbat±ya apaººakappayogasam±d±n± viya hoti, avirajjhanakiriy± pana pacch± asam±d±tabbat±ya an³n±ti ta½samaªgipuggalo apaººako, tassa bh±vo apaººakat±ti ±ha “apaººakapaµipadanti aviraddhapaµipadan”ti-±di. Yasm± s± adhippetatthas±dhanena eka½sik± vaµµato niyy±n±vah±, tattha ca yuttiyutt± as±r±pagat± aviruddhat±ya apaccan²k± anulomik± anudhammabh³t± ca, tasm± vutta½ “eka½sapaµipadan”ti-±di. Na takkagg±hena v± nayagg±hena v±ti takkagg±hena v± paµipanno na hoti nayagg±hena v± apaººakapaµipada½ paµipanno. Tattha takkagg±hena v±ti ±cariya½ alabhitv± “eva½ me sugati, nibb±na½ v± bhavissat²”ti attano takkaggahaºamattena. Nayagg±hen±ti paccakkhato adisv± nayato anum±nato gahaºena. Eva½ gahetv± paµipannoti takkamattena, nayagg±hena v± paµipanno. Paº¹itasatthav±ho viya sampatt²hi na parih±yat²ti yojan±.
Ya½ sandh±ya vuttanti parih±nañca aparih±nañca sandh±ya j±take (j±. 1.1.1) vutta½. Aya½ panettha g±th±ya atthayojan±– apaººaka½ µh±na½ aviraddhak±raºa½ niyy±nikak±raºa½ eke bodhisattappamukh± paº¹itamanuss± gaºhi½su. Ye pana te b±lasatthav±haputtappamukh± takkik± ±hu, te dutiya½ s±par±dha½ aneka½sika½ µh±na½ aniyy±nika½ k±raºa½ aggahesu½, te kaºhapaµipada½ paµipann±. Tattha sukkapaµipad± aparih±nipaµipad±, kaºhapaµipad± parih±nipaµipad±, tasm± ye sukkapaµipada½ paµipann±, te aparih²n± sotthibh±va½ patt±. Ye pana kaºhapaµipada½ paµipann±, te parih²n± anayabyasana½ ±pann±ti imamattha½ bhagav± an±thapiº¹ikassa gahapatino vatv± uttari idam±ha “etadaññ±ya medh±v², ta½ gaºhe yadapaººakan”ti.
Tattha etadaññ±ya medh±v²ti medh±ti laddhan±m±ya visuddh±ya uttam±ya paññ±ya samann±gato kulaputto eta½ apaººaka½ µh±na½ dutiyañc±ti dv²su atakkagg±hatakkagg±hasaªkh±tesu µh±nesu guºadosa½ vuddhih±ni½ atth±nattha½ ñatv±ti attho. Ta½ gaºhe yadapaººakanti ya½ apaººaka½ eka½sika½ sukkapaµipad±-aparih±niyapaµipad±saªkh±ta½ niyy±nikak±raºa½, tadeva gaºheyya. Kasm±? Eka½sik±dibh±vatoyeva. Itara½ pana na gaºheyya. Kasm±? Aneka½sik±dibh±vatoyeva.
Yavanti t±ya satt± amissit±pi sam±naj±tit±ya missit± viya hont²ti yoni. S± pana atthato aº¹±di-uppattiµµh±navisiµµho khandh±na½ bh±gaso pavattivisesoti ±ha “khandhakoµµh±so yoni n±m±”ti. K±raºa½ yoni n±ma, yon²ti ta½ ta½ phala½ anupacitañ±ºasambh±rehi duravag±dhabhedat±ya missita½ viya hot²ti. Yato ekattanayena so ev±yanti b±l±na½ micch±g±ho. Pass±vamaggo yoni n±ma yavanti t±ya satt± yonisambandhena missit± hont²ti. Paggahit± anuµµh±nena, punappuna½ ±sevan±ya paripuºº±.
“Cakkhutop²”ti-±dimhi pana cakkhuviññ±º±div²th²su tadanugatamanoviññ±ºav²th²su ca kiñc±pi kusal±d²na½ pavatti atthi, k±m±sav±dayo eva pana vaºato y³sa½ viya paggharanaka-asucibh±vena sandanti, tasm± te eva “±sav±”ti vuccanti. Tattha hi paggharanaka-asucimhi ±savasaddo niru¼hoti. Dhammato y±va gotrabh³ti tato para½ maggaphalesu appavattanato vutta½. Ete hi ±rammaºakaraºavasena dhamme gacchant± tato para½ na gacchanti. Nanu tato para½ bhavaªg±d²nipi gacchant²ti ce? Na, tesampi pubbe ±lambitesu lokiyadhammesu s±savabh±vena antogadhatt± tato parat±bh±vato. Ettha ca gotrabhuvacanena gotrabhuvod±naphalasam±pattipurec±rikaparikamm±ni vutt±n²ti veditabb±ni. Paµhamamaggapurec±rikameva v± gotrabhu avadhinidassanabh±vena gahita½, tato para½ pana maggaphalasam±nat±ya aññesu maggesu maggav²thiya½ sam±pattiv²th²ya½ nirodh±nantarañca pavattam±nesu phalesu nibb±ne ca ±sav±na½ pavatti niv±rit±ti veditabba½. Savant²ti gacchanti, ±rammaºakaraºavasena pavattant²ti attho. Avadhi-attho ±-k±ro, avadhi ca mariy±d±bhividhibhedato duvidho. Tattha mariy±da½ kiriya½ bahi katv± pavattati yath± “±p±µal²putta½ vuµµho devo”ti. Abhividhi pana kiriya½ by±petv± pavattati yath± “±bhavagga½ bhagavato yaso pavattat²”ti. Abhividhi-attho c±yam±-k±ro idha gahitoti vutta½ “antokaraºattho”ti.
Madir±dayoti ±di-saddena sindhavak±dambarik±potik±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Cirap±riv±siyaµµho ciraparivuµµhat± pur±ºabh±vo. Avijj± n±hos²ti-±d²ti ettha ±di-saddena “purim±, bhikkhave, koµi na paññ±yati bhavataºh±y±”ti (a. ni. 10.62) ida½ sutta½ saªgahita½. Avijj±savabhav±sav±na½ ciraparivuµµhat±ya dassit±ya tabbh±vabh±vino k±m±savassa ciraparivuµµhat± dassit±va hoti. Aññesu ca yath±vutte dhamme ok±sañca ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattam±nesu m±n±d²su vijjam±nesu attattaniy±digg±havasena abhiby±pana½ madakaraºavasena ±savasadisat± ca etesa½yeva, na aññesanti etesveva ±savasaddo niru¼hoti daµµhabbo. ¾yata½ an±dik±likatt±. Pasavant²ti phalanti. Na hi kiñci sa½s±radukkha½ atthi, ya½ ±savehi vin± uppajjeyya. Purim±ni cetth±ti etesu cat³su atthavikappesu purim±ni t²ºi. Yatth±ti yesu sutt±bhidhammappadesesu. Tattha yujjanti kilesesuyeva yath±vuttassa atthattayassa sambhavato. Pacchima½ kammep²ti pacchima½ “±yata½ v± sa½s±radukkha½ savanti pasavant²”ti vuttanibbacana½ kammepi yujjati dukkhappasavanassa kilesakammas±dh±raºatt±.
Diµµhadhamm± vuccanti paccakkhabh³t± khandh±, diµµhadhamme bhav± diµµhadhammik±. Viv±dam³labh³t±ti viv±dassa m³lak±raºabh³t± kodh³pan±hamakkhapal±sa-iss±macchariyam±y±s±µheyyathambhas±rambham±n±tim±n±. Yena dev³papatyass±ti yena kammakilesappak±rena ±savena devesu upapatti nibbatti assa mayhanti sambandho. Gandhabbo v± vihaªgamo ±k±sac±r² assanti vibhatti½ vipariº±metv± yojetabba½. Ettha ca yakkhagandhabbavinimutt± sabb± devat± devaggahaºena gahit±. Na¼o vuccati m³la½, tasm± vina¼²kat±ti vigatana¼± vigatam³l± kat±ti attho. Avases± ca akusal± dhamm±ti akusalakammato avases± akusal± dhamm± ±sav±ti ±gat±ti sambandho.
Paµigh±t±y±ti paµisedhan±ya. Par³pav±da…pe… upaddav±ti ida½ yadi bhagav± sikkh±pada½ na paññ±peyya, tato asaddhammappaµisevana-adinn±d±nap±º±tip±t±dihetu ye uppajjeyyu½ par³pav±d±dayo diµµhadhammik± n±nappak±r± anatth±, ye ca tannimittameva niray±d²su nibbattassa pañcavidhabandhanakammak±raº±divasena mah±dukkh±nubhav±dippak±r± anatth±, te sandh±ya vutta½.
Te paneteti ete k±mar±g±dikilesatebh³makakammapar³pav±d±di-uppaddavappak±r± ±sav±. Yatth±ti yasmi½ vinay±dip±¼ippadese. Yath±ti yena duvidh±dippak±rena avasesesu ca suttantesu tidh± ±gat±ti sambandho. Niraya½ gament²ti nirayag±miniy±. Chakkanip±teti chakkanip±te ±huneyyasutte (a. ni. 6.58). Tattha hi ±sav± chadh± ±gat±.
Sarasabhedoti khaºikanirodho. Kh²º±k±roti accant±ya kh²ºat±. ¾sav± kh²yanti pah²yanti eten±ti ±savakkhayo, maggo. ¾sav±na½ khayante uppajjanato ±savakkhayo, phala½. ¾savakkhayena pattabbato ±sav± kh²yanti etth±ti ±savakkhayo, nibb±na½. Visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.557-560) vitth±rito, tasm± tattha, ta½ sa½vaººan±ya ca vuttanayena veditabbo.
Tath±ti imin± visuddhimagge vitth±ritata½ upasa½harati. Kusalappavatti½ ±varanti niv±rent²ti ±varaº²y±. Purimappavattivasen±ti niddokkamanato pubbe kammaµµh±nassa pavattivasena. Ýhapetv±ti hatthagata½ kiñci µhapento viya kammaµµh±na½ satisampajaññavasena µhapetv± kammaµµh±nameva manasikaronto nidda½ okkamati, jh±nasam±panno viya yath±paricchinneneva k±lena pabujjham±no kammaµµh±na½ µhapitaµµh±ne gaºhantoyeva pabujjhati n±ma. Tena vutta½ “tasm±…pe… n±ma hot²”ti. M³lakammaµµh±neti ±dito paµµh±ya parihariyam±nakammaµµh±ne. Pariggahakammaµµh±navasen±ti sayana½ upagacchantena pariggaham±nakammaµµh±namanasik±ravasena. So pana dh±tumanasik±ravasena icchitabboti dassetu½ “aya½ h²”ti-±di vutta½.

Apaººakasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.