3. Lokasuttavaººan±

23. Tatiye lokoti lujjanapalujjanaµµhena loko. Atthato purimasmi½ ariyasaccadvaya½, idha pana dukkha½ ariyasacca½ veditabba½. Ten±ha “lokoti dukkhasaccan”ti. Visa½yuttoti visa½saµµho na paµibaddho, sabbesa½ sa½yojan±na½ sammadeva samucchinnatt± tato vippamuttoti attho. Lokasamudayoti suttantanayena taºh±, abhidhammanayena pana abhisaªkh±rehi saddhi½ diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½. Lokanirodhoti nibb±na½. Sacchikatoti attapaccakkho kato. Lokanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti s²l±dikkhandhattayasaªgaho ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo. So hi lokanirodha½ nibb±na½ gacchati adhigacchati, tadattha½ ariyehi paµipajj²yati c±ti lokanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti vuccati.
Ett±vat± tath±ni abhisambuddho y±th±vato gatoti tath±gatoti ayamattho dassito hoti. Catt±ri hi ariyasacc±ni tath±ni n±ma. Yath±ha–
“Catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, tath±ni avitath±ni anaññath±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? Ida½ dukkhanti, bhikkhave, tathameta½ avitathameta½ anaññathametan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1090; paµi. ma. 2.8) vitth±ro.
Apica tath±ya gatoti tath±gato, gatoti ca avagato at²to patto paµipannoti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yasm± bhagav± sakalaloka½ t²raºapariññ±ya tath±ya avipar²t±ya gato avagato, tasm± loko tath±gatena abhisambuddhoti tath±gato. Lokasamudaya½ pah±napariññ±ya tath±ya gato at²toti tath±gato. Lokanirodha½ sacchikiriy±ya tath±ya gato pattoti tath±gato. Lokanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ tatha½ avipar²ta½ gato paµipannoti tath±gatoti. Eva½ imiss± p±¼iy± tath±gatabh±vad²panavasena attho veditabbo.
Iti bhagav± catusacc±bhisambodhavasena attano tath±gatabh±va½ pak±setv± id±ni tattha diµµh±di-abhisambodhavasenapi ta½ dassetu½ “ya½, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “cat³hi saccehi attano buddhabh±va½ kathetv±”ti vutta½, ta½ tath±gatasaddabuddhasadd±na½ atthato ninn±n±karaºata½ dassetu½ vutta½. Tath± ceva hi p±¼i pavatt±ti. Diµµhanti r³p±yatana½ daµµhabbato. Tena ya½ diµµha½ ya½ dissati, ya½ dakkhati, ya½ samav±ye passeyya, ta½ sabba½ diµµhanteva gahita½ k±lavisesassa an±maµµhabh±vato yath± “duddhan”ti dasseti. Sutanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Sutanti sadd±yatana½ sotabbato. Mutanti sanissaye indriye nissaya½ muñcitv± p±puºitv± gahetabba½. Ten±ha “patv± gahetabbato”ti. Viññ±tanti vij±nitabba½. Ta½ pana diµµh±divinimutta½ viññeyyanti ±ha “sukhadukkh±di dhamm±rammaºan”ti. Pattanti yath± tath± patv± hatthagata½, adhigatanti attho. Ten±ha “pariyesitv± v± apariyesitv± v±”ti. Pariyesitanti pattiy± attha½ pariyiµµha½. Ta½ pana patta½ v± siy± appatta½ v±, ubhayath±pi pariyesitamev±ti ±ha “patta½ v± appatta½ v±”ti. Dvayenapi dvippak±rampi patta½ dvippak±rampi pariyesita½ tena tena pak±rena tath±gatena abhisambuddhanti dasseti. Cittena anusañcaritanti te pana ap±petv± citteneva anu anu sañcarita½, viparitakkitanti attho.
P²takanti-±d²ti ±disaddena lohita-od±t±disabba½ r³p±rammaºabh±ga½ saªgaºh±ti. Sumanoti r±gavasena lobhavasena saddh±divasena v± sumano. Dummanoti by±p±davitakkavasena v± vihi½s±vitakkavasena v± dummano. Majjhattoti aññ±ºavasena, ñ±ºavasena v± majjhatto. Esa nayo sabbattha. Tattha ±disaddena saªkhasaddo, paºavasaddo, pattagandho, pupphagandho, puppharaso, phalaraso, up±dinna½, anup±dinna½, majjhattavedan± kusalakamma½ akusalakammanti evam±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Appattanti ñ±ºena asampatta½, aviditanti attho. Ten±ha “ñ±ºena asacchikatan”ti. Lokena gatanti lokena ñ±ta½. Tatheva gatatt±ti tatheva ñ±tatt± abhisambuddhatt± gatasaddena ekatta½ buddhi-atthanti attho. Gati-attho hi dh±tavo buddhi-atth± bhavant²ti akkharacintak±.
Yañca, bhikkhave, rati½ tath±gato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhat²ti yassañca vis±khapuººam±ya rattiya½ tath±-±gatatt±di-atthena tath±gato bhagav± bodhimaº¹e apar±jitapallaªke nisinno tiººa½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± uttaritar±bh±vato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ ±savakkhayañ±ºena saddhi½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ adhigacchati. Yañca ratti½ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yat²ti yassañca vis±khapuººam±ya rattiya½yeva kusin±r±ya½ upavattane mall±na½ s±lavane yamakas±l±namantare anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati. Ya½ etasmi½ antareti im±sa½ dvinna½ sa-up±disesa-anup±disesanibb±nadh±t³na½ majjhe pañcacatt±l²savassaparim±ºak±le paµhamabodhiyampi majjhimabodhiyampi pacchimabodhiyampi ya½ suttageyy±dippabheda½ dhamma½ bh±sati nidassanavasena, lapati uddisanavasena, niddisati pariniddisanavasena. Sabba½ ta½ tatheva hot²ti ta½ etthantare desita½ sabba½ suttageyy±dinavaªga½ buddhavacana½ atthato byañjanato ca an³na½ anadhika½ sabb±k±raparipuººa½ r±gamadanimmadana½ dosamadanimmadana½ mohamadanimmadana½, natthi tattha v±laggamattampi avakkhalita½, ekamuddik±ya lañchita½ viya ek±ya n±¼iy± mita½ viya ekatul±ya tulita½ viya ca ta½ tatheva hoti yassatth±ya bh±sita½, ekanteneva tassa s±dhanato, no aññath±, tasm± tatha½ avitatha½ anaññatha½. Etena tath±v±dit±ya tath±gatoti dasseti. Gada-attho aya½ gatasaddo da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv±, tasm± tatha½ gadat²ti tath±gatoti attho. Atha v± ±gadana½ ±gado, vacananti attho. Tato avipar²to ±gado ass±ti da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti evamettha padasiddhi veditabb±.
Yath±v±d²ti ye dhamme bhagav± “ime dhamm± akusal± s±vajj± viññugarahit± samatt± sam±dinn± ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattant²”ti paresa½ dhamma½ desento vadati, te dhamme ekanteneva saya½ pah±si. Ye pana dhamme bhagav±– “ime dhamm± kusal± anavajj± viññuppasatth± samatt± sam±dinn± hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattant²”ti vadati, te dhamme ekanteneva saya½ upasampajja viharati, tasm± yath±v±d² bhagav± tath±k±r²ti veditabbo. Tath± sammadeva s²l±diparip³raºavasena samm±paµipad±ya½ yath±k±r² bhagav±, tatheva dhammadesan±ya paresa½ tattha patiµµh±panavasena tath±v±d². Bhagavato hi v±c±ya k±yo anulometi, k±yassapi v±c±, tasm± yath±v±d² tath±k±r², yath±k±r² tath±v±d² ca hoti. Eva½bh³tassa ca yath± v±c±, k±yopi tath± gato pavatto. Yath± ca k±yo, v±c±pi tath± gat± pavatt±ti attho.
Abhibh³ anabhibh³toti upari bhavagga½, heµµh± av²ciniraya½ pariyanta½ katv± tiriya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su bhagav± sabbasatte abhibhavati s²lenapi sam±dhin±pi paññ±yapi vimuttiy±pi, na tassa tul± v± pam±ºa½ v± atthi. Asamo asamasamo appaµimo appaµibh±go appaµipuggalo atulo appameyyo anuttaro dhammar±j± devadevo sakk±na½ atisakko brahm±na½ atibrahm±, tato eva aya½ na kenaci abhibh³to. Dakkhat²ti sabba½ passati. Visesavacanicch±yapi abh±vato anavasesavisayo dasasaddo. Tena ya½ kiñci neyya½ n±ma, sabba½ ta½ hatthatale ±malaka½ viya passat²ti d²peti. Avipar²ta½ ±say±di-avabodhena hit³pasa½h±r±din± ca satte, bh±vaññatthatt³panayavasena saªkh±re, sabb±k±rena suciººavasit±ya sam±pattiyo, cittañca vase vattet²ti vasavatt²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.
Visa½yuttoti cat³hi yogehi visa½yutto. Ten±ha “catunna½ yog±na½ pah±nena visa½yutto”ti. Taºh±diµµhi-upayehi virahitoti sabbasmimpi loke taºh±diµµhisaªkh±tehi upayehi virahito.
Abhibhavitv± µhitoti tabbisayakilesappah±nena abhibhuyya atikkamitv± µhito. Catt±ropi ganthe mocetv± µhitoti sabbe abhijjh±k±yaganth±dike sakasant±nato mocetv± µhito. Veneyyasant±ne v± attano desan±vil±sena tesa½ pamocanoti sabbaganthappamocano. Phuµµhassa param± sant²ti assa anena kh²º±savena buddhena param± santi ñ±ºaphusanena phuµµh±ti evamettha sambandho veditabbo. Ten±ha “phuµµhass±”ti-±di. Nibb±ne kutoci bhaya½ natth²ti kutoci bhayak±raºato nibb±ne bhaya½ natthi asaªkhatabh±vena sabbaso khematt±. Ten±ha bhagav±– “khemañca vo, bhikkhave, dhamma½ desess±mi khemag±miniñca paµipadan”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 4.379-408). Nibb±nappattassa v± kutoci bhaya½ natth²ti nibb±na½ akutobhayanti evamettha attho daµµhabbo, na kutoci bhaya½ ettha etasmi½ adhigateti akutobhaya½, nibb±nanti evamettha nibbacanañca daµµhabba½.
An²gho niddukkho. Sabbakammakkhaya½ pattoti sabbesa½ kamm±na½ khaya½ pariyos±na½ accantabh±va½ patto. Upadh² sammadeva kh²yanti etth±ti upadhisaªkhayo, nibb±nanti ±ha “upadhisaªkhayasaªkh±te nibb±ne”ti. Cakkanti dhammacakka½. Pavattay²ti teparivaµµa½ dv±das±k±ra½ pavattesi Mahantehi s²l±diguºehi samann±gatatt± mahanta½. V²tas±radanti catuves±rajjayogena v²tas±rada½. Sesa½ utt±nameva.

Lokasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.