(7) 2. Mah±vaggo

1. Titth±yatan±disutta½

62. “T²ŗim±ni bhikkhave, titth±yatan±ni y±ni paŗ¹itehi samanuyuńjiyam±n±ni [samanugg±hiyam±n±ni (sy±. ka½. ka.)] samanug±hiyam±n±ni samanubh±siyam±n±ni parampi gantv± akiriy±ya saŗµhahanti. Katam±ni t²ŗi? Santi, bhikkhave, eke samaŗabr±hmaŗ± eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ‘ya½ kińc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahet³’ti. Santi, bhikkhave, eke samaŗabr±hmaŗ± eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ‘ya½ kińc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ issaranimm±nahet³’ti. Santi, bhikkhave, eke samaŗabr±hmaŗ± eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ‘ya½ kińc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ ahetu-appaccay±”’ti.
“Tatra, bhikkhave, ye te samaŗabr±hmaŗ± eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ‘ya½ kińc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahet³’ti, ty±ha½ upasaŖkamitv± eva½ vad±mi– ‘sacca½ kira tumhe ±yasmanto eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ya½ kińc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahet³’ti Te ca me [te ce me (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] eva½ puµµh± ‘±m±’ti [±moti (s².)] paµij±nanti. Ty±ha½ eva½ vad±mi– ‘tenah±yasmanto p±ŗ±tip±tino bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, adinn±d±yino bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, abrahmac±rino bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, mus±v±dino bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, pisuŗav±c± bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, pharusav±c± bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, samphappal±pino bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, abhijjh±luno bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, by±pannacitt± bhavissanti pubbekatahetu, micch±diµµhik± bhavissanti pubbekatahetu”’.
“Pubbekata½ kho pana, bhikkhave, s±rato pacc±gacchata½ na hoti chando v± v±y±mo v± ida½ v± karaŗ²ya½ ida½ v± akaraŗ²yanti. Iti karaŗ²y±karaŗ²ye kho pana saccato thetato anupalabbhiyam±ne muµµhassat²na½ an±rakkh±na½ viharata½ na hoti paccatta½ sahadhammiko samaŗav±do Aya½ kho me, bhikkhave, tesu samaŗabr±hmaŗesu eva½v±d²su eva½diµµh²su paµhamo sahadhammiko niggaho hoti.
“Tatra, bhikkhave, ye te samaŗabr±hmaŗ± eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ‘ya½ kińc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ issaranimm±nahet³’ti, ty±ha½ upasaŖkamitv± eva½ vad±mi– ‘sacca½ kira tumhe ±yasmanto eva½v±dino evadiµµhino– ya½ kińc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ issaranimm±nahet³’ti? Te ca me eva½ puµµh± ‘±m±’ti paµij±nanti. Ty±ha½ eva½ vad±mi– ‘tenah±yasmanto p±ŗ±tip±tino bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, adinn±d±yino bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, abrahmac±rino bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, mus±v±dino bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, pisuŗav±c± bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, pharusav±c± bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, samphappal±pino bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, abhijjh±luno bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, by±pannacitt± bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu, micch±diµµhik± bhavissanti issaranimm±nahetu”’.
“Issaranimm±na½ kho pana, bhikkhave, s±rato pacc±gacchata½ na hoti chando v± v±y±mo v± ida½ v± karaŗ²ya½ ida½ v± akaraŗ²yanti. Iti karaŗ²y±karaŗ²ye kho pana saccato thetato anupalabbhiyam±ne muµµhassat²na½ an±rakkh±na½ viharata½ na hoti paccatta½ sahadhammiko samaŗav±do. Aya½ kho me, bhikkhave, tesu samaŗabr±hmaŗesu eva½v±d²su eva½diµµh²su dutiyo sahadhammiko niggaho hoti.
“Tatra bhikkhave, ye te samaŗabr±hmaŗ± eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ‘ya½ ki½ c±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ ahetu-appaccay±’ti, ty±ha½ upasaŖkamitv± eva½ vad±mi– ‘sacca½ kira tumhe ±yasmanto eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ya½ ki½ c±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± sabba½ ta½ ahetu-appaccay±’ti? Te ca me eva½ puµµh± ‘±m±’ti paµij±nanti Ty±ha½ eva½ vad±mi– ‘tenah±yasmanto p±ŗ±tip±tino bhavissanti ahetu-appaccay±…pe… micch±diµµhik± bhavissanti ahetu-appaccay±”’.
“Ahetu-appaccaya½ [ahetu½ (s².), ahetu (sy±. ka½.), ahetu-appaccay± (p².), ahetu½ appaccaya½ (ka.)] kho pana, bhikkhave, s±rato pacc±gacchata½ na hoti chando v± v±y±mo v± ida½ v± karaŗ²ya½ ida½ v± akaraŗ²yanti. Iti karaŗ²y±karaŗ²ye kho pana saccato thetato anupalabbhiyam±ne muµµhassat²na½ an±rakkh±na½ viharata½ na hoti paccatta½ sahadhammiko samaŗav±do. Aya½ kho me, bhikkhave, tesu samaŗabr±hmaŗesu eva½v±d²su eva½diµµh²su tatiyo sahadhammiko niggaho hoti.
“Im±ni kho, bhikkhave, t²ŗi titth±yatan±ni y±ni paŗ¹itehi samanuyuńjiyam±n±ni samanug±hiyam±n±ni samanubh±siyam±n±ni parampi gantv± akiriy±ya saŗµhahanti.
“Aya½ kho pana, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³hi. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³hi? Im± cha dh±tuyoti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³hi. Im±ni cha phass±yatan±n²ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³hi. Ime aµµh±rasa manopavic±r±ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³hi. Im±ni catt±ri ariyasacc±n²ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³hi.
“Im± cha dh±tuyoti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kińceta½ paµicca vutta½? Chayim±, bhikkhave dh±tuyo– pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±tu, tejodh±tu, v±yodh±tu, ±k±sadh±tu, vińń±ŗadh±tu. Im± cha dh±tuyoti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“Im±ni cha phass±yatan±n²ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kińceta½ paµicca vutta½? Chayim±ni, bhikkhave, phass±yatan±ni– cakkhu phass±yatana½, sota½ phass±yatana½, gh±na½ phass±yatana½, jivh± phass±yatana½, k±yo phass±yatana½, mano phass±yatana½. Im±ni cha phass±yatan±n²ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“Ime aµµh±rasa manopavic±r±ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kińceta½ paµicca vutta½? Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± somanassaµµh±niya½ r³pa½ upavicarati domanassaµµh±niya½ r³pa½ upavicarati upekkh±µµh±niya½ r³pa½ upavicarati, sotena sadda½ sutv±… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ vińń±ya somanassaµµh±niya½ dhamma½ upavicarati domanassaµµh±niya½ dhamma½ upavicarati upekkh±µµh±niya½ dhamma½ upavicarati. Ime aµµh±rasa manopavic±r±ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
“Im±ni catt±ri ariyasacc±n²ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kińceta½ paµicca vutta½? Channa½, bhikkhave, dh±t³na½ up±d±ya gabbhass±vakkanti hoti; okkantiy± sati n±mar³pa½, n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatana½, sa¼±yatanapaccay± phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±. Vediyam±nassa kho pan±ha½, bhikkhave, ida½ dukkhanti pańńapemi, aya½ dukkhasamudayoti pańńapemi, aya½ dukkhanirodhoti pańńapemi, aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti pańńapemi.
“Katamańca, bhikkhave, dukkha½ ariyasacca½? J±tipi dukkh±, jar±pi dukkh± ( ) [(by±dhipi dukkho) (s². p². ka.) aµµhakath±ya sa½sandetabba½ visuddhi. 2.537] maraŗampi dukkha½ sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s±pi dukkh±, (appiyehi sampayogo dukkho, piyehi vippayogo dukkho,) [(natthi katthaci)] yampiccha½ na labhati tampi dukkha½. Sa½khittena pańcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkha½ ariyasacca½.
“Katamańca, bhikkhave, dukkhasamudaya½ [dukkhasamudayo (sy±. ka½.)] ariyasacca½? Avijj±paccay± saŖkh±r±, saŖkh±rapaccay± vińń±ŗa½, vińń±ŗapaccay± n±mar³pa½, n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatana½, sa¼±yatanapaccay± phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±, vedan±paccay± taŗh±, taŗh±paccay± up±d±na½, up±d±napaccay± bhavo, bhavapaccay± j±ti, j±tipaccay± jar±maraŗa½ sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s± sambhavanti. Evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhasamudaya½ ariyasacca½.
“Katamańca, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodha½ [dukkhanirodho (sy±. ka½.)] ariyasacca½? Avijj±ya tveva asesavir±ganirodh± saŖkh±ranirodho, saŖkh±ranirodh± vińń±ŗanirodho, vińń±ŗanirodh± n±mar³panirodho, n±mar³panirodh± sa¼±yatananirodho, sa¼±yatananirodh± phassanirodho, phassanirodh± vedan±nirodho, vedan±nirodh± taŗh±nirodho, taŗh±nirodh± up±d±nanirodho, up±d±nanirodh± bhavanirodho, bhavanirodh± j±tinirodho, j±tinirodh± jar±maraŗa½ sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s± nirujjhanti. Evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hoti. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodha½ ariyasacca½.
“Katamańca, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½? Ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±saŖkappo, samm±v±c±, samm±kammanto, samm±-±j²vo, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati, samm±sam±dhi. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½. ‘Im±ni catt±ri ariyasacc±n²’ti, bhikkhave, may± dhammo desito aniggahito asa½kiliµµho anupavajjo appaµikuµµho samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²ti. Iti ya½ ta½ vutta½ idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti. Paµhama½.
63. “T²ŗim±ni bhikkhave, am±t±puttik±ni bhay±n²ti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati. Katam±ni t²ŗi? Hoti so, bhikkhave, samayo ya½ mah±-aggi¹±ho vuµµh±ti. Mah±-aggi¹±he kho pana, bhikkhave, vuµµhite tena g±m±pi ¹ayhanti nigam±pi ¹ayhanti nagar±pi ¹ayhanti. G±mesupi ¹ayham±nesu nigamesupi ¹ayham±nesu nagaresupi ¹ayham±nesu tattha m±t±pi putta½ nappaµilabhati, puttopi m±tara½ nappaµilabhati Ida½, bhikkhave, paµhama½ am±t±puttika½ bhayanti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, hoti so samayo ya½ mah±megho vuµµh±ti. Mah±meghe kho pana, bhikkhave, vuµµhite mah±-udakav±hako sańj±yati. Mah±-udakav±hake kho pana, bhikkhave, sańj±yante tena g±m±pi vuyhanti nigam±pi vuyhanti nagar±pi vuyhanti. G±mesupi vuyham±nesu nigamesupi vuyham±nesu nagaresupi vuyham±nesu tattha m±t±pi putta½ nappaµilabhati, puttopi m±tara½ nappaµilabhati. Ida½, bhikkhave, dutiya½ am±t±puttika½ bhayanti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, hoti so samayo ya½ bhaya½ hoti aµavisaŖkopo, cakkasam±ru¼h± j±napad± pariy±yanti. Bhaye kho pana, bhikkhave, sati aµavisaŖkope cakkasam±ru¼hesu j±napadesu pariy±yantesu tattha m±t±pi putta½ nappaµilabhati, puttopi m±tara½ nappaµilabhati. Ida½, bhikkhave, tatiya½ am±t±puttika½ bhayanti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati. Im±ni kho, bhikkhave, t²ŗi am±t±puttik±ni bhay±n²ti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati.
“T±ni kho panim±ni [im±ni kho (s².), im±ni kho pana (ka.)], bhikkhave, t²ŗi sam±t±puttik±niyeva bhay±ni am±t±puttik±ni bhay±n²ti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati. Katam±ni t²ŗi? Hoti so, bhikkhave, samayo ya½ mah±-aggi¹±ho vuµµh±ti. Mah±-aggi¹±he kho pana, bhikkhave, vuµµhite tena g±m±pi ¹ayhanti nigam±pi ¹ayhanti nagar±pi ¹ayhanti. G±mesupi ¹ayham±nesu nigamesupi ¹ayham±nesu nagaresupi ¹ayham±nesu hoti so samayo ya½ kad±ci karahaci m±t±pi putta½ paµilabhati, puttopi m±tara½ paµilabhati. Ida½, bhikkhave, paµhama½ sam±t±puttika½yeva bhaya½ am±t±puttika½ bhayanti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, hoti so samayo ya½ mah±megho vuµµh±ti. Mah±meghe kho pana, bhikkhave, vuµµhite mah±-udakav±hako sańj±yati. Mah±-udakav±hake kho pana, bhikkhave, sańj±te tena g±m±pi vuyhanti nigam±pi vuyhanti nagar±pi vuyhanti. G±mesupi vuyham±nesu nigamesupi vuyham±nesu nagaresupi vuyham±nesu hoti so samayo ya½ kad±ci karahaci m±t±pi putta½ paµilabhati, puttopi m±tara½ paµilabhati. Ida½, bhikkhave, dutiya½ sam±t±puttika½yeva bhaya½ am±t±puttika½ bhayanti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, hoti so samayo ya½ bhaya½ hoti aµavisaŖkopo, cakkasam±ru¼h± j±napad± pariy±yanti. Bhaye kho pana, bhikkhave, sati aµavisaŖkope cakkasam±ru¼hesu j±napadesu pariy±yantesu hoti so samayo ya½ kad±ci karahaci m±t±pi putta½ paµilabhati, puttopi m±tara½ paµilabhati. Ida½, bhikkhave, tatiya½ sam±t±puttika½yeva bhaya½ am±t±puttika½ bhayanti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati. “Im±ni kho, bhikkhave, t²ŗi sam±t±puttik±niyeva bhay±ni am±t±puttik±ni bhay±n²ti assutav± puthujjano bh±sati”.
“T²ŗim±ni, bhikkhave, am±t±puttik±ni bhay±ni. Katam±ni t²ŗi? Jar±bhaya½, by±dhibhaya½, maraŗabhayanti. Na, bhikkhave, m±t± putta½ j²ram±na½ eva½ labhati– ‘aha½ j²r±mi, m± me putto j²r²’ti; putto v± pana m±tara½ j²ram±na½ na eva½ labhati– ‘aha½ j²r±mi, m± me m±t± j²r²”’ti.
“Na, bhikkhave, m±t± putta½ by±dhiyam±na½ eva½ labhati– ‘aha½ by±dhiy±mi, m± me putto by±dhiy²’ti; putto v± pana m±tara½ by±dhiyam±na½ na eva½ labhati– ‘aha½ by±dhiy±mi, m± me m±t± by±dhiy²”’ti.
“Na, bhikkhave, m±t± putta½ m²yam±na½ eva½ labhati– ‘aha½ m²y±mi, m± me putto m²y²’ti; putto v± pana m±tara½ m²yam±na½ na eva½ labhati– ‘aha½ m²y±mi, m± me m±t± m²y²’ti. Im±ni kho, bhikkhave, t²ŗi am±t±puttik±ni bhay±n²”ti.
“Atthi bhikkhave, maggo atthi paµipad± imesańca tiŗŗa½ sam±t±puttik±na½ bhay±na½ imesańca tiŗŗa½ am±t±puttik±na½ bhay±na½ pah±n±ya samatikkam±ya sa½vattati. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, maggo katam± ca paµipad± imesańca tiŗŗa½ sam±t±puttik±na½ bhay±na½ imesańca tiŗŗa½ am±t±puttik±na½ bhay±na½ pah±n±ya samatikkam±ya sa½vattati? Ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±saŖkapo, samm±v±c±, samm±kammanto, samm±-±j²vo, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati, samm±sam±dhi. Aya½ kho, bhikkhave, maggo aya½ paµipad± imesańca tiŗŗa½ sam±t±puttik±na½ bhay±na½ imesańca tiŗŗa½ am±t±puttik±na½ bhay±na½ pah±n±ya samatikkam±ya sa½vattat²”ti. Dutiya½.