2. Vibhattisuttavaŗŗan±

172. Dutiye atthappabhedassa sallakkhaŗavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraŗasamattha½ atthe pabhedagata½ ń±ŗa½ atthapaµisambhid±. Atthoti cettha saŖkhepato hetuphala½. Tańhi hetuvasena araŗ²ya½ gantabba½ pattabba½, tasm± “attho”ti vuccati. Pabhedato pana ya½ kińci paccayasamuppanna½, nibb±na½, bh±sitattho, vip±ko, kiriy±ti ime pańca dhamm± “attho”ti veditabb± ta½ attha½ paccavekkhantassa tasmi½ atthe pabhedagata½ ń±ŗa½ atthapaµisambhid±. Ten±ha “pańcasu atthesu pabhedagata½ ń±ŗan”ti. ¾cikkh±m²ti-±d²su ±dito kathento ±cikkhati n±ma, uddisat²ti attho. Tameva uddesa½ pariyos±pento deseti. Yath±-uddiµµhamattha½ uddisanavasena pak±rehi ń±pento ń±peti. Pak±rehi eva tamattha½ patiµµh±pento paµµhapeti. Yath±-uddiµµha½ paµiniddisanavasena vivarati. Vivaµa½ vibhajati. Vibhatta-attha½ het³d±haraŗadassanehi p±kaµa½ karonto utt±ni½ karoti.
Tisso paµisambhid±ti dhammaniruttipaµibh±napaµisambhid±. Tattha dhammapaµisambhid± n±ma dhammappabhedassa sallakkhaŗavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraŗasamattha½ ń±ŗa½. Dhammoti ca saŖkhepato paccayo. So hi yasm± ta½ ta½ vidahati pavatteti ceva p±peti ca, tasm± “dhammo”ti vuccati. Pabhedato pana yo koci phalanibbattako hetu, ariyamaggo, bh±sita½, kusala½, akusalanti ime pańca dhamm± “dhammo”ti veditabb±, ta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhantassa tasmi½ dhamme pabhedagata½ ń±ŗa½ dhammapaµisambhid±. Niruttippabhedassa sallakkhaŗavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraŗasamattha½ nirutt±bhil±pe pabhedagata½ ń±ŗa½ niruttipaµisambhid±ti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– atthe ca dhamme ca y± sabh±vanirutti, ta½ sabh±vanirutti½ sadda½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± paccavekkhantassa tasmi½ sabh±vanirutt±bhil±pe pabhedagata½ ń±ŗa½ niruttipaµisambhid±ti.
Evamaya½ niruttipaµisambhid± sadd±rammaŗ± n±ma j±t±, na pańńatti-±rammaŗ±. Kasm±? Yasm± sadda½ sutv± “aya½ sabh±vanirutt²”ti j±nanti. Paµisambhid±ppatto hi “phasso”ti vutte “aya½ sabh±vanirutt²”ti j±n±ti, “phass±”ti v± “phassan”ti v± vutte pana “aya½ asabh±vanirutt²”ti j±n±ti. Vedan±d²supi eseva nayo. Ańńa½ panesa n±m±khy±ta-upasaggabyańjanasadda½ j±n±ti na j±n±t²ti? Yadaggena sadda½ j±nitv± “aya½ sabh±vanirutti, aya½ asabh±vanirutt²”ti j±n±ti, tadaggena tampi j±nissat²ti. Ta½ pana “nayida½ paµisambhid±kiccan”ti paµikkhipitv± ida½ vatthu kathita½–
Tissadattatthero kira bodhimaŗ¹e suvaŗŗasal±ka½ gahetv± “aµµh±rasasu bh±s±su katarabh±s±ya kathem²”ti pav±resi. Ta½ pana tena attano uggahe µhatv± pav±rita½, na paµisambhid±ya µhitena. So hi mah±pańńat±ya ta½ ta½ bh±sa½ kath±petv± uggahetv± eva½ pav±resi. “Bh±sa½ n±ma satt± uggaŗhant²”ti vatv± panettha ida½ kathita½. M±t±pitaro hi daharak±le kum±rake mańce v± p²µhe v± nipajj±petv± ta½ ta½ kathayam±n± t±ni t±ni kicc±ni karonti. D±rak± tesa½ ta½ ta½ bh±sa½ vavatth±penti “imin± ida½ vuttan”ti. Gacchante gacchante k±le sabbampi bh±sa½ j±nanti. M±t± dami¼², pit± andhako. Tesa½ j±to d±rako sace m±tukatha½ paµhama½ suŗ±ti, dami¼abh±sa½ bh±sissati. Sace pitukatha½ paµhama½ suŗ±ti, andhakabh±sa½ bh±sissati. Ubhinnampi pana katha½ assuŗanto m±gadhabh±sa½ bh±sissati. Yopi ag±make mah±-arańńe nibbatto, tattha ańńo kathento n±ma natthi. Sopi attano dhammat±ya vacana½ samuµµh±pento, m±gadhabh±sameva bh±sissati. Niraye, tiracch±nayoniya½, pettivisaye, manussaloke, devaloketi sabbattha m±gadhabh±s±va ussann±, ses± oµµakir±ta-andhakayonakadami¼abh±s±dik± aµµh±rasa bh±s± parivattanti, k±lantarena ańńath± honti ca nassanti ca.
Ayamevek± yath±bhuccabrahmavoh±ra-ariyavoh±rasaŖkh±t± m±gadhabh±s± na parivattati. S± hi katthaci kad±ci parivattant²pi na sabbattha sabbad± sabbath±va parivattati, kappavin±sepi tiµµhatiyeva. Samm±sambuddhopi hi tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ tanti½ ±ropento m±gadhabh±s±ya eva ±ropesi. Kasm±? Evańhi ±haritu½ sukha½ hoti. M±gadhabh±s±ya hi tanti½ ±ru¼hassa buddhavacanassa paµisambhid±ppatt±na½ sotapath±gamanameva papańco. Tena saŖghaµitamatteneva nayasatena nayasahassena attho upaµµh±ti. Ańń±ya bh±s±ya tanti½ ±ru¼haka½ sodhetv± uggahetabba½ hoti, bahumpi uggahetv± pana puthujjanassa paµisambhid±ppatti n±ma natthi, ariyas±vako nopaµisambhid±ppatto n±ma natthi.
Paµibh±nappabhedassa sallakkhaŗavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraŗasamattha½ paµibh±ne pabhedagata½ ń±ŗa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±. Atthadhamm±divisayesu hi t²su ń±ŗesu “im±ni ń±ŗ±ni idamatthajotak±n²”ti (vibha. 725-731) eva½ pavattań±ŗasseta½ adhivacana½. Im± pana catasso paµisambhid± dv²su µh±nesu pabheda½ gacchanti, pańcahi k±raŗehi visad± hont²ti veditabb±. Katamesu dv²su? Sekkhabh³miyańca asekkhabh³miyańca, tattha s±riputtattherassa mah±moggall±nattherassa mah±kassapattherassa mah±kacc±yanattherassa mah±koµµhikattherass±ti as²tiy±pi mah±ther±na½ paµisambhid± asekkhabh³miya½ pabhedagat±. ¾nandattherassa, cittassa gahapatino, dhammikassa up±sakassa, up±lissa gahapatino, khujjuttar±ya up±sik±y±ti evam±d²na½ paµisambhid± sekkhabh³miya½ pabhedagat±ti im±su dv²su bh³m²su pabheda½ gacchanti. Pabhedo n±ma maggehi adhigat±na½ paµisambhid±na½ pabhedagamana½.
Katamehi pańcahi k±raŗehi paµisambhid± visad± hont²ti? Adhigamena, pariyattiy±, savanena paripucch±ya, pubbayogena. Tattha adhigamo n±ma arahatta½. Tańhi pattassa paµisambhid± visad± honti. Savana½ n±ma dhammassavana½. Sakkacca½ suŗantassa hi paµisambhid± visad± honti. Paripucch± n±ma aµµhakath±. Uggahitap±¼iy± attha½ kathentassa hi paµisambhid± visad± honti. Pubbayogo n±ma pubbayog±vacarat± haraŗapacc±haraŗanayena parihaµakammaµµh±nat±. Pubbayog±vacarassa hi paµisambhid± visad± honti.
Etesu pana pariyatti, savana½, paripucch±ti im±ni t²ŗi pabhedasseva balavak±raŗ±ni, pubbayogo adhigamassa balavapaccayo. Pabhedassa hoti na hot²ti? Hoti, na pana yath± adhigamassa balavapaccayo hoti, tath± pabhedassa. Pariyattisavanaparipucch± hi pubbe hontu v± m± v±, pubbayogena pana pubbe ceva etarahi ca saŖkh±rasammasana½ vin± paµisambhid±dhigamo n±ma natthi. Ime pana dvepi ekato hutv± paµisambhid± upatthambhetv± visad± hont²ti.

Vibhattisuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.