3. Paµhaman±n±karaºasuttavaººan±

123. Tatiye brahmak±yik±na½ dev±nanti ettha brahm±na½ k±yo sam³hoti brahmak±yo, tappariy±pannat±ya tattha gat±ti brahmak±yik±. Et±ya ca sabbassapi brahmak±yassa samaññ±ya bhavitabba½. ¾bhassar±na½ dev±nanti-±din± pana dutiyajjh±nabh³mik±d²na½ upari gahitatt± gobal²baddaññ±yena tadavasiµµh±na½ aya½ samaññ±, tasm± “brahmak±yik±na½ dev±nan”ti paµhamajjh±nabh³mik±na½yeva gahaºa½ veditabba½. Saha byayati gacchat²ti sahabyo, sahavattanako. Tassa bh±vo sahabyat±, sahapavatt²ti ±ha “sahabh±va½ upagacchat²”ti. Kappo ±yuppam±ºanti ettha yadipi brahmap±risajj±d²na½ ±yuno antara½ atthi, ukkaµµhaparicchedena paneta½ vuttanti dassento “paµhamajjh±na½ atthi h²nan”ti-±dim±ha.
Dve kapp± ±yuppam±ºanti ettha pana h²najjh±nena nibbatt±na½ vasena aya½ paricchedo katoti dassetu½ “dutiyajjh±na½ vuttanayeneva tividha½ hot²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Catt±ro kapp±ti ettha pana ukkaµµhaparicchedena catusaµµhi kapp± vattabb±ti dassento “ya½ heµµh± vutta½ ‘kappo dve kapp±’ti kampi ±haritv± attho veditabbo”ti ±ha. Katha½ panettha ayamattho labbhat²ti ±ha “kappoti ca guºassapi n±man”ti. Tattha paµhama½ vutto kappo, tato ekena guºena, ekasmi½ v±re gaºan±y±ti attho. Dve kapp± hont²ti ekav±ragaºan±ya kappassa dviguºitatt± dve mah±kapp± hont²ti attho. Dutiyen±ti dutiyav±ragaºan±ya. Catt±roti dutiyav±ragaºan±ya dv²su kappesu dviguºitesu catt±ro mah±kapp± hont²ti attho. Puna te catt±ro kapp±ti vuttanayena dve v±re guºetv± ye catt±ro kapp± dassit±, puna te catt±ro kapp± catugguº± hont²ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– dve v±re guºetv± ye catt±ro kapp± dassit±, tesu catukkhattu½ guºitesu catusaµµhi kapp± sampajjant²ti. Tath± hi catt±ro ekasmi½ v±re guºit± aµµha honti, puna te aµµha dutiyav±re guºit± so¼asa honti, puna te so¼asa tatiyav±re guºit± dvatti½sa honti, puna te dvatti½sa catutthav±re guºit± catusaµµhi honti. Tenev±ha “imehi cat³hi guºehi guºit± ekena guºena aµµha hont²”ti-±di. Ettha ca heµµh± uposathasutte (a. ni. 3.71)–
“Y±ni m±nusak±ni paññ±sa vass±ni, c±tumah±r±jik±na½ dev±na½ eso eko rattindivo”ti–

¾din± k±m±vacaradev±nameva ±yuppam±ºa½ dassita½. Heµµh±yeva–

“Tayome, bhikkhave, puggal± santo sa½vijjam±n± lokasmi½. Katame tayo? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam±…pe… ±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. ¾k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±na½, bhikkhave, dev±na½ v²sati kappasahass±ni ±yuppam±ºan”ti (a. ni. 3.117)–

¾din± ar³p±vacar±na½yeva ±yuppam±ºa½ vutta½. Idha pana r³p±vacar±nameva ±yuppam±ºa½ dassita½. Vibhaªgap±¼iya½ (vibha. 1022) pana “manuss±na½ kittaka½ ±yuppam±ºa½, vassasata½ appa½ v± bhiyyo”ti-±din± devamanuss±nañceva r³p±r³p±vacarasatt±nañca ±yuppam±ºa½ dassita½.

Tattha samm±sambuddhena manuss±na½ dev±nañca ±yu½ paricchindam±nena cat³su ap±yesu bhummadevesu ca ±yu na paricchinna½. Ta½ kasm±ti? Niraye t±va kammameva pam±ºa½. Y±va kamma½ na kh²yati, t±va paccanti. Tath± sesa-ap±yesu. Bhummadev±nampi kammameva pam±ºa½. Tattha nibbatt± hi keci satt±hamatta½ tiµµhanti, keci a¹¹ham±sa½, kappa½ tiµµham±n±pi atthiyeva. Tattha manussesu gihibh±ve µhit±yeva sot±pann±pi honti, sakad±g±miphala½ an±g±miphala½ arahattampi p±puºanti, tesu sot±pann±dayo y±vaj²va½ tiµµhanti, kh²º±sav± pana parinibb±yanti v± pabbajanti v±. Kasm±? Arahatta½ n±ma seµµhaguºa½, gihiliªga½ h²na½, ta½ h²nat±ya uttama½ guºa½ dh±retu½ na sakkoti, tasm± te parinibb±tuk±m± v± honti pabbajituk±m± v±. Bhummadev± pana arahatta½ patt±pi y±vaj²va½ tiµµhanti, chasu k±m±vacaresu devesu sot±pannasakad±g±mino y±vaj²va½ tiµµhanti, an±g±min± r³pabhava½ gantu½ vaµµati kh²º±savena parinibb±tu½. Kasm±? Nil²yanok±sassa abh±v±. R³p±vacar±r³p±vacaresu sabbepi y±vaj²va½ tiµµhanti, tattha r³p±vacare nibbatt± sot±pannasakad±g±mino na puna idh±gacchanti, tattheva parinibb±yanti. Ete hi jh±na-an±g±mino n±ma.
Aµµhasam±pattil±bh²na½ pana ki½ niyameti? Paguºajjh±na½. Yadevassa paguºa½ hoti, tena upapajjati. Sabbesu paguºesu ki½ niyameti? Nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti. Eka½seneva hi so nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatane upapajjati. Navasu brahmalokesu nibbatta-ariyas±vak±na½ tatr³papattipi upar³papattipi, na heµµh³papatti. Puthujjan±na½ pana tatr³papattipi hoti, upar³papattipi, heµµh³papattipi. Pañcasu suddh±v±sesu cat³su ca ar³pesu ariyas±vak±na½ tatr³papattipi hoti upar³papattipi. Paµhamajjh±nabh³miya½ nibbatto an±g±m² nava brahmaloke sodhetv± matthake µhito parinibb±ti. Vehapphala½, akaniµµha½, nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatananti ime tayo devalok± seµµhabhav± n±ma. Imesu t²su µh±nesu nibbatta-an±g±mino neva uddha½ gacchanti, na adho, tattha tattheva parinibb±yant²ti ida½ pakiººaka½ veditabba½.

Paµhaman±n±karaºasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.