10. C³¼anik±suttavaººan±

81. Dasamassa duvidho nikkhepo atthuppattikopi pucch±vasikopi. Katara-atthuppattiya½ kassa pucch±ya kathitanti ce? Aruºavatisuttanta-atthuppattiya½ (sa½. ni. 1.185 ±dayo) ±nandattherassa pucch±ya kathita½. Aruºavatisuttanto kena kathitoti? Dv²hi buddhehi kathito sikhin± ca bhagavat± amh±kañca satth±r±. Imasm± hi kapp± ekati½sakappamatthake aruºavatinagare aruºavato rañño pabh±vatiy± n±ma mahesiy± kucchismi½ nibbattitv± paripakke ñ±ºe mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± sikh² bhagav± bodhimaº¹e sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhitv± pavattitavaradhammacakko aruºavati½ niss±ya viharanto ekadivasa½ p±tova sar²rappaµijaggana½ katv± mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro “aruºavati½ piº¹±ya pavisiss±m²”ti nikkhamitv± vih±radv±rakoµµhakasam²pe µhito abhibhu½ n±ma aggas±vaka½ ±mantesi– “atippago kho, bhikkhu, aruºavati½ piº¹±ya pavisitu½, yena aññataro brahmaloko tenupasaªkamiss±m±”ti. Yath±ha–
“Atha kho, bhikkhave, sikh² bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho abhibhu½ bhikkhu½ ±mantesi– ‘±y±ma, br±hmaºa, yena aññataro brahmaloko tenupasaªkamiss±ma, na t±va bhattak±lo bhavissat²’ti. ‘Eva½, bhante’ti kho, bhikkhave, abhibh³ bhikkhu sikhissa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa paccassosi. Atha kho, bhikkhave, sikh² bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho abhibh³ ca bhikkhu yena aññataro brahmaloko tenupasaªkami½s³”ti (sa½. ni. 1.185).
Tattha mah±brahm± samm±sambuddha½ disv± attamano paccuggamana½ katv± brahm±sana½ paññ±petv± ad±si, therass±pi anucchavika½ ±sana½ paññ±payi½su. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane, theropi attano paññatt±sane nis²di. Mah±brahm±pi dasabala½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di.
Atha kho, bhikkhave, sikh² bhagav± abhibhu½ bhikkhu½ ±mantesi– “paµibh±tu ta½, br±hmaºa, brahmuno ca brahmaparis±ya ca brahmap±risajj±nañca dhamm²kath±ti. ‘Eva½, bhante’ti kho, bhikkhave, abhibh³ bhikkhu sikhissa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa paµissuºitv± brahmuno ca brahmaparis±ya ca brahmap±risajj±nañca dhammi½ katha½ kathesi. There dhamma½ kathente brahmagaº± ujjh±yi½su “cirassañca maya½ satthu brahmalok±gamana½ labhimha, ayañca bhikkhu µhapetv± satth±ra½ saya½ dhammakatha½ ±rabh²”ti.
Satth± tesa½ anattamanabh±va½ ñatv± abhibhu½ bhikkhu½ etadavoca– “ujjh±yanti kho te, br±hmaºa, brahm± ca brahmaparis± ca brahmap±risajj± ca. Tena hi tva½– br±hmaºa, bhiyyosomatt±ya sa½vejeh²”ti. Thero satthu vacana½ sampaµicchitv± anekavihita½ iddhivikubbana½ katv± sahassilokadh±tu½ sarena viññ±pento “±rambhatha nikkamath±”ti (sa½. ni. 1.185) g±th±dvaya½ abh±si. Ki½ pana katv± thero sahassilokadh±tu½ viññ±pes²ti? N²lakasiºa½ t±va sam±pajjitv± sabbattha andhak±ra½ phari, tato “kimida½ andhak±ran”ti satt±na½ ±bhoge uppanne ±loka½ dassesi. “Ki½ ±loko ayan”ti vicinant±na½ att±na½ dassesi, sahassacakkav±¼e devamanuss± añjali½ paggaºhitv± paggaºhitv± thera½yeva namassam±n± aµµha½su. Thero “mah±jano mayha½ dhamma½ desentassa sara½ suº±t³”ti im± g±th± abh±si. Sabbe osaµ±ya paris±ya majjhe nis²ditv± dhamma½ desentassa viya sadda½ assosu½. Atthopi nesa½ p±kaµo ahosi.
Atha kho bhagav± saddhi½ therena aruºavati½ pacc±gantv± piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto bhikkhusaªgha½ pucchi– “assuttha no tumhe, bhikkhave, abhibhussa bhikkhuno brahmaloke µhitassa g±th±yo bh±sam±nass±”ti. Te “±ma, bhante”ti paµij±nitv± sutabh±va½ ±vikaront± tadeva g±th±dvaya½ ud±hari½su. Satth± “s±dhu s±dh³”ti s±dhuk±ra½ datv± desana½ niµµhapesi. Eva½ t±va ida½ sutta½ ito ekati½sakappamatthake sikhin± bhagavat± kathita½.
Amh±ka½ pana bhagav± sabbaññuta½ patto pavattitavaradhammacakko s±vatthi½ upaniss±ya jetavane viharanto jeµµham³lam±sapuººamadivase bhikkh³ ±mantetv± ima½ aruºavatisutta½ paµµhapesi. ¾nandatthero b²jani½ gahetv± b²jayam±no µhitakova ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± ekabyañjanampi ah±petv± sakalasutta½ uggaºhi. So punadivase piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto dasabalassa vatta½ dassetv± attano div±vih±raµµh±na½ gantv± saddhivih±rikantev±sikesu vatta½ dassetv± pakkantesu hiyyo kathita½ aruºavatisutta½ ±vajjento nis²di. Athassa sabba½ sutta½ vibh³ta½ upaµµh±si. So cintesi– “sikhissa bhagavato aggas±vako brahmaloke µhatv± cakkav±¼asahasse andhak±ra½ vidhametv± sar²robh±sa½ dassetv± attano sadda½ s±vento dhammakatha½ kathes²ti hiyyo satth±r± kathita½, s±vakassa t±va visayo evar³po, dasa p±ramiyo p³retv± sabbaññuta½ patto pana samm±sambuddho kittaka½ µh±na½ sarena viññ±peyy±”ti. So eva½ uppann±ya vimatiy± vinodanattha½ taªkhaºeyeva bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± tamattha½ pucchi. Etamattha½ dassetu½ atha kho ±yasm± ±nandoti vutta½.
Tattha sammukh±ti sammukh²bh³tena may± eta½ suta½, na anussavena, na d³taparampar±y±ti imin± adhipp±yena evam±ha. K²vataka½ pahoti sarena viññ±petunti kittaka½ µh±na½ sar²robh±sena vihatandhak±ra½ katv± sarena viññ±petu½ sakkoti. S±vako so, ±nanda, appameyy± tath±gat±ti ida½ bhagav± imin± adhipp±yen±ha– ±nanda, tva½ ki½ vadesi, so padesañ±ºe µhito s±vako. Tath±gat± pana dasa p±ramiyo p³retv± sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ patt± appameyy±. So tva½ nakhasikh±ya pa½su½ gahetv± mah±pathavipa½sun± saddhi½ upamento viya ki½ n±meta½ vadesi. Añño hi s±vak±na½ visayo, añño buddh±na½. Añño s±vak±na½ gocaro, añño buddh±na½. Añña½ s±vak±na½ bala½, añña½ buddh±nanti. Iti bhagav± imin± adhipp±yena appameyyabh±va½ vatv± tuºh² ahosi.
Thero dutiyampi pucchi. Satth±, “±nanda, tva½ t±¼acchidda½ gahetv± anant±k±sena upamento viya, c±takasakuºa½ gahetv± diya¹¹hayojanasatikena supaººar±jena upamento viya, hatthisoº¹±ya udaka½ gahetv± mah±gaªg±ya upamento viya, caturatanike ±v±µe udaka½ gahetv± sattahi sarehi upamento viya, n±¼ikodanamattal±bhi½ manussa½ gahetv± cakkavattiraññ± upamento viya, pa½supis±caka½ gahetv± sakkena devaraññ± upamento viya, khajjopanakappabha½ gahetv± s³riyappabh±ya upamento viya ki½ n±meta½ vades²ti d²pento dutiyampi appameyyabh±vameva vatv± tuºh² ahosi. Tato thero cintesi– “satth± may± pucchito na t±va kathesi, handa na½ y±vatatiya½ y±citv± buddhas²han±da½ nad±pess±m²”ti. So tatiyampi y±ci. Ta½ dassetu½ tatiyampi khoti-±di vutta½. Athassa bhagav± by±karonto sut± te ±nand±ti-±dim±ha. Thero cintesi– “satth± me ‘sut± te, ±nanda, sahass² c³¼anik± lokadh±t³’ti ettakameva vatv± tuºh² j±to, id±ni buddhas²han±da½ nadissat²”ti so satth±ra½ y±canto etassa bhagav± k±loti-±dim±ha.
Bhagav±pissa vitth±rakatha½ kathetu½ tena h±nand±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha y±vat±ti yattaka½ µh±na½. Candimas³riy±ti candim± ca s³riyo ca. Pariharant²ti vicaranti. Dis± bhant²ti sabbadis± obh±santi. Virocan±ti virocam±n±. Ett±vat± ekacakkav±¼a½ paricchinditv± dassita½ hoti. Id±ni ta½ sahassaguºa½ katv± dassento t±va sahassadh± lokoti ±ha. Tasmi½ sahassadh± loketi tasmi½ sahassacakkav±¼e. Sahassa½ c±tumah±r±jik±nanti sahassa½ c±tumah±r±jik±na½ devalok±na½. Yasm± pana ekekasmi½ cakkav±¼e catt±ro catt±ro mah±r±j±no tasm± catt±ri mah±r±jasahass±n²ti vutta½. Imin± up±yena sabbattha attho veditabbo. C³¼anik±ti khuddik±. Aya½ s±vak±na½ visayo. Kasm± panes± ±n²t±ti? Majjhimik±ya lokadh±tuy± paricchedadassanattha½.
Y±vat±ti yattak±. T±va sahassadh±ti t±va sahassabh±gena. Dvisahass² majjhimik± lokadh±t³ti aya½ sahassacakkav±¼±ni sahassabh±gena gaºetv± dasasatasahassacakkav±¼aparim±º± dvisahass² majjhimik± n±ma lokadh±tu. Aya½ s±vak±na½ avisayo, buddh±nameva visayo. Ettakepi hi µh±ne tath±gat± andhak±ra½ vidhametv± sar²robh±sa½ dassetv± sarena viññ±petu½ sakkont²ti d²peti. Ettakena buddh±na½ j±tikkhetta½ n±ma dassita½. Bodhisatt±nañhi pacchimabhave devalokato cavitv± m±tukucchiya½ paµisandhiggahaºadivase ca kucchito nikkhamanadivase ca mah±bhinikkhamanadivase ca sambodhidhammacakkappavattana-±yusaªkh±ravossajjanaparinibb±nadivasesu ca ettaka½ µh±na½ kampati.
Tisahass² mah±sahass²ti sahassito paµµh±ya tatiy±ti tisahass², sahassa½ sahassadh± katv± gaºita½ majjhimika½ sahassadh± katv± gaºitatt± mahantehi sahassehi gaºit±ti mah±sahass². Ett±vat± koµisatasahassacakkav±¼aparim±ºo loko dassito hoti. Bhagav± ±kaªkham±no ettake µh±ne andhak±ra½ vidhametv± sar²robh±sa½ dassetv± sarena viññ±peyy±ti. Gaºakaputtatissatthero pana evam±ha– “na tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tuy± eva½ parim±ºa½. Idañhi ±cariy±na½ sajjh±yamu¼haka½ v±c±ya parih²naµµh±na½, dasakoµisatasahassacakkav±¼aparim±ºa½ pana µh±na½ tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tu n±m±”ti. Ett±vat± hi bhagavat± ±º±kkhetta½ n±ma dassita½. Etasmiñhi antare ±µ±n±µiyaparitta-isigiliparittadhajaggaparittabojjhaªgaparittakhandhaparitta- moraparittamettaparittaratanaparitt±na½ ±º± pharati. Y±vat± pana ±kaªkheyy±ti yattaka½ µh±na½ iccheyya, imin± visayakkhetta½ dasseti. Buddh±nañhi visayakkhettassa pam±ºaparicchedo n±ma natthi, natthikabh±ve cassa ima½ opamma½ ±haranti– koµisatasahassacakkav±¼amhi y±va brahmalok± s±sapehi p³retv± sace koci puratthim±ya dis±ya ekacakkav±¼e eka½ s±sapa½ pakkhipanto ±gaccheyya, sabbepi te s±sap± parikkhaya½ gaccheyyu½, na tveva puratthim±ya dis±ya cakkav±¼±ni. Dakkhiº±d²supi eseva nayo. Tattha buddh±na½ avisayo n±ma natthi.
Eva½ vutte thero cintesi– “satth± evam±ha– ‘±kaªkham±no, ±nanda, tath±gato tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tu½ sarena viññ±peyya, y±vat± pana ±kaªkheyy±’ti. Visamo kho pan±ya½ loko, anant±ni cakkav±¼±ni, ekasmi½ µh±ne s³riyo uggato hoti, ekasmi½ µh±ne majjhe µhito, ekasmi½ µh±ne atthaªgato. Ekasmi½ µh±ne paµhamay±mo hoti, ekasmi½ µh±ne majjhimay±mo, ekasmi½ µh±ne pacchimay±mo. Satt±pi kammappasut±, khi¹¹±pasut±, ±h±rappasut±ti eva½ tehi tehi k±raºehi vikkhitt± ca pamatt± ca honti. Katha½ nu kho te satth± sarena viññ±peyy±”ti. So eva½ cintetv± vimaticchedanattha½ tath±gata½ pucchanto yath± katha½ pan±ti-±dim±ha.
Athassa satth± by±karonto idh±nanda, tath±gatoti-±dim±ha. Tattha obh±sena phareyy±ti sar²robh±sena phareyya. Pharam±no panesa ki½ kareyy±ti? Yasmi½ µh±ne s³riyo paññ±yati, tattha na½ attano ±nubh±vena attha½ gameyya. Yattha pana na paññ±yati, tattha na½ uµµh±petv± majjhe µhapeyya Tato yattha s³riyo paññ±yati, tattha manuss± “adhun±va s³riyo paññ±yittha, so id±neva atthaªgamito, n±g±vaµµo nu kho aya½, bh³t±vaµµayakkh±vaµµadevat±vaµµ±na½ aññataro”ti vittakka½ upp±deyyu½. Yattha pana na paññ±yati, tattha manuss± “adhun±va s³riyo atthaªgamito, sv±ya½ id±neva uµµhito, ki½ nu kho aya½ n±g±vaµµabh³t±vaµµayakkh±vaµµadevat±vaµµ±na½ aññataro”ti vitakka½ upp±deyyu½. Tato tesu manussesu ±lokañca andhak±rañca ±vajjitv± “ki½ paccay± nu kho idan”ti pariyesam±nesu satth± n²lakasiºa½ sam±pajjitv± bahalandhak±ra½ patthareyya. Kasm±? Tesa½ kamm±dippasut±na½ satt±na½ sant±sajananattha½. Atha nesa½ sant±sa½ ±pannabh±va½ ñatv± od±takasiºasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± paº¹ara½ ghanabuddharasmi½ vissajjento candasahassas³riyasahassa-uµµh±nak±lo viya ekappah±reneva sabba½ ek±loka½ kareyya. Tañca kho tilab²jamattena k±yappadesena obh±sa½ muñcanto. Yo hi cakkav±¼apathavi½ d²pakapallaka½ katv± mah±samudde udaka½ tela½ katv± sineru½ vaµµi½ katv± aññasmi½ sinerumuddhani µhapetv± j±leyya, so ekacakkav±¼eyeva ±loka½ kareyya. Tato para½ vidatthimpi obh±setu½ na sakkuºeyya. Tath±gato pana tilaphalappam±ºena sar²rappadesena obh±sa½ muñcitv± tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tu½ ekobh±sa½ kareyya tato v± pana bhiyyo. Eva½ mahant± hi buddhaguº±ti.
Ta½ ±loka½ sañj±neyyunti ta½ ±loka½ disv± “yena s³riyo atthañceva gamito uµµh±pito ca, bahalandhak±rañca vissaµµha½, esa so puriso id±ni ±loka½ katv± µhito, aho acchariyapuriso”ti añjali½ paggayha namassam±n± nis²deyyu½. Saddamanuss±veyy±ti dhammakath±saddamanuss±veyya. Yo hi eka½ cakkav±¼apabbata½ bheri½ katv± mah±pathavi½ bhericamma½ katv± sineru½ daº¹a½ katv± aññasmi½ sinerumatthake µhapetv± ±koµeyya, so ekacakkav±¼eyeva ta½ sadda½ s±veyya, parato vidatthimpi atikk±metu½ na sakkuºeyya. Tath±gato pana pallaªke v± p²µhe v± nis²ditv± tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tu½ sarena viññ±peti, tato v± pana bhiyyo, eva½ mah±nubh±v± tath±gat±ti. Iti bhagav± imin± ettakena visayakkhettameva dasseti.
Imañca pana buddhas²han±da½ sutv± therassa abbhantare balavap²ti uppann±, so p²tivasena ud±na½ ud±nento l±bh± vata meti-±dim±ha. Tattha yassa me satth± eva½mahiddhikoti yassa mayha½ satth± eva½mahiddhiko, tassa mayha½ eva½mahiddhikassa satthu paµil±bho l±bh± ceva suladdhañc±ti attho. Atha v± yv±ha½ evar³passa satthuno pattac²vara½ gahetv± vicaritu½, p±daparikamma½ piµµhiparikamma½ k±tu½, mukhadhovana-udakanh±nodak±ni d±tu½, gandhakuµipariveºa½ sammajjitu½, uppann±ya kaªkh±ya pañha½ pucchitu½, madhuradhammakathañca sotu½ labh±mi, ete sabbepi mayha½ l±bh± ceva suladdhañc±tipi sandh±ya evam±ha. Ettha ca bhagavato andhak±r±lokasaddasavanasaªkh±t±na½ iddh²na½ mahantat±ya mahiddhikat±, t±sa½yeva anupharaºena mah±nubh±vat± veditabb±. Ud±y²ti l±¼ud±yitthero. So kira pubbe upaµµh±katthere ±gh±ta½ bandhitv± carati. Tasm± id±ni ok±sa½ labhitv± imasmi½ buddhas²han±dapariyos±ne jalam±na½ d²pasikha½ nibb±pento viya carantassa goºassa tuº¹e pah±ra½ dento viya bhattabharita½ p±ti½ avakujjanto viya therassa pas±dabhaªga½ karonto evam±ha.
Eva½ vutte bhagav±ti eva½ ud±yittherena vutte bhagav± yath± n±ma pap±tataµe µhatv± pavedham±na½ purisa½ ekamante µhito hites² puriso “ito ehi ito eh²”ti punappuna½ vadeyya, evameva½ ud±yitthera½ tasm± vacan± niv±rento m± heva½ ud±yi, m± heva½ ud±y²ti ±ha. Tattha ti nip±tamatta½, m± eva½ avac±ti attho. Mah±rajjanti cakkavattirajja½. Nanu ca satth± ekassa s±vakassa dhammadesan±ya uppannapas±dassa mah±nisa½sa½ aparicchinna½ ak±si, so kasm± imassa buddhas²han±da½ ±rabbha uppannassa pas±dassa ±nisa½sa½ paricchindat²ti? Ariyas±vakassa ettaka-attabh±vaparim±ºatt±. Dandhapaññopi hi sot±panno sattakkhattu½ devesu ca manussesu ca attabh±va½ paµilabhati, tenassa gati½ paricchindanto evam±ha. Diµµheva dhammeti imasmi½yeva attabh±ve µhatv±. Parinibb±yissat²ti appaccayaparinibb±nena parinibb±yissati. Iti nibb±nena k³µa½ gaºhanto ima½ s²han±dasutta½ niµµh±pes²ti.

¾nandavaggo tatiyo.