“Samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to dhammo, suppaµipanno saªgho”ti eva½ pavatto tattha ratanattaye pas±do tappas±do, tadeva rattanattaya½ garu etass±ti taggaru, tabbh±vo taggarut±, tappas±do ca taggarut± ca tappas±dataggarut±. T±hi tappas±dataggarut±hi. Vidhutadiµµhivicikicch±sammoha-assaddhiy±dit±ya vihatakileso. Tadeva ratanattaya½ par±yaºa½ gati t±ºa½ leºanti eva½ pavattiy± tappar±yaºat±k±rappavatto cittupp±do saraºagamana½ saraºanti gacchati eten±ti. Ta½samaªg²ti tena yath±vuttacittupp±dena samann±gato. Eva½ upet²ti eva½ bhajati sevati payirup±sati, eva½ v± j±n±ti bujjhat²ti evamattho veditabbo.
Ettha ca pas±daggahaºena lokiyasaraºagamanam±ha. Tañhi pas±dappadh±na½. Garut±gahaºena lokuttara½. Ariy± hi ratanattayaguº±bhiññat±ya p±s±ºacchatta½ piya garu½ katv± passanti, tasm± tappas±dena vikkhambhanavasena vihatakileso, taggarut±ya samucchedavasen±ti yojetabba½ ag±ravakaraºahet³na½ samucchindanato. Tappar±yaºat± panettha taggatikat±ti t±ya catubbidhampi vakkham±na½ saraºagamana½ gahitanti daµµhabba½. Avisesena v± pas±dagarut± jotit±ti pas±daggahaºena aveccappas±dassa itarassa ca gahaºa½, tath± garut±gahaºen±ti ubhayenapi ubhaya½ saraºagamana½ yojetabba½.
Maggakkhaºe ijjhat²ti yojan±. Nibb±n±rammaºa½ hutv±ti etena atthato catusacc±dhigamo eva lokuttarasaraºagamananti dasseti. Tattha hi nibb±nadhammo sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena, maggadhammo bh±van±bhisamayavasena paµivijjhiyam±noyeva saraºagamanatta½ s±dheti, buddhaguº± pana s±vakagocarabh³t± pariññ±bhisamayavasena, tath± ariyasaªghaguº±. Ten±ha “kiccato sakalepi ratanattaye ijjhat²”ti. Ijjhantañca saheva ijjhati, na lokiya½ viya paµip±µiy± asammohappaµivedhena paµividdhatt±ti adhipp±yo. Ye pana vadanti “na saraºagamana½ nibb±n±rammaºa½ hutv± pavattati, maggassa adhigatatt± pana adhigatameva hoti ekacc±na½ tevijj±d²na½ lokiyavijj±dayo viy±”ti, tesa½ lokiyameva saraºagamana½ siy±, na lokuttara½, tañca ayutta½ duvidhassapi icchitabbatt±.
Tanti lokiyasaraºagamana½. Saddh±paµil±bho “samm±sambuddho bhagav±”ti-±din±. Saddh±m³lik±ti yath±vuttasaddh±pubbaªgam±. Samm±diµµhi buddhasubuddhata½, dhammasudhammata½, saªghasuppaµipattiñca lokiy±vabodhavaseneva samm± ñ±yena dassanato. Saddh±m³lik± ca samm±diµµh²ti etena saddh³panissay± yath±vuttalakkhaº± paññ± lokiyasaraºagamananti dasseti. Ten±ha “diµµhijukammanti vuccat²”ti. Diµµhiyeva attano paccayehi uju kar²yat²ti katv± diµµhi v± uju kar²yati eten±ti diµµhijukamma½, tath±pavatto cittupp±do. Evañca katv± “tappar±yaºat±k±rappavatto cittupp±do”ti idañca vacana½ samatthita½ hoti, saddh±pubbaªgamasamm±diµµhiggahaºa½ pana cittupp±dassa tappadh±nat±y±ti daµµhabba½. Saddh±paµil±bhoti imin± m±t±d²hi uss±hitad±rak±d²na½ viya ñ±ºavippayutta½ saraºagamana½ dasseti, samm±diµµh²ti imin± ñ±ºasampayutta½ saraºagamana½.
Tayida½ lokiya½ saraºagamana½. Att± sanniyy±t²yati app²yati pariccaj²yati eten±ti attasanniyy±tana½, yath±vutta½ diµµhijukamma½. Ta½ ratanattaya½ par±yaºa½ paµisaraºa½ etass±ti tappar±yaºo, puggalo cittupp±do v±, tassa bh±vo tappar±yaºat±, yath±vutta½ diµµhijukammameva. Saraºanti adhipp±yena sissabh±va½ antev±sikabh±va½ upagacchati eten±ti sissabh±v³pagamana½. Saraºagaman±dhipp±yeneva paºipatati eten±ti paºip±to. Sabbattha yath±vuttadiµµhijukammavaseneva attho veditabbo. Attapariccajananti sa½s±radukkhanissaraºattha½ attano atthabh±vassa pariccajana½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Buddh±d²na½yev±ti avadh±raºa½ attasanniyy±tan±d²supi tattha tattha vattabba½. Evañhi tadaññanivattana½ kata½ hoti.
Eva½ attasanniyy±tan±d²ni ekena pak±rena dassetv± id±ni aparehipi pak±rehi dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tena pariy±yantarehipi attasanniyy±tana½ katameva hoti atthassa abhinnatt±ti dasseti. ¾¼avak±d²nanti ±di-saddena s±t±girihemavat±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Nanu cete ±¼avak±dayo maggeneva ±gatasaraºagaman±, katha½ tesa½ tappar±yaºat±saraºagamana½ vuttanti? Maggen±gatasaraºagamanehipi “so aha½ vicariss±mi…pe… sudhammata½ (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 194). Te maya½ vicariss±ma, g±m± g±ma½ nag± naga½…pe… sudhammatan”ti (su. ni. 182) ca tehi tappar±yaºat±k±rassa paveditatt± tath± vutta½.
So panesa ñ±ti…pe… vasen±ti ettha ñ±tivasena, bhayavasena, ±cariyavasena, dakkhiºeyyavasen±ti pacceka½ “vasen±”ti pada½ yojetabba½. Tattha ñ±tivasen±ti ñ±tibh±vavasena. Eva½ sesesupi Dakkhiºeyyapaºip±ten±ti dakkhiºeyyat±hetukena paºipatanen±ti attho. Itareh²ti ñ±tibh±v±divasappavattehi t²hi paºip±tehi. Itareh²ti-±din± saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “tasm±”ti-±di vutta½. Vandat²ti paºip±tassa lakkhaºavacana½ Evar³panti diµµhadhammika½ sandh±ya vadati. Sampar±yikañhi niyy±nika½ v± aniyy±nika½ v± anus±sani½ pacc±s²santo dakkhiºeyyapaºip±tameva karot²ti adhipp±yo. Saraºagamanappabhedoti saraºagamanavibh±go.
Ariyamaggo eva lokuttara½ saraºagamananti ±ha “catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni vip±kaphalan”ti. Sabbadukkhakkhayoti sakalassa vaµµadukkhassa anupp±danirodho. Etanti “catt±ri ariyasacc±ni, sammappaññ±ya passat²”ti (dha. pa. 190) eva½ vutta½ ariyasacc±na½ dassana½.
Niccato anupagaman±divasen±ti niccanti aggahaº±divasena. Aµµh±nanti hetuppaµikkhepo. Anavak±soti paccayappaµikkhepo. Ubhayenapi k±raºameva paµikkhipati. Yanti yena k±raºena. Diµµhisampannoti maggadiµµhiy± samann±gato sot±panno. Kañci saªkh±ranti catubh³makesu saªkhatasaªkh±resu ekasaªkh±rampi. Niccato upagaccheyy±ti niccoti gaºheyya. Sukhato upagaccheyy±ti “ekantasukh² att± hoti arogo para½ maraº±”ti (d². ni. 1.76, 79) eva½ attadiµµhivasena sukhato g±ha½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Diµµhivippayuttacittena pana ariyas±vako pari¼±hav³pasamanattha½ mattahatthiparit±sito viya cokkhabr±hmaºo ukk±rabh³mi½ kañci saªkh±ra½ sukhato upagacchati. Attav±re kasiº±dipaññattisaªgahattha½ “saªkh±ran”ti avatv± “kañci dhamman”ti vutta½. Imesupi µh±nesu catubh³makavaseneva paricchedo veditabbo tebh³makavaseneva v±. Ya½ yañhi puthujjano g±havasena gaºh±ti, tato tato ariyas±vako g±ha½ viniveµheti.
M±taranti-±d²su janik± m±t±, janako pit±, manussabh³to kh²º±savo arah±ti adhippeto. Ki½ pana ariyas±vako añña½ j²vit± voropeyy±ti? Etampi aµµh±na½, puthujjanabh±vassa pana mah±s±vajjabh±vadassanattha½ ariyabh±vassa ca phaladassanattha½ eva½ vutta½. Paduµµhacittoti vadhakacittena paduµµhacitto. Lohita½ upp±deyy±ti j²vam±nakasar²re khuddakamakkhik±ya pivanamattampi lohita½ upp±deyya. Saªgha½ bhindeyy±ti sam±nasa½v±saka½ sam±nas²m±ya½ µhita½ saªgha½ “kammena uddesena voharanto anuss±vanena sal±kagg±hen±”ti (pari. 458) eva½ vuttehi pañcahi k±raºehi bhindeyya. Añña½ satth±ranti añña½ titthakara½ “aya½ me satth±”ti eva½ gaºheyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti attho.
Na te gamissanti ap±yanti te buddha½ saraºa½ gat± tannimitta½ ap±ya½ na gamissanti, devak±ya½ pana parip³ressant²ti attho. Dasahi µh±neh²ti dasahi k±raºehi. Adhigaºhant²ti adhibhavanti.
Vel±masutt±divasen±ti ettha “kar²sassa catutthabh±gappam±º±na½ catur±s²tisahassasaªkh±na½ suvaººap±tir³piyap±tika½sap±t²na½ yath±kkama½ r³piyasuvaººahiraññap³r±na½ sabb±laªk±rappaµimaº¹it±na½ catur±s²tiy± hatthisahass±na½, catur±s²tiy± assasahass±na½, catur±s²tiy± rathasahass±na½, catur±s²tiy± dhenusahass±na½, catur±s²tiy± kaññ±sahass±na½, catur±s²tiy± pallaªkasahass±na½, catur±s²tiy± vatthakoµisahass±na½, aparim±ºassa ca khajjabhojj±dibhedassa ±h±rassa pariccajanavasena sattam±s±dhik±ni satta sa½vacchar±ni nirantara½ pavattavel±mamah±d±nato ekassa sot±pannassa dinnad±na½ mahapphalatara½. Tato sata½ sot±pann±na½ dinnad±nato ekassa sakad±g±mino, tato ekassa an±g±mino, tato ekassa arahato, tato ekassa paccekabuddhassa, tato samm±sambuddhassa, tato buddhappamukhassa saªghassa dinnad±na½ mahapphalatara½, tato c±tuddisa½ saªgha½ uddissa vih±rakaraºa½, tato saraºagamana½ mahapphalataran”ti imamattha½ pak±sentassa vel±masuttassa (a. ni. 9.20) vasena. Vuttañheta½ “ya½, gahapati, vel±mo br±hmaºo d±na½ ad±si mah±d±na½, yo eka½ diµµhisampanna½ bhojeyya, ida½ tato mahapphalataran”ti-±di (a. ni. 9.20). Vel±masutt±d²ti ±di-saddena aggappas±dasutt±d²na½ (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Aññ±ºa½ vatthuttayassa guº±na½ aj±nana½ tattha sammoho, “buddho nu kho, na nu kho”ti-±din± vicikicch± sa½sayo. Micch±ñ±ºa½ tassa guº±na½ aguºabh±vaparikappanena vipar²tagg±ho. ¾di-saddena an±dar±g±rav±d²na½ saªgaho. Na mah±jutikanti na ujjala½, aparisuddha½ apariyod±tanti attho. Na mah±vipph±ranti anu¼±ra½. S±vajjoti diµµhitaºh±divasena sadoso. Lokiya½ saraºagamana½ sikkh±sam±d±na½ viya aggahitak±lapariccheda½ j²vitapariyantameva hoti, tasm± tassa khandhabhedena bhedoti ±ha “anavajjo k±lakiriy±y±”ti. Soti anavajjo saraºagamanabhedo. Satipi anavajjatte iµµhaphalopi na hot²ti ±ha “aphalo”ti. Kasm±? Avip±katt±. Na hi ta½ akusalanti.
Ko up±sakoti sar³papucch±, tasm± “ki½lakkhaºo up±sako”ti vutta½ hoti. Kasm±ti hetupucch±. Tena kena pavattinimittena up±sakasaddo tasmi½ puggale niru¼hoti dasseti Ten±ha “kasm± up±sakoti vuccat²”ti. Saddassa abhidheyyo pavattinimitta½ tadatthassa tabbh±vak±raºa½. Kimassa s²lanti k²disa½ assa up±sakassa s²la½, kittakena s²len±ya½ s²lasampanno n±ma hot²ti attho. Ko ±j²voti ko assa samm±-±j²vo? So pana micch±j²vassa parivajjanena hot²ti sopi vibhaj²yat²ti. K± vipatt²ti k± s²lassa, ±j²vassa v± vipatti. Anantarassa hi vidhi v± paµisedho v±ti. K± sampat²ti etth±pi eseva nayo.
Yo koc²ti khattiy±d²su yo koci. Tena saraºagamanamevettha k±raºa½, na j±ti-±divisesoti dasseti. Up±sanatoti teneva saraºagamanena tattha ca sakkaccakiriy±ya ±darag±ravabahum±n±diyogena payirup±sanato. Veramaºiyoti vera½ vuccati p±º±tip±t±diduss²lya½, tassa maºanato hananato vin±sanato veramaºiyo, pañca viratiyo viratippadh±natt± tassa s²lassa. Tenev±ha “paµivirato hot²”ti.
Micch±vaºijj±ti na samm±vaºijj± ayuttavaºijj± as±ruppavaºijj±. Pah±y±ti akaraºeneva pajahitv±. Dhammen±ti dhammato anapetena. Tena aññampi adhammika½ j²vika½ paµikkhipati. Samen±ti avisamena. Tena k±yavisam±diduccarita½ vajjetv± k±yasam±din± sucaritena ±j²va½ dasseti. Satthavaºijj±ti ±yudhabhaº¹a½ katv± v± k±retv± v± yath±kata½ v± paµilabhitv± tassa vikkayo. Sattavaºijj±ti manussavikkayo. Ma½savaºijj±ti s³nak±r±dayo viya migas³kar±dike posetv± ma½sa½ samp±detv± vikkayo. Majjavaºijj±ti ya½ kiñci majja½ yojetv± tassa vikkayo. Visavaºijj±ti visa½ yojetv± visa½ gahetv± v± tassa vikkayo. Tattha satthavaºijj± paroparodhanimittat±ya akaraº²y± vutt±. Sattavaºijj± abhujissabh±vakaraºato, ma½savisavaºijj± vadhahetuto, majjavaºijj± pam±daµµh±nato.
Tassev±ti pañcaveramaºilakkhaºassa s²lassa ceva pañcamicch±vaºijj±lakkhaºassa ±j²vassa ca. Vipatt²ti bhedo pakopo ca. Y±y±ti y±ya paµipattiy±. Caº¹±loti up±sakacaº¹±lo. Malanti up±sakamala½. Paµikuµµhoti up±sakanih²no. Buddh±d²su kammakammaphalesu ca saddh±vipariy±yo assaddhiya½ micch±dhimokkho, yath±vuttena assaddhiyena samann±gato assaddho. Yath±vuttas²lavipatti-±j²vavipattivasena duss²lo. “Imin± diµµh±din± ida½ n±ma maªgala½ hot²”ti– eva½ b±lajanaparikappitakot³halasaªkh±tena diµµhasutamutamaªgalena samann±gato kot³halamaªgaliko. Maªgala½ paccet²ti diµµhamaªgal±dibheda½ maªgalameva pattiy±yati. No kammanti kammassakata½ no pattiy±yati. Ito bahiddh±ti ito sabbaññubuddhas±sanato bahiddh± b±hirakasamaye. Dakkhiºeyya½ pariyesat²ti duppaµipanna½ dakkhiº±rahasaññ² gavesati. Pubbak±ra½ karot²ti d±nam±nan±dika½ kusalakiriya½ paµhamatara½ karoti. Ettha ca dakkhiºeyyapariyesanapubbak±re eka½ katv± pañca dhamm± veditabb±.
Vipattiya½ vuttavipariy±yena sampatti veditabb±. Aya½ pana viseso– catunnampi paris±na½ ratijananaµµhena up±sakova ratana½ up±sakaratana½. Guºasobh±kittisaddasugandhat±hi up±sakova paduma½ up±sakapaduma½. Tath± up±sakapuº¹ar²ko.
¾dimh²ti ±di-atthe. Koµiyanti pariyantakoµiya½. Vih±raggen±ti ovarakakoµµh±sena, “imasmi½ gabbhe vasant±na½ ida½ n±ma phala½ p±puº±t²”ti-±d²n± ta½ ta½ vasanaµµh±nakoµµh±sen±ti attho. Ajjatanti ajja icceva attho.
P±ºehi upetanti imin± tassa saraºagamanassa ±p±ºakoµikata½ dassento “y±va me j²vita½ pavattat²”ti-±d²ni vatv± puna j²vitenapi ta½ vatthuttaya½ paµip³jento saraºagamana½ rakkh±m²ti uppanna½ tassa br±hmaºassa adhipp±ya½ vibh±vento “ahañh²”ti-±dim±ha. P±ºehi upetanti hi y±va me p±º± dharanti, t±va saraºa½ upeta½. Upento ca na v±c±mattena na ekav±ra½ cittupp±damattena, atha kho p±º±na½ pariccajanavasenapi y±vaj²va½ upetanti evamettha attho veditabbo.
17-19. Sattame j±ºussoº²ti neta½ tassa m±t±pit³hi kata½ n±ma½, apica kho µh±nantarappaµil±bhaladdhanti dassento ±ha “j±ºussoº²ti µh±nantara½ kir±”ti-±di. Eka½ µh±nantaranti eka½ purohitaµµh±na½. Uºh²sa-±dikakudhabhaº¹ehi saddhi½ laddha½ tath± cassa raññ± dinnanti vadanti. Ten±ha “rañño santike ca laddhaj±ºussoºisakk±ratt±”ti. Sesamettha utt±nameva. Aµµhamanavamesu natthi vattabba½.
20-21. Dasame dunnikkhittanti duµµhu nikkhitta½ padapacc±bhaµµha½ katv± manasi µhapita½. Pajjati ñ±yati attho eten±ti pada½, attha½ byañjayati pak±set²ti byañjana½, padameva. Tenev±ha “uppaµip±µiy±…pe… byañjananti vuccat²”ti. Padasamud±yabyatirekena visu½ p±¼i n±ma natth²ti ±ha “ubhayameta½ p±¼iy±va n±man”ti. Pakaµµh±nañhi vacanappabandh±na½ ±¼iyeva p±¼²ti vuccati. Sesamettha ek±dasamañca utt±natthameva.

Adhikaraºavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.