4. Aggapas±dasuttavaŗŗan±

34. Catutthe aggesu pas±d±ti seµµhesu pas±d±. Agg± v± pas±d±ti seµµhabh³t± pas±d±. Seµµhavacano hettha aggasaddo. Purimasmi½ atthavikappe aggasaddena buddh±diratanattaya½ vuccati. Tesu bhagav± t±va asadisaµµhena, guŗavisiµµhaµµhena, asamasamaµµhena ca aggo. So hi mah±bhin²h±ra½ dasanna½ p±ram²na½ pavicayańca ±di½ katv± bodhisambh±raguŗehi ceva buddhaguŗehi ca payojanehi ca sesajanehi asadisoti asadisaµµhenapi aggo. Ye cassa te guŗ± mah±karuŗ±dayo, tehi sesasatt±na½ guŗehi visiµµhaµµhenapi sabbasattuttamat±ya aggo. Ye pana purimak± samm±sambuddh± sabbasattehi asam±, tehi saddhi½ ayameva r³pak±yaguŗehi ceva dhammak±yaguŗehi ca samoti asamasamaµµhenapi aggo. Tath± dullabhap±tubh±vato acchariyamanussabh±vato bahujanahitasukh±vahato adutiya-asah±y±dibh±vato ca bhagav± loke aggoti vuccati. Yath±ha–
“Ekapuggalassa, bhikkhave, p±tubh±vo dullabho lokasmi½. Katamassa ekapuggalassa? Tath±gatassa arahato samm±sammuddhassa. Ekapuggalo, bhikkhave, loke uppajjam±no uppajjati acchariyamanusso. Ekapuggalo, bhikkhave, loke uppajjam±no uppajjati bahujana…pe… samm±sambuddho. Ekapuggalo, bhikkhave, loke uppajjam±no uppajjati adutiyo asah±yo appaµimo appaµibh±go appaµipuggalo asamo asamasamo dvipad±na½ aggo. Katamo ekapuggalo? Tath±gato araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti (a. ni. 1.171-173).
DhammasaŖgh± ańńadhammasaŖghehi asadisaµµhena visiµµhaguŗat±ya dullabhap±tubh±v±din± ca agg±. Tath± hi tesa½ sv±kkh±tat±disuppaµipannat±diguŗavisesehi ańńe dhammasaŖghasadis± appatara½ nih²n± v± natthi, kuto seµµh±. Sayameva tehi visiµµhaguŗat±ya seµµh±. Tath± dullabhupp±da-acchariyabh±vabahujanahitasukh±vaha-adutiy±sah±y±disabh±v± ca te. Yadaggena hi bhagav± dullabhap±tubh±vo, tadaggena dhammasaŖgh±p²ti. Acchariy±d²supi eseva nayo. Eva½ aggesu seµµhesu uttamesu pavaresu guŗavisiµµhesu pas±d±ti aggappasad±.
Dutiyasmi½ panatthe yath±vuttesu aggesu buddh±d²su uppattiy± aggabh³t± pas±d± aggappas±d±. Ye pana ariyamaggena ±gat± aveccappas±d±, te ekanteneva aggabh³t± pas±d±ti aggappas±d±. Yath±ha– “idha, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako buddhe aveccappas±dena samann±gato hot²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 5.1037-1038). Aggavip±katt±pi cete aggappas±d±. Vuttampi ceta½– “agge kho pana pasann±na½ aggo vip±ko”ti (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90).
Apad± v±ti-±d²su -saddo samuccayattho, na vikappattho. Yath± “anuppanno v± k±m±savo uppajjati, uppanno v± k±m±savo pava¹¹hat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.17) ettha anuppanno ca uppanno c±ti attho. Yath± ca “bh³t±na½ v± satt±na½ µhitiy± sambhaves²na½ v± anuggah±y±”ti ettha bh³t±nańca sambhaves²nańc±ti attho. Yath± ca “aggito v± udakato v± mithubhedato v±”ti (d². ni. 2.152) ettha aggito ca udakato ca mithubhedato c±ti attho, eva½ “apad± v±…pe… aggamakkh±yat²”ti (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) etth±pi apad± ca dvipad± c±ti sampiŗ¹anavasena attho daµµhabbo. Tena vutta½ “v±-saddo samuccayattho, na vikappattho”ti.
R³pinoti r³pavanto. Na r³pinoti ar³pino. Sańńinoti sańńavanto. Na sańńinoti asańńino. “Apad± v±”ti-±disabbapadehi k±mabhavo, r³pabhavo, ar³pabhavo, ekavok±rabhavo, catuvok±rabhavo, pańcavok±rabhavo, sańńibhavo, asańńibhavo, nevasańńin±sańńibhavoti navavidhepi bhave sattepi anavasesato pariy±diyitv± dasseti. Ettha hi r³piggahaŗena k±mabhavo, r³pabhavo, pańcavok±rabhavo, ekavok±rabhavo ca dassito, ar³piggahaŗena ar³pabhavo, catuvok±rabhavo ca dassito, sańńibhav±dayo pana sar³peneva dassit±. Apad±diggahaŗena k±mabhavapańcavok±rabhavasańńibhav±na½ ekadesova dassito.
Kasm± panettha yath± adutiyasutte “dvipad±na½ aggo”ti dvipad± eva gahit±, eva½ dvipadaggahaŗameva akatv± apad±diggahaŗa½ katanti? Vuccate– adutiyasutte t±va seµµhataravasena dvipadaggahaŗameva kata½. Imasmińhi loke seµµho n±ma uppajjam±no apadacatuppadabahupadesu na uppajjati, dvipadesuyeva uppajjati. Kataresu dvipadesu? Manussesu ceva devesu ca. Manussesu uppajjam±no sakalaloka½ vase vattetu½ samattho buddho hutv± uppajjati, devesu uppajjam±no dasasahassilokadh±tu½ vase vattanako mah±brahm± hutv± uppajjati, so tassa kappiyak±rako v± ±r±miko v± sampajjati. Iti tatopi seµµhataravasenesa dvipad±na½ aggoti tattha vutta½. Idha pana anavasesapariy±d±navasena eva½ vutta½ “y±vat±, bhikkhave, satt± apad± v±…pe… nevasańńin±sańńino v±, tath±gato tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti Niddh±raŗe ceta½ s±mivacana½. Ma-k±ro padasandhikaro, aggo akkh±yat²ti padavibh±go. Tenev±ha “guŗehi aggo”ti-±di.
Aggo vip±ko hot²ti agge samm±sambuddhe pasann±na½ yo pas±do aggo seµµho uttamakoµibh³to v±, tasm± tassa vip±kopi aggo seµµho uttamakoµibh³to u¼±ratamo paŗ²tatamo hoti. So pana pas±do duvidho lokiyalokuttarabhedato. Tesu lokiyassa t±va–
“Ye keci buddha½ saraŗa½ gat±se,
na te gamissanti ap±yabh³mi½;
pah±ya m±nusa½ deha½,
devak±ya½ parip³ressanti. (D². ni. 2.332; itivu. aµµha. 90; sa½. ni. 1.37).
“Buddhoti kittayantassa, k±ye bhavati y± p²ti;
varameva hi s± p²ti, kasiŗenapi jambud²passa. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.6; itivu. aµµha. 90).
“Sata½ hatth² sata½ ass±, sata½ assatar²rath±;
sata½ kańń±sahass±ni, ±mukkamaŗikuŗ¹al±;
ekassa padav²tih±rassa, kala½ n±gghanti so¼asi½”. (C³¼ava. 305).
“S±dhu kho, dev±naminda, buddha½ saraŗagamana½ hoti, buddha½ saraŗagamanahetu kho, dev±naminda, evamidhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraŗ± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjanti. Te ańńe deve dasahi µh±nehi adhiggaŗhanti dibbena ±yun±, dibbena vaŗŗena, dibbena sukhena, dibbena yasena, dibbena ±dhipateyyena, dibbehi r³pehi, dibbehi saddehi, dibbehi gandhehi, dibbehi rasehi, dibbehi phoµµhabbeh²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.341)–

Evam±d²na½ suttapad±na½ vasena pas±daphalavisesayogo veditabbo, tasm± so ap±yadukkhavinivattanena saddhi½ sampattibhavesu sukhavisesad±yakova daµµhabbo.

Lokuttaro pana s±mańńaphalavip±kad±yako vaµµadukkhavinivattako. Sabbopi c±ya½ pas±do parampar±ya vaµµadukkha½ vinivattetiyeva. Vuttańheta½–
“Yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako attano saddha½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosapariyuµµhita½…pe… na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hoti, ujugatacittassa p±mojja½ j±yati, pamuditassa p²ti j±yati…pe… n±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±t²”ti.
Dhamm±ti sabh±vadhamm±. SaŖkhat±ti samecca sambh³ya paccayehi kat±ti saŖkhat±, sapaccay± dhamm±. Het³hi paccayehi ca na kehici kat± saŖkhat±ti asaŖkhat±, apaccayo nibb±na½. SaŖkhat±na½ pariyositabh±vena “asaŖkhat±”ti puthuvacana½. Vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²ti tesa½ saŖkhat±saŖkhatadhamm±na½ yo vir±gasaŖkh±to asaŖkhatadhammo, so sabh±veneva saŗhasukhumabh±vato santatarapaŗ²tatarabh±vato gambh²r±dibh±vato madanimmadan±dibh±vato agga½ seµµha½ uttama½ pavaranti vuccati. Yadidanti nip±to, yo ayanti attho. Madanimmadanoti-±d²ni sabb±ni nibb±navevacan±ni. Tenev±ha “vir±goti-±d²ni nibb±nasseva n±m±n²”ti. R±gamad±dayoti ±di-saddena m±namadapurisamad±dike saŖgaŗh±ti Sabb± pip±s±ti k±mapip±s±dik± sabb± pip±s±. Sabbe ±lay± samuggh±ta½ gacchant²ti k±m±lay±dik± sabbepi ±lay± samuggh±ta½ yanti. Vaµµ±n²ti kammavaµµavip±kavaµµ±ni. Taŗh±ti aµµhasatappabhed± sabb±pi taŗh±.
Aggo vip±ko hot²ti etth±pi–
“Ye keci dhamma½ saraŗa½ gat±se…pe…”. (D². ni. 2.332; sa½ ni. 1.37).
“Dhammoti kittayantassa, k±ye bhavati y± p²ti…pe…”. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.6; itivu. aµµha. 90).
“S±dhu kho, dev±naminda, dhamma½ saraŗagamana½ hoti, dhamma½ saraŗagamanahetu kho, dev±naminda, evamidhekacce…pe… dibbehi phoµµhabbeh²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.341)–

Evam±d²na½ suttapad±na½ vasena dhamme pas±dassa phalavisesayogo veditabbo.

SaŖgh± v± gaŗ± v±ti janasam³hasaŖkh±t± y±vat± loke saŖgh± v± gaŗ± v±. Tath±gatas±vakasaŖghoti aµµha-ariyapuggalasam³hasaŖkh±to diµµhis²las±mańńena sa½hato tath±gatassa s±vakasaŖgho. Aggamakkh±yat²ti attano s²lasam±dhipańń±vimutti-±diguŗavisesena tesa½ saŖgh±na½ aggo seµµho uttamo pavaroti vuccati. Yadidanti y±ni im±ni. Catt±ri purisayug±ni yuga¼avasena, paµhamamaggaµµho paµhamaphalaµµhoti idameka½ yuga¼a½, y±va catutthamaggaµµho catutthaphalaµµhoti idameka½ yuga¼anti eva½ catt±ri purisayug±ni. Aµµha purisapuggal±ti purisapuggalavasena eko paµhamamaggaµµho, eko paµhamaphalaµµhoti imin± nayena aµµha purisapuggal±. Ettha ca purisoti v± puggaloti v± ekatth±ni et±ni pad±ni, veneyyavasena paneva½ vutta½. Esa bhagavato s±vakasaŖghoti y±nim±ni yuga¼avasena catt±ri yug±ni p±µiyekkato aµµha purisapuggal±, esa bhagavato s±vakasaŖgho. ¾huneyyoti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva. Idh±pi–
“Ye keci saŖgha½ saraŗa½ gat±se…pe…”. (D². ni. 2.332; sa½. ni. 1.37).
“SaŖghoti kittayantassa, k±ye bhavati y± p²ti…pe…”. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.6; itivu. aµµha. 90).
“S±dhu kho, dev±naminda, saŖgha½ saraŗagamana½ hoti, saŖgha½ saraŗagamanahetu kho, dev±naminda…pe… dibbehi phoµµhabbeh²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.341)–

¾d²na½ suttapad±na½ vasena saŖghe pas±dassa phalavisesayogo tassa aggavip±kat± ca veditabb±. Tath± anuttariyapaµil±bho sattamabhav±dito paµµh±ya vaµµadukkhasamucchedo anuttarasukh±dhigamoti evam±di-u¼±raphalanipph±danavasena aggavip±kat± veditabb±.

G±th±su aggatoti agge ratanattaye, aggabh±vato v± pasann±na½. Agga½ dhammanti aggasabh±va½ buddhasubodhi½ dhammasudhammata½ saŖghasuppaµipatti½, ratanattayassa anańńas±dh±raŗa½ uttamasabh±va½, dasabal±disv±kkh±tat±disuppaµipannat±diguŗasabh±va½ v±. Vij±natanti vij±nant±na½. Eva½ s±dh±raŗato aggappas±davatthu½ dassetv± id±ni as±dh±raŗato ta½ vibh±gena dassetu½ “agge buddhe”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha pasann±nanti aveccappas±dena ca itarappas±dena ca pasann±na½ adhimutt±na½. Vir±g³pasameti vir±ge upasame ca, sabbassa r±gassa sabbesa½ kiles±na½ accantavir±gahetubh³te accanta-upasamahetubh³te c±ti attho. Sukheti vaµµadukkhakkhayabh±vena saŖkh±r³pasamasukhabh±vena sukhe.
Aggasmi½ d±na½ dadatanti agge ratanattaye d±na½ dadant±na½ deyyadhamma½ pariccajant±na½. Tattha dharam±na½ bhagavanta½ cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahant± p³jent± sakkaront±, parinibbuta½ bhagavanta½ uddissa dh±tucetiy±dike upaµµhahant± p³jent± sakkaront± buddhe d±na½ dadanti n±ma. “Dhamma½ p³jess±m±”ti dhammadhare puggale cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahant± p³jent± sakkaront± dhammańca ciraµµhitika½ karont± dhamme d±na½ dadanti n±ma. Tath± ariyasaŖgha½ cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahant± p³jent± sakkaront± ta½ uddissa itarasmimpi tath± paµipajjant± saŖghe d±na½ dadanti n±ma. Agga½ puńńa½ pava¹¹hat²ti eva½ ratanattaye pasannena cetas± u¼±ra½ paricc±ga½ u¼±rańca p³j±sakk±ra½ pavattent±na½ divase divase agga½ u¼±ra½ kusala½ upac²yati. Id±ni tassa puńńassa aggavip±kat±ya aggabh±va½ dassetu½ “agga½ ±y³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±y³ti dibba½ v± m±nusa½ v± agga½ u¼±ra½ parama½ ±yu pava¹¹hati upar³pari br³hati. Vaŗŗoti r³pasampad±. Yasoti pariv±rasampad±. Kitt²ti thutighoso. Sukhanti k±yika½ cetasikańca sukha½. Balanti k±yabalańceva ń±ŗabalańca.
Aggassa ratanattayassa d±na½ d±t±. Atha v± aggassa deyyadhammassa d±na½ u¼±ra½ katv± tattha puńńa½ pavattet±. Aggadhammasam±hitoti aggena pas±dadhammena d±n±didhammena ca sa½hito samann±gato acalappas±dayutto, tassa v± vip±kabh³tehi bahujanassa piyaman±pat±didhammehi yutto. Aggappatto pamodat²ti yattha yattha sattanik±ye uppanno, tattha tattha aggabh±va½ seµµhabh±va½ adhigato, aggabh±va½ v± lokuttaramaggaphala½ adhigato pamodati abhiramati paritussat²ti.

Aggapas±dasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.