Vadhoti muµµhippah±rakas±t±¼an±d²hi hi½sana½, viheµhananti attho. Viheµhanatthopi hi vadha-saddo dissati “att±na½ vadhitv± vadhitv± rodat²”ti-±d²su. Yath± hi apaµiggahabh±vas±maññe satipi pabbajitehi appaµiggahitabbavatthuvisesabh±vasandassanattha½ itthikum±rid±sid±s±dayo vibh±gena vutt±, eva½ parassaharaºabh±vato adinn±d±nabh±vas±maññe satipi tul±k³µ±dayo adinn±d±navisesabh±vadassanattha½ vibh±gena vutt±. Na eva½ p±º±tip±tapariy±yassa vadhassa puna gahaºe payojana½ atthi, tattha saya½k±ro, idha para½k±roti ca na sakk± vattu½ “k±yavacippayogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± chappayog±”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.10) vacanato, tasm± yath±vutto evamettha attho yutto. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “vadhoti m±raºan”ti vutta½. Tampi pothanameva sandh±y±ti ca sakk± viññ±tu½ m±raºasaddassa vihi½sanepi dissanato.
C²varapiº¹ap±t±na½ yath±kkama½ k±yakucchipariharaºamattajotan±ya½ avisesato aµµhanna½ parikkh±r±na½ tappayojanat± sambhavat²ti dassento “te sabbep²”ti-±dim±ha. Etep²ti navaparikkh±rik±dayopi appicch± ca santuµµh± ca. Na hi tattakena mahicchat± asantuµµhit± hot²ti.
Cat³su dis±su sukha½ viharati, tato eva sukhavih±raµµh±nabh³t± catasso dis± assa sant²ti c±tuddiso. Tattha c±ya½ satte v± saªkh±re v± bhayena nappaµihaññat²ti appaµigho. Dv±dasavidhassa santosassa vasena santussanato santussam±no. Itar²taren±ti ucc±vacena parissay±na½ b±hir±na½ s²habyaggh±d²na½, abbhantar±nañca k±macchand±d²na½ k±yacitt³paddav±na½ abhibhavanato parissay±na½ sahit±. Bandhanabh±vakarabhay±bh±vena acchambhi. Eko asah±yo. Tato eva khaggamigasiªgasadisat±ya khaggavis±ºakappo careyy±ti attho.
Chinnapakkho, asañj±tapakkho v± sakuºo gantu½ na sakkot²ti pakkhi-saddena visesetv± sakuºo p±¼iya½ vuttoti ±ha “pakkhayutto sakuºo”ti. Yassa sannidhik±raparibhogo kiñci µhapetabba½ s±pekkh±µhapanañca natthi, t±diso aya½ bhikkh³ti dassento “ayamettha saªkhepattho”ti-±dim±ha. Ariyanti apenti tato dos±, tehi v± ±rak±ti ariyoti ±ha “ariyen±ti niddosen±”ti. Ajjhattanti attani. Niddosasukhanti nir±misasukha½ kilesavajjarahitatt±.
Yath±vutte s²lasa½vare patiµµhitasseva indriyasa½varo icchitabbo tadadhiµµh±nato tassa ca parip±lakabh±vatoti vutta½ “so imin± ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato bhikkh³”ti. Sesapades³ti “na nimittagg±h² hot²”ti-±dipadesu. Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho– na nimittagg±h²ti itthipurisanimitta½ v± subhanimitt±dika½ v± kilesavatthubh³ta½ nimitta½ na gaºh±ti, diµµhamatteyeva saºµh±ti. N±nubyañjanagg±h²ti kiles±na½ anu anu byañjanato p±kaµabh±vakaraºato anubyañjanantiladdhavoh±ra½ hatthap±dasitahasitakathitavilokit±dibheda½ ±k±ra½ na gaºh±ti. Ya½ tattha bh³ta½, tadeva gaºh±ti. Yatv±dhikaraºamenanti-±dimhi ya½k±raº± yassa cakkhundriy±sa½varassa hetu eta½ puggala½ satikav±µena cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ apihitacakkhudv±ra½ hutv± viharanta½ ete abhijjh±dayo dhamm± anvassaveyyu½ anuppabandheyyu½. Tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjat²ti tassa cakkhundriyassa satikav±µena pidahanatth±ya paµipajjati. Eva½ paµipajjantoyeva ca “rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”ti vuccati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Evamida½ saªkhepato r³p±d²su kiles±nubandhanimitt±digg±haparivajjanalakkhaºa½ indriyasa½vara½ s²la½ veditabba½. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±su (visuddhi. mah±µ². 1.13) vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Kilesehi anavasittasukhanti-±d²su r³p±d²su nimitt±digg±haparivajjanalakkhaºatt± indriyasa½varassa kilesehi anavasittasukhat± avikiººasukhat± cassa vutt±.
Abhikkamana½ abhikkanto, purato gamana½. Paµikkamana½ paµikkanto, pacc±gamana½. Tadubhayampi cat³su iriy±pathesu labbhati. Gamane t±va purato k±ya½ abhiharanto abhikkamati n±ma, paµinivattento paµikkamati n±ma. Ýh±nepi µhitakova k±ya½ purato oºamanto abhikkamati n±ma, pacchato apan±mento paµikkamati n±ma. Nisajj±yapi nisinnakova ±sanassa purima-aªg±bhimukho sa½saranto abhikkamati n±ma, pacchima½ aªgappadesa½ pacc±sa½saranto paµikkamati n±ma. Nipajj±yapi eseva nayo.
S±tthakasampajaññanti-±d²su samantato pak±rehi, pakaµµha½ v± savisesa½ j±n±t²ti sampaj±no, sampaj±nassa bh±vo sampajañña½, tath±pavatta½ ñ±ºa½. Dhammato va¹¹hisaªkh±tena saha atthena vattat²ti s±tthaka½, abhikkant±dis±tthakassa sampajañña½ s±tthakasampajañña½. Sapp±yassa attano upak±r±vahassa sampajañña½ sapp±yasampajañña½. Abhikkam±d²su bhikkh±c±ragocare, aññatth±pi pavattesu avijahitakammaµµh±nasaªkh±te gocare sampajañña½ gocarasampajañña½. Abhikkam±d²su asammuyhanameva sampajañña½ asammohasampajañña½. Tattha (d². ni. aµµha. 1.214; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.109) abhikkamanacitte uppanne cittavaseneva agantv± “kinnu me ettha gatena attho atthi natth²”ti atth±nattha½ pariggahetv± atthapariggahaºa½ s±tthakasampajañña½. Tattha ca atthoti cetiyadassanabodhidassanasaªghadassanatheradassana-asubhadassan±divasena dhammato va¹¹hi. Cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± disv±pi hi buddh±rammaºa½, saªghadassanena saªgh±rammaºa½ p²ti½ upp±detv± tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puº±ti. There disv± tesa½ ov±de patiµµh±ya asubha½ disv± tattha paµhamajjh±na½ upp±detv± tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puº±ti, tasm± etesa½ dassana½ “s±tthakan”ti vutta½. Keci pana “±misatopi va¹¹hi atthoyeva ta½ niss±ya brahmacariy±nuggah±ya paµipannatt±”ti vadanti.
Tasmi½ pana gamane sapp±y±sapp±ya½ pariggahetv± sapp±yapariggaºhana½ sapp±yasampajañña½. Seyyathida½– cetiyadassana½ t±va s±ttha½. Sace pana cetiyassa mah±p³j±ya dasadv±dasayojanantare paris± sannipatanti, attano vibhav±nur³pa½ itthiyopi puris±pi alaªkatapaµiyatt± cittakammar³pak±ni viya sañcaranti. Tatra cassa iµµhe ±rammaºe lobho, aniµµhe paµigho, asamapekkhane moho uppajjati, k±yasa½sagg±patti½ v± ±pajjati, j²vitabrahmacariy±na½ v± antar±yo hoti. Eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½ hoti, vuttappak±ra-antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½. Bodhidassanepi eseva nayo. Saªghadassanampi s±ttha½. Sace pana antog±me mah±maº¹apa½ k±retv± sabbaratti½ dhammassavana½ karontesu manussesu vuttappak±reneva janasannip±to ceva antar±yo ca hoti. Eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½, antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½. Mah±paris±pariv±r±na½ ther±na½ dassanepi eseva nayo. Asubhadassanampi s±ttha½ maggaphal±dhigamahetubh±vato. Dantakaµµhatth±ya s±maºera½ gahetv± gatadaharabhikkhuno vatthupettha kathetabba½. Eva½ s±tthampi paneta½ purisassa m±tug±m±subha½ asapp±ya½, m±tug±massa ca puris±subha½. Sabh±gameva sapp±yanti eva½ sapp±yapariggaºhana½ sapp±yasampajañña½ n±ma.
Eva½ pariggahitas±tthakasapp±yassa pana aµµhati½s±ya kammaµµh±nesu attano cittaruciya½ kammaµµh±nasaªkh±ta½ gocara½ uggahetv± bhikkh±c±ragocare ta½ gahetv±va gamana½ gocarasampajañña½ n±ma.
Abhikkam±d²su pana asammuyhana½ asammohasampajañña½. Ta½ eva½ veditabba½– idha bhikkhu abhikkamanto v± paµikkamanto v± yath± andhaputhujjan± abhikkam±d²su “att± abhikkamati, attan± abhikkamo nibbattito”ti v±, “aha½ abhikkam±mi, may± abhikkamo nibbattito”ti v± sammuyhanti, tath± asammuyhanto “abhikkam±m²”ti citte uppajjam±ne teneva cittena saddhi½ cittasamuµµh±n± v±yodh±tu viññatti½ janayam±n± uppajjati, iti cittakiriyav±yodh±tuvipph±ravasena aya½ k±yasammato aµµhisaªgh±µo abhikkamati, tasseva½ abhikkamato ekekapaduddharaºe pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±t³ti dve dh±tuyo omatt± honti mand±, itar± dve adhimatt± honti balavatiyo. Tath± atiharaºav²tiharaºesu. Vossajjane tejodh±tu, v±yodh±t³ti dve dh±tuyo omatt± honti mand±, itar± dve adhimatt± balavatiyo. Tath± sannikkhepanasannirumbhanesu. Tattha uddharaºe pavatt± r³p±r³padhamm± atiharaºa½ na p±puºanti, tath± atiharaºe pavatt± v²tiharaºa½, v²tiharaºe pavatt± vossajjana½, vossajjane pavatt± sannikkhepana½, sannikkhepane pavatt± sannirumbhana½ na p±puºanti. Tattha tattheva pabbapabba½ sannisandhi odhi-odhi hutv± tattakap±le pakkhittatila½ viya paµapaµ±yant± bhijjanti. Tattha ko eko abhikkamati, kassa v± ekassa abhikkamana½? Paramatthato hi dh±t³na½yeva gamana½, dh±t³na½ µh±na½, dh±t³na½ nisajjana½, dh±t³na½ sayana½. Tasmi½ tasmiñhi koµµh±se saddhi½ r³pena–
“Añña½ uppajjate citta½, añña½ citta½ nirujjhati;
av²cimanusambandho, nad²sotova vattat²”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.214; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.109; sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.368).
Eva½ abhikkam±d²su asammuyhana½ asammohasampajañña½ n±m±ti. Paccayasampattinti paccayap±rip³ri½. Ime catt±roti s²lasa½varo, santoso, indriyasa½varo, satisampajaññanti ime catt±ro araññav±sassa sambh±r± Vattabbata½ ±pajjat²ti “asukassa bhikkhuno araññe tiracch±nagat±na½ viya vanacarak±na½ viya ca niv±samattameva, na araññav±s±nucchavik± k±ci samm±paµipatt²”ti apav±davasena vattabbata½, ±raññakehi v± tiracch±nagatehi vanacarakavisabh±gajanehi vippaµipattivasena vatthabbata½ ±pajjati. Bheravasadda½ s±venti, t±vat± apal±yant±na½ hatthehi s²sa½…pe… karonti. K±¼akasadisatt± k±¼aka½, v²tikkamasaªkh±ta½ thullavajja½. Tilakasadisatt± tilaka½, micch±vitakkasaªkh±ta½ aºumattavajja½. Tanti p²ti½. Vibh³tabh±vena upaµµh±nato khayato sammasanto.
Vivittanti janavivitta½. Ten±ha “suññan”ti. Ta½ pana janasaddanigghos±bh±vena veditabba½ saddakaºµakatt± jh±nass±ti ±ha “appasadda½ appanigghosanti attho”ti. Etadev±ti nissaddata½yeva. Vih±ro p±k±raparicchinno sakalo ±v±so. A¹¹hayogo d²ghap±s±do, “garu¼asaºµh±nap±s±do”tipi vadanti. P±s±do caturassap±s±do. Hammiya½ muº¹acchadanap±s±do. Aµµo paµir±j³na½ paµib±hanayoggo catuppañcabh³mako patissayaviseso. M±¼o ekak³µasaªgahito anekakoºavanto patissayaviseso. Aparo nayo– vih±ro n±ma d²ghamukhap±s±do. A¹¹hayogo ekapassacchadanakasen±sana½. Tassa kira ekapasse bhitti uccatar± hoti, itarapasse n²c±. Etena ta½ ekapassacchadanaka½ hoti. P±s±do n±ma ±yatacaturassap±s±do. Hammiya½ muº¹acchadana½ candikaªgaºayutta½. Guh± n±ma keval± pabbataguh±. Leºa½ dv±rabaddha½ pabbh±ra½. Maº¹apoti s±kh±maº¹apo. ¾vasathabh³ta½ sen±sana½ viharitabbaµµhena vih±rasen±sana½. Mas±rak±di mañcap²µha½ tattha attharitabbabhisi upadh±nañca mañcap²µhasambandhato mañcap²µhasen±sana½. Cimilik±di bh³miya½ santharitabbat±ya santhatasen±sana½. Abhisaªkhat±bh±vato kevala½ sayanassa nisajj±ya ca ok±sabh³ta½ rukkham³l±di paµikkamitabbaµµh±na½ ok±sasen±sana½. Sen±sanaggahaºena gahitamev±ti “vivitta½ sen±sanan”ti imin± sen±sanaggahaºena gahitameva s±maññajotan±bh±vato.
Yadi eva½ kasm± “araññan”ti vuttanti ±ha “imassa pan±”ti-±di. Bhikkhun²na½ vasena ±gatanti ida½ vinaye tath± ±gata½ sandh±ya vutta½ abhidhammepi (vibha. 529) pana “araññanti nikkhamitv± bahi indakhil± sabbameta½ araññan”ti ±gatameva. Tattha hi ya½ na g±mappadesantogadha½, ta½ araññanti nippariy±yavasena tath± vutta½. Dhutaªganiddese (visuddhi. 1.31) ya½ vutta½, ta½ yutta½, tasm± tattha vuttanayena gahetabbanti adhipp±yo. Rukkham³lanti rukkhasam²pa½. Vuttañheta½ “y±vat± majjhanhike k±le samant± ch±y± pharati, niv±te paºº±ni patanti, ett±vat± rukkham³lan”ti. Sela-saddo avisesato pabbatapariy±yoti katv± vutta½ “pabbatanti selan”ti, na sil±mayameva. Pa½sumay±diko hi tividhopi pabbato ev±ti. Vivaranti dvinna½ pabbat±na½ mitho ±sannatare µhit±na½ ovarak±disadisa½ vivara½. Ekasmi½yeva v± pabbate. Umaªgasadisanti suduªg±sadisa½. Manuss±na½ anupac±raµµh±nanti pakatisañc±ravasena manussehi na sañcaritabbaµµh±na½. ¾di-saddena “vanapatthanti vanasaº¹±nameta½ sen±san±na½ adhivacana½. Vanapatthanti bhi½sanak±nameta½. Vanapatthanti salomaha½s±nameta½. Vanapatthanti pariyant±nameta½. Vanapatthanti na manuss³pac±r±nameta½ sen±san±na½ adhivacanan”ti (vibha. 531) ima½ p±¼ippadesa½ saªgaºh±ti. Acchannanti kenaci chadanena antamaso rukkhas±kh±yapi na ch±dita½. Nikka¹¹hitv±ti n²haritv±. Pabbh±raleºasadiseti pabbh±rasadise, leºasadise v±.
Piº¹ap±tapariyesana½ piº¹ap±to uttarapadalopen±ti ±ha “piº¹ap±tapariyesanato paµikkanto”ti. Pallaªkanti ettha pari-saddo samantatoti etasmi½ atthe, tasm± v±moru½ dakkhiºoruñca sama½ µhapetv± ubho p±de aññamañña½ sambandhe katv± nisajj± pallaªkanti ±ha “samantato ³rubaddh±sanan”ti. Ðr³na½ bandhanavasena nisajj± pallaªka½. ¾bhujitv±ti ca yath± pallaªkavasena nisajj± hoti, eva½ ubho p±de ±bhujite samiñjite katv±. Ta½ pana ubhinna½ p±d±na½ tath±sambandhat±karaºanti ±ha “bandhitv±”ti. Heµµhimak±yassa anujuka½ µhapana½ nisajj±vacaneneva bodhitanti uju½ k±yanti ettha k±ya-saddo uparimak±yavisayoti ±ha “uparimasar²ra½ ujuka½ µhapetv±”ti. Ta½ pana ujuka½ µhapana½ sar³pato payojanato ca dassetu½ “aµµh±ras±”ti-±di vutta½. Na paºamant²ti na oºamanti. Na paripatat²ti na vigacchati v²thi½ na laªgheti, tato eva pubben±para½ visesasampattiy± kammaµµh±na½ vuddhi½ ph±ti½ gacchati. Parimukhanti ettha pari-saddo abhi-saddena sam±natthoti ±ha “kammaµµh±n±bhimukhan”ti, bahiddh± puthutt±rammaºato niv±retv± kammaµµh±na½yeva purakkhatv±ti attho. Sam²pattho v± pari-saddoti dassento “mukhasam²pe v± katv±”ti ±ha. Ettha ca yath± “vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajat²”ti-±din± bh±van±nur³pa½ sen±sana½ dassita½, eva½ nis²dat²ti imin± al²n±nuddhaccapakkhiyo santo iriy±patho dassito. “Pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±”ti imin± nisajj±ya da¼habh±vo. “Parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti imin± ±rammaºapariggah³p±yo.
Par²ti pariggahaµµho “pariº±yik±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 16, 20) viya. Mukhanti niyy±naµµho “suññatavimokkhamukhan”ti-±d²su viya. Paµipakkhato niggamanaµµho hi niyy±naµµho, tasm± pariggahitaniyy±na½ satinti sabbath± gahit±sammosa½ pariccattasammosa½ sati½ katv±, paramasatinepakka½ upaµµhapetv±ti attho.
Abhijjh±yati gijjhati abhikaªkhati et±y±ti abhijjh±, lobho. Lujjanaµµhen±ti bhijjanaµµhena, khaºe khaºe bhijjanaµµhen±ti attho. Vikkhambhanavasen±ti ettha vikkhambhana½ anupp±dana½ appavattana½ paµipakkhena suppah²natt±. Pah²natt±ti ca pah²nasadisata½ sandh±ya vutta½ jh±nassa anadhigatatt±. Tath±pi nayida½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ viya sabh±vato vigat±bhijjha½, atha kho bh±van±vasena. Ten±ha “na cakkhuviññ±ºasadisen±”ti. Eseva nayoti yath± cakkhuviññ±ºa½ sabh±vena vigat±bhijjha½ aby±pannañca na bh±van±ya vikkhambhitatt±, na evamida½. Ida½ pana citta½ bh±van±ya parisodhitatt± aby±panna½ vigatathinamiddha½ anuddhata½ nibbicikicchañc±ti attho. Purimapakatinti parisuddhapaº¹arasabh±va½. “Y± tasmi½ samaye cittassa akalyat±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1162; vibha. 546) thinassa, “y± tasmi½ samaye k±yassa akalyat±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1163; vibha. 546) ca middhassa abhidhamme niddiµµhatt± vutta½ “thina½ cittagelañña½, middha½ cetasikagelaññan”ti. Satipi hi aññamañña½ avippayoge cittak±yalahut±d²na½ viya cittacetasik±na½ yath±kkama½ ta½ta½visesassa y± tesa½ akalyat±d²na½ visesapaccayat±, ayametesa½ sabh±voti daµµhabba½. ¾lokasaññ²ti ettha atisayattavisiµµha-atthi-atth±vabodhakoyam²k±roti dassento ±ha “rattimpi…pe… samann±gato”ti. Ida½ ubhayanti satisampajaññam±ha.
Atikkamitv±ti vikkhambhanavasena pajahitv±. Kathamida½ kathamidanti pavattiy± katha½kath±, vicikicch±, s± etassa atth²ti katha½kath², na katha½kath²ti akatha½kath², nibbicikiccho. Lakkhaº±dibhedatoti ettha ±di-saddena paccayaparih±nappah±yak±d²nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tepi hi pabhedato daµµhabb±ti. Ucchinditv± p±tent²ti ettha ucchindana½ p±tanañca t±sa½ paññ±na½ anuppann±na½ uppajjitu½ appad±nameva. Iti mahaggat±nuttarapaññ±na½ ekacc±ya ca parittapaññ±ya anuppattihetubh³t± n²varaºadhamm± itar±ya ca samatthata½ vihanantiyev±ti “paññ±ya dubbal²karaº±”ti vutt±. Appentoti nigamento.

Attantapasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.