3. Ven±gapurasuttavaººan±

64. Tatiye kosales³ti eva½n±make janapade. C±rika½ caram±noti addh±nagamana½ gacchanto. C±rik± ca n±mes± bhagavato duvidh± hoti turitac±rik± ca aturitac±rik± c±ti. Tattha d³repi bodhaneyyapuggala½ disv± tassa bodhanatth±ya sahas± gamana½ turitac±rik± n±ma S± mah±kassapapaccuggaman±d²su daµµhabb±. Ya½ pana g±manigamapaµip±µiy± devasika½ yojana-addhayojanavasena piº¹ap±tacariy±d²hi loka½ anuggaºhantassa gamana½, aya½ aturitac±rik± n±ma. Ima½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½– “c±rika½ caram±no”ti. Vitth±rena pana c±rik±kath± sumaªgalavil±siniy± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya ambaµµhasuttavaººan±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.254) vutt±. Br±hmaºag±moti br±hmaº±na½ samosaraºag±mopi br±hmaºag±moti vuccati, br±hmaº±na½ bhogag±mopi. Idha samosaraºag±mo br±hmaºavasanag±moti adhippeto. Tadavasar²ti tattha avasari, sampattoti attho. Vih±ro panettha aniy±mito. Tasm± tassa avid³re buddh±na½ anucchaviko eko vanasaº¹o atthi, satth± ta½ vanasaº¹a½ gatoti veditabbo.
Assosunti suºi½su upalabhi½su, sotadv±rasampattavacananigghos±nus±rena j±ni½su. Khoti avadh±raºatthe, padap³raºamatte v± nip±to. Tattha avadh±raºatthena “assosu½ eva, na tesa½ koci savanantar±yo ahos²”ti ayamattho veditabbo. Padap³raºena byañjanasiliµµhat±mattameva.
Id±ni yamattha½ assosu½, ta½ pak±setu½ samaºo khalu, bho, gotamoti-±di vutta½. Tattha samitap±patt± samaºoti veditabbo. Khal³ti anussavatthe nip±to. Bhoti tesa½ aññamañña½ ±lapanamatta½. Gotamoti bhagavato gottavasena parid²pana½, tasm± “samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo”ti ettha samaºo kira, bho, gotamagottoti evamattho daµµhabbo. Sakyaputtoti ida½ pana bhagavato ucc±kulaparid²pana½. Sakyakul± pabbajitoti saddh±pabbajitabh±vaparid²pana½, kenaci p±rijuññena anabhibh³to aparikkh²ºa½yeva ta½ kula½ pah±ya saddh±ya pabbajitoti vutta½ hoti. Ta½ kho pan±ti itthambh³t±khy±natthe upayogavacana½, tassa kho pana bhoto gotamass±ti attho. Kaly±ºoti kaly±ºaguºasamann±gato, seµµhoti vutta½ hoti. Kittisaddoti kittiyeva, thutighoso v±. Abbhuggatoti sadevaka½ loka½ ajjhottharitv± uggato. Kinti? Itipi so bhagav±…pe… buddho bhagav±ti. Tatr±ya½ padasambandho– so bhagav± itipi araha½, itipi samm±sambuddho…pe… itipi bhagav±ti. Imin± ca imin± ca k±raºen±ti vutta½ hoti.
Tattha “±rakatt±, ar²na½ ar±nañca hatatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v±ti imehi k±raºehi so bhagav± arahanti veditabbo”ti-±din± nayena m±tika½ nikkhipitv± sabb±neva et±ni pad±ni visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.125-127) buddh±nussatiniddese vitth±rit±n²ti tato nesa½ vitth±ro gahetabbo.
So ima½ lokanti so bhava½ gotamo ima½ loka½, id±ni vattabba½ nidasseti. Sadevakanti saha devehi sadevaka½. Eva½ saha m±rena sam±raka½. Saha brahmun± sabrahmaka½. Saha samaºabr±hmaºehi sassamaºabr±hmaºi½. Paj±tatt± paj±, ta½ paja½. Saha devamanussehi sadevamanussa½. Tattha sadevakavacanena pañcak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½ veditabba½, sam±rakavacanena chaµµhak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½, sabrahmakavacanena brahmak±yik±dibrahmaggahaºa½, sassamaºabr±hmaºivacanena s±sanassa paccatthikapacc±mittasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºa½, samitap±pab±hitap±pasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºañca, paj±vacanena sattalokaggahaºa½, sadevamanussavacanena sammutideva-avasesamanussaggahaºa½. Evamettha t²hi padehi ok±salokena saddhi½ sattaloko, dv²hi paj±vasena sattalokova gahitoti veditabbo.
Aparo nayo– sadevakaggahaºena ar³p±vacaraloko gahito, sam±rakaggahaºena chak±m±vacaradevaloko, sabrahmakaggahaºena r³p²brahmaloko, sassamaºabr±hmaº±diggahaºena catuparisavasena, sammutidevehi v± saha manussaloko, avasesasabbasattaloko v±. Por±º± pan±hu– sadevakanti devat±hi saddhi½ avasesaloka½. Sam±rakanti m±rena saddhi½ avasesaloka½. Sabrahmakanti brahmehi saddhi½ avasesaloka½. Eva½ sabbepi tibhav³page satte t²h±k±rehi t²su padesu pakkhipitv± puna dv²hi padehi pariy±d±tu½ sassamaºabr±hmaºi½ paja½ sadevamanussanti vutta½. Eva½ pañcahi padehi tena ten±k±rena tedh±tukameva pariy±dinnanti.
Saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedet²ti sayanti s±ma½, aparaneyyo hutv±. Abhiññ±ti abhiññ±ya, adhikena ñ±ºena ñatv±ti attho. Sacchikatv±ti paccakkha½ katv± etena anum±n±dipaµikkhepo kato. Pavedet²ti bodheti ñ±peti pak±seti.
So dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… pariyos±nakaly±ºanti so bhagav± sattesu k±ruññata½ paµicca hitv±pi anuttara½ vivekasukha½ dhamma½ deseti. Tañca kho appa½ v± bahu½ v± desento ±dikaly±º±dippak±rameva deseti, ±dimhipi kaly±ºa½ bhaddaka½ anavajjameva katv± deseti, majjhepi, pariyos±nepi kaly±ºa½ bhaddaka½ anavajjameva katv± deset²ti vutta½ hoti.
Tattha atthi desan±ya ±dimajjhapariyos±na½, atthi s±sanassa. Desan±ya t±va catuppadik±yapi g±th±ya paµhamap±do ±di n±ma, tato dve majjha½ n±ma, ante eko pariyos±na½ n±ma. Ek±nusandhikassa suttassa nid±na½ ±di, idamavoc±ti pariyos±na½, ubhinna½ antar± majjha½. Anek±nusandhikassa suttassa paµham±nusandhi ±di, ante anusandhi pariyos±na½, majjhe eko v± dve v± bah³ v± majjhameva.
S±sanassa s²lasam±dhivipassan± ±di n±ma. Vuttampi ceta½– “ko c±di kusal±na½ dhamm±na½, s²lañca suvisuddha½ diµµhi ca ujuk±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.369). “Atthi, bhikkhave, majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh±”ti eva½ vutto pana ariyamaggo majjha½ n±ma. Phalañceva nibb±nañca pariyos±na½ n±ma. “Tasm±tiha tva½, br±hmaºa, brahmacariya½ eta½p±ra½ eta½pariyos±nan”ti ettha phala½ pariyosananti vutta½. “Nibb±nogadhañhi, ±vuso vis±kha, brahmacariya½ vussati nibb±napar±yaºa½ nibb±napariyos±nan”ti (ma. ni. 1.466) ettha nibb±na½ pariyos±nanti vutta½. Idha pana desan±ya ±dimajjhapariyos±na½ adhippeta½. Bhagav± hi dhamma½ desento ±dimhi s²la½ dassetv± majjhe magga½ pariyos±ne nibb±na½ dasseti. Tena vutta½– “so dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºan”ti. Tasm± aññopi dhammakathiko dhamma½ kathento–
“¾dimhi s²la½ dasseyya, majjhe magga½ vibh±vaye;
pariyos±namhi nibb±na½, es± kathikasaºµhit²”ti.
S±ttha½ sabyañjananti yassa hi y±gubhatta-itthipuris±divaººan±nissit± desan± hoti, na so s±ttha½ deseti. Bhagav± pana tath±r³pa½ desana½ pah±ya catusatipaµµh±n±dinissita½ desana½ deseti. Tasm± “s±ttha½ deset²”ti vuccati. Yassa pana desan± ekabyañjan±diyutt± v± sabbaniroµµhabyañjan± v± sabbavissaµµhabyañjan± v± sabbaniggahitabyañjan± v±, tassa dami¼akir±tayavan±dimilakkh±na½ bh±s± viya byañjanap±rip³riy± abh±vato abyañjan± n±ma desan± hoti. Bhagav± pana–
“Sithila½ dhanitañca d²gharassa½, lahuka½ garukañca niggah²ta½;
sambandha½ vavatthita½ vimutta½, dasadh± byañjanabuddhiy± pabhedo”ti.–

Eva½ vutta½ dasavidha½ byañjana½ amakkhetv± paripuººabyañjanameva katv± dhamma½ deseti. Tasm± “sabyañjana½ katv± deset²”ti vuccati. Kevalaparipuººanti ettha kevalanti sakal±dhivacana½. Paripuººanti an³n±dhikavacana½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– sakalaparipuººameva deseti, ekadesan±pi aparipuºº± natth²ti. Parisuddhanti nirupakkilesa½. Yo hi “ima½ dhammadesana½ niss±ya l±bha½ v± sakk±ra½ v± labhiss±m²”ti deseti, tassa aparisuddh± desan± n±ma hoti. Bhagav± pana lok±misanirapekkho hitapharaºeneva mett±bh±van±ya muduhadayo ullumpanasabh±vasaºµhitena cittena deseti. Tasm± parisuddha½ deset²ti vuccati. Brahmacariya½ pak±set²ti ettha brahmacariyanti sikkhattayasaªgahita½ sakala½ s±sana½. Tasm± brahmacariya½ pak±set²ti so dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½…pe… parisuddha½, eva½ desento ca sikkhattayasaªgahita½ sakalas±sanabrahmacariya½ pak±set²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Brahmacariyanti seµµhaµµhena brahmabh³ta½ cariya½, brahmabh³t±na½ v± buddh±d²na½ cariyanti vutta½ hoti.

S±dhu kho pan±ti sundara½ kho pana, atth±vaha½ sukh±vahanti vutta½ hoti. Tath±r³p±na½ arahatanti yath±r³po so bhava½ gotamo, evar³p±na½ anekehipi kappakoµisatasahassehi dullabhadassan±na½ by±mappabh±parikkhittehi as²ti-anubyañjanapaµimaº¹itehi dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºavarehi sam±kiººamanoramasar²r±na½ anappakadassan±na½ atimadhuradhammanigghos±na½ yath±bh³taguº±dhigamena loke arahantoti laddhasadd±na½ arahata½. Dassana½ hot²ti pas±dasomm±ni akkh²ni umm²letv± dassanamattampi s±dhu hoti. Sace pana aµµhaªgasamann±gatena brahmassarena dhamma½ desentassa ekapadampi sotu½ labhiss±ma, s±dhutara½yeva bhavissat²ti eva½ ajjh±saya½ katv±. Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½s³ti sabbakicc±ni pah±ya tuµµham±nas± agama½su. Añjali½ paº±metv±ti ete ubhatopakkhik±, te eva½ cintesu½– “sace no micch±diµµhik± codessanti ‘kasm± tumhe samaºa½ gotama½ vanditth±’ti, tesa½ ‘ki½ añjalikaraºamatten±pi vandita½ hot²’ti vakkh±ma Sace no samm±diµµhik± codessanti ‘kasm± bhagavanta½ na vanditth±’ti, ‘ki½ s²sena bh³mi½ paharanteneva vandita½ hoti. Nanu añjalikammampi vandan± ev±’ti vakkh±m±”ti.
N±magottanti “bho gotama, aha½ asukassa putto datto n±ma mitto n±ma idh±gato”ti vadant± n±ma½ s±venti n±ma. “Bho gotama, aha½ v±seµµho n±ma kacc±no n±ma idh±gato”ti vadant± gotta½ s±venti n±ma. Ete kira dalidd± jiººakulaputt± “parisamajjhe n±magottavasena p±kaµ± bhaviss±m±”ti eva½ aka½su. Ye pana tuºh²bh³t± nis²di½su, te ker±µik± ceva andhab±l± ca. Tattha ker±µik± “eka½ dve kath±sall±pe karonte viss±siko hoti, atha viss±se sati eka½ dve bhikkh± ad±tu½ na yuttan”ti tato att±na½ mocent± tuºh²bh³t± nis²danti. Andhab±l± aññ±ºat±yeva avakkhittamattik±piº¹± viya yattha katthaci tuºh²bh³t± nis²danti.
Ven±gapurikoti ven±gapurav±s². Etadavoc±ti p±dantato paµµh±ya y±va kesagg± tath±gatassa sar²ra½ olokento as²ti-anubyañjanasamujjalehi dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºehi paµimaº¹ita½ sar²r± nikkhamitv± samantato as²tihatthappadesa½ ajjhottharitv± µhit±hi chabbaºº±hi ghanabuddhara½s²hi sampariv±rita½ tath±gatassa sar²ra½ disv± sañj±tavimhayo vaººa½ bhaºanto eta½ “acchariya½, bho gotam±”ti-±divacana½ avoca.
Tattha y±vañcidanti adhimattappam±ºaparicchedavacanameta½. Tassa vippasannapadena saddhi½ sambandho. Y±vañca vippasann±ni adhimattavippasann±n²ti attho. Indriy±n²ti cakkh±d²ni cha indriy±ni. Tassa hi pañcanna½ indriy±na½ patiµµhitok±sassa vippasannata½ disv± tesa½ vippasannat± p±kaµ± ahosi. Yasm± pana s± mane vippasanneyeva hoti, avippasannacitt±nañhi indriyappas±do n±ma natthi, tasm±ssa manindriyappas±dopi p±kaµo ahosi. Ta½ esa vippasannata½ gahetv± “vippasann±ni indriy±n²”ti ±ha. Parisuddhoti nimmalo. Pariyod±toti pabhassaro. S±rada½ badarapaº¹unti saradak±le j±ta½ n±tisuparipakka½ badara½. Tañhi parisuddhañceva hoti pariyod±tañca. T±lapakkanti suparipakkat±laphala½. Sampati bandhan± pamuttanti ta½khaºaññeva bandhan± pamutta½. Tassa hi bandhanam³la½ apanetv± paramukha½ katv± phalake µhapitassa caturaªgulamatta½ µh±na½ olokent±na½ parisuddha½ pariyod±ta½ hutv± kh±yati. Ta½ sandh±yevam±ha Nekkha½ jambonadanti surattavaººassa jambonadasuvaººassa ghaµik±. Dakkhakamm±raputtasuparikammakatanti dakkhena suvaººak±raputtena suµµhu kataparikamma½. Ukk±mukhe sukusalasampahaµµhanti suvaººak±ra-uddhane pacitv± sukusalena suvaººak±rena ghaµµanaparimajjanaha½sanena suµµhu pahaµµha½ suparimadditanti attho. Paº¹ukambale nikkhittanti aggin± pacitv± d²pid±µh±ya gha½sitv± gerukaparikamma½ katv± rattakambale µhapita½. Bh±sateti sañj±ta-obh±sat±ya bh±sate. Tapateti andhak±raviddha½sanat±ya tapate. Virocat²ti vijjotam±na½ hutv± virocati, sobhat²ti attho.
Ucc±sayanamah±sayan±n²ti ettha atikkantappam±ºa½ ucc±sayana½ n±ma, ±yatavitthata½ akappiyabhaº¹a½ mah±sayana½ n±ma. Id±ni t±ni dassento seyyathida½, ±sand²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±sand²ti atikkantappam±ºa½ ±sana½. Pallaªkoti p±desu v±¼ar³p±ni µhapetv± kato. Gonakoti d²ghalomako mah±kojavo. Caturaªgul±dhik±ni kira tassa lom±ni. Cittakoti v±nacitta½ uºº±mayattharaºa½. Paµik±ti uºº±mayo setattharako. Paµalik±ti ghanapuppho uºº±mayattharako, yo ±malakapaµµotipi vuccati. T³lik±ti tiººa½ t³l±na½ aññatarapuºº± t³lik±. Vikatik±ti s²habyaggh±dir³pavicitro uºº±mayattharako. Uddalom²ti ubhatodasa½ uºº±mayattharaºa½. Keci ekato uggatapupphanti vadanti. Ekantalom²ti ekatodasa½ uºº±mayattharaºa½. Keci ubhato uggatapupphanti vadanti. Kaµµissanti ratanaparisibbita½ koseyyakaµµissamaya½ paccattharaºa½. Koseyyanti ratanaparisibbitameva kosiyasuttamaya½ paccattharaºa½. Kuttakanti so¼asanna½ n±µakitth²na½ µhatv± naccanayogga½ uºº±mayattharaºa½. Hatthatthar±dayo hatthipiµµh±d²su attharaºaka-attharak± ceva hatthir³p±d²ni dassetv± kata-attharak± ca. Ajinappaveº²ti ajinacammehi mañcappam±ºena sibbitv± katappaveº². Sesa½ heµµh± vuttatthameva.
Nik±mal±bh²ti atik±mal±bh² icchiticchital±bh². Akicchal±bh²ti adukkhal±bh². Akasiral±bh²ti vipulal±bh² mahantal±bh², u¼±ru¼±r±neva labhati maññeti sandh±ya vadati. Aya½ kira br±hmaºo sayanagaruko, so bhagavato vippasannindriy±dita½ disv± “addh± esa evar³pesu ucc±sayanamah±sayanesu nis²dati ceva nipajjati ca. Tenassa vippasann±ni indriy±ni, parisuddho chavivaººo pariyod±to”ti maññam±no ima½ sen±sanavaººa½ kathesi.
Laddh± ca pana na kappant²ti ettha kiñci kiñci kappati. Suddhakoseyyañhi mañcepi attharitu½ vaµµati, gonak±dayo ca bh³mattharaºaparibhogena, ±sandiy± p±de chinditv±, pallaªkassa v±¼e bhinditv±, t³lika½ vijaµetv± “bimbohanañca k±tun”ti (c³¼ava. 297) vacanato im±nipi ekena vidh±nena kappanti. Akappiya½ pana up±d±ya sabb±neva na kappant²ti vutt±ni.
Vanantaññeva pavis±m²ti arañña½yeva pavis±mi. Yadev±ti y±niyeva. Pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±ti samantato ³rubaddh±sana½ bandhitv±. Uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±ti aµµh±rasa piµµhikaºµake koµiy± koµi½ paµip±dento uju½ k±ya½ µhapetv±. Parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±ti kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ sati½ µhapetv±, pariggahitaniyy±na½ v± katv±ti attho. Vuttañheta½– “par²ti pariggahaµµho. Mukhanti niyy±naµµho. Sat²ti upaµµh±naµµho. Tena vuccati parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.164). Upasampajja vihar±m²ti paµilabhitv± paccakkha½ katv± vihar±mi. Eva½bh³toti eva½ paµhamajjh±n±d²su aññatarasamaªg² hutv±. Dibbo me eso tasmi½ samaye caªkamo hot²ti catt±ri hi r³pajjh±n±ni sam±pajjitv± caªkamantassa caªkamo dibbacaªkamo n±ma hoti, sam±pattito vuµµh±ya caªkamantass±pi caªkamo dibbacaªkamoyeva. Ýh±n±d²supi eseva nayo. Tath± itaresu dv²su vih±resu.
So eva½ paj±n±mi “r±go me pah²no”ti mah±bodhipallaªke arahattamaggena pah²nar±gameva dassento “so eva½ paj±n±mi r±go me pah²no”ti ±ha. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Imin± pana ki½ kathita½ hot²ti? Paccavekkhaº± kathit±, paccavekkhaº±ya phalasam±patti kathit±. Phalasam±pattiñhi sam±pannassapi sam±pattito vuµµhitass±pi caªkam±dayo ariyacaªkam±dayo honti. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti.