(15) 5. Sam±pattivaggavaŗŗan±

164. Pańcamassa paµhame “ito pubbe parikamma½ pavatta½, ito para½ bhavaŖga½ majjhe sam±patt²”ti eva½ saha parikammena appan±paricchedappaj±nan± pańń± sam±pattikusalat±. Vuµµh±ne kusalabh±vo vuµµh±nakusalat±. Pageva vuµµh±naparicchedakań±ŗanti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
165. Dutiye ujuno bh±vo ajjava½, ajimhat± akuµilat± avaŖkat±ti attho. Abhidhammepi (dha. sa. 1346) vutta½– “tattha katamo ajjavo? Y± ajjavat± ajimhat± akuµilat± avaŖkat±, aya½ vuccati ajjavo”ti. Anajjavańca ajjavappaµikkhepena veditabba½. GomuttavaŖkat±, candalekh±vaŖkat±, naŖgalakoµivaŖkat±ti hi tayo anajjav±. Ekacco hi bhikkhu paµhamavaye majjhima-pacchimavaye ca ekav²satiy± anesan±su chasu ca agocaresu carati, aya½ gomuttavaŖkat± n±ma, ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± paµipattiy± vaŖkabh±vato. Eko paµhamavaye pacchimavaye ca catup±risuddhis²la½ p³reti, lajj² kukkuccako sikkh±k±mo hoti, majjhimavaye purimasadiso, aya½ candalekh±vaŖkat± n±ma, paµipattiy± majjhaµµh±ne vaŖkabh±v±pattito. Eko paµhamavayepi majjhimavayepi catup±risuddhis²la½ p³reti, lajj² kukkuccako sikkh±k±mo hoti, pacchimavaye purimasadiso, aya½ naŖgalakoµivaŖkat± n±ma, pariyos±ne vaŖkabh±v±pattito. Eko sabbampeta½ vaŖkata½ pah±ya t²su vayesu pesalo lajj² kukkuccako sikkh±k±mo hoti, tassa yo so ujubh±vo, ida½ ajjava½ n±ma, sabbattha ujubh±vasiddhito.
Maddavanti ettha “lajjavan”tipi paµhanti. Eva½ panettha attho– “tattha katamo lajjavo? Yo hir²yati hir²yitabbena hir²yati p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ sam±pattiy±, aya½ vuccati lajjavo”ti eva½ vutto lajjibh±vo lajjava½ n±ma. Ida½ panettha nibbacana½– lajjat²ti lajjo, hirim±, tassa bh±vo lajjava½, hir²ti attho. Lajj± etassa atth²ti lajj² yath± “m±l² m±y²”ti, tassa bh±vo lajjibh±vo, s± eva lajj±.
166. Tatiye adhiv±sanakhant²ti ettha adhiv±sana½ vuccati khamana½. Tańhi paresa½ dukkaµa½ duruttańca paµivirodh±karaŗena attano upari ±ropetv± v±sanato “adhiv±sanan”ti vuccati. Adhiv±sanalakkhaŗ± khanti adhiv±sanakhanti. Sucis²lat± soracca½. S± hi sobhanakammaratat±. Suµµhu v± p±pato oratabh±vo viratat±ti ±ha “suratabh±vo”ti. Teneva abhidhammepi (dha. sa. 1349)–
“Tattha katama½ soracca½? Yo k±yiko av²tikkamo v±casiko av²tikkamo k±yikav±casiko av²tikkamo, ida½ vuccati soracca½, sabbopi s²lasa½varo soraccan”ti– ±gato.
167. Catutthe sakhilo vuccati saŗhav±co, tassa bh±vo s±khalya½, saŗhav±cat±. Ten±ha “saŗhav±c±vasena sammodam±nabh±vo”ti. Saŗhav±c±vasena hi sammodam±nassa puggalassa bh±vo n±ma saŗhav±cat±. Teneva abhidhamme (dha. sa. 1350)–
“Tattha katama½ s±khalya½? Y± s± v±c± aŗ¹ak± kakkas± parakaµuk± par±bhisajjan² kodhas±mant± asam±dhisa½vattanik±, tath±r³pi½ v±ca½ pah±ya y± s± v±c± nel± kaŗŗasukh± peman²y± hadayaŖgam± por² bahujanakant± bahujanaman±p±, tath±r³pi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti, y± tattha saŗhav±cat± sakhilav±cat± apharusav±cat±, ida½ vuccati s±khalyan”ti vutta½.
Tattha aŗ¹ak±ti sadose savaŗe rukkhe niyy±sapiŗ¹o, ahicchatt±d²ni v± uµµhit±ni aŗ¹ak±n²ti vadanti, pheggurukkhassa pana kuthitassa aŗ¹±ni viya uµµhit± cuŗŗapiŗ¹iyo v± gaŗµhiyo v± aŗ¹ak±. Idha pana by±pajjanakakkas±disabh±vato kaŗµakappaµibh±gena v±c± aŗ¹ak±ti vutt±. Paduman±¼a½ viya sota½ gha½sayam±n± pavisant² kakkas± daµµhabb±. Kodhena nibbatt± tassa pariv±rabh³t± kodhas±mant±. Pure sa½vaddhan±r² por². S± viya sukum±r± muduk± v±c± por² viy±ti por². Saŗhav±cat±ti-±din± ta½ v±ca½ pavattam±na½ dasseti.
168. Pańcame “avihi½s±ti karuŗ±pubbabh±go”ti ettakameva idha vutta½, d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya saŖg²tisuttavaŗŗan±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 3.304) pana “avihi½s±ti karuŗ±pi karuŗ±pubbabh±gop²”ti vutta½. Abhidhammepi (vibha. 182) “tattha katam± avihi½s±? Y± sattesu karuŗ± karuŗ±yan± karuŗ±yitatta½ karuŗ±cetovimutti, aya½ vuccati avihi½s±”ti ±gata½. Etth±pi hi y± k±ci karuŗ± “karuŗ±”ti vutt±, karuŗ±cetovimutti pana appan±ppatt±va.
Sucisaddato bh±ve yak±ra½ ik±rassa ca uk±r±desa½ katv± aya½ niddesoti ±ha “socabya½ sucibh±vo”ti. Ettha ca socabyanti s²lavasena sucibh±voti vutta½. D²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya saŖg²tisuttavaŗŗan±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 3.304) pana “soceyyanti mett±ya ca mett±pubbabh±gassa ca vasena sucibh±vo”ti vutta½. Teneva abhidhammepi “tattha katama½ socabya½? Y± sattesu metti mett±yan± mett±yitatta½ mett±cetovimutti, ida½ vuccati socabyan”ti niddeso kato. Etth±pi hi “mett²”ti-±din± y± k±ci mett± vutt±, mett±cetovimutti pana appan±ppatt±va.
169-171. Chaµµhasattama-aµµham±ni heµµh± vuttanay±neva.
172. Navame k±ma½ sampayuttadhammesu thirabh±vopi balaµµho eva, paµipakkhehi pana akampan²yata½ s±tisaya½ balaµµhoti vutta½ “muµµhassacce akampanen±”ti-±di.
173. Dasame paccan²kadhammasamanato samatho, sam±dh²ti ±ha “samathoti cittekaggat±”ti. Anicc±din± vividhen±k±rena dassanato passanato vipassan±, pańń±ti ±ha “saŖkh±raparigg±hakań±ŗan”ti.
174. Ek±dasame duss²lyanti sam±dinnassa s²lassa bhedakaro v²tikkamo. Diµµhivipatt²ti “atthi dinnan”ti-±dinayappavatt±ya samm±diµµhiy± d³sik± micch±diµµh²ti ±ha “diµµhivipatt²ti micch±diµµh²”ti.
175. Dv±dasame s²lasampad±ti sabbabh±gato tassa an³nat±patti paripuŗŗabh±vo s²lasampad±. Parip³raŗattho hettha sampad±saddo. Tenev±ha “paripuŗŗas²lat±”ti. Diµµhisampad±ti atthikadiµµhi-±disamm±diµµhip±rip³ribh±vena pavatta½ ń±ŗa½. Tańca kammassakat±samm±diµµhi-±divasena pańcavidha½ hot²ti ±ha “tena kammassakat±”ti.
176. Terasame s²lavisuddh²ti visuddhi½ p±petu½ samattha½ s²la½, cittavisuddhi-±di-uparivisuddhiy± paccayo bhavitu½ samattha½ visuddhas²lanti vutta½ hoti. Suvisuddhameva hi s²la½ tass± padaµµh±na½ hoti. Ten±ha “s²lavisuddh²hi visuddhisamp±paka½ s²lan”ti. Etth±pi visuddhisamp±pakanti cittavisuddhi-±di-uparivisuddhiy± samp±pakanti attho daµµhabbo. Abhidhamme (dha. sa. 1372) pan±ya½ “tattha katam± s²lavisuddhi? K±yiko av²tikkamo v±casiko av²tikkamo k±yikav±casiko av²tikkamo, aya½ vuccati s²lavisuddh²”ti eva½ vibhatt±.
Diµµhivisuddh²ti visuddhi½ p±petu½ samattha½ dassanań±ŗa½ dassanavisuddhi, paramatthavisuddhi½ nibb±nańca p±petu½ upanetu½ samattha½ kammassakatań±ŗ±di samm±dassananti attho. Ten±ha “visuddhisamp±pik±…pe… pańcavidh±pi v± samm±diµµh²”ti. Etth±pi visuddhisamp±pik±ti ń±ŗadassanavisuddhiy± dassananibb±nasaŖkh±t±ya paramatthavisuddhiy± ca samp±pik±ti evamattho daµµhabbo. Abhidhamme (dha. sa. 1373) pan±ya½ “tattha katam± diµµhivisuddhi? Kammassakatań±ŗa½, sacc±nulomika½ ń±ŗa½, maggassa maggasamaŖgissa ń±ŗa½, phalasamaŖgissa ń±ŗan”ti eva½ vutta½.
Ettha ca ida½ akusalakamma½ no saka½, ida½ pana kamma½ sakanti eva½ byatirekato anvayato ca kammassakataj±nanań±ŗa½ kammassakatań±ŗa½. Tividhaduccaritańhi attan± katampi parena katampi no sakakamma½ n±ma hoti atthabhańjanato, sucarita½ sakakamma½ n±ma atthajananato. Vipassan±ń±ŗa½ pana vac²saccańca anulometi, paramatthasaccańca na vilomet²ti sacc±nulomikań±ŗanti vutta½. Vipassan±ń±ŗańhi lakkhaŗ±ni paµivijjhanattha½ ±rambhak±le “anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ti pavatta½ vac²saccańca anulometi, tatheva paµivijjhanato paramatthasacca½ nibb±nańca na vilometi na vir±dheti ekanteneva samp±panato.
177. Cuddasame diµµhivisuddh²ti paµhamamaggasamm±diµµhi vutt±. Yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nanti ta½sampayuttameva v²riya½. Teneva d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 3.304) “diµµhivisuddh²ti ń±ŗadassana½ kathita½. Yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nanti ta½sampayuttameva v²riyan”ti vutta½. Ettha hi ń±ŗadassananti ń±ŗabh³ta½ dassana½. Tena dassanamagga½ vadati. Ta½sampayuttameva v²riyanti paµhamamaggasampayuttav²riyam±ha. Apica diµµhivisuddh²ti sabb±pi maggasamm±diµµhi. Yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nanti ta½sampayuttameva v²riya½. Teneva d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ “apica purimapadena catumaggań±ŗa½, pacchimapadena ta½sampayutta½ v²riyan”ti vutta½.
Atha v± diµµh²visuddh²ti kammassakatań±ŗ±disaŖkh±t± sabb±pi samm±diµµhi vutt±. Yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nanti yo cetasiko v²riy±rambho…pe… samm±v±y±moti. Ayameva p±¼iy± sameti. Abhidhamme hi “diµµhivisuddhi kho pan±ti y± pańń± paj±nan±…pe… amoho dhammavicayo samm±diµµhi. Yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nanti yo cetasiko v²riy±rambho…pe… samm±v±y±mo”ti evamaya½ duko vibhatto. Teneva abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 1374) “y± pańń± paj±nan±ti-±d²hi heµµh± vutt±ni kammassakatań±ŗ±d²neva catt±ri ń±ŗ±ni vibhatt±ni. ‘Yo cetasiko v²riy±rambho’ti-±d²hi padehi niddiµµha½ v²riya½ gahita½ pańń±ya lokiyaµµh±ne lokiya½, lokuttaraµµh±ne lokuttaran”ti vutta½.
Idh±pi visuddhisamp±pik± catumaggasamm±diµµhi, pańcavidh±pi v± samm±diµµhi diµµhivisuddh²ti adhipp±yena “diµµhivisuddh²ti visuddhisamp±pik± samm±diµµhiyev±”ti vutta½. Heµµhimamaggasampayutta½ v²riyanti ida½ pana “yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nanti paµhamamaggasampayutta½ v²riyanti vuttan”ti adhipp±yena vadati. Ettha ca ta½ta½bh±ŗak±na½ matabheden±ya½ vaŗŗan±bhedoti na aµµhakath±vacan±na½ ańńamańńavirodho saŖkitabbo. Atha yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nanti heµµhimamaggasampayuttameva v²riya½ kasm± vuttanti ±ha “tańhi tass± diµµhiy± anur³patt±”ti-±di. Tattha tass± diµµhiy±ti heµµhimamaggasampayutt±ya diµµhiy±. Yath±diµµhiss±ti anur³padiµµhissa kaly±ŗadiµµhissa nibbattitappak±radiµµhissa v± nibbattetabbapadh±n±nur³padiµµhissa yath±diµµhippavattakiriyassa v±ti evampettha attha½ sa½vaŗŗayanti.
178. Pannarasame samatta½ tussana½ titti santuµµhi, natthi etassa santuµµh²ti asantuµµhi, asantuµµhissa bh±vo asantuµµhit±. Y± kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ bh±van±ya asantuµµhassa bhiyyokamyat±, tass± eta½ adhivacana½. T±ya hi samaŖgibh³to puggalo s²la½ p³retv± jh±na½ upp±deti, jh±na½ labhitv± vipassana½ ±rabhati, ±raddhavipassako arahatta½ aggahetv± antar± vos±na½ n±pajjati, “alamett±vat± katamett±vat±”ti saŖkoca½ na p±puŗ±ti. Ten±ha “ańńatra arahattamagg± kusalesu dhammesu asantuµµhibh±vo”ti. Tatra ańńatra arahattamagg±ti arahattamaggasampatta½ vin±ti attho. “Appaµiv±nit± ca padh±nasmin”ti ida½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±natthamev±ti na vibhatta½.
179. So¼asame muµµh± naµµh± sati etass±ti muµµhassati, tassa bh±vo muµµhassaccanti ±ha “muµµhassaccanti muµµhassatibh±vo”ti. Muµµhassatibh±voti ca satippaµipakkho dhammo, na satiy± abh±vamatta½. Asampajańńanti “tattha katama½ asampajańńa½? Ya½ ańń±ŗa½ adassana½…pe… avijj±laŖgh² moho akusalam³lan”ti (dha. sa. 1357) eva½ vutt± avijj±yeva. Tath± hi vijj±paµipakkho avijj± vijj±ya pah±tabbato, eva½ sampajańńappaµipakkho asampajańńa½ Yasm± pana sampajańńappaµipakkhe sati tassa vasena ń±ŗassa abh±vo hoti, tasm± vutta½ “ańń±ŗabh±vo”ti.
180. Sattarasame apil±panalakkhaŗ± sat²ti udake l±bu viya yena citta½ ±rammaŗe pilavitv± viya tiµµhati, na og±hati, ta½ pil±pana½. Na pil±pana½ apil±pana½, ta½ lakkhaŗa½ sabh±vo etiss±ti apil±panalakkhaŗ±.

Sam±pattivaggavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Tatiyapaŗŗ±saka½ niµµhita½.