2. Tiµh±nasuttavaŗŗan±

42. Dutiye vigatamalamaccheren±ti vigatamacchariyamalena. Muttac±goti vissaµµhac±go. Payatap±ŗ²ti dhotahattho. Assaddho hi satakkhattu½ hatthe dhovitv±pi malinahatthova hoti, saddho pana d±n±bhiratatt± malinahatthopi dhotahatthova. Vossaggaratoti vossaggasaŖkh±te d±ne rato. Y±cayogoti y±citu½ yutto, y±cakehi v± yogo ass±tipi y±cayogo. D±nasa½vibh±garatoti d±na½ dadanto sa½vibh±gańca karonto d±nasa½vibh±garato n±ma hoti.
Dassanak±mo s²lavatanti dasapi yojan±ni v²sampi ti½sampi yojanasatampi gantv± s²lasampanne daµµhuk±mo hoti p±µaliputtakabr±hmaŗo viya saddh±tissamah±r±j± viya ca. P±µaliputtassa kira nagaradv±re s±l±ya nisinn± dve br±hmaŗ± k±¼avallimaŗ¹apav±simah±n±gattherassa guŗakatha½ sutv± “amhehi ta½ bhikkhu½ daµµhu½ vaµµat²”ti dvepi jan± nikkhami½su. Eko antar±magge k±lamak±si. Eko samuddat²ra½ patv± n±v±ya mah±titthapaµµane oruyha anur±dhapura½ ±gantv± “k±¼avallimaŗ¹apo kuhin”ti pucchi. Rohaŗajanapadeti. So anupubbena therassa vasanaµµh±na½ patv± c³¼anagarag±me dhuraghare niv±sa½ gahetv± therassa ±h±ra½ samp±detv± p±tova vuµµh±ya therassa vasanaµµh±na½ pucchitv± gantv± janapariyante µhito thera½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± saki½ tattheva µhito vanditv± puna upasaŖkamitv± gopphakesu da¼ha½ gahetv± vandanto “ucc±, bhante, tumhe”ti ±ha. Thero ca n±ti-ucco n±tirasso pam±ŗayuttova, tena na½ puna ±ha– “n±ti-ucc± tumhe, tumh±ka½ pana guŗ± mecakavaŗŗassa samuddassa matthakena gantv± sakalajambud²patala½ ajjhottharitv± gat±, ahampi p±µaliputtanagaradv±re nisinno tumh±ka½ guŗakatha½ assosin”ti. So therassa bhikkh±h±ra½ datv± attano tic²vara½ paµiy±detv± therassa santike pabbajitv± tassov±de patiµµh±ya katip±heneva arahatta½ p±puŗi.
Saddh±tissamah±r±j±pi, “bhante, mayha½ vanditabbayuttaka½ eka½ ayya½ ±cikkhath±”ti pucchi. Bhikkh³ “maŖgalav±s² kuµµatissatthero”ti ±ha½su. R±j± mah±pariv±rena pańcayojanamagga½ agam±si. Thero “ki½ saddo eso, ±vuso”ti bhikkhusaŖgha½ pucchi. “R±j±, bhante, tumh±ka½ dassanatth±ya ±gato”ti. Thero cintesi– “ki½ mayha½ mahallakak±le r±jagehe kamman”ti div±µµh±ne mańce nipajjitv± bh³miya½ lekha½ likhanto acchi. R±j± “kaha½ thero”ti pucchitv± “div±µµh±ne”ti sutv± tattha gacchanto thera½ bh³miya½ lekha½ likhanta½ disv± “kh²ŗ±savassa n±ma hatthakukkucca½ natthi, n±ya½ kh²ŗ±savo”ti avanditv±va nivatti. BhikkhusaŖgho thera½ ±ha– “bhante, eva½vidhassa saddhassa pasannassa rańńo kasm± vippaµis±ra½ karitth±”ti. “¾vuso, rańńo pas±darakkhana½ na tumh±ka½ bh±ro, mahallakattherassa bh±ro”ti vatv± aparabh±ge anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yanto bhikkhusaŖgha½ ±ha– “mayha½ k³µ±g±ramhi ańńampi pallaŖka½ attharath±”ti. Tasmi½ atthate thero– “ida½ k³µ±g±ra½ antare appatiµµhahitv± rańń± diµµhak±leyeva bh³miya½ patiµµh±t³”ti adhiµµhahitv± parinibb±yi. K³µ±g±ra½ pańcayojanamagga½ ±k±sena agam±si. Pańcayojanamagge dhaja½ dh±retu½ samatth± rukkh± dhajapaggahit±va ahesu½. Gacch±pi gumb±pi sabbe k³µ±g±r±bhimukh± hutv± aµµha½su.
Rańńopi paŗŗa½ pahiŗi½su “thero parinibbuto, k³µ±g±ra½ ±k±sena ±gacchat²”ti. R±j± na saddahi. K³µ±g±ra½ ±k±sena gantv± th³p±r±ma½ padakkhiŗa½ katv± sil±cetiyaµµh±na½ agam±si. Cetiya½ saha vatthun± uppatitv± k³µ±g±ramatthake aµµh±si, s±dhuk±rasahass±ni pavatti½su Tasmi½ khaŗe mah±byagghatthero n±ma lohap±s±de sattamak³µ±g±re nisinno bhikkh³na½ vinayakamma½ karonto ta½ sadda½ sutv± “ki½ saddo eso”ti paµipucchi. Bhante, maŖgalav±s² kuµµatissatthero parinibbuto, k³µ±g±ra½ pańcayojanamagga½ ±k±sena ±gata½, tattha so s±dhuk±rasaddoti. ¾vuso, puńńavante niss±ya sakk±ra½ labhiss±m±ti antev±sike kham±petv± ±k±seneva ±gantv± ta½ k³µ±g±ra½ pavisitv± dutiyamańce nis²ditv± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi. R±j± gandhapupphacuŗŗ±ni ±d±ya gantv± ±k±se µhita½ k³µ±g±ra½ disv± k³µ±g±ra½ p³jesi. Tasmi½ khaŗe k³µ±g±ra½ otaritv± pathaviya½ patiµµhita½. R±j± mah±sakk±rena sar²rakicca½ k±retv± dh±tuyo gahetv± cetiya½ ak±si. Evar³p± s²lavant±na½ dassanak±m± n±ma honti.
Saddhamma½ sotumicchat²ti tath±gatappavedita½ saddhamma½ sotuk±mo hoti piŗ¹ap±tikatther±dayo viya. GaŖg±vanav±li-aŖgaŗamhi kira ti½sa bhikkh³ vassa½ upagat± anvaddham±sa½ uposathadivase catupaccayasantosabh±van±r±mamah±-ariyava½sańca (a. ni. 4.28) kathenti. Eko piŗ¹ap±tikatthero pacch±bh±gena ±gantv± paµicchannaµµh±ne nis²di. Atha na½ eko gonaso jaŖghapiŗ¹ima½sa½ saŗ¹±sena gaŗhanto viya ¹a½si. Thero olokento gonasa½ disv± “ajja dhammassavanantar±ya½ na kariss±m²”ti gonasa½ gahetv± thavik±ya pakkhipitv± thavik±mukha½ bandhitv± avid³re µh±ne µhapetv± dhamma½ suŗantova nis²di. Aruŗuggamanańca visa½ vikkhambhetv± therassa tiŗŗa½ phal±na½ p±puŗanańca visassa daµµhaµµh±neneva otaritv± pathavipavisanańca dhammakathikattherassa dhammakath±niµµh±panańca ekakkhaŗeyeva ahosi. Tato thero ±ha– “±vuso eko me coro gahito”ti thavika½ muńcitv± gonasa½ vissajjesi. Bhikkh³ disv± “k±ya vel±ya daµµhattha, bhante”ti pucchi½su. Hiyyo s±yanhasamaye, ±vusoti. Kasm±, bhante, eva½ bh±riya½ kamma½ karitth±ti. ¾vuso, sac±ha½ d²ghaj±tikena daµµhoti vadeyya½, nayima½ ettaka½ ±nisa½sa½ labheyyanti. Ida½ t±va piŗ¹ap±tikattherassa vatthu.
D²ghav±piyampi “mah±j±takabh±ŗakatthero g±th±sahassa½ mah±vessantara½ kathessat²”ti tissamah±g±me tissamah±vih±rav±s² eko daharo sutv± tato nikkhamitv± ek±heneva navayojanamagga½ ±gato. Tasmi½yeva khaŗe thero dhammakatha½ ±rabhi. Daharo d³ramagg±gamanena sańj±tak±yadarathatt± paµµh±nag±th±ya saddhi½ avas±nag±tha½yeva vavatthapesi. Tato therassa “idamavoc±”ti vatv± uµµh±ya gamanak±le “mayha½ ±gamanakamma½ mogha½ j±tan”ti rodam±no aµµh±si. Eko manusso ta½ katha½ sutv± gantv± therassa ±rocesi, “bhante, ‘tumh±ka½ dhammakatha½ soss±m²’ti eko daharabhikkhu tissamah±vih±r± ±gato, so ‘k±yadarathabh±vena me ±gamana½ mogha½ j±tan’ti rodam±no µhito”ti. Gacchatha sańń±petha na½ “puna sve kathess±m±”ti. So punadivase therassa dhammakatha½ sutv± sot±pattiphala½ p±puŗi.
Apar±pi ullakolikaŗŗiv±sik± ek± itth² puttaka½ p±yam±n± “d²ghabh±ŗakamah±-abhayatthero n±ma ariyava½sapaµipada½ kathet²”ti sutv± pańcayojanamagga½ gantv± div±kathikattherassa nisinnak±leyeva vih±ra½ pavisitv± bh³miya½ putta½ nipajj±petv± div±kathikattherassa µhitak±va dhamma½ assosi. Sarabh±ŗake there uµµhite d²ghabh±ŗakamah±-abhayatthero catupaccayasantosabh±van±r±mamah±-ariyava½sa½ ±rabhi. S± µhitak±va paggaŗh±ti. Thero tayo eva paccaye kathetv± uµµh±n±k±ra½ ak±si. S± up±sik± ±ha– “ayyo, ‘ariyava½sa½ kathess±m²’ti siniddhabhojana½ bhuńjitv± madhurap±naka½ pivitv± yaµµhimadhukatel±d²hi bhesajja½ katv± kathetu½ yuttaµµh±neyeva uµµhahat²”ti. Thero “s±dhu, bhagin²”ti vatv± upari bh±van±r±ma½ paµµhapesi. Aruŗuggamanańca therassa “idamavoc±”ti vacanańca up±sik±ya sot±pattiphaluppatti ca ekakkhaŗeyeva ahosi.
Apar±pi ka¼amparav±sik± itth² aŖkena putta½ ±d±ya “dhamma½ soss±m²”ti cittalapabbata½ gantv± eka½ rukkha½ niss±ya d±raka½ nipajj±petv± saya½ µhitak±va dhamma½ suŗ±ti. Rattibh±gasamanantare eko d²ghaj±tiko tass± passantiy±yeva sam²pe nipannad±raka½ cat³hi d±µh±hi ¹a½sitv± agam±si. S± cintesi– “sac±ha½ ‘putto me sappena daµµho’ti vakkh±mi, dhammassa antar±yo bhavissati. Anekakkhattu½ kho pana me aya½ sa½s±ravaµµe vaµµantiy± putto ahosi, dhammameva cariss±m²”ti tiy±maratti½ µhitak±va dhamma½ paggaŗhitv± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya aruŗe uggate saccakiriy±ya puttassa visa½ nimmathetv± putta½ gahetv± gat±. Evar³p± puggal± dhamma½ sotuk±m± n±ma honti.