4. Sarabhasuttavaººan±

65. Catutthe r±jagaheti eva½n±make nagare. Gijjhak³µe pabbateti gijjhasadis±nissa k³µ±ni, gijjh± v± tassa k³µesu vasant²ti gijjhak³µo, tasmi½ gijjhak³µe pabbate. Etenassa r±jagaha½ gocarag±ma½ katv± viharantassa vasanaµµh±na½ dassita½. Gijjhak³µasmiñhi tath±gata½ uddissa vih±ro k±rito, gijjhak³µavih±rotvevassa n±ma½. Tatth±ya½ tasmi½ samaye viharat²ti. Sarabho n±ma paribb±jako acirapakkanto hot²ti sarabhoti eva½n±mako paribb±jako imasmi½ s±sane pabbajitv± nacirasseva pakkanto hoti, adhun± vibbhantoti attho. Samm±sambuddhe hi loke uppanne titthiy± naµµhal±bhasakk±r± ahesu½, tiººa½ ratan±na½ mah±l±bhasakk±ro uppajji. Yath±ha–
“Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± sakkato hoti garukato m±nito p³jito apacito l±bh² c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±na½. Aññatitthiy± pana paribb±jak± asakkat± honti agarukat± am±nit± ap³jit± na l±bhino c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nan”ti (ud±.14; sa½.ni.1.2.70).
Te eva½ parih²nal±bhasakk±r± pañcasatamatt± ekasmi½ paribb±jak±r±me sannipatitv± sammantayi½su– “bho, maya½ samaºassa gotamassa uppannak±lato paµµh±ya hatal±bhasakk±r± j±t±, samaºassa gotamassa s±vak±nañcassa eka½ avaººa½ upadh±retha, avaººa½ pattharitv± etassa s±sana½ garahitv± amh±ka½ l±bhasakk±ra½ upp±dess±m±”ti. Te vajja½ olokent±– “t²su dv±resu ±j²ve c±ti cat³supi µh±nesu samaºassa gotamassa vajja½ passitu½ na sakk±, im±ni catt±ri µh±n±ni muñcitv± aññattha oloketh±”ti ±ha½su. Atha nesa½ antare eko evam±ha– “aha½ añña½ na pass±mi, ime anva¹¹ham±sa½ sannipatitv± dv±rav±tap±n±ni pidh±ya s±maºer±nampi pavesana½ na denti. J²vitasadis±pi upaµµh±k± daµµhu½ na labhanti, ±vaµµanim±ya½ os±retv± os±retv± jana½ ±vaµµetv± ±vaµµetv± kh±danti. Sace ta½ maya½ ±haritu½ sakkhiss±ma, eva½ no l±bhasakk±ra-u¼±ro bhavissat²”ti. Aparopi evameva vadanto uµµh±si. Sabbe ekav±d± ahesu½. Tato ±ha½su– “yo ta½ ±haritu½ sakkhissati, ta½ maya½ amh±ka½ samaye jeµµhaka½ kariss±m±”ti.
Tato koµito paµµh±ya “tva½ sakkhissasi, tva½ sakkhissas²”ti pucchitv± “aha½ na sakkhiss±mi, aha½ na sakkhiss±m²”ti bah³hi vutte sarabha½ pucchi½su– “tva½ sakkhissasi ±cariy±”ti. So ±ha– “agaru eta½ ±haritu½, sace tumhe attano kath±ya µhatv± ma½ jeµµhaka½ karissath±”ti. Agaru etam±cariya ±hara, tva½ katoyev±si amhehi jeµµhakoti. So ±ha– “ta½ ±harantena thenetv± v± vilumpitv± v± ±haritu½ na sakk±, samaºassa pana gotamassa s±vakasadisena hutv± tassa s±vake vanditv± vattapaµivatta½ katv± tesa½ patte bhatta½ bhuñjitv± ±haritu½ sakk±. Ruccati vo etassa ettakassa kiriy±”ti. Ya½kiñci katv± ±haritv± ca no deh²ti. Tena hi ma½ disv± apassant± viya bhaveyy±th±ti paribb±jak±na½ sañña½ datv± dutiyadivase p±tova uµµh±ya gijjhak³µamah±vih±ra½ gantv± diµµhadiµµh±na½ bhikkh³na½ pañcapatiµµhitena p±de vandi. Bhikkh³ ±ha½su– “aññe paribb±jak± caº¹± pharus±, aya½ pana saddho bhavissati pasanno”ti. Bhante, tumhe ñatv± yuttaµµh±nasmi½yeva pabbajit±, maya½ pana anupadh±retv± atittheneva pakkhant± aniyy±nikamagge vicar±m±ti. So eva½ vatv± diµµhe diµµhe bhikkh³ punappuna½ vandati, nh±nodak±d²ni paµiy±deti, dantakaµµha½ kappiya½ karoti, p±de dhovati makkheti, atirekabhatta½ labhitv± bhuñjati.
Ta½ imin± n²h±rena vasanta½ eko mah±thero disv±, “paribb±jaka, tva½ saddho pasanno, ki½ na pabbajas²”ti. Ko ma½, bhante, pabb±jessati. Mayañhi cirak±la½ bhadant±na½ paccatthik± hutv± vicarimh±ti. Thero “sace tva½ pabbajituk±mo, aha½ ta½ pabb±jess±m²”ti vatv± pabb±jesi. So pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya nirantara½ vattapaµivattamak±si. Atha na½ thero vatte pas²ditv± nacirasseva upasamp±desi. So uposathadivase bhikkh³hi saddhi½ uposathagga½ pavisitv± bhikkh³ mahantena uss±hena p±timokkha½ paggaºhante disv± “imin± n²h±rena os±retv± os±retv± loka½ kh±danti, katip±hena hariss±m²”ti cintesi. So pariveºa½ gantv± upajjh±ya½ vanditv±, “bhante, ko n±mo aya½ dhammo”ti pucchi. P±timokkho n±ma, ±vusoti. Uttamadhammo esa, bhante, bhavissat²ti. ¾ma, ±vuso, sakalas±sanadh±raº² aya½ sikkh±ti. Bhante, sace esa sikkh±dhammo uttamo, imameva paµhama½ gaºh±m²ti. Gaºh±vusoti thero sampaµicchi. So gaºhanto paribb±jake passitv± “k²disa½ ±cariy±”ti pucchito, “±vuso, m± cintayittha, katip±hena ±hariss±m²”ti vatv± nacirasseva uggaºhitv± upajjh±ya½ ±ha– “ettakameva, bhante, ud±hu aññampi atth²”ti. Ettakameva, ±vusoti.
So punadivase yath±nivatthap±rutova gahitan²h±reneva patta½ gahetv± gijjhak³µ± nikkhamma paribb±jak±r±ma½ agam±si. Paribb±jak± disv± “k²disa½, ±cariya, n±sakkhittha maññe ±vaµµanim±ya½ ±haritun”ti ta½ pariv±rayi½su. M± cintayittha, ±vuso, ±haµ± me ±vaµµanim±y±, ito paµµh±ya amh±ka½ l±bhasakk±ro mah± bhavissati. Tumhe aññamañña½ samagg± hotha, m± viv±da½ akatth±ti. Sace te, ±cariya, suggahit±, amhepi na½ v±ceh²ti. So ±dito paµµh±ya p±timokkha½ os±resi. Atha te sabbepi– “etha, bho, nagare vicarant± samaºassa gotamassa avaººa½ kathess±m±”ti anuggh±µitesuyeva nagaradv±resu dv±rasam²pa½ gantv± vivaµena dv±rena sabbapaµhama½ pavisi½su. Eva½ saliªgeneva apakkanta½ ta½ paribb±jaka½ sandh±ya– “sarabho n±ma paribb±jako acirapakkanto hot²”ti vutta½.
Ta½ divasa½ pana bhagav± pacc³sasamaye loka½ olokento ida½ addasa– “ajja sarabho paribb±jako nagare vicaritv± pak±san²yakamma½ karissati, tiººa½ ratan±na½ avaººa½ kathento visa½ siñcitv± paribb±jak±r±ma½ gamissati, ahampi tattheva gamiss±mi, catassopi paris± tattheva osarissanti. Tasmi½ sam±game catur±s²ti p±ºasahass±ni amatap±na½ pivissant²”ti. Tato “tassa ok±so hotu, yath±ruciy± avaººa½ pattharat³”ti cintetv± ±nandatthera½ ±mantesi– “±nanda, aµµh±rasasu mah±vih±resu bhikkhusaªghassa may± saddhi½yeva piº¹±ya caritu½ ±roceh²”ti. Thero tath± ak±si. Bhikkh³ pattac²varam±d±ya satth±rameva pariv±rayi½su. Satth± bhikkhusaªgha½ ±d±ya dv±rag±masam²peyeva piº¹±ya cari. Sarabhopi paribb±jakehi saddhi½ nagara½ paviµµho tattha tattha parisamajjhe r±jadv±rav²thicatukk±d²su ca gantv± “aññ±to may± samaº±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ dhammo”ti-±d²ni abh±si. Ta½ sandh±ya so r±jagahe parisati eva½ v±ca½ bh±sat²ti-±di vutta½. Tattha aññ±toti ñ±to avabuddho, p±kaµa½ katv± uggahitoti d²peti. Aññ±y±ti j±nitv±. Apakkantoti saliªgeneva apakkanto. Sace hi samaºassa gotamassa s±sane koci s±ro abhavissa, n±ha½ apakkamissa½. Tassa pana s±sana½ as±ra½ niss±ra½, ±vaµµanim±ya½ os±retv± samaº± loka½ kh±dant²ti evamattha½ d²pento evam±ha.
Atha kho sambahul± bhikkh³ti atha eva½ tasmi½ paribb±jake bh±sam±ne araññav±sino pañcasat± bhikkh³ “asukaµµh±na½ n±ma satth± piº¹±ya caritu½ gato”ti aj±nant± bhikkh±c±ravel±ya½ r±jagaha½ piº¹±ya pavisi½su. Te sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Assosunti suºi½su. Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½s³ti “ima½ k±raºa½ dasabalassa ±rocess±m±”ti upasaªkami½su.
Sippinik±t²ranti sippinik±ti eva½n±mik±ya nadiy± t²ra½. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±ven±ti k±yaªgav±caªg±ni acopetv± abbhantare khanti½ dh±retv± citteneva adhiv±ses²ti attho. Eva½ adhiv±setv± puna cintesi– “ki½ nu kho ajja may± sarabhassa v±da½ madditu½ gacchantena ekakena gantabba½ ud±hu bhikkhusaªghaparivuten±”ti. Athassa etadahosi– sac±ha½ bhikkhusaªghaparivuto gamiss±mi, mah±jano eva½ cintessati– “samaºo gotamo v±duppattiµµh±na½ gacchanto pakkha½ ukkhipitv± gantv± parisabalena uppanna½ v±da½ maddati, parav±d²na½ s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na det²”ti. Na kho pana mayha½ uppanne v±de para½ gahetv± maddanakicca½ atthi, ahameva gantv± maddiss±mi. Anacchariya½ ceta½ yv±ha½ id±ni buddhabh³to attano uppanna½ v±da½ maddeyya½, cariya½ caraºak±le ahetukapaµisandhiya½ nibbatten±pi hi may± vahitabba½ dhura½ añño vahitu½ samattho n±ma n±hosi. Imassa panatthassa s±dhanattha½–
“Yato yato garu dhura½, yato gambh²ravattan²;
tad±ssu kaºha½ yuñjenti, sv±ssu ta½ vahate dhuran”ti. (J±. 1.1.29)–

Ida½ kaºhaj±taka½ ±haritabba½. At²te kira eko satthav±ho ekiss± mahallik±ya gehe niv±sa½ gaºhi. Athassa ekiss± dhenuy± rattibh±gasamanantare gabbhavuµµh±na½ ahosi. S± eka½ vacchaka½ vij±yi. Mahallik±ya vacchaka½ diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya puttasineho udap±di. Punadivase satthav±haputto– “tava gehavetana½ gaºh±h²”ti ±ha. Mahallik± “mayha½ aññena kicca½ na atthi, imameva vacchaka½ deh²”ti ±ha. Gaºha, amm±ti. S± ta½ gaºhitv± kh²ra½ p±yetv± y±gubhattatiº±d²ni dadam±n± posesi. So vuddhimanv±ya paripuººar³po balav²riyasampanno ahosi sampann±c±ro, k±¼ako n±ma n±mena. Athekassa satthav±hassa pañcahi sakaµasatehi ±gacchantassa udakabhinnaµµh±ne sakaµacakka½ laggi. So dasapi v²sampi ti½sampi yojetv± n²har±petu½ asakkonto k±¼aka½ upasaªkamitv± ±ha– “t±ta, tava vetana½ dass±mi, sakaµa½ me ukkhipitv± deh²”ti. Evañca pana vatv± ta½ ±d±ya– “añño imin± saddhi½ dhura½ vahitu½ samattho natth²”ti dhurasakaµe yotta½ bandhitv± ta½ ekaka½yeva yojesi. So ta½ sakaµa½ ukkhipitv± thale patiµµh±petv± eteneva nih±rena pañca sakaµasat±ni n²hari. So sabbapacchimasakaµa½ n²haritv± mociyam±no “sun”ti katv± s²sa½ ukkhipi.

Satthav±ho “aya½ ettak±ni sakaµ±ni ukkhipanto eva½ na ak±si, vetanattha½ maññe karot²”ti sakaµagaºan±ya kah±paºe gahetv± pañcasatabhaº¹ika½ tassa g²v±ya bandh±pesi. So aññesa½ attano santika½ all²yitu½ adento ujuka½ gehameva agam±si. Mahallik± disv± mocetv± kah±paºabh±va½ ñatv± “kasm±, putta, evamak±si, m± tva½ ‘may± kamma½ katv± ±bhatena aya½ j²vissat²’ti saññamak±s²”ti vatv± goºa½ uºhodakena nh±petv± telena abbhañjitv± “ito paµµh±ya puna m± evamak±s²”ti ovadi. Eva½ satth± “cariya½ caraºak±le ahetukapaµisandhiya½ nibbatten±pi hi may± vahitabbadhura½ añño vahitu½ samattho n±ma n±hos²”ti cintetv± ekakova agam±si. Ta½ dassetu½ atha kho bhagav± s±yanhasamaya½ paµisall±n± vuµµhitoti-±di vutta½.
Tattha paµisall±n±ti puthutt±rammaºehi citta½ paµisa½haritv± sall±nato, phalasam±pattitoti attho. Tenupasaªkam²ti paribb±jakesu sakalanagare pak±san²yakamma½ katv± nagar± nikkhamma paribb±jak±r±me sannipatitv± “sace, ±vuso sarabha, samaºo gotamo ±gamissati, ki½ karissas²”ti. Samaºe gotame eka½ karonte aha½ dve kariss±mi, dve karonte catt±ri, catt±ri karonte pañca, pañca karonte dasa, dasa karonte v²sati, v²sati karonte ti½sa½, ti½sa½ karonte catt±l²sa½, catt±l²sa½ karonte paññ±sa½, paññ±sa½ karonte sata½, sata½ karonte sahassa½ kariss±m²ti eva½ aññamañña½ s²han±dakatha½ samuµµh±petv± nisinnesu upasaªkami.
Upasaªkamanto pana yasm± paribb±jak±r±massa nagaramajjheneva maggo, tasm± surattadupaµµa½ niv±setv± sugatamah±c²vara½ p±rupitv± vissaµµhabalo r±j± viya ekakova nagaramajjhena agam±si. Micch±diµµhik± disv± “paribb±jak± samaºassa gotamassa pak±san²yakamma½ karont± avaººa½ patthari½su, so ete anuvattitv± saññ±petu½ gacchati maññe”ti anubandhi½su. Samm±diµµhik±pi “samm±sambuddho pattac²vara½ ±d±ya ekakova nikkhanto, ajja sarabhena saddhi½ mah±dhammasaªg±mo bhavissati. Mayampi tasmi½ sam±game k±yasakkhino bhaviss±m±”ti anubandhi½su. Satth± passantasseva mah±janassa paribb±jak±r±ma½ upasaªkami.
Paribb±jak± rukkh±na½ khandhaviµapas±khantarehi samuggacchant± chabbaººaghanabuddharasmiyo disv± “aññad± evar³po obh±so n±ma natthi, ki½ nu kho etan”ti ulloketv± “samaºo gotamo ±gacchat²”ti ±ha½su. Ta½ sutv±va sarabho j±ºukantare s²sa½ µhapetv± adhomukho nis²di. Eva½ tasmi½ samaye bhagav± ta½ ±r±ma½ upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Tath±gato hi jambud²patale aggakule j±tatt± agg±san±rahotissa sabbattha ±sana½ paññattameva hoti. Eva½ paññatte mah±rahe buddh±sane nis²di.
Te paribb±jak± sarabha½ paribb±jaka½ etadavocunti samm±sambuddhe kira sarabhena saddhi½ ettaka½ kathenteyeva bhikkhusaªgho satthu pad±nupadiko hutv± paribb±jak±r±ma½ samp±puºi, catassopi paris± paribb±jak±r±meyeva osari½su. Tato te paribb±jak± “acchariya½ samaºassa gotamassa kamma½, sakalanagara½ vicaritv± avaººa½ pattharitv± pak±san²yakamma½ katv± ±gat±na½ ver²na½ paµisatt³na½ pacc±mitt±na½ santika½ ±gantv± thokampi vigg±hikakatha½ na kathesi, ±gatak±lato paµµh±ya satap±katelena makkhento viya amatap±na½ p±yento viya madhurakatha½ kathet²”ti sabbepi samm±sambuddha½ anuvattant± etadavocu½.
Y±ceyy±s²ti ±y±ceyy±si pattheyy±si piheyy±si. Tuºh²bh³toti tuºh²bh±va½ upagato. Maªkubh³toti nittejata½ ±panno. Pattakkhandhoti onatag²vo. Adhomukhoti heµµh±mukho. Samm±sambuddhassa te paµij±natoti “aha½ samm±sambuddho, sabbe dhamm± may± abhisambuddh±”ti eva½ paµij±nato tava. Anabhisambuddh±ti ime n±ma dhamm± tay± anabhisambuddh±. Tatth±ti tesu anabhisambuddh±ti eva½ dassitadhammesu. Aññena v± añña½ paµicarissat²ti aññena v± vacanena añña½ vacana½ paµicch±dessati, añña½ pucchito añña½ kathessat²ti adhipp±yo. Bahiddh± katha½ apan±messat²ti bahiddh± añña½ ±gantukakatha½ ±haranto purimakatha½ apan±messati. Appaccayanti anabhiraddhi½ atuµµh±k±ra½ p±tukarissat²ti p±kaµa½ karissati. Ettha ca appaccayena domanassa½ vutta½, purimehi dv²hi mandabalavabhedo kodhoyeva.
Eva½ bhagav± paµhamaves±rajjena s²han±da½ naditv± puna dutiy±d²hi nadanto yo kho ma½ paribb±jak±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yassa kho pana te atth±ya dhammo desitoti yassa maggassa v± phalassa v± atth±ya tay± catusaccadhammo desito. So na niyy±t²ti so dhammo na niyy±ti na niggacchati, na ta½ attha½ s±dhet²ti vutta½ hoti. Takkarass±ti yo na½ karoti, tassa paµipattip³rakassa puggalass±ti attho. Samm± dukkhakkhay±y±ti hetun± nayena k±raºena sakalassa vaµµadukkhassa khay±ya. Atha v± yassa kho pana te atth±ya dhammo desitoti yassa te atth±ya dhammo desito. Seyyathida½– r±gapaµigh±tatth±ya asubhakammaµµh±na½, dosapaµigh±tatth±ya mett±bh±van±, mohapaµigh±tatth±ya pañca dhamm±, vitakkupacched±ya ±n±p±nassati. So na niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±y±ti so dhammo yo na½ yath±desita½ karoti, tassa takkarassa samm± hetun± nayena k±raºena vaµµadukkhakkhay±ya na niyy±ti na niggacchati, ta½ attha½ na s±dhet²ti ayamettha attho. Seyyath±pi sarabho paribb±jakoti yath± aya½ sarabho paribb±jako pajjh±yanto appaµibh±no nisinno, eva½ nis²dissat²ti.
Eva½ t²hi padehi s²han±da½ naditv± desana½ nivattentasseva tath±gatassa tasmi½ µh±ne sannipatit± catur±s²tip±ºasahassaparim±º± paris± amatap±na½ pivi, satth± paris±ya amatap±nassa p²tabh±va½ ñatv± veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± pakk±mi. Tamattha½ dassetu½ atha kho bhagav±ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s²han±danti seµµhan±da½ abh²tan±da½ appaµin±da½. Veh±sa½ pakk±m²ti abhiññ±p±daka½ catutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya adhiµµh±ya saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena ±k±sa½ pakkhandi. Eva½ pakkhando ca pana ta½khaºaññeva gijjhak³µamah±vih±re patiµµh±si.
V±c±ya sannitodaken±ti vacanapatodena. Sañjambharimaka½s³ti sambharita½ nirantaraphuµa½ aka½su, upari vijjhi½s³ti vutta½ hoti. Brah±raññeti mah±raññe. S²han±da½ nadiss±m²ti s²hassa nadato ±k±ra½ disv± “ayampi tiracch±nagato, ahampi, imassa catt±ro p±d±, mayhampi, ahampi evameva s²han±da½ nadiss±m²”ti cintesi. So s²hassa sammukh± naditu½ asakkonto tasmi½ gocar±ya pakkante ekako naditu½ ±rabhi. Athassa siªg±lasaddoyeva nicchari. Tena vutta½– siªg±laka½yeva nadat²ti. Bheraº¹akanti tasseva vevacana½. Apica bhinnassara½ aman±pasadda½ nadat²ti vutta½ hoti. Evameva kho tvanti imin± opammena paribb±jak± tath±gata½ s²hasadisa½ katv± sarabha½ siªg±lasadisa½ aka½su. Ambukasañcar²ti khuddakakukkuµik±. Purisakaravita½ raviss±m²ti mah±kukkuµa½ ravanta½ disv± “imassapi dve p±d± dve pakkh±, mayhampi tatheva, ahampi evar³pa½ ravita½ raviss±m²”ti s± tassa sammukh± ravitu½ asakkont² tasmi½ pakkante ravam±n± kukkuµik±rava½yeva ravi. Tena vutta½– ambukasañcariravita½yeva ravat²ti. Usabhoti goºo. Suññ±y±ti tucch±ya jeµµhakavasabhehi virahit±ya Gambh²ra½ naditabba½ maññat²ti jeµµhakavasabhassa n±dasadisa½ gambh²ran±da½ naditabba½ maññati. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.