Kusibandhanak±leti maº¹al±ni yojetv± sibbanak±le. Satta v±reti satta sibbanav±re. Kappabindu-apadesena kassaci vik±rassa akaraºa½ kappasantoso.
S²tappaµigh±tan±di atth±pattito sijjhat²ti mukhyameva c²varaparibhoge payojana½ dassetu½ “hirikop²nappaµicch±danamattavasen±”ti vutta½. Ten±ha bhagav± “y±vadeva hirikop²nappaµicch±danatthan”ti (ma. ni. 1.23; a. ni. 6.58; mah±ni. 206). Vaµµati, na t±vat± santoso kuppati sambh±r±na½ dakkhiºeyy±na½ al±bhato. S±raº²yadhamme µhatv±ti s²lavantehi bhikkh³hi s±dh±raºabhogibh±ve µhatv±. It²ti-±din± paµhamasseva ariyava½sassa pa½suk³likaªgatec²varikaªg±na½ tesañcassa paccayata½ dassento “iti ime dhamm± aññamaññassa samuµµh±pak± upatthambhak± c±”ti d²peti. Esa nayo ito paresu.
Santuµµho hoti vaººav±d²ti ettha catukkoµika½ sambhavati. Tattha catutthoyeva pakkho vaººitathomitoti tath± desan± kat±. Eko santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaººa½ na katheti seyyath±pi thero n±¼ako. Eko na santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaººa½ katheti seyyath±pi upanando sakyaputto. Eko neva santuµµho hoti, na santosassa vaººa½ katheti seyyath±pi thero l±¼ud±yi Eko santuµµho ceva hoti, santosassa ca vaººa½ katheti seyyath±pi thero mah±kassapo.
Anesananti ayutta½ esana½. Ten±ha “appatir³pan”ti, s±sane µhit±na½ appatir³pa½ ayogga½. Kohañña½ karontoti c²varupp±dananimitta½ paresa½ kuhana½ vimh±pana½ karonto. Uttasat²ti taºh±sant±sena upar³pari tasati. Paritassat²ti parito tassati. Yath± sabbe k±yavacippayog± tadatth± eva j±yanti, eva½ sabbabh±gehi tasati. Gadhita½ vuccati giddho, so cettha abhijjh±lakkhaºo adhippeto. Gadhita½ etassa natth²ti agadhitoti ±ha “vigatalobhagiddho”ti. Mucchanti taºh±vasena muyhana½. Tassa samussayassa adhigata½ an±panno anupagato. Anotthato anajjhotthato. Apariyonaddhoti taºhacchadanena acch±dito. ¾d²nava½ passam±noti diµµhadhammika½ sampar±yikañca dosa½ passanto. Gadhitaparibhogato nissarati eten±ti nissaraºa½ idamaµµhikat±. Ta½ paj±n±t²ti nissaraºapañño. Ten±ha “y±vadeva…pe… j±nanto”ti.
Nevatt±nukka½set²ti att±na½ neva ukka½seti na ukkhipati na ukkaµµhato dahati. Ahanti-±di ukka½san±k±radassana½. Na vambheti na h²¼eti na nih²nato dahati. Tasmi½ c²varasantoseti tasmi½ yath±vutte v²satividhe c²varasantose. K±mañcettha vuttappak±rasantosaggahaºeneva c²varahetu anesan±pajjan±dipi gahitameva tasmi½ sati tassa bh±vato, asati ca abh±vato. Vaººav±dit±-attukka½sanaparavambhan±ni pana gahit±ni na hont²ti “vaººav±d±d²su v±”ti vikappo vutto. Ettha ca dakkhoti-±di yesa½ dhamm±na½ vasenassa yath±vuttasantos±d² ijjhanti, ta½dassana½. Tattha dakkhoti imin± tesa½ samuµµh±panapañña½ dasseti. Analasoti imin± paggaºhanav²riya½, sampaj±noti imin± p±rih±riyapañña½, paµissatoti imin± tattha asammosavutti½ dasseti.
Piº¹ap±to j±nitabboti pabhedato piº¹ap±to j±nitabbo. Piº¹ap±takkhettanti piº¹ap±tassa uppattiµµh±na½. Piº¹ap±tasantoso j±nitabboti piº¹ap±tasantosappabhedo j±nitabbo. Idha bhesajjampi piº¹ap±tagatikameva. ¾haritabbato hi sappi-±d²nampi gahaºa½ kata½.
Piº¹ap±takkhetta½ piº¹ap±tassa uppattiµµh±na½ khetta½ viya khetta½. Uppajjati ettha, eten±ti ca uppattiµµh±na½. Saªghato v± hi bhikkhuno piº¹ap±to uppajjati uddissavasena v±. Tattha sakalassa saªghassa d±tabbabhatta½ saªghabhatta½. Katipaye bhikkh³ uddisitv± uddesena d±tabbabhatta½ uddesabhatta½. Nimantetv± d±tabbabhatta½ nimantana½. Sal±k±ya d±tabbabhatta½ sal±kabhatta½. Ekasmi½ pakkhe ekadivasa½ d±tabbabhatta½ pakkhika½. Uposathe uposathe d±tabbabhatta½ uposathika½. P±µipadadivase d±tabbabhatta½ p±µipadika½. ¾gantuk±na½ d±tabbabhatta½ ±gantukabhatta½. Dhuragehe eva µhapetv± d±tabbabhatta½ dhurabhatta½. Kuµi½ uddissa d±tabbabhatta½ kuµibhatta½. G±mav±si-±d²hi v±rena d±tabbabhatta½ v±rabhatta½. Vih±ra½ uddissa d±tabbabhatta½ vih±rabhatta½. Ses±ni p±kaµ±neva.
Vitakketi “kattha nu kho aha½ ajja piº¹±ya cariss±m²”ti. “Sve kattha piº¹±ya cariss±m±”ti therena vutte “asukag±me, bhante”ti k±mameta½ paµivacanad±na½, yena pana cittena cintetv± ta½ vutta½, ta½ sandh±y±ha “ettaka½ cintetv±”ti. Tato paµµh±y±ti vitakkam±¼ake µhatv± vitakkitak±lato paµµh±ya. Tato para½ vitakkento ariyava½s± cuto hot²ti ida½ tiººampi ariyava½sik±na½ vasena gahetabba½, na ekac±rikasseva. Sabbopi hi ariyava½siko ekav±rameva vitakketu½ labhati, na tato para½. Parib±hiroti ariyava½sikabh±vato bahibh³to. Sv±ya½ vitakkasantoso kammaµµh±namanasik±rena na kuppati visujjhati ca. Ito paresupi eseva nayo. Tenev±ha “kammaµµh±nas²sena gantabban”ti. Gahetabbamev±ti aµµh±nappayutto eva-saddo. Y±panamattameva gahetabbanti yojetabba½.
Etth±ti etasmi½ piº¹ap±tappaµiggahaºe. Appanti attano y±panappam±ºatopi appa½ gahetabba½ d±yakassa citt±r±dhanattha½. Pam±ºenev±ti attano pam±ºeneva appa½ gahetabba½. Pam±ºena gahetabbanti ettha k±raºa½ dassetu½ “paµiggahaºasmiñh²”ti-±di vutta½. Makkhet²ti viddha½seti apaneti. Vinip±teti vin±seti aµµh±naviniyogena. S±sananti satthus±sana½ anusiµµhi½ na karoti na paµipajjati. Sapad±nac±rin± viya dv±rapaµip±µiy± caraºa½ loluppavivajjanasantosoti ±ha “dv±rapaµip±µiy± gantabban”ti.
Har±petv±ti adhika½ apanetv±. ¾h±ragedhato nissarati eten±ti nissaraºa½. Jighacch±ya paµivinodanattha½ kat±, k±yassa µhiti-±dipayojana½ pana atth±pattito ±gatamev±ti ±ha “jighacch±ya…pe… santoso n±m±”ti. Nidahitv± na paribhuñjitabba½ tadahup²ti adhipp±yo. Itarattha pana sikkh±padeneva v±rita½. S±raº²yadhamme µhiten±ti s²lavantehi bhikkh³hi s±dh±raºabhogibh±ve µhitena.
Sen±sanen±ti sayanena ±sanena ca. Yattha yattha hi mañc±dike vih±r±dike ca seti, ta½ sena½. Yattha yattha p²µh±dike ±sati, ta½ ±sana½. Tadubhaya½ ekato katv± “sen±sanan”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “mañco”ti-±di. Tattha mañco mas±rak±di. Tath± p²µha½. Mañcabhisi, p²µhabhis²ti duvidho bhisi. Vih±ro p±k±raparicchinno sakalo ±v±so, “d²ghamukhap±s±do”ti keci. A¹¹hayogo d²ghap±s±do, “ekapassacch±danakasen±sanan”ti keci. P±s±doti caturassap±s±do, “±yatacaturassap±s±do”ti keci. Hammiyanti muº¹acchadanap±s±do. Guh±ti keval± pabbataguh±. Leºa½ dv±rabandha½. Aµµo bahalabhittikageha½, yassa gop±nasiyo aggahetv± iµµhak±hi eva chadana½ hoti, “aµµal±k±rena kar²yat²”tipi vadanti. M±¼o ekak³µasaªgahito anekakoºo paµissayaviseso, “vaµµ±k±rena katasen±sanan”ti keci.
Piº¹ap±te vuttanayenev±ti “s±dako bhikkhu ‘aha½ kattha vasiss±m²’ti vitakket²”ti-±din± yath±raha½ piº¹ap±te vuttanayeneva veditabb±. “Tato para½ vitakkento ariyava½s± cuto hoti parib±hiro, sen±sana½ kuhi½ labhiss±m²ti acintetv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva gantabban”ti ca evam±di sabba½ purimanayeneva.
Kasm± panettha paccayasantosa½ dassentena bhagavat± gil±napaccayasantoso na gahitoti? Na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabbanti dassento “gil±napaccayo pana piº¹ap±te eva paviµµho”ti ±ha, ±haritabbat±s±maññen±ti adhipp±yo. Yadi eva½ tatth±pi piº¹ap±te viya vitakkasantos±dayopi pannarasa santos± icchitabb±ti? Noti dassento ±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Nanu cettha dv±daseva dhutaªg±ni viniyoga½ gat±ni, eka½ pana nesajjikaªga½ na katthaci viniyuttanti ±ha “nesajjikaªga½ bh±van±r±ma-ariyava½sa½ bhajat²”ti. Ayañca attho aµµhakath±ru¼ho ev±ti dassento “vuttampi cetan”ti-±dim±ha.
Pathavi½ pattharam±no viy±ti-±di ariyava½sadesan±ya sudukkarabh±vadassana½ mah±visayatt± tass± desan±ya. Yasm± nayasahassapaµimaº¹ita½ hoti, ariyamagg±dhigam±ya vitth±rato pavattiyam±n± desan± cittupp±dakaº¹e ayañca bh±van±r±ma-ariyava½sakath± ariyamagg±dhigam±ya vitth±rato pavattiyam±n± eva hot²ti vutta½ “sahassanayapaµimaº¹ita½…pe… desana½ ±rabh²”ti.
Paµipakkhavidhamanato abhimukhabh±vena ramaºa½ ±ramaºa½ ±r±moti ±ha “abhirat²ti attho”ti. Byadhikaraº±nampi pad±na½ vasena bhavati b±hiratthasam±so yath± “urasilomo kaºµhek±¼o”ti ±ha “bh±van±ya ±r±mo ass±ti bh±van±r±mo”ti. Abhiramitabbaµµhena v± ±r±mo, bh±van± ±r±mo ass±ti bh±van±r±moti evampettha sam±sayojan± veditabb±. Bh±vento ramat²ti etena bh±van±r±masadd±na½ kattus±dhanata½ kammadh±rayasam±satañca dasseti. “Pajahanto ramat²”ti vuttatt± pah±n±r±moti etth±pi eseva nayo.
K±ma½ “nesajjikaªga½ bh±van±r±ma-ariyava½sa½ bhajat²”ti vutta½ bh±van±nuyogassa anucchavikatt±, nesajjikaªgavasena pana nesajjikassa bhikkhuno ekacc±hi ±patt²hi an±pattibh±voti tampi saªgaºhanto “terasanna½ dhutaªg±nan”ti vatv± vinaya½ patv± garuke µh±tabbanti icchitatt± sallekhassa apariccajanavasena paµipatti n±ma vinaye µhitassev±ti ±ha “terasanna½…pe… kathita½ hot²”ti. K±ma½ sutt±bhidhammapiµakesupi tattha tattha s²lakath± ±haµ±yeva, yehi pana guºehi s²lassa vod±na½ hoti, tesu kathitesu yath± s²lakath±b±hulla½ vinayapiµaka½ kathita½ hoti, eva½ bh±van±kath±b±hulla½ suttapiµaka½ abhidhammapiµakañca catutthena ariyava½sena kathitena kathitameva hot²ti vutta½ “bh±van±r±mena avasesa½ piµakadvaya½ kathitan”ti. “So nekkhamma½ bh±vento ramat²”ti nekkhammapada½ ±di½ katv± tattha desan±ya pavattatt± sabbesampi v± samathavipassan±maggadhamm±na½ yath±saka½ paµipakkhato nikkhamanena nekkhammasaññit±na½ tattha ±gatatt± so p±µho nekkhammap±¼²ti vuccat²ti ±ha “nekkhamap±¼iy± kathetabbo”ti. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “sabbepi kusal± dham±, nekkhammanti pavuccare”ti. Dasuttarasuttantapariy±yen±ti dasuttarasuttantadhammena (d². ni. 3.350 ±dayo) dasuttarasuttante ±gatanayen±ti v± attho. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo.
Soti j±gariya½ anuyutto bhikkhu. Nekkhammanti k±mehi nikkhantabh±vato nekkhammasaññita½ paµhamajjh±n³pac±ra½, so “abhijjha½ loke pah±y±”ti-±din± (vibha. 508) ±gato. Paµhamajjh±nassa pubbabh±gabh±van± hi idh±dhippet±, tasm± “aby±p±dan”ti-±d²supi evameva attho veditabbo. Sa-up±y±nañhi aµµhanna½ sam±patt²na½ aµµh±rasanna½ mah±vipassan±na½ catunna½ ariyamagg±nañca vasenettha desan± pavatt±ti. Tattha aby±p±danti mett±. ¾lokasaññanti vibh³ta½ katv± manasikaraºena upaµµhita-±lokasañj±nana½. Avikkhepanti sam±dhi½. Dhammavavatth±nanti kusal±didhamm±na½ y±th±vanicchaya½, “sapaccayan±mavavatth±nan”tipi vadanti. Eva½ k±macchand±din²varaºappah±nena “abhijjha½ loke pah±y±”ti-±din± vuttassa paµhamajjh±nassa pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya bh±van±r±mata½ pah±n±r±matañca dassetv± id±ni saha up±yena aµµhasam±patt²hi aµµh±rasahi ca mah±vipassan±hi ta½ dassetu½ “ñ±ºan”ti-±dim±ha. N±mar³papariggahaºakaªkh±vitaraº±nañhi vibandhabh³tassa mohassa d³r²karaºena ñ±tapariññ±ya µhitassa aniccasaññ±dayo sijjhanti. Tath± jh±nasam±patt²su anabhiratinimittena p±mojjena tattha anabhiratiy± vinodit±ya jh±n±d²na½ samadhigamoti sam±pattivipassana½ arativinodana-avijj±pad±lana-up±yo. Uppaµip±µiniddeso pana n²varaºasabh±v±ya avijj±ya heµµh±n²varaºesu saªgahadassanatthanti daµµhabba½. Kiñc±pi paµhamajjh±n³pac±reyeva dukkha½, catutthajjh±n³pac±reyeva sukha½ pah²yati, atisayappah±na½ pana sandh±y±ha “catutthajjh±na½ sukhadukkhe”ti.
Aniccassa aniccanti ca anupassan± anicc±nupassan±, tebh³makadhamm±na½ aniccata½ gahetv± pavatt±ya anupassan±yeta½ n±ma½. Niccasaññanti saªkhatadhammesu nicc± sassat±ti pavatta½ micch±sañña½. Saññ±s²sena diµµhicitt±nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Esa nayo ito paresupi. Nibbid±nupassananti saªkh±resu nibbindan±k±rena pavatta½ anupassana½. Nandinti sapp²tikataºha½. Vir±g±nupassananti virajjan±k±rena pavatta½ anupassana½. Nirodh±nupassananti saªkh±r±na½ nirodhassa anupassana½. “Te saªkh±r± nirujjhantiyeva, ±yati½ samudayavasena na uppajjant²”ti eva½ v± anupassan± nirodh±nupassan±. Tenev±ha “nirodh±nupassan±ya nirodheti no samudet²”ti. Muccituk±mat± hi aya½ balappatt±ti. Paµinissajjan±k±rena pavatt± anupassan± paµinissagg±nupassan±. Paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± hi aya½. ¾d±nanti nicc±divasena gahaºa½. Santatisam³hakicc±rammaº±na½ vasena ekattaggahaºa½ ghanasaññ±. ¾y³hana½ abhisaªkharaºa½. Avatth±vises±patti vipariº±mo. Dhuvasaññanti thirabh±vaggahaºa½.
Nimittanti sam³haghanavasena, sakiccaparicchedat±ya ca saªkh±r±na½ saviggahata½. Paºidhinti r±g±dipaºidhi½. S± panatthato taºh±vasena saªkh±resu ninnat±. Abhinivesanti att±nudiµµhi. Aniccadukkh±divasena sabbadhammat²raºa½ adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±. S±r±d±n±bhinivesanti as±re s±ranti gahaºavipall±sa½. “Issarakutt±divasena loko samuppanno”ti abhiniveso sammoh±bhiniveso. Keci pana “ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nanti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) pavattasa½say±patti sammoh±bhiniveso”ti vadanti. Saªkh±resu t±ºaleºabh±vaggahaºa½ ±lay±bhiniveso. “¾layarat± ±layasammudit±”ti (d². ni. 2.64, 67; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; sa½. ni. 1.172; mah±va. 7, 8) ca vacanato ±layo taºh±, s±yeva cakkh±d²su r³p±d²su ca abhinivesavasena pavattiy± ±lay±bhinivesoti keci. Eva½ µhit± te saªkh±r± paµinissajj²yant²ti pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±. Vaµµato vigatatt± vivaµµa½ nibb±na½, tattha ±rammaºasaªkh±tena anupassanena pavattiy± vivaµµ±nupassan± gotrabhu. Sa½yog±bhinivesanti sa½yujjanavasena saªkh±resu nivesana½. Diµµhekaµµheti diµµhiy± sahaj±tekaµµhe pah±nekaµµhe ca. O¼±riketi uparimaggavajjhe kilese apekkhitv± vutta½, aññath± dassanappah±tabb±pi dutiyamaggavajjhehipi o¼±rik±ti. Aºusahagateti aºubh³te. Ida½ heµµhimamaggavajjhe apekkhitv± vutta½. Sabbakileseti avasiµµhasabbakilese. Na hi paµham±dimaggehipi pah²n± kiles± puna pah²yant²ti.
Evanti paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.41, 95) nekkhammap±¼iy± yojana½ nigametv± d²ghanik±yeti-±din± dasuttarapariy±yena (d². ni. 3.350 ±dayo) yojana½ dasseti Eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati, eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramat²ti ca nayida½ dasuttarasutte (d². ni. 3.350 ±dayo) ±gataniy±mena vutta½, tattha pana “eko dhammo bh±vetabbo, eko dhammo pah±tabbo”ti desan± ±gat±. Eva½ santepi yasm± atthato bhedo natthi, tasm± paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.41, 95) nekkhammap±¼iya½ ±gatan²h±reneva “eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati, eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramat²”ti vutta½. Esa nayo sesav±resupi.
Evanti-±din± dasuttarapariy±yena (d². ni. 3.350 ±dayo) yojana½ nigametv± id±ni satipaµµh±nasuttantapariy±yena (ma. ni. 1.105 ±dayo) yojana½ dassetu½ “majjhimanik±ye”ti-±di ±raddha½. K±mañcettha k±y±nupassan±vaseneva sa½khipitv± yojan± kat±, ekav²satiy± pana µh±n±na½ vasenapi yojan± k±tabb±. Id±ni abhidhammaniddesapariy±yena dassetu½ “abhidhamme niddesapariy±yen±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Aniccatoti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±su (visuddhi. 2.698; visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.698) vuttanayena veditabba½.
Ukkaºµhitanti adhikusalesu dhammesu pantasen±sanesu ca ukkaºµh±diñca, ananuyogoti attho. Ariyava½sap³rako dh²ro s²lav± bhikkhu ariyava½saparip³raºassa bheda½ anicchanto sam±hito vipassako ca paccayagh±tena aratiy± ratiy± ca sahit± abhibhavit± hot²ti vutta½ “aratiratisaho, bhikkhave, dh²ro”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Ariyava½sasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.