2. S²lasuttavaººan±

12. Dutiye sampannas²l±ti ettha tividha½ sampanna½ paripuººasamaªgimadhuravasena. Tattha–
“Sampanna½ s±liked±ra½, suv± bhuñjanti kosiya;
paµivedemi te brahme, na ne v±retumussahe”ti. (J±. 1.14.1)–

Ida½ paripuººasampanna½ n±ma. “Imin± p±timokkhasa½varena upeto hoti samupeto up±gato samup±gato upapanno sampanno samann±gato”ti (vibha. 511) ida½ samaªgisampanna½ n±ma. “Imiss±, bhante, mah±pathaviy± heµµhimatala½ sampanna½, seyyath±pi khuddamadhu½ an²laka½, evamass±dan”ti (p±r±. 17) ida½ madhurasampanna½ n±ma. Idha paripuººasampannavasena attha½ dassento “sampannas²l±ti paripuººas²l±”ti ±ha. Samaªgisampannavasenapi attho yujjatiyeva, tasm± sampannas²l±ti paripuººas²l± hutv±tipi s²lasamaªgino hutv±tipi evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Tattha s²lassa anavasesasam±d±nena akhaº¹±dibh±vappattiy± paripuººas²l±, sam±d±nato paµµh±ya avicchindanato s²lasamaªgino. Sam±d±navato hi accantavirodhidhamm±nuppattiy± s²lasamaªgit± veditabb±, cetan±d²na½ pana s²lanalakkhaº±na½ dhamm±na½ pavattilakkhaºena vattabbameva natthi.

Tattha “paripuººas²l±”ti imin± atthena khettadosavigamena khettap±rip³r² viya s²ladosavigamena s²lap±rip³r² vutt± hoti. Yath± hi khetta½ b²jakhaº¹a½, vappakhaº¹a½, udakakhaº¹a½, ³sakhaº¹anti catudosasamann±gata½ aparip³ra½ hoti. Tattha b²jakhaº¹a½ n±ma yattha antarantar± b²j±ni khaº¹±ni v± p³t²ni v± honti, t±ni yattha patanti, tattha sassa½ na uµµheti, khetta½ khaº¹a½ hoti, aparip³ra½ hot²ti attho. Vappakhaº¹a½ n±ma yattha akusalo b²j±ni vapanto antarantar± nip±teti. Evañhi sabbattha sassa½ na uµµheti, khetta½ khaº¹a½ hoti. Udakakhaº¹a½ n±ma yattha katthaci udaka½ atibahu½ v± hoti, na v± hoti. Tatr±pi hi sass±ni na uµµhenti, khetta½ khaº¹a½ hoti. Ðsakhaº¹a½ n±ma yattha kassako kismiñci padese naªgalena bh³mi½ catt±ro pañca v±re kasanto atigambh²ra½ karoti, tato ³sa½ uppajjati. Tatr±pi hi sassa½ na uµµheti, khetta½ khaº¹a½ hoti, t±disañca khetta½ na mahapphala½ hoti na mah±nisa½sa½. Tatr±pi bahumpi vapitv± appa½ labhati. Imesa½ pana catunna½ dos±na½ vigam± khetta½ paripuººa½ hoti, t±disañca khetta½ mahapphala½ hoti mah±nisa½sa½. Evameva khaº¹a½, chidda½, sabala½, kamm±santi catudosasamann±gata½ s²la½ aparip³ra½ hoti, t±disañca s²la½ na mahapphala½ hoti na mah±nisa½sa½. Imesa½ pana catunna½ dos±na½ vigam± s²la½ paripuººa½ hoti, t±disañca s²la½ mahapphala½ hoti mah±nisa½sa½.
“S²lasamaªgino”ti imin± panatthena s²lena samaªgibh³t± samodh±nagat± samann±gat± hutv± viharath±ti idameva vutta½ hoti. Tattha dv²hi k±raºehi sampannas²lat± hoti s²lavipattiy± ±d²navadassanena, s²lasampattiy± ca ±nisa½sadassanena. Tadubhayampi visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.14) vitth±rita½ Tattha “sampannas²l±ti ett±vat± ca kira bhagav± catup±risuddhis²la½ uddisitv± ‘p±timokkhasa½varasa½vut±’ti imin± tattha jeµµhakas²la½ vitth±retv± dasset²”ti div±vih±rav±s² sumatthero ±ha. Antev±siko panassa tepiµakac³¼an±gatthero ±ha– “ubhayatth±pi p±timokkhasa½varo bhagavat± vutto, p±timokkhasa½varoyeva hi s²la½, itar±ni pana t²ºi s²lanti vuttaµµh±na½ n±ma atth²”ti vatv± ta½ ananuj±nanto ±ha– “indriyasa½varo n±ma chadv±rarakkh±mattakameva, ±j²vap±risuddhi dhammena samena paccayuppattimattaka½, paccayanissita½ paµiladdhapaccaye idamatthanti paccavekkhitv± paribhuñjanamattaka½. Nippariy±yena p±timokkhasa½varova s²la½. Yassa so bhinno, aya½ chinnas²so viya puriso hatthap±de, ses±ni rakkhissat²ti na vattabbo. Yassa pana so arogo, aya½ acchinnas²so viya puriso j²vita½, ses±ni puna p±katik±ni katv± rakkhitu½ sakkoti. Tasm± ‘sampannas²l±’ti imin± p±timokkhasa½vara½ uddisitv± ‘sampannap±timokkh±’ti tasseva vevacana½ vatv± ta½ vitth±retv± dassento ‘p±timokkhasa½varasa½vut±’ti-±dim±h±”ti.
P±timokkhasa½varas²lena sa½vut±ti yo na½ p±ti rakkhati, ta½ mokkheti moceti ±p±yik±d²hi dukkheh²ti p±timokkhanti laddhan±mena sikkh±padas²lena pihitak±yavac²dv±r±. Eva½bh³t± ca tena upet± samann±gat± n±ma hont²ti ±ha “upet± hutv±”ti. ¾c±rena ca gocarena ca sampann±ti k±yikav±casika-av²tikkamasaªkh±tena ±c±rena, na-vesiyagocarat±disaªkh±tena gocarena ca sampann±, sampanna-±c±ragocar±ti attho. Aºuppam±ºes³ti atiparittakesu an±pattigaman²yesu. Dukkaµadubbh±sitamattes³ti apare. Doses³ti g±rayhesu akusaladhammesu. Bhayato dassanas²l±ti param±ºumattampi vajja½ sineruppam±ºa½ viya katv± bh±yanas²l±. Sabbasikkh±koµµh±ses³ti m³lapaññatti-anupaññattisabbatthapaññattipadesapaññatti-±dibhedesu. Ta½ ta½ sam±d±tabba½ sam±d±y±ti ya½ kiñci sikkh±koµµh±sesu m³lapaññatti-±dibhedesu sikkhitabba½ paµipajjitabba½ p³ritabba½ k±yika½ v±casika½ v± s²la½, ta½ sabba½ samm± ±d±ya, sammadeva sakkacca½ sabbaso ca ±diyitv±ti attho.
Udaya½ passanto pañcav²sati lakkhaº±ni passat²ti “avijj±samuday± r³pasamudayoti paccayasamudayaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati. Taºh±samuday±…pe… kammasamuday±…pe… ±h±rasamuday± r³pasamudayoti paccayasamudayaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati. Nibbattilakkhaºa½ passantopi r³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passati. R³pakkhandhassa udaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passati. Tath± avijj±samuday± vedan±samudayoti paccayasamudayaµµhena vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati. Taºh±samuday±…pe… kammasamuday±…pe… phassasamuday± vedan±samudayoti paccayasamudayaµµhena vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati. Nibbattilakkhaºa½ passantopi vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passati. Vedan±kkhandhassa udaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passat²”ti-±din± nayena ekekasmi½ khandhe pañca pañca katv± vutt±ni pañcav²sati udayalakkhaº±ni passati.
Vaya½ passanto pañcav²sati lakkhaº±ni passat²ti “avijj±nirodh± r³panirodhoti paccayanirodhaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati. Taºh±nirodh±…pe… kammanirodh±…pe… ±h±ranirodh± r³panirodhoti paccayanirodhaµµhena r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati. Vipariº±malakkhaºa½ passantopi r³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passati. R³pakkhandhassa vaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passati. Avijj±nirodh±…pe… taºh±nirodh±…pe… phassanirodh± vedan±nirodhoti paccayanirodhaµµhena vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passati. Vipariº±malakkhaºa½ passantopi vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passat². Vedan±kkhandhassa vaya½ passanto im±ni pañca lakkhaº±ni passati”ti-±din± nayena ekekasmi½ khandhe pañca pañca katv± vutt±ni pañcav²sati vayalakkhaº±ni passati. Pesitattoti nibb±na½ pati pesitacitto. Kathayant²ti tath±vidha½ bhikkhu½ buddh±dayo ariy± ±cikkhanti.
Yata½ careti v±yamam±no careyya, caªkaman±divasena gamana½ kappentopi “anuppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anupp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamat²”ti-±din± (vibha. 432) nayena vuttappadh±nav²riya½ karonto ghaµento v±yamanto yath± akusaladhamm± pah²yanti, kusaladhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti, eva½ gamana½ kappeyy±ti attho. Esa nayo sesesupi. Yatamena½ pas±rayeti eta½ pas±retabba½ hatthap±d±di½ yata½ yatam±no yath±vuttav²riyasamaªg² hutv± pas±reyya, sabbattha padh±na½ na jaheyy±ti adhipp±yo.
Id±ni yath± paµipajjanto yata½ yatanto n±ma hoti, ta½ paµipada½ dassetu½ “uddhan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha uddhanti upari. Tiriyanti parito, puratthimadis±divasena samantato dis±bh±ges³ti attho. Ap±c²nanti heµµh±. Y±vat± jagato gat²ti yattak± sattasaªkh±rabhedassa lokassa pavatti, tattha sabbatth±ti attho. Ett±vat± anavasesat± sammasanañ±ºassa visaya½ saªgahetv± dasseti. Samavekkhit±ti sam± hetun± ñ±yena avekkhit±, anicc±divasena vipassit±ti vutta½ hoti. Dhamm±nanti sattasuññ±na½. Khandh±nanti r³p±d²na½ pañcanna½ khandh±na½. Udayabbayanti udayañca vayañca. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– upari tiriya½ adhoti tidh± saªgahite sabbasmi½ loke at²t±dibhedabhinn±na½ pañcup±d±nakkhandhasaªkh±t±na½ sabbesa½ r³p±r³padhamm±na½ anicc±disammasan±dhigatena udayabbayañ±ºena pañcav²satiy± ±k±rehi udaya½, pañcav²satiy± ±k±rehi vaya½ samavekkhit± samanupassit± bhaveyy±ti.
Cetosamathas±m²cinti cittasa½kiles±na½ accantav³pasamanato cetosamathasaªkh±tassa ariyamaggassa anucchavika½ paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhi½. Sikkham±nanti paµipajjam±na½ bh±venta½ ñ±ºaparampar± nibbattenta½. Sad±ti sabbak±la½ rattiñceva div± ca. Satanti catusampajaññasamann±gat±ya satiy± satok±r². Evampettha g±th±vaººan± daµµhabb±. Sesamettha suviññeyyameva.

S²lasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.