Etadavoc±ti eta½ “ko nu kho, bhante, het³”ti-±dipucch±vacana½ avoca. Teneva “etadavoc±”ti pada½ uddharitv± duvidh± hi pucch±ti-±din± pucch±vibh±ga½ dasseti. Tattha ag±re niyutto ag±riko, tassa pucch± ag±rikapucch±. Ag±rikato añño anag±riko pabbajj³pagato, tassa pucch± anag±rikapucch±. Kiñc±pi aññattha “janako hetu, pagg±hako paccayo. As±dh±raºo hetu, s±dh±raºo paccayo. Sabh±go hetu, asabh±go paccayo. Pubbak±liko hetu, sahapavatto paccayo”ti-±din± hetupaccay± vibhajja vuccanti. Idha pana “catt±ro kho, bhikkhave, mah±bh³t± hetu catt±ro mah±bh³t± paccayo r³pakkhandhassa paññ±pan±y±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.86) viya hetupaccayasadd± sam±natth±ti dassento “ubhayampeta½ k±raºavevacanamev±”ti ±ha. Visamacariy±ti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso.
Abhikkant±ti atikkant±, vigat±ti atthoti ±ha “khaye dissat²”ti. Tath± hi “nikkhanto paµhamo y±mo”ti upari vutta½. Abhikkantataroti ativiya kantataro manoramo, t±diso ca sundaro bhaddako n±ma hot²ti ±ha “sundare dissat²”ti. Koti devan±gayakkhagandhabb±d²su ko katamo? Meti mama. P±d±n²ti p±de. Iddhiy±ti im±ya evar³p±ya deviddhiy±. Yasas±ti imin± edisena pariv±rena paricchedena ca. Jalanti vijjotam±no. Abhikkanten±ti ativiya kantena kaman²yena abhir³pena. Vaººen±ti chavivaººena sar²ravaººanibh±ya. Sabb± obh±saya½ dis±ti dasa dis± pabh±sento, cando viya s³riyo viya ca ekobh±sa½ ek±loka½ karontoti g±th±ya attho. Abhir³peti u¼±rar³pe sampannar³pe.
“Coro, coro; sappo, sappo”ti-±d²su bhaye ±me¹ita½. “Vijjha, vijjha; pahara, pahar±”ti-±d²su kodhe. “S±dhu, s±dh³”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 327.sa½. ni. 2.127; 3.35; 5.1085) pasa½s±ya½. “Gaccha, gaccha; lun±hi, lun±h²”ti-±d²su turite. “¾gaccha, ±gacch±”ti-±d²su kot³hale. “Buddho, buddhoti cintento”ti-±d²su (bu. va½. 2.44) acchare. “Abhikkamath±yasmanto, abhikkamath±yasmanto”ti-±d²su h±se. “Kaha½ ekaputtaka, kaha½ ekaputtak±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.353; sa½. ni. 2.63) soke. “Aho sukha½, aho sukhan”ti-±d²su (ud±. 20; d². ni. 3.305; c³¼ava. 332) pas±de. Ca-saddo avuttasamuccayatto. Tena garah±-asamm±n±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tattha “p±po, p±po”ti-±d²su garah±ya½. “Abhir³paka, abhir³pak±”ti-±d²su asamm±ne daµµhabba½.
Nayida½ ±me¹itavasena dvikkhattu½ vutta½, atha kho atthadvayavasen±ti dassento “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. “Abhikkantan”ti vacana½ apekkhitv± napu½sakavasena vutta½, ta½ pana bhagavato vacana½ dhammassa desan±ti katv± tath± vutta½ “bhoto gotamassa dhammadesan±”ti. Dutiyapadepi eseva nayo. Dosan±sanatoti r±g±dikilesavidhamanato. Guº±dhigamanatoti s²l±diguº±na½ samp±panato. Ye guºe desan± adhigameti, tesu padh±nabh³te t±va dassetu½ “saddh±jananato paññ±jananato”ti vutta½. Saddh±pamukh± hi lokiy± guº±, paññ±pamukh± lokuttar±
S²l±di-atthasampattiy± s±tthato, sabh±vaniruttisampattiy± sabyañjanato. Suviññeyyasaddappayogat±ya utt±napadato, saºhasukhumabh±vena duviññeyyatthat±ya gambh²ratthato. Siniddhamudumadhurasaddappayogat±ya kaººasukhato, vipulavisuddhapeman²yatthat±ya hadayaªgamato. M±n±tim±navidhamanena anattukka½sanato, thambhas±rambhanimmaddanena aparavambhanato. Hit±dhipp±yappavattiy± paresa½ r±gapari¼±h±div³pasamanena karuº±s²talato, kilesandhak±ravidhamanena paññ±vad±tato. Karav²karutamañjut±ya ±p±tharamaº²yato, pubb±par±viruddhasuvisuddhatthat±ya vimaddakkhamato. ¾p±tharamaº²yat±ya eva½ suyyam±nasukhato, vimaddakkhamat±ya hitajjh±sayappavattitat±ya ca v²ma½siyam±nahitato Evam±d²h²ti ±di-saddena sa½s±racakkanivattanato, saddhammacakkappavattanato, micch±v±davigamanato, samm±v±dapatiµµh±panato, akusalam³lasamuddharaºato, kusalam³lasa½ropanato, ap±yadv±rapidh±nato, saggamokkhadv±ravivaraºato, pariyuµµh±nav³pasamanato, anusayasamuggh±tanatoti evam±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo.
Adhomukhaµµhapitanti kenaci adhomukha½ µhapita½. Heµµh±mukhaj±tanti sabh±veneva heµµh±mukhaj±ta½. Uparimukhanti uddha½mukha½. Uggh±µeyy±ti vivaµa½ kareyya. Hatthe gahetv±ti “puratth±bhimukho uttar±bhimukho v± gacch±”ti-±d²ni avatv± hatthe gahetv± “nissandeha½ esa maggo, eva½ gaccheyy±”ti vadeyya. K±¼apakkhac±tuddas²ti k±¼apakkhe c±tuddas².
Nikkujjita½ ±dheyyassa an±dh±rabh³ta½ bh±jana½ ±dh±rabh±v±p±danavasena ukkujjeyya. Heµµh±mukhaj±tat±ya saddhammavimukha½, adhomukhaµhapitat±ya asaddhamme patitanti eva½ padadvaya½ yath±raha½ yojetabba½, na yath±saªkhya½. K±ma½ k±macchand±dayopi paµicch±dak± n²varaºabh±vato, micch±diµµhi pana savisesa½ paµicch±dik± satte micch±bhinivesanavasen±ti ±ha “micch±diµµhigahanapaµicchannan”ti. Ten±ha bhagav± “micch±diµµhiparam±ha½, bhikkhave, vajja½ vad±m²”ti (a. ni. 1.310). Sabbo ap±yag±mimaggo kummaggo “kucchito maggo”ti katv±. Samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ ujupaµipakkhat±ya micch±diµµhi-±dayo aµµha micchattadhamm± micch±maggo. Teneva hi tadubhayappaµipakkhata½ sandh±ya “saggamokkhamagga½ ±vikaronten±”ti vutta½. Sappi-±disannissayo pad²po na tath± ujjalo, yath± telasannissayoti telapajjotaggahaºa½. Etehi pariy±yeh²ti etehi nikkujjitukkujjanappaµicchannavivaraº±di-upamopamitabb±k±rehi.
Pasannak±ranti pasannehi k±tabba½ sakk±ra½. Saraºanti paµisaraºa½. Ten±ha “par±yaºan”ti. Par±yaºabh±vo ca anatthanisedhanena atthasampaµip±danena ca hot²ti ±ha “aghassa, t±t±, hitassa ca vidh±t±”ti. Aghass±ti dukkhatoti vadanti, p±patoti pana attho yutto. Nissakke ceta½ s±mivacana½. Ettha ca n±ya½ gami-saddo n²-sadd±dayo viya dvikammako, tasm± yath± “aja½ g±ma½ net²”ti vuccati, eva½ “bhagavanta½ saraºa½ gacch±m²”ti vattu½ na sakk±. “Saraºanti gacch±m²”ti pana vattabba½. Iti-saddo cettha luttaniddiµµho. Tassa c±yamattho– gamanañca tadadhipp±yena bhajana½ j±nana½ v±ti dassento “iti imin± adhipp±yen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhaj±m²ti-±d²su purimassa purimassa pacchima½ pacchima½ atthavacana½. Bhajana½ v± saraº±dhipp±yena upasaªkamana½. Sevana½ santik±vacarat±. Payirup±sana½ vattappaµivattakaraºena upaµµh±nanti eva½ sabbath±pi anaññasaraºata½yeva d²peti. “Gacch±m²”ti padassa bujjh±m²ti ayamattho katha½ labbhat²ti ±ha “yesa½ h²”ti-±di.
Adhigatamagge sacchikatanirodheti padadvayenapi phalaµµh± eva dassit±, na maggaµµh±ti te dassento “yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±ne c±”ti ±ha. Nanu ca kaly±ºaputhujjanopi yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjat²ti vuccat²ti? Kiñc±pi vuccati, nippariy±yena pana maggaµµh± eva tath± vattabb±, na itare sammattaniy±mokkaman±bh±vato. Tath± hi te eva vutt± “ap±yesu apatam±ne dh±ret²”ti. Sammattaniy±mokkamanena hi ap±yavinimuttisambhavo. Akkh±yat²ti ettha iti-saddo ±dyattho, pak±rattho v±. Tena “y±vat±, bhikkhave, dhamm± saªkhat± v± asaªkhat± v±, vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti (itivu. 90; a. ni. 4.34) suttapada½ saªgaºh±ti, “vitth±ro”ti v± imin±. Ettha ca ariyamaggo niyy±nikat±ya, nibb±na½ tassa tadatthasiddhihetut±y±ti ubhayameva nippariy±yena dhammoti vutto. Nibb±nañhi ±rammaºapaccayabh³ta½ labhitv± ariyamaggo tadatthasiddhiy± sa½vattati, tath±pi yasm± ariyaphal±na½ “t±ya saddh±ya av³pasant±y±”ti-±divacanato maggena samucchinn±na½ kiles±na½ paµippassaddhippah±nakiccat±ya niyy±n±nuguºat±ya niyy±napariyos±nat±ya ca. Pariyattidhammassa pana niyy±nikadhammasamadhigamahetut±y±ti imin± pariy±yena vuttanayena dhammabh±vo labbhati eva. Sv±yamattho p±µh±ru¼ho ev±ti dassento “na kevalan”ti-±dim±ha.
K±mar±go bhavar±goti evam±dibhedo sabbopi r±go virajjati pah²yati eten±ti r±gavir±goti maggo kathito. Ej±saªkh±t±ya taºh±ya antonijjh±nalakkhaºassa sokassa ca taduppattiya½ sabbaso parikkh²ºatt± anejamasokanti phala½ kathita½. Appaµik³lanti avirodhad²panato kenaci aviruddha½, iµµha½ paº²tanti v± attho. Paguºar³pena pavattitatt±, pakaµµhaguºavibh±vanato v± paguºa½. Sabbadhammakkhandh± kathit±ti yojan±.
Diµµhis²lasaªgh±ten±ti “y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±ya, tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± diµµhis±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324, 357; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54; a. ni. 6.12; pari. 274) eva½ vutt±ya diµµhiy±, “y±ni t±ni s²l±ni akhaº¹±ni acchidd±ni asabal±ni akamm±s±ni bhujiss±ni viññuppasatth±ni apar±maµµh±ni sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni, tath±r³pehi s²lehi s²las±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54; a. ni. 6.12; pari. 274) ca eva½ vutt±na½ s²l±nañca sa½hatabh±vena, diµµhis²las±maññen±ti attho. Sa½hatoti ghaµito, sametoti attho. Ariyapuggal± hi yattha katthaci d³re µhit±pi attano guºas±maggiy± sa½hat± eva. Aµµha ca puggala dhammadas± teti te purisayugavasena catt±ropi puggalavasena aµµheva ariyadhammassa paccakkhadass±vit±ya dhammadas±. T²ºi vatth³ni saraºanti gamanena tikkhattu½ gamanena ca t²ºi saraºagaman±ni. Paµivedes²ti attano hadayagata½ v±c±ya pavedesi.
Saraºagamanassa visayappabhedaphalasa½kilesabhed±na½ viya kattuvibh±van± tattha kosall±ya hot²ti saraºagamanesu atthakosallattha½ “saraºa½, saraºagamana½, yo ca saraºa½ gacchati, saraºagamanappabhedo, saraºagamanaphala½, sa½kileso, bhedoti aya½ vidhi veditabbo”ti vutta½ tena vin± saraºagamanasseva asambhavato. Kasm± panettha vod±na½ na gahita½, nanu vod±navibh±van±pi tattha kosall±ya hot²ti? Saccameta½, ta½ pana sa½kilesaggahaºena atthato d²pita½ hot²ti na gahita½. Y±ni hi nesa½ sa½kilesak±raº±ni aññ±º±d²ni, tesa½ sabbena sabba½ anuppann±na½ anupp±danena, uppann±nañca pah±nena vod±na½ hot²ti.
Hi½satthassa dh±tusaddassa vaseneta½ pada½ daµµhabbanti “hi½sat²ti saraºan”ti vatv± ta½ pana hi½sana½ kesa½, katha½, kassa v±ti codana½ sodhento “saraºagat±nan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhayanti vaµµabhaya½. Sant±santi cittutr±sa½. Teneva cetasikadukkhassa gahitatt± dukkhanti k±yika½ dukkha½. Duggatiparikilesanti duggatipariy±panna½ sabbampi dukkha½. Tayida½ sabba½ parato phalakath±ya ±vi bhavissati. Etanti saraºanti pada½. Eva½ avisesato saraºasaddassa padattha½ dassetv± id±ni visesato dassetu½ “atha v±”ti-±di vutta½. Hite pavattanen±ti “sampannas²l±, bhikkhave, viharath±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.64, 69) atthe niyojanena. Ahit± nivattanen±ti “p±º±tip±tassa kho p±pako vip±ko abhisampar±yan”ti-±din± ±d²navadassan±dimukhena anatthato nivattanena. Bhaya½ hi½sat²ti hit±hitesu appavattippavattihetuka½ byasana½ appavattikaraºena vin±seti buddho. Bhavakant±r± utt±raºena maggasaªkh±to dhammo. Itaro ass±sad±nena satt±na½ bhaya½ hi½sat²ti yojan±. K±r±nanti d±navasena p³j±vasena ca upan²t±na½ sakk±r±na½. Vipulaphalappaµil±bhakaraºena satt±na½ bhaya½ hi½sati saªgho anuttaradakkhiºeyyabh±vatoti adhipp±yo. Imin±pi pariy±yen±ti imin±pi vibhajitv± vuttena k±raºena.