Etehi pana t²hi mutta½ ańń±ŗavasena kata½ kaµatt± v± pana kamma½ n±ma. Ta½ yath± n±ma ummattakena khittadaŗ¹a½ yattha v± tattha v± gacchati, evameva tesa½ abh±ve yattha katthaci vip±ka½ deti.
Janaka½ n±ma eka½ paµisandhi½ janetv± pavatti½ na janeti, pavatte ańńa½ kamma½ vip±ka½ nibbatteti. Yath± hi m±t± janetiyeva, dh±tiyeva pana jaggati; evameva½ m±t± viya paµisandhinibbattaka½ janakakamma½, dh±ti viya pavatte sampattakamma½. Upatthambhaka½ n±ma kusalepi labbhati akusalepi. Ekacco hi kusala½ katv± sugatibhave nibbattati. So tattha µhito punappuna½ kusala½ katv± ta½ kamma½ upatthambhetv± anek±ni vassasatasahass±ni sugatibhavasmi½yeva vicarati. Ekacco akusala½ katv± duggatibhave nibbattati. So tattha µhito punappuna½ akusala½ katv± ta½ kamma½ upatthambhetv± bah³ni vassasatasahass±ni duggatibhavasmi½yeva vicarati.
Aparo nayo– janaka½ n±ma kusalampi hoti akusalampi. Ta½ paµisandhiyampi pavattepi r³p±r³pavip±kakkhandhe janeti. Upatthambhaka½ pana vip±ka½ janetu½ na sakkoti, ańńena kammena dinn±ya paµisandhiy± janite vip±ke uppajjanakasukhadukkha½ upatthambheti, addh±na½ pavatteti. Upap²¼aka½ n±ma ańńena kammena dinn±ya paµisandhiy± janite vip±ke uppajjanakasukhadukkha½ p²¼eti b±dheti, addh±na½ pavattitu½ na deti. Tatr±ya½ nayo– kusalakamme vipaccam±ne akusalakamma½ upap²¼aka½ hutv± tassa vipaccitu½ na deti. Akusalakamme vipaccam±ne kusalakamma½ upap²¼aka½ hutv± tassa vipaccitu½ na deti. Yath± va¹¹ham±naka½ rukkha½ v± gaccha½ v± lata½ v± kocideva daŗ¹ena v± satthena v± bhindeyya v± chindeyya v±, atha so rukkho v± gaccho v± lat± v± va¹¹hitu½ na sakkuŗeyya; evameva½ kusala½ vipaccam±na½ akusalena upap²¼ita½, akusala½ v± pana vipaccam±na½ kusalena upap²¼ita½ vipaccitu½ na sakkoti. Tattha sunakkhattassa akusalakamma½ kusala½ upap²¼esi, coragh±takassa kusalakamma½ akusala½ upap²¼esi.
R±jagahe kira v±tak±¼ako pańń±sa vass±ni coragh±takamma½ ak±si. Atha na½ rańńo ±rocesu½– “deva, v±tak±¼ako mahallako core gh±tetu½ na sakkot²”ti. “Apanetha na½ tasm± µh±nantar±ti. Amacc± na½ apanetv± ańńa½ tasmi½ µh±ne µhapayi½su. V±tak±¼akopi y±va ta½ kamma½ ak±si, t±va ahatavatth±ni v± acch±ditu½ surabhipupph±ni v± pi¼andhitu½ p±y±sa½ v± bhuńjitu½ ucch±dananh±pana½ v± paccanubhotu½ n±lattha. So “d²gharatta½ me kiliµµhavesena caritan”ti “p±y±sa½ me pac±h²”ti bhariya½ ±ŗ±petv± nh±n²yasambh±r±ni g±h±petv± nh±natittha½ gantv± s²sa½ nhatv± ahatavatth±ni acch±detv± gandhe vilimpitv± pupph±ni pi¼andhitv± ghara½ ±gacchanto s±riputtatthera½ disv± “sa½kiliµµhakammato camhi apagato, ayyo ca me diµµho”ti tuµµham±naso thera½ ghara½ netv± navasappisakkaracuŗŗ±bhisaŖkhatena p±y±sena parivisi. Thero tassa anumodanamak±si. So anumodana½ sutv± anulomikakhanti½ paµilabhitv± thera½ anugantv± nivattam±no antar±magge taruŗavacch±ya g±viy± madditv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±pito gantv± t±vati½sabhavane nibbatti. Bhikkh³ tath±gata½ pucchi½su– “bhante, coragh±tako ajjeva kiliµµhakammato apan²to, ajjeva k±laŖkato, kaha½ nu kho nibbatto”ti? T±vati½sabhavane, bhikkhaveti. Bhante, coragh±tako d²gharatta½ purise gh±tesi, tumhe ca eva½ vadetha, natthi nu kho p±pakammassa phalanti. M±, bhikkhave, eva½ avacuttha, balavakaly±ŗamitt³panissaya½ labhitv± dhammasen±patissa piŗ¹ap±ta½ datv± anumodana½ sutv± anulomikakhanti½ paµilabhitv± so tattha nibbattoti.
“Subh±sita½ suŗitv±na, n±gariyo coragh±tako;
anulomakhanti½ laddh±na, modat² tidiva½ gato”ti.
Upagh±taka½ pana saya½ kusalampi akusalampi sam±na½ ańńa½ dubbalakamma½ gh±tetv± tassa vip±ka½ paµib±hitv± attano vip±kassa ok±sa½ karoti. Eva½ pana kammena kate ok±se ta½ vip±ka½ uppanna½ n±ma vuccati. Upacchedakantipi etasseva n±ma½. Tatr±ya½ nayo– kusalakammassa vipaccanak±le eka½ akusalakamma½ uµµh±ya ta½ kamma½ chinditv± p±teti. Akusalakammassapi vipaccanak±le eka½ kusalakamma½ uµµh±ya ta½ kamma½ chinditv± p±teti. Ida½ upacchedaka½ n±ma. Tattha aj±tasattuno kamma½ kusalacchedaka½ ahosi, aŖgulim±lattherassa akusalacchedakanti. Eva½ suttantikapariy±yena ek±dasa kamm±ni vibhatt±ni.
Abhidhammapariy±yena pana so¼asa kamm±ni vibhatt±ni, seyyathida½– “atthekacc±ni p±pak±ni kammasam±d±n±ni gatisampattipaµib±¼h±ni na vipaccanti, atthekacc±ni p±pak±ni kammasam±d±n±ni upadhisampattipaµib±¼h±ni na vipaccanti, atthekacc±ni p±pak±ni kammasam±d±n±ni k±lasampattipaµib±¼h±ni na vipaccanti, atthekacc±ni p±pak±ni kammasam±d±n±ni payogasampattipaµib±¼h±ni na vipaccanti Atthekacc±ni p±pak±ni kammasam±d±n±ni gativipatti½ ±gamma vipaccanti, upadhivipatti½, k±lavipatti½, payogavipatti½ ±gamma vipaccanti. Atthekacc±ni kaly±ŗ±ni kammasam±d±n±ni gativipattipaµib±¼h±ni na vipaccanti, upadhivipatti, k±lavipatti, payogavipattipaµib±¼h±ni na vipaccanti. Atthekacc±ni kaly±ŗ±ni kammasam±d±n±ni gatisampatti½ ±gamma vipaccanti, upadhisampatti½, k±lasampatti½, payogasampatti½ ±gamma vipaccant²”ti (vibha. 810).
Tattha p±pak±n²ti l±mak±ni. Kammasam±d±n±n²ti kammaggahaŗ±ni. Gahitasam±dinn±na½ kamm±nameta½ adhivacana½. Gatisampattipaµib±¼h±ni na vipaccant²ti-±d²su aniµµh±rammaŗ±nubhavan±rahe kamme vijjam±neyeva sugatibhave nibbattassa ta½ kamma½ gatisampattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma. Gatisampattiy± patib±hita½ hutv± na vipaccat²ti attho. Yo pana p±pakammena d±siy± v± kammak±riy± v± kucchiya½ nibbattitv± upadhisampanno hoti, attabh±vasamiddhiya½ tiµµhati. Athassa s±mik± tassa r³pasampatti½ disv± “n±ya½ kiliµµhakammass±nucchaviko”ti citta½ upp±detv± attano j±taputta½ viya bhaŗ¹±g±rik±diµµh±nesu µhapetv± sampatti½ yojetv± pariharanti. Evar³passa kamma½ upadhisampattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma. Yo pana paµhamakappikak±lasadise sulabhasampannarasabhojane subhikkhak±le nibbattati, tassa vijjam±nampi p±pakamma½ k±lasampattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma. Yo pana samm±payoga½ niss±ya j²vati, upasaŖkamitabbayuttak±le upasaŖkamati, paµikkamitabbayuttak±le paµikkamati, pal±yitabbayuttak±le pal±yati. Lańjad±nayuttak±le lańja½ deti, corikayuttak±le corika½ karoti, evar³passa p±pakamma½ payogasampattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma.
Duggatibhave nibbattassa pana p±pakamma½ gativipatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma. Yo pana d±siy± v± kammak±riy± v± kucchismi½ nibbatto dubbaŗŗo hoti dussaŗµh±no, “yakkho nu kho manusso nu kho”ti vimati½ upp±deti. So sace puriso hoti, atha na½ “n±ya½ ańńassa kammassa anucchaviko”ti hatthi½ v± rakkh±penti assa½ v± goŗe v±, tiŗakaµµh±d²ni v± ±har±penti, khe¼asaraka½ v± gaŗh±penti. Sace itth² hoti, atha na½ hatthi-ass±d²na½ bhattam±s±d²ni v± pac±penti, kacavara½ v± cha¹¹±penti, ańńa½ v± pana jigucchan²yakamma½ k±renti. Evar³passa p±pakamma½ upadhivipatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma. Yo pana dubbhikkhak±le v± parih²nasampattik±le v± antarakappe v± nibbattati, tassa p±pakamma½ k±lavipatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma. Yo pana payoga½ samp±detu½ na j±n±ti, upasaŖkamitabbayuttak±le upasaŖkamitu½ na j±n±ti…pe… corikayuttak±le corika½ k±tu½ na j±n±ti, tassa p±pakamma½ payogavipatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma.
Yo pana iµµh±rammaŗ±nubhavan±rahe kamme vijjam±neyeva gantv± duggatibhave nibbattati, tassa ta½ kamma½ gativipattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma. Yo pana puńń±nubh±vena r±jar±jamah±matt±d²na½ gehe nibbattitv± k±ŗo v± hoti kuŗ² v± khańjo v± pakkhahato v±, tassa oparajjasen±patibhaŗ¹±g±rikaµµh±n±d²ni na anucchavik±n²ti na denti. Iccassa ta½ puńńa½ upadhivipattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma. Yo pana dubbhikkhak±le v± parih²nasampattik±le v± antarakappe v± manussesu nibbattati, tassa ta½ kaly±ŗakamma½ k±lavipattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma. Yo heµµh± vuttanayeneva payoga½ samp±detu½ na j±n±ti, tassa kaly±ŗakamma½ payogavipattipaµib±¼ha½ na vipaccati n±ma.
Kaly±ŗakammena pana sugatibhave nibbattassa ta½ kamma½ gatisampatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma R±jar±jamah±matt±d²na½ kule nibbattitv± upadhisampatti½ pattassa attabh±vasamiddhiya½ µhitassa devanagare samussitaratanatoraŗasadisa½ attabh±va½ disv± “imassa oparajjasen±patibhaŗ¹±g±rikaµµh±n±d²ni anucchavik±n²”ti daharasseva sato t±ni µh±nantar±ni denti, evar³passa kaly±ŗakamma½ upadhisampatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma. Yo paµhamakappikesu v± sulabhannap±nak±le v± nibbattati, tassa kaly±ŗakamma½ k±lasampatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma. Yo vuttanayeneva payoga½ samp±detu½ j±n±ti, tassa kamma½ payogasampatti½ ±gamma vipaccati n±ma. Eva½ abhidhammapariy±yena so¼asa kamm±ni vibhatt±ni.
Apar±nipi paµisambhid±maggapariy±yena dv±dasa kamm±ni vibhatt±ni. Seyyathida½– “ahosi kamma½ ahosi kammavip±ko, ahosi kamma½ n±hosi kammavip±ko, ahosi kamma½ atthi kammavip±ko, ahosi kamma½ natthi kammavip±ko, ahosi kamma½ bhavissati kammavip±ko, ahosi kamma½ na bhavissati kammavip±ko, atthi kamma½ atthi kammavip±ko, atthi kamma½ natthi kammavip±ko, atthi kamma½ bhavissati kammavip±ko, atthi kamma½ na bhavissati kammavip±ko, bhavissati kamma½ bhavissati kammavip±ko, bhavissati kamma½ na bhavissati kammavip±ko”ti (paµi. ma. 1.234).
Tattha ya½ kamma½ at²te ±y³hita½ at²teyeva vip±kav±ra½ labhi, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ janesi, r³pajanaka½ r³pa½, ta½ ahosi kamma½ ahosi kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ pana vip±kav±ra½ na labhi, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ v± r³pa½ janetu½ n±sakkhi, ta½ ahosi kamma½ n±hosi kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ pana at²te ±y³hita½ etarahi laddhavip±kav±ra½ paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ janetv± r³pajanaka½ r³pa½ janetv± µhita½, ta½ ahosi kamma½ atthi kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ aladdhavip±kav±ra½ paµisandhijanaka½ v± paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ v± r³pa½ janetu½ n±sakkhi, ta½ ahosi kamma½ natthi kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ pana at²te ±y³hita½ an±gate vip±kav±ra½ labhissati, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ r³pa½ janetu½ sakkhissati, ta½ ahosi kamma½ bhavissati kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ an±gate vip±kav±ra½ na labhissati, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ v± r³pa½ janetu½ na sakkhissati, ta½ ahosi kamma½ na bhavissati kammavip±koti vutta½.
Ya½ pana etarahi ±y³hita½ etarahiyeva vip±kav±ra½ labhati, ta½ atthi kamma½ atthi kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ pana etarahi vip±kav±ra½ na labhati, ta½ atthi kamma½ natthi kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ pana etarahi ±y³hita½ an±gate vip±kav±ra½ labhissati, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ r³pa½ janetu½ sakkhissati, ta½ atthi kamma½ bhavissati kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ pana vip±kav±ra½ na labhissati, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ v± r³pa½ janetu½ sakkhissati, ta½ atthi kamma½ na bhavissati kammavip±koti vutta½.
Ya½ pan±n±gate ±y³hissati, an±gateyeva vip±kav±ra½ labhissati, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ v± r³pa½ janessati, ta½ bhavissati kamma½ bhavissati kammavip±koti vutta½. Ya½ pana vip±kav±ra½ na labhissati, paµisandhijanaka½ paµisandhi½ r³pajanaka½ v± r³pa½ janetu½ na sakkhissati, ta½ bhavissati kamma½ na bhavissati kammavip±koti vutta½. Eva½ paµisambhid±maggapariy±yena dv±dasa kamm±ni vibhatt±ni.
Iti im±ni ceva dv±dasa abhidhammapariy±yena vibhatt±ni ca so¼asa kamm±ni attano µh±n± osakkitv± suttantikapariy±yena vutt±ni ek±dasa kamm±niyeva bhavanti. T±nipi tato osakkitv± t²ŗiyeva kamm±ni honti diµµhadhammavedan²ya½, upapajjavedan²ya½ aparapariy±yavedan²yanti. Tesa½ saŖkamana½ natthi, yath±µh±neyeva tiµµhanti. Yadi hi diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ kamma½ upapajjavedan²ya½ v± aparapariy±yavedan²ya½ v± bhaveyya, “diµµhe v± dhamme”ti satth± na vadeyya. Sacepi upapajjavedan²ya½ diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ v± aparapariy±yavedan²ya½ v± bhaveyya, “upapajja v±”ti satth± na vadeyya. Ath±pi aparapariy±yavedan²ya½ diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ v± upapajjavedan²ya½ v± bhaveyya, “apare v± pariy±ye”ti satth± na vadeyya.
Sukkapakkhepi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Ettha pana lobhe vigateti lobhe apagate niruddhe. T±lavatthukatanti t±lavatthu viya kata½, matthakacchinnat±lo viya puna aviru¼hisabh±va½ katanti attho. Anabh±va½ katanti anu-abh±va½ kata½, yath± puna nuppajjati, eva½ katanti attho. Evass³ti eva½ bhaveyyu½. Evameva khoti ettha b²j±ni viya kusal±kusala½ kamma½ daµµhabba½, t±ni aggin± ¹ahanapuriso viya yog±vacaro, aggi viya maggań±ŗa½ aggi½ datv± b²j±na½ ¹ahanak±lo viya maggań±ŗena kiles±na½ da¹¹hak±lo, masikatak±lo viya pańcanna½ khandh±na½ chinnam³lake katv± µhapitak±lo, mah±v±te opunitv± nadiy± v± pav±hetv± appavattikatak±lo viya up±dinnakasant±nassa nirodhena chinnam³lak±na½ pańcanna½ khandh±na½ appaµisandhikabh±vena nirujjhitv± puna bhavasmi½ paµisandhi½ aggahitak±lo veditabbo.
Mohajańc±paviddas³ti mohajańc±pi aviddasu. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ya½ so avid³ andhab±lo lobhajańca dosajańca mohajańc±ti kamma½ karoti, eva½ karontena ya½ tena pakata½ kamma½ appa½ v± yadi v± bahu½. Idheva ta½ vedaniyanti ta½ kamma½ tena b±lena idha sake attabh±veyeva vedan²ya½, tasseva ta½ attabh±ve vipaccat²ti attho. Vatthu½ ańńa½ na vijjat²ti tassa kammassa vipaccanatth±ya ańńa½ vatthu natthi. Na hi ańńena kata½ kamma½ ańńassa attabh±ve vipaccati. Tasm± lobhańca dosańca, mohajańc±pi viddas³ti tasm± yo vid³ medh±v² paŗ¹ito ta½ lobhaj±dibheda½ kamma½ na karoti, so vijja½ upp±daya½ bhikkhu, sabb± duggatiyo jahe, arahattamaggavijja½ upp±detv± ta½ v± pana vijja½ upp±dento sabb± duggatiyo jahati. Desan±s²sameveta½, sugatiyopi pana so kh²ŗ±savo jahatiyeva. Yampi ceta½ “tasm± lobhańca dosańc±”ti vutta½, etth±pi lobhadosas²sena lobhajańca dosajańca kammameva niddiµµhanti veditabba½. Eva½ suttantesupi g±th±yapi vaµµavivaµµameva kathitanti.