6. Devad³tasuttavaººan±

36. Chaµµhe devad³t±n²ti devad³t±. Aya½ panettha vacanattho– devoti maccu, tassa d³t±ti devad³t±. Jiººaby±dhimat± hi sa½vegajananaµµhena “id±ni te maccusam²pa½ gantabban”ti codenti viya, tasm± devad³t±ti vuccanti. Dev± viya d³t±tipi devad³t±. Yath± hi alaªkatapaµiyatt±ya devat±ya ±k±se µhatv± “tva½ asukadivase marissas²”ti vutte tass± vacana½ saddh±tabba½ hoti; evameva½ jiººaby±dhimat±pi dissam±n± “tvampi eva½dhammo”ti codenti viya, tesañca ta½ vacana½ anaññath±bh±vit±ya devat±ya by±karaºasadisameva hot²ti dev± viya d³t±ti devad³t±. Visuddhidev±na½ d³t±tipi devad³t±. Sabbabodhisatt± hi jiººaby±dhimatapabbajite disv±va sa½vega½ ±pajjitv± nikkhamma pabbaji½su. Eva½ visuddhidev±na½ d³t±tipi devad³t±. Idha pana liªgavipall±sena “devad³t±n²”ti vutta½.
K±yena duccaritanti-±di kasm± ±raddha½? Devad³t±nuyuñjanaµµh±nupakkamakammadassanattha½. Imin± hi kammena aya½ satto niraye nibbattati, atha na½ tattha yamo r±j± devad³te samanuyuñjati. Tattha k±yena duccarita½ carat²ti k±yadv±rena tividha½ duccarita½ carati. V±c±y±ti vac²dv±rena catubbidha½ duccarita½ carati. Manas±ti manodv±rena tividha½ duccarita½ carati.
Tamena½, bhikkhave, nirayap±l±ti ettha ekacce ther± “nirayap±l± n±ma natthi, yantar³pa½ viya kammameva k±raºa½ k±ret²”ti vadanti. Ta½ “atthi niraye nirayap±l±ti, ±mant±. Atthi ca k±raºik±”ti-±din± nayena abhidhamme (kath±. 866) paµisedhitameva. Yath± hi manussaloke kammak±raºak±rak± atthi, evameva niraye nirayap±l± atth²ti. Yamassa raññoti yamar±j± n±ma vem±nikapetar±j±. Ekasmi½ k±le dibbavim±ne dibbakapparukkhadibba-uyy±nadibban±µak±disabbasampatti½ anubhavati, ekasmi½ k±le kammavip±ka½, dhammiko r±j±, na cesa ekova hoti, cat³su pana dv±resu catt±ro jan± honti. Amatteyyoti m±tu hito matteyyo, m±tari samm± paµipannoti attho. Na matteyyoti amatteyyo, m±tari micch± paµipannoti attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Abrahmaññoti ettha ca kh²º±sav± br±hmaº± n±ma, tesu micch± paµipanno abrahmañño n±ma.
Samanuyuñjat²ti anuyogavatta½ ±ropento pucchati, laddhi½ patiµµh±pento pana samanugg±hati n±ma, k±raºa½ pucchanto samanubh±sati n±ma. N±ddasanti attano santike pahitassa kassaci devad³tassa abh±va½ sandh±ya eva½ vadati.
Atha na½ yamo “n±ya½ bh±sitassa attha½ sallakkhet²”ti ñatv± attha½ sallakkh±petuk±mo ambhoti-±dim±ha. Tattha jiººanti jar±jiººa½. Gop±nasivaªkanti gop±nas² viya vaªka½. Bhogganti bhagga½. Imin±pissa vaªkabh±vameva d²peti. Daº¹apar±yaºanti daº¹apaµisaraºa½ daº¹adutiya½. Pavedham±nanti kampam±na½. ¾turanti jar±tura½. Khaº¹adantanti jar±nubh±vena khaº¹itadanta½. Palitakesanti paº¹arakesa½. Vil³nanti luñcitv± gahitakesa½ viya khall±µa½. Khalitasiranti mah±khall±µas²sa½. Valitanti sañj±tavali½. Tilak±hatagattanti setatilakak±¼atilakehi vikiººasar²ra½. Jar±dhammoti jar±sabh±vo, aparimutto jar±ya, jar± n±ma mayha½ abbhantareyeva pavattat²ti. Parato by±dhidhammo maraºadhammoti padadvayepi eseva nayo.
Paµhama½ devad³ta½ samanuyuñjitv±ti ettha jar±jiººasatto atthato eva½ vadati n±ma– “passatha, bho, ahampi tumhe viya taruºo ahosi½ ³rubal² b±hubal² javasampanno, tassa me t± balajavasampattiyo antarahit±, vijjam±n±pi me hatthap±d± hatthap±dakicca½ na karonti, jar±yamhi aparimuttat±ya ediso j±to. Na kho pan±hameva, tumhepi jar±ya aparimutt±va. Yatheva hi mayha½, eva½ tumh±kampi jar± ±gamissati. Iti tass± pure ±gaman±va kaly±ºa½ karoth±”ti Tenevesa devad³to n±ma j±to. ¾b±dhikanti b±dhika½. Dukkhitanti dukkhappatta½. B±¼hagil±nanti adhimattagil±na½.
Dutiya½ devad³tanti etthapi gil±nasatto atthato eva½ vadati n±ma– “passatha, bho, ahampi tumhe viya nirogo ahosi½, somhi etarahi by±dhin± abhihato, sake muttakar²se palipanno, uµµh±tumpi na sakkomi. Vijjam±n±pi me hatthap±d± hatthap±dakicca½ na karonti, by±dhitomhi aparimuttat±ya ediso j±to. Na kho pan±hameva, tumhepi by±dhito aparimutt±va. Yatheva hi mayha½, eva½ tumh±kampi by±dhi ±gamissati. Iti tassa pure ±gaman±va kaly±ºa½ karoth±”ti. Tenevesa devad³to n±ma j±to.
Ek±hamatanti-±d²su ek±ha½ matassa ass±ti ek±hamato, ta½ ek±hamata½. Parato padadvayepi eseva nayo. Bhast± viya v±yun± uddha½ j²vitapariy±d±n± yath±kkama½ samuggatena s³nabh±vena uddhum±tatt± uddhum±taka½. Vin²lo vuccati viparibhinnavaººo, vin²lova vin²lako, ta½ vin²laka½. Paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ vin²lanti vin²laka½. Vipubbakanti vissandam±napubbaka½, paribhinnaµµh±ne hi paggharitena pubbena palimakkhitanti attho.
Tatiya½ devad³tanti ettha matakasatto atthato eva½ vadati n±ma– “passatha, bho, ma½ ±makasus±ne cha¹¹ita½ uddhum±tak±dibh±vappatta½, maraºatomhi aparimuttat±ya ediso j±to. Na kho pan±hameva, tumhepi maraºato aparimutt±. Yatheva hi mayha½, eva½ tumh±kampi maraºa½ ±gamissati. Iti tassa pure ±gaman±va kaly±ºa½ karoth±”ti. Tenevassa devad³to n±ma j±to.
Ima½ pana devad³t±nuyoga½ ko labhati, ko na labhati? Yena t±va bahu½ p±pa½ kata½, so gantv± niraye nibbattatiyeva. Yena pana paritta½ p±pa½ kata½, so labhati. Yath± hi sabhaº¹a½ cora½ gahetv± kattabbameva karonti na vinicchinanti. Anuvijjitv± gahita½ pana vinicchayaµµh±na½ nayanti, so vinicchaya½ labhati. Eva½sampadameta½. Parittap±pakamm± hi attano dhammat±yapi saranti, s±r²yam±n±pi saranti.
Tattha d²ghajayantadami¼o n±ma attano dhammat±ya sari. So kira dami¼o sumanagirimah±vih±re ±k±sacetiya½ rattapaµena p³jesi, atha niraye ussadas±mante nibbatto aggij±lasadda½ sutv±va attan± p³jitapaµa½ anussari, so gantv± sagge nibbatto. Aparopi puttassa daharabhikkhuno khalis±µaka½ dento p±dam³le µhapesi, maraºak±lamhi paµapaµ±ti sadde nimitta½ gaºhi sopi ussadas±mante nibbatto j±lasaddena ta½ s±µaka½ anussaritv± sagge nibbatto. Eva½ t±va attano dhammat±ya kusala½ kamma½ saritv± sagge nibbattat²ti.
Attano dhammat±ya asarante pana tayo devad³te pucchati. Tattha koci paµhamena devad³tena sarati, koci dutiyatatiyehi, koci t²hipi nassarati. Ta½ yamo r±j± disv± saya½ s±reti. Eko kira amacco sumanapupphakumbhena mah±cetiya½ p³jetv± yamassa patti½ ad±si, ta½ akusalakammena niraye nibbatta½ yamassa santika½ nayi½su. Tasmi½ t²hipi devad³tehi kusala½ asarante yamo saya½ olokento disv±– “nanu tva½ mah±cetiya½ sumanapupphakumbhena p³jetv± mayha½ patti½ ad±s²”ti s±resi, so tasmi½ k±le saritv± devaloka½ gato Yamo pana saya½ oloketv±pi apassanto– “mah±dukkha½ n±ma anubhavissati aya½ satto”ti tuºh² ahosi.
Tatta½ ayokhilanti tig±vuta½ attabh±va½ sampajjalit±ya lohapathaviy± utt±naka½ nipajj±petv± dakkhiºahatthe t±lappam±ºa½ ayas³la½ pavesenti, tath± v±mahatth±d²su. Yath± ca ta½ utt±naka½ nipajj±petv±, eva½ urenapi v±mapassenapi dakkhiºapassenapi nipajj±petv± te ta½ kammak±raºa½ karontiyeva. Sa½vesetv±ti jalit±ya lohapathaviy± tig±vuta½ attabh±va½ nipajj±petv±. Kuµh±r²h²ti mahat²hi gehassa ekapakkhacchadanamatt±hi kuµh±r²hi tacchanti, lohita½ nad² hutv± sandati, lohapathavito j±l± uµµhahitv± tacchitaµµh±na½ gaºh±ti, mah±dukkha½ uppajjati. Tacchant± pana sutt±hata½ karitv± d±ru½ viya aµµha½sampi cha¼a½sampi karonti. V±s²h²ti mah±suppappam±º±hi v±s²hi. Rathe yojetv±ti saddhi½ yugayottapakkharathacakkakubbarap±janehi sabbato pajjalite rathe yojetv±. Mahantanti mah±k³µ±g±rappam±ºa½. ¾ropent²ti sampajjalitehi ayamuggarehi pothent± ±ropenti. Sakimpi uddhanti supakkuthit±ya ukkhaliy± pakkhittataº¹ul± viya uddhamadhotiriyañca gacchati. Mah±nirayeti av²cimah±nirayamhi.
Bh±gaso mitoti bh±ge µhapetv± vibhatto. Pariyantoti parikkhitto. Ayas±ti upari ayapaµµena ch±dito. Samant± yojanasata½, pharitv± tiµµhat²ti eva½ pharitv± tiµµhati, yath± ta½ samant± yojanasate µhatv± olokentassa akkh²ni yamakago¼ak± viya nikkhamanti.
H²nak±y³pag±ti h²na½ k±ya½ upagat± hutv±. Up±d±neti taºh±diµµhiggahaºe. J±timaraºasambhaveti j±tiy± ca maraºassa ca k±raºabh³te. Anup±d±ti cat³hi up±d±nehi anup±diyitv±. J±timaraºasaªkhayeti j±timaraºasaªkhayasaªkh±te nibb±ne vimuccanti. Diµµhadhamm±bhinibbut±ti diµµhadhamme imasmi½yeva attabh±ve sabbakilesanibb±nena nibbut±. Sabbadukkha½ upaccagunti sakalavaµµadukkha½ atikkant±.