8. Attantapasuttavaººan±

198. Aµµhame ±hito aha½m±no etth±ti att±, attabh±vo. Idha pana yo paro na hoti, so att±, ta½ att±na½. Paranti attato añña½. Diµµheti paccakkhabh³te. Dhammeti up±d±nakkhandhadhamme. Tattha hi att± bhavati, attasaññ±diµµhi bhavat²ti attabh±vasamaññ±. Ten±ha “diµµheva dhammeti imasmi½yeva attabh±ve”ti. Ch±ta½ vuccati taºh± jighacch±hetut±ya. Anto t±panakiles±nanti attano sant±ne darathapari¼±hajananena sant±panakiles±na½.
Paresa½ hananagh±tan±din± rod±panato luddo. Tath± vigh±takabh±vena k±yacitt±na½ vid±lanato d±ruºo. Thaddhahadayo kakkha¼o. Bandhan±g±re niyutto bandhan±g±riko.
Khattiy±bhiseken±ti khattiy±na½ k±tabba-abhisekena. Santh±g±ranti santh±ravasena kata½ ag±ra½ yaññ±g±ra½. Sappitelen±ti sappimissena telena. Yamakasnehena hi es± tad± k±ya½ abbhañjati. Vacchabh±va½ taritv± µhito vacchataro. Parikkhepakaraºatth±y±ti navam±l±hi saddhi½ dabbhehi vediy± parikkhipanatth±ya. Yaññabh³miyanti avasesayaññaµµh±ne.
D³rasamuss±ritam±nasseva s±sane samm±paµipatti sambhavati, na m±naj±tikass±ti ±ha “nihatam±natt±”ti. Ussannatt±ti bahubh±vato. Bhog±rogy±divatthuk± mad± suppahiy± honti nimittassa avaµµh±nato, na tath± kulavijj±mad±ti khattiyabr±hmaºakul±na½ pabbajit±nampi j±tivijj± niss±ya m±najappana½ duppajahanti ±ha “yebhuyyena hi…pe… m±na½ karont²”ti. Vij±tit±y±ti nih²naj±tit±ya. Patiµµh±tu½ na sakkont²ti suvisuddha½ katv± s²la½ rakkhitu½ na sakkonti. S²lavasena hi s±sane patiµµhahanti. Patiµµh±tunti v± saccappaµivedhena lokuttar±ya patiµµh±ya patiµµh±tu½. Yebhuyyena hi upanissayasampann± suj±t±yeva honti, na dujj±t±.
Parisuddhanti r±g±d²na½ accantameva pah±nad²panato nirupakkilesat±ya sabbaso visuddha½. Saddha½ paµilabhat²ti pothujjanikasaddh±vasena saddahati. Viññuj±tik±nañhi dhammasampattiggahaºapubbik± saddh±siddhi dhammappam±ºadhammappasannabh±vato. J±yampatik±ti gharaºipatik±. K±ma½ “j±yampatik±”ti vutte gharas±mikagharas±minivasena dvinna½yeva gahaºa½ viññ±yati, yassa pana purisassa anek± paj±patiyo honti, tattha ki½ vattabbanti ek±yapi sa½v±so samb±dhoti dassanattha½ “dve”ti vutta½. R±g±din± sakiñcanaµµhena, khettavatthu-±din± sapalibodhaµµhena r±garaj±d²na½ ±gamanapathat±pi uppajjanaµµh±nat± ev±ti dvepi vaººan± ekatth±, byañjanameva n±na½. Alagganaµµhen±ti asajjanaµµhena appaµibaddhabh±vena. Eva½ akusalakusalappavatt²na½ µh±nabh±vena ghar±v±sapabbajj±na½ samb±dhabbhok±sata½ dassetv± id±ni kusalappavattiy±yeva aµµh±naµµh±nabh±vena tesa½ ta½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½.
Saªkhepakath±ti visu½ visu½ paduddh±ra½ akatv± saªkhepato atthavaººan±. Ekampi divasanti ekadivasamattampi. Akhaº¹a½ katv±ti dukkaµamattassapi an±pajjanena akhaº¹ita½ katv±. Kilesamalena amalinanti taºh±sa½kiles±divasena asa½kiliµµha½ katv±. Paridahitv±ti niv±setv± ceva p±rupitv± ca. Ag±rav±so ag±ra½ uttarapadalopena, tassa va¹¹hi-±vaha½ ag±rassa hita½.
Bhogakkhandhoti bhogar±si bhogasamud±yo. ¾bandhanaµµhen±ti putto natt±ti-±din± pemavasena saparicchedavasena bandhanaµµhena. Amh±kameteti ñ±yant²ti ñ±t², pit±mahapituputt±divasena parivattanaµµhena parivaµµo. S±maññav±c²pi sikkh±-saddo ±j²vasaddasannidh±nato uparivuccam±navises±pekkh±ya ca visesaniviµµhova hot²ti vutta½ “y± bhikkh³na½ adhis²lasaªkh±t± sikkh±”ti. Sikkhitabbaµµhena sikkh±, saha ±j²vanti etth±ti s±j²vo. Sikkhanabh±ven±ti sikkh±ya s±j²ve ca sikkhanabh±vena. Sikkha½ parip³rentoti s²lasa½vara½ parip³rento. S±j²vañca av²tikkamantoti “n±mak±yo, padak±yo, niruttik±yo, byañjanak±yo”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.39) vutta½ sikkh±pada½ bhagavato ca vacana½ av²tikkamanto hutv±ti attho. Idameva ca “sikkhanan”ti vutta½, tattha s±j²v±na½ av²tikkamo sikkh±p±rip³riy± paccayo. Tato hi y±va magg± sikkh±p±rip³r² hot²ti.
Anuppad±t±ti anubalappad±t±, anuvattanavasena v± pad±t±. Kassa pana anuvattana½ pad±nañc±ti? “Sahit±nan”ti vuttatt± sandh±nass±ti viññ±yati. Ten±ha “sandh±n±nuppad±t±”ti. Yasm± pana anuvattanavasena sandh±nassa pad±na½ ±dh±na½ ±rakkhana½ v± da¼hakaraºa½ hoti, tena vutta½ “dve jane samagge disv±”ti-±di. ¾ramanti etth±ti ±r±mo, ramitabbaµµh±na½. Yasm± pana ±-k±rena vin±pi ayamattho labbhati, tasm± vutta½ “samaggar±motipi p±¼i, ayamevattho”ti.
Etth±ti
“Nelaªgo setapacch±do, ek±ro vattat² ratho;
an²gha½ passa ±yanta½, chinnasota½ abandhanan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 4.347; ud±. 65; peµako. 25)–

Imiss± g±th±ya. S²lañhettha nelaªganti vutta½. Tenev±ha– “citto gahapati, nelaªganti kho, bhante, s²l±nameta½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.347). Sukum±r±ti appharusat±ya muduk±. Purassa es±ti ettha pura-saddo tanniv±siv±cako daµµhabbo– “g±mo ±gato”ti-±d²su viya. Tenev±ha “nagarav±s²nan”ti. Mana½ app±yati va¹¹het²ti man±po. Tena vutta½ “cittavu¹¹hikar±”ti.

K±lav±d²ti-±di samphappal±p± paµiviratassa paµipattidassana½. Atthasa½hit±pi hi v±c± ayuttak±lappayogena atth±vah± na siy±ti anatthaviññ±panav±ca½ anulometi, tasm± samphappal±pa½ pajahantena ak±lav±dit± pariharitabb±ti vutta½ “k±lav±d²”ti. K±lena vadantenapi ubhay±natthas±dhanato abh³ta½ parivajjetabbanti ±ha “bh³tav±d²”ti. Bh³tañca vadantena ya½ idhalokaparalokahitasamp±daka½, tadeva vattabbanti dassetu½ “atthav±d²”ti vutta½. Attha½ vadantenapi lokiyadhammasannissitameva avatv± lokuttaradhammasannissita½ katv± vattabbanti dassanattha½ “dhammav±d²”ti vutta½. Yath± ca attho lokuttaradhammasannissito hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “vinayav±d²”ti vutta½. Pañcannañhi sa½varavinay±na½ pañcannañca pah±navinay±na½ vasena vuccam±no attho nibb±n±dhigamanahetubh±vato lokuttaradhammasannissito hot²ti. Eva½ guºavisesayuttova attho vuccam±no desan±kosalle sati sobhati, kiccakaro ca hoti, na aññath±ti dassetu½ “nidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±sit±”ti vutta½. Id±ni ta½ desan±kosalla½ vibh±vetu½ “k±len±”ti-±dim±ha. Pucch±divasena hi otiººav±c±vatthusmi½ eka½s±diby±karaºavibh±ga½ sallakkhetv± µhapan±het³d±haraºasandassan±di½ ta½ta½k±l±nur³pa½ vibh±ventiy± parimitaparicchinnar³p±ya vipulataragambh²rod±raparamatthavitth±rasaªg±hik±ya kath±ya ñ±ºabal±nur³pa½ pare y±th±vato dhamme patiµµh±pento “desan±kusalo”ti vuccat²ti evamettha atthayojan± veditabb±.
Eva½ paµip±µiy± satta m³lasikkh±pad±ni vibhajitv± abhijjh±dippah±na½ indriyasa½varaj±gariy±nuyogehi vibh±vetu½ tampi n²haritv± ±c±ras²lasseva vibhajanavasena p±¼i pavatt±ti tadattha½ vivaritu½ “b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha b²j±na½ g±mo sam³ho b²jag±mo. Bh³t±na½ j±t±na½ nibbatt±na½ rukkhagacchalat±d²na½ sam³ho bh³tag±mo. Nanu ca rukkh±dayo cittarahitat±ya na j²v±, cittarahitat± ca paripphand±bh±vato chinne viruhanato visadisaj±tibh±vato catuyoni-apariy±pannato ca veditabb±, vuddhi pana pav±¼asil±lavaº±nampi vijjat²ti na tesa½ j²vabh±ve k±raºa½, visayaggahaºañca nesa½ parikappan±matta½ supana½ viya ciñc±d²na½, tath± doha¼±dayo, atha kasm± b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh± paµivirati icchit±ti? Samaºas±ruppato tanniv±sisatt±nurakkhaºato ca. Tenev±ha– “j²vasaññino hi moghapurisa manuss± rukkhasmin”ti-±di (p±ci. 89).
M³lameva b²ja½ m³lab²ja½, m³la½ b²ja½ etass±tipi m³lab²ja½. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Pha¼ub²janti pabbab²ja½. Paccayantarasamav±ye sadisaphaluppattiy± visesak±raºabh±vato viruhanasamatthe s±raphale niru¼ho b²ja-saddo tadatthasa½siddhiy± m³l±d²supi kesuci pavattat²ti m³l±dito nivattanattha½ ekena b²ja-saddena visesetv± vutta½ “b²jab²jan”ti “r³par³pa½, dukkhadukkhan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.327) ca yath±. Kasm± panettha b²jag±mabh³tag±ma½ uddharitv± b²jag±mo eva niddiµµhoti? Na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½, nanu avocumh± “m³lameva b²ja½ m³lab²ja½, m³la½ b²ja½ etass±tipi m³lab²jan”ti. Tattha purimena b²jag±mo niddiµµho, dutiyena bh³tag±mo. Duvidhopesa m³lab²jañca m³lab²jañca m³lab²janti s±maññaniddesena, ekasesanayena v± uddiµµhoti veditabbo. Tenev±ha “pañcavidhass±”ti-±di. N²latiºarukkh±dikass±ti allatiºassa ceva allarukkh±dikassa ca. ¾di-saddena osadhigacchalat±d²na½ saªgaho.
Eka½ bhatta½ ekabhatta½, ta½ assa atth²ti ekabhattiko. So pana rattibhojanenapi siy±ti tannivattanattha½ ±ha “ratt³parato”ti. Evampi aparaºhabhoj²pi siy± ekabhattikoti tannivattanattha½ “virato vik±labhojan±”ti vutta½. Aruºuggamanato paµµh±ya y±va majjhanhik± aya½ buddh±d²na½ ariy±na½ ±ciººasam±ciººo bhojanassa k±lo n±ma, tadañño vik±lo. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana dutiyapadena rattibhojanassa paµikkhittatt± “atikkante majjhanhike y±va s³riyatthaªgaman± bhojana½ vik±labhojana½ n±m±”ti vutta½.
D±rum±sakoti ye voh±ra½ gacchant²ti iti-saddena eva½pak±re dasseti. Aññehi g±h±pane upanikkhittas±diyane ca paµiggahaºattho labbhat²ti “neva ta½ uggaºh±ti, na uggah±peti, na upanikkhitta½ s±diyat²”ti vutta½. Atha v± tividha½ paµiggahaºa½ k±yena, v±c±ya, manas±ti. Tattha k±yena paµiggahaºa½ uggaºhana½, v±c±ya paµiggahaºa½ uggah±pana½, manas± paµiggahaºa½ s±diyananti tividhampi paµiggahaºa½ ekajjha½ gahetv± paµiggahaº±ti vuttanti ±ha “neva ta½ uggaºh±t²”ti-±di. Esa nayo ±makadhaññapaµiggahaº±ti-±d²supi. N²v±r±di-upadhaññassa s±li-±dim³ladhaññantogadhatt± vutta½ “sattavidhass±”ti. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pañca vas±ni bhesajj±ni acchavasa½, macchavasa½, susuk±vasa½, s³karavasa½, gadrabhavasan”ti (mah±va. 262) vuttatt± ida½ odissa anuññ±ta½ n±ma. Tassa pana “k±le paµiggahitan”ti (mah±va. 262) vuttatt± paµiggahaºa½ vaµµati sati paccayeti ±ha “aññatra odissa anuññ±t±”ti.
S±ruppena vañcana½ r³pak³µa½, patir³pena vañcan±ti attho. Aªgena attano sar²r±vayavena vañcana½ aªgak³µa½. Gaºhanavasena vañcana½ gahaºak³µa½. Paµicchanna½ katv± vañcana½ paµicchannak³µa½. Akkamat²ti nipp²¼eti, pubbabh±ge akkamat²ti sambandho. Hadayanti n±¼i-±dim±nabh±jan±na½ abbhantara½. Tel±d²na½ n±¼i-±d²hi minanak±le uss±pit± sikh±yeva sikh±bhedo, tass± h±pana½. Kec²ti s±rasam±s±cariy± uttaravih±rav±sino ca.