5. Brahmacariyasuttavaººan±

25. Pañcame nayidanti ettha na-iti paµisedhe nip±to, tassa “vussat²”ti imin± sambandho “na vussat²”ti, ya-k±ro padasandhikaro. Ida½-saddo “ekamid±ha½, bhikkhave, samaya½ ukkaµµh±ya½ vihar±mi subhagavane s±lar±jam³le”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.91; ma. ni. 1.501) nip±tamatta½, “ida½ kho ta½, bhikkhave, appamattaka½ s²lamattakan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.27) yath±vutte ±sannapaccakkhe ±gato.
“Idañhi ta½ jetavana½, isisaªghanisevita½;
±vuttha½ dhammar±jena, p²tisañjanana½ mam±”ti. (Ma. ni. 3.387-388; sa½. ni. 1.48, 101)–

¾d²su vakkham±ne ±sannapaccakkhe. Idh±pi vakkham±neyeva ±sannapaccakkhe daµµhabbo.

Brahmacariya-saddo–
“Ki½ te vata½ ki½ pana brahmacariya½,
kissa suciººassa aya½ vip±ko;
iddh² jut² balav²riy³papatti,
idañca te n±ga mah±vim±na½.
“Ahañca bhariy± ca manussaloke,
saddh± ubho d±napat² ahumh±;
op±nabh³ta½ me ghara½ tad±si,
santappit± samaºabr±hmaº± ca.
“Ta½ me vata½ ta½ pana brahmacariya½,
tassa suciººassa aya½ vip±ko;
iddh² jut² balav²riy³papatti,
idañca me v²ra mah±vim±nan”ti.–

Imasmi½ puººakaj±take (j±. 2.22.1595) d±ne ±gato.

“Kena p±ºi k±madado, kena p±ºi madhussavo;
kena te brahmacariyena, puñña½ p±ºimhi ijjhat²”ti.–

Imasmi½ aªkurapetavatthusmi½ (pe va. 275, 277) veyy±vacce.

“Eva½ kho ta½, bhikkhave, tittiriya½ n±ma brahmacariya½ ahos²”ti imasmi½ tittiraj±take (c³¼ava. 311) pañcasikkh±padas²le.
“Ta½ kho pana me, pañcasikha, brahmacariya½ neva nibbid±ya na vir±g±ya…pe… y±vadeva brahmalok³papattiy±”ti imasmi½ mah±govindasutte (d². ni. 2.329) brahmavih±re.
“Pare abrahmac±r² bhavissanti, mayamettha brahmac±r² bhaviss±m±”ti imasmi½ sallekhasutte (ma. ni. 1.83) methunaviratiya½.
“Mayañca bhariy± n±tikkam±ma,
amhe ca bhariy± n±tikkamanti;
aññatra t±hi brahmacariya½ car±ma,
tasm± hi amha½ dahar± na m²yare”ti.–

Imasmi½ mah±dhammap±laj±take (j±. 1.10.97) sad±rasantose.

“Abhij±n±mi kho pan±ha½, s±riputta, caturaªgasamann±gata½ brahmacariya½ carit±, tapass² suda½ hom²”ti lomaha½sasutte (ma. ni. 1.155) v²riye.
“H²nena brahmacariyena, khattiye upapajjati;
majjhimena ca devatta½, uttamena visujjhat²”ti.–

Nimij±take (j±. 2.22.429) attadamanavasena kate aµµhaªgike uposathe.

“Ida½ kho pana me, pañcasikha, brahmacariya½ ekantanibbid±ya vir±g±ya…pe… ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti mah±govindasutteyeva (d². ni. 2.329) ariyamagge.
“Tayida½ brahmacariya½ iddhañceva ph²tañca vitth±rika½ b±hujañña½ puthubh³ta½ y±va devamanussehi suppak±sitan”ti p±s±dikasutte (d². ni. 3.174) sikkhattayasaªgahite sakalasmi½ s±sane. Idh±pi ariyamagge s±sane ca vattati.
Vussat²ti vus²yati, car²yat²ti attho. Janakuhanatthanti “aho ayyo s²lav± vattasampanno appiccho santuµµho mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo”ti-±din± janassa sattalokassa vimh±panattha½. Keci pana “kuhanatthanti p±picchassa icch±pakatassa sato s±mantajappana-iriy±pathanissitapaccayapaµisevanasaªkh±tena tividhena kuhanavatthun± kuhakabh±vena janassa vimh±panatthan”ti vadanti. Idh±pi ayamevattho dassito. Tenev±ha “t²hi kuhanavatth³hi janassa kuhanatth±y±”ti, janassa vimh±panatth±y±ti attho. Janal±panatthanti “evar³passa n±ma ayyassa dinna½ mahapphala½ bhavissat²”ti pasannacittehi “kenattho, ki½ ±har²yat³”ti vad±panattha½. “Janalapanatthan”tipi paµhanti, tassa p±picchassa sato paccayattha½ parikathobh±s±divasena lapanabh±vena upal±pakabh±vena janassa lapanatthanti attho. Tenev±ha “na janalapanatthanti na janassa upal±panatthan”ti.
Na itiv±dappamokkh±nisa½satthanti ettha “na l±bhasakk±rasilok±nisa½satthan”tipi paµhanti. Tattha yv±ya½ “±kaªkheyya ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ‘l±bh² assa½ c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nan’ti, s²lesvevassa parip³rak±r²”ti (ma. ni. 1.65) s²l±nisa½sabh±vena vutto catupaccayal±bho ca. Catunna½ paccay±na½ sakkaccad±nasaªkh±to ±darabahum±nagarukaraºasaªkh±to ca sakk±ro, yo ca “s²lasampanno bahussuto sutadharo ±raddhav²riyo”ti-±din± nayena uggacchanakathutighosasaªkh±to siloko brahmacariya½ vasant±na½ diµµhadhammiko ±nisa½so, tadatthanti attho. Keci pana “l±bhasakk±rasilok±nisa½satthanti p±picchasseva sato l±bh±digarut±ya l±bhasakk±rasilokasaªkh±tassa ±nisa½sassa udayassa nipph±danatthan”ti evamattha½ vadanti.
Na iti ma½ jano j±n±t³ti eva½ brahmacariyav±se sati “s²lav± kaly±ºadhammo”ti-±din± ma½ loko j±n±tu sambh±vet³ti attano santaguºavasena sambh±vanatthampi na ida½ brahmacariya½ vussat²ti sambandho. Keci pana “p±picchassa sato asantaguºasambh±van±dhipp±yena ‘iti eva½guºoti ma½ loko j±n±t³’ti na ida½ brahmacariya½ vussat²”ti evamettha attha½ vadanti. Sabbatth±pi panettha purimo purimoyeva atthavikappo sundarataro.
Atha khoti ettha ath±ti aññatthe nip±to, khoti avadh±raºe. Tena kuhan±dito aññadattha½yeva ida½, bhikkhave, brahmacariya½ vussat²ti dasseti. Id±ni ta½ payojana½ dassento “sa½varattha½ pah±natthan”ti ±ha. Tattha pañcavidho sa½varo– p±timokkhasa½varo, satisa½varo, ñ±ºasa½varo, khantisa½varo, v²riyasa½varoti. “Iti imin± p±timokkhasa½varena upeto hoti samupeto”ti-±din± (vibha. 511) nayena ±gato aya½ p±timokkhasa½varo, s²lasa½varotipi vuccati. “Rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.295; sa½. ni. 4.239; a. ni. 3.16) ±gato aya½ satisa½varo.
“Y±ni sot±ni lokasmi½, sati tesa½ niv±raºa½;
sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³mi, paññ±yete pidh²yare”ti. (Su. ni. 1041; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch±niddeso 4; netti. 4.11, 45)–

¾gato aya½ ñ±ºasa½varo. “Khamo hoti s²tassa uºhass±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.24; a. ni. 4.114; 6.58) nayena ±gato aya½ khantisa½varo.

“Uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±set²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.26; a. ni. 4.114; 6.58) nayena ±gato aya½ v²riyasa½varo.
Atthato pana p±º±tip±t±d²na½ pajahanavasena vattappaµivatt±na½ p³raºavasena ca pavatt± cetan± ceva virati ca. Saªkhepato sabbo k±yavac²sa½yamo, vitth±rato sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ av²tikkamo s²lasa½varo. Sati eva satisa½varo, satippadh±n± v± kusal± khandh±. ѱºameva ñ±ºasa½varo. Adhiv±sanavasena adoso, adosappadh±n± v± tath±pavatt± kusal± khandh± khantisa½varo, paññ±ti eke. K±mavitakk±d²na½ abhibhavanavasena pavatta½ v²riyameva v²riyasa½varo. Tesu paµhamo k±yaduccarit±d²su duss²lassa sa½varaºato sa½varo, dutiyo muµµhassaccassa tatiyo aññ±ºassa, catuttho akkhantiy±, pañcamo kosajjassa sa½varaºato pidahanato sa½varoti veditabbo. Evametassa sa½varassa atth±ya sa½varattha½ sa½varanipph±danatthanti attho.
T²hi pah±neh²ti tadaªgavikkhambhanasamucchedasaªkh±tehi t²hi pah±nehi. Pañcavidhappah±nampi idha vattu½ vaµµatiyeva. Pañcavidhañhi pah±na½ tadaªgavikkhambhanasamucchedappaµippassaddhinissaraºavasena. Tattha ya½ d²p±lokeneva tamassa paµipakkhabh±vato alobh±d²hi lobh±dikassa n±mar³paparicched±divipassan±ñ±ºehi tassa tassa anatthassa pah±na½, seyyathida½– paricc±gena lobh±dimalassa, s²lena p±º±tip±t±diduss²lyassa, saddh±d²hi assaddhiy±dikassa, n±mar³pavavatth±nena sakk±yadiµµhiy±, paccayapariggahena ahetuvisamahetudiµµh²na½, tasseva aparabh±gena kaªkh±vitaraºena katha½kath²bh±vassa, kal±pasammasanena aha½mam±ti g±hassa, magg±maggavavatth±nena amagge maggasaññ±ya, udayadassanena ucchedadiµµhiy±, vayadassanena sassatadiµµhiy±, bhayadassanena sabhaye abhayasaññ±ya, ±d²navadassanena ass±dasaññ±ya, nibbid±nupassanena abhiratisaññ±ya, muccitukamyat±ñ±ºena amuccitukamyat±ya, upekkh±ñ±ºena anupekkh±ya, anulomena dhammaµµhitiya½ nibb±ne ca paµilomabh±vassa, gotrabhun± saªkh±ranimittagg±hassa pah±na½, eta½ tadaªgappah±na½ n±ma.
Ya½ pana upac±rappan±bhedena sam±dhin± pavattibh±vaniv±raºato ghaµappah±reneva udakapiµµhe sev±lassa, tesa½ tesa½ n²varaº±didhamm±na½ pah±na½, eta½ vikkhambhanappah±na½ n±ma. Ya½ catunna½ ariyamagg±na½ bh±vitatt± ta½ta½maggavato attano sant±ne “diµµhigat±na½ pah±n±y±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 277; vibha. 628) nayena vuttassa samudayapakkhiyassa kilesagahaºassa accanta½ appavattibh±vena samucchindana½, eta½ samucchedappah±na½ n±ma. Ya½ pana phalakkhaºe paµippassaddhattha½ kiles±na½, eta½ paµippassaddhippah±na½ n±ma. Ya½ sabbasaªkhatanissaµatt± pah²nasabbasaªkhata½ nibb±na½, eta½ nissaraºappah±na½ n±ma Tassa pañcavidhassapi tath± tath± r±g±dikiles±na½ paµinissajjanaµµhena samatikkamanaµµhena v± pah±nassa atth±ya, pah±nas±dhanatthanti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
Tattha sa½varena kiles±na½ cittasant±ne pavesaniv±raºa½ pah±nena ca pavesaniv±raºameva samuggh±to c±ti vadanti. Ubhayenapi pana yath±raha½ ubhaya½ sampajjat²ti daµµhabba½. S²l±didhamm± eva hi sa½varaºato sa½vara½, pajahanato pah±nanti.
An²tihanti ²tiyo vuccanti upaddav± diµµhadhammik± sampar±yik± ca. ¿tiyo hant²ti ²tiha½, anu ²tihanti an²tiha½, s±sanabrahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyañca. Atha v± ²t²hi anatthehi saddhi½ hananti gacchanti pavattant²ti ²tih±, taºh±di-upakkiles±. Natthi ettha ²tih±ti an²tiha½. ¿tih± v± yath±vuttenatthena titthiyasamay±, tappaµipakkhato ida½ an²tiha½. “Anitihan”tipi p±µho. Tassattho– “itih±yan”ti dhammesu aneka½sagg±habh±vato vicikicch± itiha½ n±ma, samm±sambuddhappaveditatt± yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjant±na½ nikkaªkhabh±vas±dhanato ca natthi ettha itihanti anitiha½, aparapattiyanti attho. Vuttañheta½ “paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³h²”ti, “atakk±vacaro”ti (d². ni. 2.67; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; sa½. ni. 1.172; mah±va. 7-8) ca. G±th±bandhasukhattha½ pana “an²tihan”ti d²gha½ katv± paµhanti. Pacchima½ panettha atthavikappa½ dassetu½ “itihaparivajjitan”ti-±di vutta½.
Nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ ogadha½ patiµµha½ p±ra½ gacchat²ti nibb±nogadhag±m², vimuttirasatt± ekanteneva nibb±nasamp±pakoti attho, ta½ nibb±nogadhag±mina½ brahmacariya½. Nibb±nogadhoti v± ariyamaggo vuccati tena vin± nibb±n±vag±haºassa asambhavato tassa ca nibb±na½ an±lambitv± appavattanato, tañceta½ ekantasamp±danena gacchat²ti nibb±nogadhag±m². Atha v± nibb±nogadhag±minanti nibb±nassa antog±mina½. Maggabrahmacariyañhi nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ karitv± tassa anto eva pavattat²ti. Imameva ca atthavikappa½ dassetu½ “nibb±nassa antog±minan”ti-±di vutta½. Soti yo so samati½sa p±ramiyo p³retv± sabbakilese bhañjitv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, so bhagav± adesayi desesi Mahanteh²ti mah±-±tumehi u¼±rajjh±sayehi. Mahanta½ nibb±na½, mahante v± s²lakkhandh±dike esanti gavesant²ti mahesino, buddh±dayo ariy±. Tehi anuy±to paµipanno.
Yath± buddhena desitanti yath± abhiññeyy±dibh±vena samm±sambuddhena may± desita½, eva½ ye eta½ maggabrahmacariya½ tadattha½ s±sanabrahmacariyañca paµipajjanti. Te diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ anus±santassa satthu mayha½ s±sanak±rino ov±dappaµikar± sakalassa vaµµadukkhassa anta½ pariyanta½ appavatti½ karissanti, dukkhassa v± anta½ nibb±na½ sacchikarissant²ti.

Brahmacariyasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.