8. Ariyava½sasuttavaººan±

28. Aµµhame va½sa-saddo “piµµhiva½sa½ atikkamitv± nis²dat²”ti-±d²su dvinna½ gop±nas²na½ sandh±naµµh±ne µhapetabbadaº¹ake ±gato.
“Va½so vis±lo ca yath± visatto,
puttesu d±resu ca y± apekkh±;
va½sakka¼²rova asajjam±no,
eko care khaggavis±ºakappo”ti.–

¾d²su kaµµhake. “Bherisaddo mudiªgasaddo va½sat±lasaddo”ti-±d²su t³riyavisese, veº³tipi vuccati “Bhinnena piµµhiva½sena mato hatth²”ti-±d²su hatthi-±d²na½ piµµhivemajjhe padese. “Kulava½sa½ µhapess±m²”ti-±d²su kulanvaye. “Va½s±nurakkhako paveº²p±lako”ti-±d²su guº±nupubbiya½ guº±na½ pabandhappavattiya½. Idha pana catupaccayasantosabh±van±r±mat±saªkh±taguº±na½ pabandhe daµµhabbo. Tassa pana va½sassa kulanvaya½ guºanvayañca nidassanavasena dassetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha khattiyava½soti khattiyakulava½so. Esa nayo sesapadesupi. Samaºava½so pana samaºatanti samaºapaveº². M³lagandh±d²nanti ±di-saddena yath± s±ragandh±d²na½ saªgaho, evamettha goras±d²nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo, dutiyena pana ±di-sadena k±sikavatthasappimaº¹±d²na½.

Ariya-saddo amilakkhesupi manussesu pavattati, yesa½ nivasanaµµh±na½ ariya½ ±yatananti vuccati. Yath±ha “y±vat±, ±nanda, ariya½ ±yatanan”ti (d². ni. 2.152; ud±. 76). Lokiyas±dhujanesupi “ye hi vo ariy± parisuddhak±yasam±c±r±, tesa½ aha½ aññataro”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.35). Idha pana ye “±rak± kileseh²”ti-±din± laddhanibbacan± paµividdha-ariyasacc±, te eva adhippet±ti dassetu½ “ke pana te ariy±”ti puccha½ katv± “ariy± vuccant²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ye mah±paºidh±nakappato paµµh±ya y±v±ya½ kappo, etthantare uppann± samm±sambuddh±. Te t±va sar³pato dassetv± tadaññepi samm±sambuddhe paccekabuddhe buddhas±vake ca saªgahetv± anavasesato ariye dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha y±va s±sana½ antaradh±yati, t±va satth± dharati eva n±m±ti imameva bhagavanta½. Ye cetarahi buddhas±vak±, te ca sandh±ya paccuppannaggahaºa½. Tasmi½ tasmi½ k±le te te paccuppann±ti ce, at²t±n±gataggahaºa½ na kattabba½ siy±.
Id±ni yath± bhagav± “dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½ kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±sess±mi, yadida½ cha chakk±n²”ti chachakkadesan±ya (ma. ni. 3.420) aµµhahi padehi vaººa½ abh±si. Eva½ mah±-ariyava½sadesan±ya ariy±na½ va½sa½ “catt±rome, bhikkhave, ariyava½s± aggaññ± rattaññ± va½saññ± por±º±, asa½kiºº± asa½kiººapubb± na sa½k²yanti na sa½k²yissanti, appaµikuµµh± samaºehi br±hmaºehi viññ³h²”ti yehi navahi padehi vaººa½ abh±si, t±ni t±va ±netv± thoman±vaseneva vaººento “te kho panete”ti-±dim±ha. Agg±ti j±nitabb± sabbava½sehi seµµhabh±vato seµµhabh±vas±dhanato ca.
Rattaññ± ciraratt±ti j±nitabb± rattaññ³hi buddh±d²hi tehi ca tath± anuµµhitatt±. Va½s±ti j±nitabb±ti buddh±d²na½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti j±nitabb±. Por±º±ti pur±tan±. Na adhunappattik±ti na adhun±tan±. Avikiºº±ti na khitt± na cha¹¹it±. Ten±ha “anapan²t±”ti. Na apan²tapubb±ti na cha¹¹itapubb±, tissannampi sikkh±na½ parip³raº³p±yabh±vato na pariccattapubb±. Tato eva id±nipi na apan²yanti, an±gatepi na apan²yissantiyeva. Dhammasabh±vassa vij±nanena viññ³. Samitap±p± samaº± ceva b±hitap±p± br±hmaº± ca. Tehi appaµikuµµh± appaµikkhitt±. Ye hi na paµikkositabb±, te aninditabb±. Agarahitabb± apariccajitabbat±ya appaµikkhipitabb± hont²ti.
Santuµµhoti ettha yath±dhippetasantosameva dassentena paccayasantosavasena santuµµhoti vutta½, jh±navipassan±divasenapi idha bhikkhuno santuµµhat± hot²ti. Itar²taren±ti itarena itarena. Itarasaddo aniyamavacano dvikkhattu½ vuccam±no ya½-kiñcisaddehi sam±nattho hot²ti vutta½ “yena kenac²”ti. Sv±ya½ aniyamav±cit±ya eva yath± th³l±d²na½ aññataravacano, eva½ yath±laddh±d²nampi aññataravacanoti. Tattha dutiyapakkhasseva idha icchitabh±va½ dassento “atha kho”ti-±dim±ha. Nanu ca yath±laddh±dayopi th³l±dayo eva? Saccameta½, tath±pi atthi viseso. Yo hi yath±laddhesu th³l±d²su santoso, so yath±l±bhasantosova, na itaro. Na hi so paccayamattasannissayo icchito, atha kho attano k±yabalas±ruppabh±vasannissayopi. Th³laduk±dayo tayopi c²vare labbhanti, majjhimo catupaccayas±dh±raºo, pacchimo pana c²vare sen±sane ca labbhat²ti daµµhabba½. Ime tayo santoseti ida½ sabbasaªg±hikanayena vutta½. Ye hi parato gil±napaccaya½ piº¹ap±te eva pakkhipitv± c²vare v²sati, piº¹ap±te pannarasa, sen±sane pannaras±ti samapaññ±sa santos± vuccanti, te sabbepi yath±raha½ imesu eva t²su santosesu saªgaha½ samosaraºa½ gacchant²ti.
C²vara½ j±nitabbanti “ida½ n±ma c²vara½ kappiyan”ti j±tito c²vara½ j±nitabba½. C²varakhettanti c²varassa uppattikkhetta½. Pa½suk³lanti pa½suk³lac²vara½, pa½suk³lalakkhaºappatta½ c²vara½ j±nitabbanti attho. C²varasantosoti c²vare labbham±no sabbo santoso j±nitabbo. C²varappaµisa½yutt±ni dhutaªg±ni j±nitabb±ni, y±ni gopento c²varasantosena sammadeva santuµµho hot²ti. Khomakapp±sikakoseyyakambalas±ºabhaªg±ni khom±d²ni. Tattha khoma½ n±ma khomasuttehi v±yita½ khomapaµµac²vara½. Tath± ses±nipi. S±ºanti s±ºav±kasuttehi katac²vara½. Bhaªganti pana khomasutt±d²ni sabb±ni, ekacc±ni v± missetv± katac²vara½. Bhaªgampi v±kamayamev±ti keci. Ch±ti gaºanaparicchedo. Yadi eva½ ito aññ± vatthaj±ti natth²ti? No natthi. S± pana etesa½ anulom±ti dassetu½ “duk³l±d²n²”ti-±di vutta½. ¾di-saddena pattuººa½, som±rapaµµa½, c²napaµµa½, iddhija½, devadinnanti tesa½ saªgaho. Tattha duk³la½ s±ºassa anuloma½ v±kamayatt±. Pattuººadese sañj±tavattha½ pattuººa½. “Koseyyaviseso”ti hi abhidh±nakose vutta½. Som±radese c²nadese ca j±tavatth±ni som±rac²napaµµ±ni. Pattuºº±d²ni t²ºi koseyyassa anulom±ni p±ºakehi katasuttamayatt±. Iddhija½ ehibhikkh³na½ puññiddhiy± nibbattac²vara½, ta½ khom±d²na½ aññatara½ hot²ti tesa½ eva anuloma½. Devat±hi dinnac²vara½ devadinna½, ta½ kapparukkhe nibbatta½ j±liniy± devakaññ±ya anuruddhattherassa dinnavatthasadisa½, tampi khom±d²na½yeva anuloma½ hoti tesu aññatarabh±vato.
Im±n²ti antogadh±vadh±raºavacana½, im±ni ev±ti attho. Buddh±d²na½ paribhogayoggat±ya kappiyac²var±ni. Id±ni avadh±raºena nivattit±ni ekadesena dassetu½ “kusac²ran”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kusatiºehi aññehi v± t±disehi tiºehi katac²vara½ kusac²ra½. Akkav±k±d²hi v±kehi katac²vara½ v±kac²ra½. Catukkoºehi tikoºehi v± phalakehi katac²vara½ phalakac²ra½. Manuss±na½ kesehi katakambala½ kesakambala½. C±mariv±la-assav±l±d²hi kata½ v±lakambala½. Makacitant³hi v±yito potthako. Cammanti migacamm±di ya½ kiñci camma½. Ul³kapakkhehi ganthitv± katac²vara½ ul³kapakkha½. Bhujapattatac±dimaya½ rukkhadussa½. Tir²µakanti attho. Sukhumatar±hi lat±hi lat±v±kehi v± v±yita½ lat±dussa½. Erakav±kehi kata½ erakadussa½. Tath± kadalidussa½. Sukhumehi ve¼uvil²vehi kata½ ve¼udussa½. ¾di-saddena vakkal±d²na½ saªgaho. Akappiyac²var±ni titthiyaddhajabh±vato.
Aµµhanna½ m±tik±na½ vasen±ti “s²m±ya deti, katik±ya det²”ti-±din± (mah±va. 379) ±gat±na½ aµµhanna½ c²varuppattim±tik±na½ vasena. C²var±na½ paµil±bhakkhettadassanatthañhi bhagavat± “aµµhim±, bhikkhave, m±tik±”ti-±din± m±tik± µhapit±. M±tik±ti hi m±taro c²varuppattijanik±ti.
Sos±nikanti sus±ne patita½. P±paºikanti ±paºadv±re patita½. Rathiyanti puññatthikehi v±tap±nantarena rathik±ya cha¹¹itaco¼aka½. Saªk±rak³µakanti saªk±raµµh±ne cha¹¹itaco¼aka½. Sin±nanti nah±naco¼aka½, ya½ bh³tavejjehi sas²sa½ nah±yitv± k±lakaººico¼anti cha¹¹etv± gacchanti. Titthanti titthaco¼a½, sin±natitthe cha¹¹itapilotik±. Aggida¹¹hanti aggin± da¹¹happadesa½. Tañhi manuss± cha¹¹enti. Gokh±yit±d²ni p±kaµ±neva. T±nipi hi manuss± cha¹¹enti. Dhaja½ uss±petv±ti n±va½ ±rohantehi v± yuddha½ pavisantehi v± dhajayaµµhi½ uss±petv±, tattha baddha½ v±tena ±n²ta½ tehi cha¹¹itanti adhipp±yo.
S±dakabhikkhun±ti gahapatic²varassa s±diyanabhikkhun±. Ekam±samattanti c²varam±sasaññita½ ekam±samatta½ vitakketu½ vaµµati, na tato paranti adhipp±yo. Sabbassapi hi taºh±niggahatth± s±sane paµipatt²ti. Pa½suk³liko addham±seneva karoti aparappaµibaddhatt± paµil±bhassa, itarassa pana parappaµibaddhatt± m±samatta½ anuññ±ta½. Ida½ m±sa¹¹ham±samatta½…pe… vitakkasantoso vitakkentassa parimitak±likatt±. Mah±thera½ tattha attano sah±ya½ icchantopi garug±ravena “g±madv±ra½, bhante, gamiss±mi”iccev±ha. Theropi tassa ajjh±saya½ ñatv± “ahamp±vuso, gamiss±m²”ti ±ha. “Imassa bhikkhuno vitakkassa avasaro m± hot³”ti pañha½ puccham±no g±ma½ p±visi. Ucc±rapalibuddhoti ucc±rena p²¼ito. Tad± bhagavato dukkarakiriy±nussaraºamukhena tath±gate uppannassa p²tisomanassavegassa balavabh±vena kiles±na½ vikkhambhitatt± tasmi½yeva…pe… t²ºi phal±ni patto.
Kattha labhiss±m²ti cintan±pi l±bh±s±pubbik±ti tath± “acintetv±”ti vutta½. “Sundara½ labhiss±mi, man±pa½ labhiss±m²”ti-evam±dicintan±ya k± n±ma kath±, katha½ pana gantabbanti ±ha “kammaµµh±nas²seneva gamanan”ti. Tena c²vara½ paµicca kiñcipi na cintetabbamev±ti dasseti. Apesalo appatir³p±yapi pariyesan±ya paccayo bhaveyy±ti “pesala½ bhikkhu½ gahetv±”ti vutta½. ¾hariyam±nanti sus±n±d²su patita½ vattha½ “ime bhikkh³ pa½suk³lapariyesana½ carant²”ti ñatv± kenaci purisena tato ±n²yam±na½. Eva½ laddha½ gaºhantassap²ti eva½ paµil±bhasantosa½ akopetv± laddha½ gaºhantassapi. Attano pahonakamattenev±ti yath±laddh±na½ pa½suk³l±na½ ekapaµµadupaµµ±na½ atth±ya attano pahonakappam±ºeneva. Avadh±raºena upari pacc±sa½ nivatteti. G±me bhikkh±ya ±hiº¹antena sapad±nac±rin± viya dv±rappaµip±µiy± caraºa½ loluppavivajjana½ n±ma loluppassa d³rasamuss±ritatt±.
Y±petunti attabh±va½ pavattetu½. Dhovanupagen±ti dhovanayoggena. Paºº±n²ti ambajamb±dipaºº±ni. Akopetv±ti santosa½ akopetv±. Pahonakan²h±renev±ti antarav±sak±d²su ya½ k±tuk±mo, tassa pahonakaniy±meneva yath±laddha½ th³lasukhum±di½ gahetv± karaºa½. Timaº¹alappaµicch±danamattassev±ti niv±sana½ ce n±bhimaº¹ala½, j±ºumaº¹ala½, itarañce galav±µamaº¹ala½ j±ºumaº¹alanti timaº¹alappaµicch±danamattasseva karaºa½. Ta½ pana atthato tiººa½ c²var±na½ heµµhimantena vuttaparim±ºa½yeva hoti. Avic±retv± na vic±retv±.