4. Cakkavattisuttavaººan±

14. Catutthe cat³hi saªgahavatth³h²ti d±napiyavacana-atthacariy±sam±nattat±saªkh±tehi cat³hi saªgahak±raºehi. Cakka½ vattet²ti ±º±cakka½ pavatteti. Cakkanti v± idha ratanacakka½ veditabba½. Ayañhi cakkasaddo sampattiya½, lakkhaºe, rathaªge, iriy±pathe, d±ne, ratanadhammakhuracakk±d²su ca dissati. “Catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, cakk±ni, yehi samann±gat±na½ devamanuss±nan”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.31) hi sampattiya½ dissati. “P±datalesu cakk±ni j±t±n²”ti (d². ni. 2.35; 3.204) ettha lakkhaºe. “Cakka½va vahato padan”ti (dha. pa. 1) ettha rathaªge. “Catucakka½ navadv±ran”ti (sa½. ni. 1.29) ettha iriy±pathe. “Dada½ bhuñja m± ca pam±do, cakka½ vattaya sabbap±ºinan”ti (j±. 1.7.149) ettha d±ne. “Dibba½ cakkaratana½ p±turahos²”ti (d². ni. 2.243) ettha ratanacakke. “May± pavattita½ cakkan”ti (su. ni. 562) ettha dhammacakke. “Icch±hatassa posassa, cakka½ bhamati matthake”ti (j±. 1.5.103) ettha khuracakke. “Khurapariyantena cakken±”ti (d². ni. 1.166) ettha paharaºacakke. “Asanivicakkan”ti (d². ni. 3.61) ettha asanimaº¹ale. Idha pan±ya½ ratanacakke daµµhabbo.
Kitt±vat± pan±ya½ cakkavatt² n±ma hoti? Ekaªguladvaªgulamattampi cakkaratana½ ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± pavattati. Sabbacakkavatt²nañhi nisinn±sanato uµµhahitv± cakkaratanasam²pa½ gantv± hatthisoº¹asadisapan±¼i½ suvaººabhiªg±ra½ ukkhipitv± udakena abbhukkiritv± “abhivijin±tu bhava½ cakkaratanan”ti vacanasamanantarameva veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± cakkaratana½ pavattat²ti. Yassa pavattisamak±lameva, so r±j± cakkavatt² n±ma hoti.
Dhammoti dasakusalakammapathadhammo, dasavidha½ v± cakkavattivatta½. Dasavidhe v± kusaladhamme agarahite v± r±jadhamme niyuttoti dhammiko. Tena ca dhammena sakalaloka½ rañjet²ti dhammar±j±. Dhammena v± laddharajjatt± dhammar±j±. Cakkavatt²hi dhammena ñ±yena rajja½ adhigacchati, na adhammena. Dasavidhena cakkavattivatten±ti dasappabhedena cakkavatt²na½ vattena.
Ki½ pana ta½ dasavidha½ cakkavattivattanti? Vuccate–
“Katama½ pana ta½, deva, ariya½ cakkavattivattanti? Tena hi tva½, t±ta, dhamma½yeva niss±ya dhamma½ sakkaronto dhamma½ garu½ karonto dhamma½ m±nento dhamma½ p³jento dhamma½ apac±yam±no dhammaddhajo dhammaketu dhamm±dhipateyyo dhammika½ rakkh±varaºagutti½ sa½vidahassu antojanasmi½ balak±yasmi½ khattiyesu anuyantesu br±hmaºagahapatikesu negamaj±napadesu samaºabr±hmaºesu migapakkh²su. M± ca te, t±ta, vijite adhammak±ro pavattittha. Ye ca te, t±ta, vijite adhan± assu, tesañca dhanamanuppadeyy±si. Ye ca te, t±ta, vijite samaºabr±hmaº± madappam±d± paµivirat± khantisoracce niviµµh± ekamatt±na½ damenti, ekamatt±na½ samenti, ekamatt±na½ parinibb±penti. Te k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± paripuccheyy±si pariggaºheyy±si– ‘ki½, bhante, kusala½ ki½ akusala½, ki½ s±vajja½ ki½ anavajja½, ki½ sevitabba½ ki½ na sevitabba½, ki½ me kariyam±na½ d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya assa, ki½ v± pana me kariyam±na½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya ass±’ti. Tesa½ sutv± ya½ akusala½, ta½ abhinivajjeyy±si, ya½ kusala½, ta½ sam±d±ya vatteyy±si. Ida½ kho, t±ta, ta½ ariya½ cakkavattivattan”ti–

Eva½ cakkavattisutte (d². ni. 3.84) ±gatanayena antojanasmi½ balak±ye eka½, khattiyesu eka½, anuyantesu eka½, br±hmaºagahapatikesu eka½, negamaj±napadesu eka½, samaºabr±hmaºesu eka½, migapakkh²su eka½, adhammak±rappaµikkhepo eka½, adhan±na½ dhan±nuppad±na½ eka½, samaºabr±hmaºe upasaªkamitv± pañhapucchana½ ekanti evameva½ ta½ cakkavattivatta½ dasavidha½ hoti. Gahapatike pana pakkhij±te ca visu½ katv± gaºhantassa dv±dasavidha½ hoti.

Aññath± vattitu½ adento so dhammo adhiµµh±na½ etass±ti tadadhiµµh±na½. Tena tadadhiµµh±nena cetas±. Sakkarontoti ±darakiriy±vasena karonto. Ten±ha “yath±”ti-±di. Garu½ karontoti p±s±ºacchatta½ viya garukaraºavasena garu½ karonto. Tenev±ha “tasmi½ g±ravuppattiy±”ti. Dhamm±dhipatibh³t±gatabh±ven±ti imin± yath±vuttadhammassa jeµµhakabh±vena purimatara½ attabh±vesu sakkacca½ samupacitabh±va½ dasseti. Dhammavaseneva ca sabbakiriy±na½ karaºen±ti etena µh±nanisajj±d²su yath±vuttadhammaninnapoºapabbh±rabh±va½ dasseti. Ass±ti rakkh±varaºaguttiy±. Para½ rakkhantoti añña½ diµµhadhammik±di-anatthato rakkhanto. Teneva pararakkhas±dhanena khanti-±diguºena att±na½ tato eva rakkhati. Mettacittat±ti mettacittat±ya. Niv±sanap±rupanageh±d²ni s²tuºh±dippaµib±hanena ±varaºa½.
Antojanasminti abbhantarabh³te puttad±r±dijane. S²lasa½vare patiµµh±pentoti imin± rakkha½ dasseti. Vatthagandham±l±d²ni cassa dadam±noti imin± ±varaºa½, itarena gutti½. Sampad±nenap²ti pi-saddena s²lasa½varesu patiµµh±pan±d²na½ sampiº¹eti. Esa nayo paresupi pi-saddaggahaºe. Nigamo niv±so etesanti negam±. Eva½ j±napad±ti ±ha “tath± nigamav±sino”ti-±din±.
Rakkh±varaºaguttiy± k±yakamm±d²su sa½vidahana½ µhapana½ n±ma tadupadesoyev±ti vutta½ “kathetv±”ti. Etes³ti p±¼iya½ vuttesu samaº±d²su. Paµivattetu½ na sakk± kh²º±na½ kiles±na½ puna anuppajjanato. Sesamettha suviññeyyameva.

Cakkavattisuttavaººan± niµµhit±.