10. Mah±padesasuttavaººan±

180. Dasame mah±-ok±seti mahante ok±se mahant±ni dhammassa patiµµh±panaµµh±n±ni. Yesu patiµµh±pito dhammo nicch²yati asandehato. K±ni pana t±ni? ¾gamanavisiµµh±ni suttotaraº±d²ni. Dutiyavikappe apadis²yant²ti apades±, mahant± apades± etesanti mah±pades±. “Sammukh± meta½, ±vuso, bhagavato sutan”ti-±din± kenaci ±bhatassa dhammoti vinicchayane k±raºa½. Ki½ pana tanti? Tassa yath±bhatassa suttotaraº±di eva. Yadi eva½ katha½ catt±roti? Yasm± dhammassa dve sampad±yo satth± s±vako ca. Tesu s±vak± saªghagaºapuggalavasena tividh±. Evamimamh± may±ya½ dhammo paµiggahitoti apadisitabb±na½ bhedena catt±ro. Ten±ha “sammukh± meta½, ±vuso, bhagavato sutan”ti-±di. Tath± ca vutta½ nettiya½ (netti. 4.18) “catt±ro mah±pades± buddh±padeso, saªgh±padeso, gaº±padeso, puggal±padeso. Ime catt±ro mah±pades±”ti. Buddho apadeso etass±ti buddh±padeso. Esa nayo sesesupi. Ten±ha “buddh±dayo…pe… mah±k±raº±n²”ti.
Neva abhinanditabbanti na sampaµicchitabba½, ganthassa sampaµicchana½ n±ma savananti ±ha “na sotabban”ti. Padabyañjan±n²ti pad±ni ca byañjan±ni ca, atthapad±ni byañjanapad±ni c±ti attho. Pajjati attho eteh²ti pad±ni, akkhar±d²ni byañjanapad±ni. Pajjitabbato pad±ni, saªk±san±d²ni atthapad±ni. “Aµµhakath±ya½ padasaªkh±t±ni byañjan±n²ti byañjanapad±neva vutt±n²”ti keci. Attha½ byañjent²ti byañjan±ni, byañjanapad±ni. Tehi byañjitabbato byañjan±ni, atthapad±n²ti ubhayasaªgahato. Imasmi½ µh±neti ten±bhatasuttassa imasmi½ padese. P±¼i vutt±ti kevalo p±¼idhammo vutto. Attho vuttoti p±¼iy± attho vutto niddiµµho. Anusandhi kathitoti yath±raddhadesan±ya uparidesan±ya ca anusandh±na½ kathita½, sambandho kathito. Pubb±para½ kathitanti pubbena para½ avirujjhanañceva visesaµµh±nañca kathita½ pak±sita½. Eva½ p±¼idhamm±d²ni sammadeva sallakkhetv± gahaºa½ s±dhuka½ uggahaºanti ±ha “suµµhu gahetv±”ti. Sutte ot±retabb±n²ti ñ±ºena sutte og±hetv± t±retabb±ni. Ta½ pana og±hetv± taraºa½ tattha otaraºa½ anuppavesana½ hot²ti vutta½ “otaritabb±n²”ti. Sa½sandetv± dassana½ sandassananti ±ha “vinaye sa½sandetabb±n²”ti.
“Ki½ pana ta½ sutta½, ko v± vinayo”ti vic±raº±ya½ ±cariy±na½ matibhedamukhena tamattha½ dassetu½ “ettha c±”ti-±di vutta½. Vinayoti vibhaªgap±µham±ha. So hi m±tik±saññitassa suttassa atthe s³canato “suttan”ti vattabbata½ arahati. Vividhanayatt± visiµµhanayatt± ca vinayo, khandhakap±µho. Evanti eva½ suttavinayesu pariggayham±nesu vinayapiµakampi na pariy±diyati pariv±rap±¼iy± asaªgahitatt±. Suttant±bhidhammapiµak±ni v± sutta½ atthas³can±di-atthasambhavato. Evamp²ti suttant±bhidhammapiµak±ni sutta½, vinayapiµaka½ vinayoti eva½ suttavinayavibh±ge vuccam±nepi. Na t±va pariy±diyant²ti na t±va anavasesato pariggayhanti Kasm±ti ceti ±ha “asuttan±makañh²”ti-±di. Yasm± suttanti ima½ n±ma½ an±ropetv± saªg²ta½ j±tak±dibuddhavacana½ atthi, tasm± vuttanayena t²ºi piµak±ni na pariy±diyant²ti. Suttanip±ta-ud±na-itivuttak±ni d²ghanik±y±dayo viya suttanti n±ma½ ±ropetv± asaªg²t±n²ti adhipp±yenettha j±tak±d²hi saddhi½ t±nipi gahit±ni. Buddhava½sacariy±piµak±na½ panettha aggahaºe k±raºa½ maggitabba½, ki½ v± etena magganena. Sabbop±ya½ vaººan±nayo therav±dadassanamukhena paµikkhitto ev±ti.
Ki½ atth²ti asuttan±maka½ buddhavacana½ natthiyev±ti dasseti. Ta½ sabba½ paµikkhipitv±ti “suttanti vinayo”ti-±din± vuttasa½vaººan±ya½ “n±yamattho idh±dhippeto”ti paµisedhetv±. Vineti etena kileseti vinayo, kilesavinayan³p±yo, so eva k±raºanti ±ha “vinayo pana k±raºan”ti.
Dhammeti pariyattidhamme. Sar±g±y±ti sar±gabh±v±ya k±mar±gabhavar±gaparibr³han±ya. Sa½yog±y±ti bhavasa½yojan±ya. Sa-up±d±n±y±ti catur³p±d±n³pasa½hitat±ya. Mahicchat±y±ti mahicchabh±v±ya. Asantuµµhiy±ti asantuµµhabh±v±ya. Kosajj±y±ti kus²tabh±v±ya. Saªgaºik±y±ti kilesasaªgaºikavih±r±ya. ¾cay±y±ti tividhavaµµ±cay±ya. Vir±g±y±ti sakalavaµµato virajjanatth±ya. Visa½yog±y±ti k±mar±g±d²hi visa½yujjanatth±ya. Anup±d±n±y±ti sabbassapi kammabhavassa aggahaº±ya. Appicchat±y±ti paccayappicchat±divasena sabbaso icch±ya apagam±ya. Santuµµhiy±ti dv±dasavidhasantuµµhabh±v±ya. V²riy±rambh±y±ti k±yikassa ceva cetasikassa ca v²riyassa paggaºhanatth±ya. Vivek±y±ti pavivittabh±v±ya k±mavivek±ditadaªgavivek±divivekasiddhiy±. Apacay±y±ti sabbassapi vaµµassa apacayan±ya, nibb±n±y±ti attho. Eva½ yo pariyattidhammo uggahaºadh±raºaparipucch±manasik±ravasena yoniso paµipajjantassa sar±g±dibh±vaparivajjanassa k±raºa½ hutv± vir±g±dibh±v±ya sa½vattati, eka½sato eso dhammo, eso vinayo sammadeva ap±y±d²su apatanavasena dh±raºato kiles±na½ vinayanato ca. Satthu samm±sambuddhassa ov±d±nur³pappavattibh±vato eta½ satthus±sananti ca j±neyy±s²ti attho.
Catusaccatthas³cana½ suttanti ±ha “sutteti tepiµake buddhavacane”ti. Tepiµakañhi buddhavacana½ saccavinimutta½ natthi. R±g±divinayak±raºa½ yath± tena suttapadena pak±sitanti ±ha “vinayeti etasmi½ r±g±divinayak±raºe”ti. Sutte otaraºañcettha tepiµakabuddhavacanapariy±pannat±vaseneva veditabba½, na aññath±ti ±ha “suttappaµip±µiy± katthaci an±gantv±”ti. Challi½ uµµhapetv±ti arogassa mahato rukkhassa tiµµhato upakkamena challik±ya sakalik±ya papaµik±ya v± uµµh±pana½ viya arogassa s±sanadhammassa tiµµhato byañjanamattena tappariy±panna½ viya hutv± challisadisa½ pubb±paraviruddhat±didosa½ uµµhapetv± parid²petv±. T±dis±ni pana eka½sato gu¼havessantar±dipariy±pann±ni hont²ti ±ha “gu¼havessantara…pe… paññ±yant²ti attho”ti. R±g±divinayeti r±g±divinayanatthena atad±k±rat±ya apaññ±yam±n±ni cha¹¹etabb±ni cajitabb±ni na gahetabb±ni. Sabbatth±ti sabbav±resu.

Mah±padesasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Sañcetaniyavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.