Ka½so vuccati suvaººap±ti, t±ya vañcana½ ka½sak³µa½. Katha½? Eka½ suvaººap±ti½ katv± aññ± dve tisso lohap±tiyo suvaººavaºº± karoti. Tato janapada½ gantv± kiñcideva a¹¹hakula½ pavisitv± “suvaººabh±jan±ni kiºath±”ti vatv± agghe pucchite samagghatara½ d±tuk±m± honti. Tato tehi “katha½ imesa½ suvaººabh±vo j±nitabbo”ti vutte “v²ma½sitv± gaºhath±”ti suvaººap±ti½ p±s±ºe gha½sitv± sabbap±tiyo datv± gacchati.
M±nak³µa½ n±ma hadayabheda-sikh±bheda-rajjubhedavasena tividha½ hoti. Tattha hadayabhedo sappitel±diminanak±le labbhati. T±ni hi gaºhanto heµµh±chiddena m±nena “saºika½ ±siñc±”ti vatv± attano bh±jane bahu½ pagghar±petv± gaºh±ti, dadanto chidda½ pidh±ya s²gha½ p³retv± deti. Sikh±bhedo tilataº¹ul±diminanak±le labbhati. T±ni hi gaºhanto saºika½ sikha½ uss±petv± gaºh±ti, dadanto vegena p³retv± sikha½ chindanto deti. Rajjubhedo khettavatthuminanak±le labbhati. Lañja½ alabhant± hi khetta½ amahantampi mahanta½ katv± minanti.
Ukkoµan±d²su ukkoµananti s±mike ass±mike k±tu½ lañjaggahaºa½. Vañcananti tehi tehi up±yehi paresa½ vañcana½. Tatridameka½ vatthu eko kira luddako migañca migapotakañca gahetv± ±gacchati. Tameko dhutto “ki½ bho migo agghati, ki½ migapotako”ti ±ha. “Migo dve kah±paºe, migapotako ekan”ti ca vutte eka½ kah±paºa½ datv± migapotaka½ gahetv± thoka½ gantv± nivatto “na me bho migapotakenattho, miga½ me deh²”ti ±ha. Tena hi dve kah±paºe deh²ti. So ±ha– “nanu te bho may± paµhama½ eko kah±paºo dinno”ti? ¾ma dinnoti. Imampi migapotaka½ gaºha, eva½ so ca kah±paºo ayañca kah±paºagghanako migapotako”ti dve kah±paº± bhavissant²ti. So “k±raºa½ vadat²”ti sallakkhetv± migapotaka½ gahetv± miga½ ad±s²ti. Nikat²ti yogavasena v± m±y±vasena v± ap±maªga½ p±maªganti, amaºi½ maºinti, asuvaººa½ suvaººanti katv± patir³pakena vañcana½. S±ciyogoti kuµilayogo. Etesa½yeva ukkoµan±d²nameta½ n±ma½. Tasm± ukkoµanas±ciyogo vañcanas±ciyogo nikatis±ciyogoti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Keci añña½ dassetv± aññassa parivattana½ s±ciyogoti vadanti, ta½ pana vañcaneneva saªgahita½.
Chedan±d²su chedananti hatthacchedan±di. Vadhoti m±raºa½. Bandhoti rajjubandhan±d²hi bandhana½. Vipar±mosoti himavipar±moso, gumbavipar±mosoti duvidho. Ya½ himap±tasamaye himena paµicchann± hutv± maggappaµipanna½ jana½ musanti, aya½ himavipar±moso. Ya½ gumb±d²hi paµicchann± musanti, aya½ gumbavipar±moso. ¾lopo vuccati g±manigam±d²na½ vilopakaraºa½. Sahas±k±roti s±hasikakiriy±, geha½ pavisitv± manuss±na½ ure sattha½ µhapetv± icchitabhaº¹aggahaºa½. Evametasm± chedana…pe… sahas±k±r± paµivirato hoti.
So santuµµho hot²ti sv±ya½ bhikkhu heµµh± vuttena cat³su paccayesu dv±dasavidhena itar²tarapaccayasantosena samann±gato hoti. Imin± pana dv±dasavidhena itar²tarapaccayasantosena samann±gatassa bhikkhuno aµµha parikkh±r± vaµµanti– t²ºi c²var±ni, patto, dantakaµµhacchedanav±si, ek± s³ci, k±yabandhana½ pariss±vananti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Tic²varañca patto ca, v±si s³ci ca bandhana½;
pariss±vanena aµµhete, yuttayogassa bhikkhuno”ti.
Te sabbe k±yaparih±rik±pi honti, kucchiparih±rik±pi. Katha½? Tic²vara½ t±va niv±setv± p±rupitv± ca vicaraºak±le k±ya½ pariharati poset²ti k±yaparih±rika½ hoti. C²varakaººena udaka½ pariss±vetv± pivanak±le, kh±ditabbaphal±phala½ gahaºak±le ca kucchi½ pariharati poset²ti kucchiparih±rika½ hoti. Pattopi tena udaka½ uddharitv± nh±nak±le kuµiparibhaº¹akaraºak±le ca k±yaparih±riko hoti, ±h±ra½ gahetv± bhuñjanak±le kucchiparih±riko. V±sipi t±ya dantakaµµhacchedanak±le mañcap²µh±na½ aªgap±dac²varakuµidaº¹akasajjanak±le ca k±yaparih±rik± hoti, ucchucchedanan±¼iker±ditacchanak±le kucchiparih±rik±. S³cipi c²varasibbanak±le k±yaparih±rik± hoti, p³va½ v± phala½ v± vijjhitv± kh±danak±le kucchiparih±rik±. K±yabandhana½ bandhitv± vicaraºak±le k±yaparih±rika½, ucchu-±d²ni bandhitv± gahaºak±le kucchiparih±rika½. Pariss±vana½ tena udaka½ pariss±vetv± nh±nak±le sen±sanaparibhaº¹akaraºak±le ca k±yaparih±rika½, p±n²yap±nakapariss±vanak±le teneva tilataº¹ulaputhuk±d²ni gahetv± kh±danak±le ca kucchiparih±rika½. Aya½ t±va aµµhaparikkh±rikassa parikkh±ramatt±.
Navaparikkh±rikassa pana seyya½ pavisantassa tatraµµhakapaccattharaºa½ v± kuñcik± v± vaµµati. Dasaparikkh±rikassa nis²dana½ v± cammakhaº¹a½ v± vaµµati. Ek±dasaparikkh±rikassa kattarayaµµhi v± telan±¼ik± v± vaµµati. Dv±dasaparikkh±rikassa chatta½ v± up±hana½ v± vaµµati. Etesu ca aµµhaparikkh±rikova santuµµho, itare asantuµµh± mahicch± mah±bh±r±ti na vattabb±. Etepi appicch±va santuµµh±va subhar±va sallahukavuttinova. Bhagav± pana na ima½ sutta½ tesa½ vasena kathesi, aµµhaparikkh±rikassa vasena kathesi. So hi khuddakav±siñca s³ciñca pariss±vane pakkhipitv± pattassa anto µhapetv± patta½ a½sak³µe laggetv± tic²vara½ k±yappaµibaddha½ katv± yenicchaka½ sukha½ pakkamati, paµinivattitv± gahetabba½ n±massa na hoti. Iti imassa bhikkhuno sallahukavuttita½ dassento bhagav± santuµµho hoti k±yaparih±rikena c²varen±ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha k±yaparih±riken±ti k±yapariharaºamattakena. Kucchiparih±riken±ti kucchipariharaºamattakena. Sam±d±yeva pakkamat²ti ta½ aµµhaparikkh±ramattaka½ sabba½ gahetv±va k±yappaµibaddha½ katv±va gacchati, “mama vih±ro pariveºa½ upaµµh±ko”tissa saªgo v± bandho v± na hoti. So jiy± mutto saro viya, y³th± apakkanto mattahatth² viya icchiticchita½ sen±sana½, vanasaº¹a½, rukkham³la½, nava½ pabbh±ra½ paribhuñjanto eko tiµµhati, eko nis²dati, sabbiriy±pathesu eko adutiyo.
“C±tuddiso appaµigho ca hoti,
santussam±no itar²tarena;
parissay±na½ sahit± achambh²,
eko care khaggavis±ºakappo”ti. (Su. ni. 42; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddeso 128)–

Eva½ vaººita½ khaggavis±ºakappata½ ±pajjati.

Id±ni tamattha½ upam±ya s±dhento seyyath±p²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pakkh² sakuºoti pakkhayutto sakuºo. Þet²ti uppatati. Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho– sakuº± n±ma “asukasmi½ padese rukkho paripakkaphalo”ti ñatv± n±n±dis±hi ±gantv± nakhapakkhatuº¹±d²hi tassa phal±ni vijjhant± vidhunant± kh±danti, “ida½ ajjatan±ya, ida½ sv±tan±ya bhavissat²”ti nesa½ na hoti. Phale pana kh²ºe neva rukkhassa ±rakkha½ µhapenti, na tattha pakkha½ v± patta½ v± nakha½ v± tuº¹a½ v± µhapenti, atha kho tasmi½ rukkhe anapekkh± hutv± yo ya½ dis±bh±ga½ icchati, so tena sapattabh±rova uppatitv± gacchati. Evameva aya½ bhikkhu nissaªgo nirapekkhoyeva pakkamati, sam±d±yeva pakkamati. Ariyen±ti niddosena. Ajjhattanti sake attabh±ve. Anavajjasukhanti niddosasukha½.
So cakkhun± r³pa½ disv±ti so imin± ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato bhikkhu cakkhuviññ±ºena r³pa½ passitv±ti attho. Sesapadesupi ya½ vattabba½ siy±, ta½ sabba½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.15) vutta½. Aby±sekasukhanti kilesehi an±sittasukha½, avikiººasukhantipi vutta½. Indriyasa½varasukha½ hi diµµh±d²su diµµhamatt±divasena pavattat±ya avikiººa½ hoti.
So abhikkante paµikkanteti so manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±na½ sa½varena samann±gato bhikkhu imesu abhikkantapaµikkant±d²su sattasu µh±nesu satisampajaññavasena sampaj±nak±r² hoti. Tattha abhikkantanti purato gamana½. Paµikkantanti pacch±gamana½.
Sampaj±nak±r² hot²ti s±tthakasampajañña½, sapp±yasampajañña½, gocarasampajañña½, asammohasampajaññanti imesa½ catunna½ satisampayutt±na½ sampajaññ±na½ vasena sati½ upaµµhapetv± ñ±ºena paricchinditv±yeva t±ni abhikkantapaµikkant±ni karoti. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana icchantena d²ghanik±ye s±maññaphalavaººan±to v± majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±navaººan±to v± gahetabbo.
So imin± c±ti-±din± ki½ dasseti? Araññav±sassa paccayasampatti½ dasseti. Yassa hi ime catt±ro paccay± natthi, tassa araññav±so na ijjhati, tiracch±nagatehi v± vanacarakehi v± saddhi½ vatthabbata½ ±pajjati. Araññe adhivatth± devat± “ki½ evar³passa p±pabhikkhuno araññav±sen±”ti bheravasadda½ s±venti, hatthehi s²sa½ paharitv± pal±yan±k±ra½ karonti. “Asuko bhikkhu arañña½ pavisitv± idañcidañca p±pakammamak±s²”ti ayaso pattharati. Yassa panete catt±ro paccay± atthi, tassa araññav±so ijjhati. So hi attano s²la½ paccavekkhanto kiñci k±¼aka½ v± tilaka½ v± apassanto p²ti½ upp±detv± ta½ khayato vayato sammasanto ariyabh³mi½ okkamati. Araññe adhivatth± devat± attaman± vaººa½ bh±santi. Itissa udake pakkhittatelabindu viya yaso vitth±riko hoti.
Tattha vivittanti suñña½, appasadda½, appanigghosanti attho. Etadeva hi sandh±ya vibhaªge “vivittanti santike cepi sen±sana½ hoti, tañca an±kiººa½ gahaµµhehi pabbajitehi, tena ta½ vivittan”ti (vibha. 526) vutta½. Seti ceva ±sati ca etth±ti sen±sana½. Mañcap²µh±nameta½ adhivacana½. Ten±ha– “sen±sananti mañcopi sen±sana½, p²µhampi, bhisipi, bimbohanampi, vih±ropi, a¹¹hayogopi, p±s±dopi, hammiyampi, guh±pi, aµµopi, m±¼opi, leºampi, ve¼ugumbopi, rukkham³lampi, maº¹apopi sen±sana½, yattha v± pana bhikkh³ paµikkamanti, sabbameta½ sen±sanan”ti (vibha. 527). Apica vih±ro, a¹¹hayogo, p±s±do, hammiya½, guh±ti ida½ vih±rasen±sana½ n±ma. Mañco, p²µha½, bhisi, bimbohananti ida½ mañcap²µhasen±sana½ n±ma. Cimilik±, cammakhaº¹o, tiºasanth±ro, paººasanth±roti ida½ santhatasen±sana½ n±ma. Yattha v± pana bhikkh³ paµikkamant²ti eta½ ok±sasen±sana½ n±m±ti eva½ catubbidha½ sen±sana½ hoti. Ta½ sabbampi sen±sanaggahaºena gahitameva.
Imassa pana sakuºasadisassa c±tuddisassa bhikkhuno anucchavika½ dassento arañña½ rukkham³lanti-±dim±ha. Tattha araññanti “nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l± sabbameta½ araññan”ti (vibha. 529) “ida½ bhikkhun²na½ vasena ±gata½ arañña½. “¾raññaka½ n±ma sen±sana½ pañcadhanusatika½ pacchiman”ti (p±r±. 654) ida½ pana imassa bhikkhuno anur³pa½. Tassa lakkhaºa½ visuddhimagge dhutaªganiddese vutta½. Rukkham³lanti ya½kiñci s²tacch±ya½ vivitta½ rukkham³la½. Pabbatanti sela½. Tattha hi udakasoº¹²su udakakicca½ katv± s²t±ya rukkhacch±y±ya nisinnassa n±n±dis±su kh±yam±n±su s²tena v±tena b²jiyam±nassa citta½ ekagga½ hoti. Kandaranti ka½ vuccati udaka½, tena d±rita½ udakabhinna½ pabbatapadesa½, ya½ nitambantipi nad²nikuñjantipi vadanti. Tattha hi rajatapaµµasadis± v±lik± hoti, matthake maºivit±na½ viya vanagahana½, maºikkhandhasadisa½ udaka½ sandati. Evar³pa½ kandara½ oruyha p±n²ya½ pivitv± gatt±ni s²t±ni katv± v±lika½ uss±petv± pa½suk³lac²vara½ paññ±petv± nisinnassa samaºadhamma½ karoto citta½ ekagga½ hoti. Giriguhanti dvinna½ pabbat±na½ antara½, ekasmi½yeva v± umaªgasadisa½ mah±vivara½. Sus±nalakkhaºa½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.34) vutta½. Vanapatthanti g±manta½ atikkamitv± manuss±na½ anupac±raµµh±na½, yattha na kasanti na vapanti. Tenev±ha– “vanapatthanti d³r±nameta½ sen±san±na½ adhivacanan”ti-±di. Abbhok±santi acchanna½. ¾kaªkham±no panettha c²varakuµi½ katv± vasati. Pal±lapuñjanti pal±lar±si½ Mah±pal±lapuñjato hi pal±la½ nikka¹¹hitv± pabbh±raleºasadise ±laye karonti, gacchagumb±d²nampi upari pal±la½ pakkhipitv± heµµh± nisinn± samaºadhamma½ karonti. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
Pacch±bhattanti bhattassa pacchato. Piº¹ap±tapaµikkantoti piº¹ap±tapariyesanato paµikkanto. Pallaªkanti samantato ³rubaddh±sana½. ¾bhujitv±ti bandhitv±. Uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±ti uparimasar²ra½ ujuka½ µhapetv± aµµh±rasa piµµhikaºµake koµiy± koµi½ paµip±detv±. Evañhi nisinnassa cammama½sanh±r³ni na paºamanti. Athassa y± tesa½ paºamanapaccay± khaºe khaºe vedan± uppajjeyyu½, t± na uppajjanti. T±su na uppajjam±n±su citta½ ekagga½ hoti, kammaµµh±na½ na paripatati, vuddhi½ ph±ti½ upagacchati. Parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±ti kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ sati½ µhapayitv±, mukhasam²pe v± katv±ti attho. Teneva vibhaªge vutta½– “aya½ sati upaµµhit± hoti s³paµµhit± n±sikagge v± mukhanimitte v±. Tena vuccati parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti (vibha. 537). Atha v± “par²ti pariggahaµµho. Mukhanti niyy±naµµho. Sat²ti upaµµh±naµµho. Tena vuccati– ‘parimukha½ sati”n’ti eva½ paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.164) vuttanayena panettha attho daµµhabbo. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepo “pariggahitaniyy±na½ sati½ katv±”ti.
Abhijjha½ loketi ettha lujjana-palujjanaµµhena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± loko. Tasm± pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu r±ga½ pah±ya k±macchanda½ vikkhambhetv±ti ayamettha attho. Vigat±bhijjhen±ti vikkhambhanavasena pah²natt± vigat±bhijjhena, na cakkhuviññ±ºasadisen±ti attho. Abhijjh±ya citta½ parisodhet²ti abhijjh±to citta½ parimoceti, yath± na½ s± muñcati ceva muñcitv± ca na puna gaºh±ti, eva½ karot²ti attho. By±p±dapadosa½ pah±y±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. By±pajjati imin± citta½ p³tikumm±s±dayo viya purimapakati½ pajahat²ti by±p±do. Vik±rappattiy± padussati, para½ v± pad³seti vin±set²ti padoso. Ubhayampeta½ kodhasseva adhivacana½ Thina½ cittagelañña½, middha½ cetasikagelañña½. Thinañca middhañca thinamiddha½. ¾lokasaññ²ti rattimpi div±pi diµµha-±lokasañj±nanasamatth±ya vigatan²varaº±ya parisuddh±ya saññ±ya samann±gato Sato sampaj±noti satiy± ca ñ±ºena ca samann±gato. Ida½ ubhaya½ ±lokasaññ±ya upak±rakatt± vutta½. Uddhaccañca kukkuccañca uddhaccakukkucca½. Tiººavicikicchoti vicikiccha½ taritv± atikkamitv± µhito. “Kathamida½ kathamidan”ti eva½ nappavattat²ti akatha½kath². Kusalesu dhammes³ti anavajjesu dhammesu. “Ime nu kho kusal±, kathamime kusal±”ti eva½ na vicikicchati na kaªkhat²ti attho. Ayamettha saªkhepo. Imesu pana n²varaºesu vacanatthalakkhaº±dibhedato ya½ vattabba½ siy±, ta½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.71-72) vutta½. Paññ±ya dubbal²karaºeti yasm± ime pañca n²varaº± uppajjam±n± anuppann±ya lokiyalokuttar±ya paññ±ya uppajjitu½ na denti, uppann±pi aµµha sam±pattiyo pañca v± abhiññ± ucchinditv± p±tenti. Tasm± paññ±ya dubbal²karaº±ti vuccanti. Vivicceva k±meh²ti-±d²ni visuddhimagge vitth±rit±ni.
Ime ±sav±ti-±di aparen±pi pariy±yena catusaccappak±sanattha½ vutta½. N±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±t²ti ett±vat± heµµh± t²hi aªgehi b±hirasamayassa nipphalabh±va½ dassetv± catutthena aªgena attano s±sanassa gambh²rabh±va½ pak±setv± desan±ya arahattena k³µa½ gaºhi. Id±ni desana½ appento eva½ kho, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha.