(10) 5. B±lavaggavaººan±

99. Pañcamassa paµhame an±gata½ bh±ra½ vahat²ti attano asampatta½ bh±ra½ vahati. Atherova sam±no therehi vahitabba½ b²janagg±hadhammajjhesan±dibh±ra½ vahat²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Aµµhakath±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 159-160) pana yasm± sammajjan±dinavavidha½ pubbakicca½ ±ºatteneva k±tabba½, p±timokkhañca ±ºatteneva uddisitabba½, tasm± ta½ sabba½ vin± ±ºattiy± karonto an±gata½ bh±ra½ vahati n±m±ti dassetu½ “sammajjan² pad²po”ti-±di vutta½. Yañhi “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, uposath±g±ra½ sammajjitun”ti-±din± nayena p±¼iya½ ±gata½. Aµµhakath±su ca–
“Sammajjan² pad²po ca, udaka½ ±sanena ca;
uposathassa et±ni, ‘pubbakaraºan’ti vuccati.
“Chandap±risuddhi-utukkh±na½, bhikkhugaºan± ca ov±do;
uposathassa et±ni, ‘pubbakiccan’ti vuccat²”ti. (Mah±va. aµµha 168)–

Eva½ dv²hi n±mehi navavidha½ pubbakicca½ dassita½, ta½ akatv± uposatha½ k±tu½ na vaµµati. Tasm± “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, therena bhikkhun± nava½ bhikkhu½ ±º±petun”ti vacanato therena ±ºattena agil±nena bhikkhun± uposath±g±ra½ sammajjitabba½, p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ upaµµhapetabba½, ±sana½ paññ±petabba½, pad²po k±tabbo, akaronto dukkaµa½ ±pajjati.

Therenapi patir³pa½ ñatv± ±º±petabba½, ±º±pentenapi ya½ kiñci kamma½ karonto v± sad± k±lameva eko v± bh±ranittharaºako v± sarabh±ºakadhammakathik±d²su v± aññataro na uposath±g±rasammajjanattha½ ±º±petabbo, avases± pana v±rena ±º±petabb±. Sace ±ºatto sammajjani½ t±vak±likampi na labhati, s±kh±bhaªga½ kappiya½ k±retv± sammajjitabba½, tampi alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti. Pad²pakaraºepi vuttanayeneva ±º±petabbo, ±º±pentena ca “amukasmi½ n±ma ok±se tela½ v± kapallik± v± atthi, ta½ gahetv± karoh²”ti vattabbo. Sace tel±d²ni natthi, pariyesitabb±ni. Pariyesitv± alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti. Api ca kap±le aggi j±letabbo. ¾sanapaññ±pan±ºattiyampi vuttanayeneva ±º±petabbo, ±ºattena ca sace uposath±g±re ±san±ni natthi, saªghik±v±sato ±haritv± paññ±petv± puna ±haritabb±ni, ±sanesu asati kaµas±rakepi taµµik±yopi paññ±petu½ vaµµati, t±supi asati s±kh±bhaªg±ni kappiya½ k±retv± paññ±petabb±ni. Kappiyak±raka½ alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti.
Chandap±risuddh²ti ettha uposathakaraºattha½ sannipatite saªghe bahi uposatha½ katv± ±gatena sannip±taµµh±na½ gantv± k±yas±maggi½ adentena chando d±tabbo. Yopi gil±no v± kiccappasuto v±, tena p±risuddhi½ dentena chando d±tabbo. Katha½ d±tabbo? Ekassa bhikkhuno santike “chanda½ dammi, chanda½ me hara, chanda½ me ±roceh²”ti ayamattho k±yena v± v±c±ya v± ubhayena v± viññ±petabbo. Eva½ dinno hoti chando. Akat³posathena pana gil±nena v± kiccappasutena v± p±risuddhi d±tabb±. Katha½ d±tabb±? Ekassa bhikkhuno santike “p±risuddhi½ dammi, p±risuddhi½ me hara, p±risuddhi½ me ±roceh²”ti ayamattho k±yena v± v±c±ya v± ubhayena v± viññ±petabbo. Eva½ dinn± hoti p±risuddhi. Ta½ pana dentena chandopi d±tabbo. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, tadahuposathe p±risuddhi½ dentena chandampi d±tu½, santi saªghassa karaº²yan”ti. Tattha p±risuddhid±na½ saªghassapi attanopi uposathakaraºa½ samp±deti, na avasesa½ saªghakicca½. Chandad±na½ saªghasseva uposathakaraºañca sesakiccañca samp±deti, attano pana uposatho akatoyeva hoti, tasm± p±risuddhi½ dentena chandopi d±tabbo.
Utukkh±nanti “hemant±d²na½ ut³na½ ettaka½ atikkanta½, ettaka½ avasiµµhan”ti eva½ ut³na½ ±cikkhana½. Bhikkhugaºan±ti “ettak± bhikkh³ uposathagge sannipatit±”ti bhikkh³na½ gaºan±. Idampi ubhaya½ katv±va uposatho k±tabbo. Ov±doti bhikkhunov±do. Na hi bhikkh³n²hi y±cita½ ov±da½ an±rocetv± uposatha½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Bhikkhuniyo hi “sve uposatho”ti ±gantv± “aya½ uposatho c±tuddaso, pannaraso”ti pucchitv± puna uposathadivase ±gantv± “bhikkhunisaªgho, ayya, bhikkhusaªghassa p±de vandati, ov±d³pasaªkamanañca y±cati, labhatu kira, ayya, bhikkhunisaªgho ov±d³pasaªkamanan”ti eva½ ov±da½ y±canti. Ta½ µhapetv± b±lagil±nagamiye añño sacepi ±raññako hoti, appaµiggahetu½ na labhati, tasm± yena so paµiggahito, tena bhikkhun± uposathagge p±timokkhuddesako bhikkhu eva½ vattabbo “bhikkhunisaªgho, bhante, bhikkhusaªghassa p±de vandati, ov±d³pasaªkamanañca y±cati, labhatu kira, bhante, bhikkhunisaªgho ov±d³pasaªkamanan”ti.
P±timokkhuddesakena vattabba½– “atthi koci bhikkhu bhikkhunov±dako sammato”ti. Sace hoti koci bhikkhu bhikkhunov±dako sammato, tato tena so vattabbo– “itthann±mako bhikkhu bhikkhunov±dako sammato, ta½ bhikkhunisaªgho upasaªkamat³”ti. Sace natthi, tato tena pucchitabba½– “ko ±yasm± ussahati bhikkhuniyo ovaditun”ti. Sace koci ussahati, sopi ca aµµhahi aªgehi samann±gato, ta½ tattheva sammannitv± ov±dappaµigg±hako vattabbo– “itthann±mo bhikkhu bhikkhunov±dako sammato, ta½ bhikkhunisaªgho upasaªkamat³”ti. Sace pana na koci ussahati, p±timokkhuddesakena vattabba½– “natthi koci bhikkhu bhikkhunov±dako sammato, p±s±dikena bhikkhunisaªgho samp±det³”ti. Ett±vat± hi sikkhattayasaªgahita½ sakala½ s±sana½ ±rocita½ hoti. Tena bhikkhun± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± p±µipade bhikkhun²na½ ±rocetabba½. P±timokkhampi “na, bhikkhave, anajjhiµµhena p±timokkha½ uddisitabba½, yo uddiseyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti vacanato an±ºattena na uddisitabba½. “Ther±dheyya½ p±timokkhan”ti hi vacanato saªghatthero v± p±timokkha½ uddiseyya “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, yo tattha bhikkhu byatto paµibalo, tass±dheyya½ p±timokkhan”ti vacanato navakataro v± therena ±ºatto. Dutiy±d²ni utt±natth±neva.
109. Ek±dasame na kukkucc±yitabba½ kukkucc±yat²ti na kukkucc±yitu½ yuttaka½ kukkucc±yati. S³karama½sa½ labhitv± “acchama½san”ti kukkucc±yati, “s³karama½san”ti j±nantopi “acchama½san”ti kukkucc±yati, na paribhuñjat²ti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ migama½sa½ “d²pima½san”ti, k±le santeyeva “k±lo natth²”ti, appav±retv± “pav±ritomh²”ti, patte rajasmi½ apatiteyeva “patitan”ti, att±na½ uddissa macchama½se akateyeva “ma½ uddissa katan”ti kukkucc±yati. Kukkucc±yitabba½ na kukkucc±yat²ti kukkucc±yitu½ yutta½ na kukkucc±yati. Acchama½sa½ labhitv± “s³karama½san”ti na kukkucc±yati, “acchama½san”ti j±nantopi “s³karama½san”ti na kukkucc±yati, madditv± v²tikkamat²ti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ d²pima½sa½ migama½santi…pe… att±na½ uddissa macchama½se kate “ma½ uddissa katan”ti na kukkucc±yat²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “na kukkucc±yitabbanti saªghabhogassa apaµµhapana½ avic±raºa½ na kukkucc±yitabba½ n±ma, ta½ kukkucc±yati. Kukkucc±yitabbanti tasseva paµµhapana½ vic±raºa½, ta½ na kukkucc±yat²”ti ettakameva vutta½. Tattha saªghabhogass±ti saªghassa catupaccayaparibhogatth±ya dinnakhettavatthuta¼±k±dikassa, tato uppannadhaññahiraññ±dikassa ca saªghassa bhogassa. Apaµµhapananti asa½vidahana½. Ten±ha “avic±raºan”ti. Tassev±ti yath±vuttasseva saªghabhogassa.

B±lavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.

Dutiyapaºº±saka½ niµµhita½.