3. S²hasuttavaººan±

33. Tatiye s²hoti catt±ro s²h±– tiºas²ho, k±¼as²ho, paº¹us²ho, kesaras²hoti. Tesu tiºas²ho kapotavaººag±visadiso tiºabhakkho ca hoti. K±¼as²ho k±¼ag±visadiso tiºabhakkhoyeva. Paº¹us²ho paº¹upal±savaººag±visadiso ma½sabhakkho. Kesaras²ho l±kh±parikammakateneva mukhena agganaªguµµhena cat³hi ca p±dapariyantehi samann±gato, matthakatopissa paµµh±ya l±kh±t³lik±ya kat± viya tisso r±jiyo piµµhimajjhena gantv± antarasatthimhi dakkhiº±vatt± hutv± µhit±. Khandhe panassa satasahassagghanikakambalaparikkhepo viya kesarabh±ro hoti, avasesaµµh±na½ parisuddhas±lipiº¹asaªkhacuººapiº¹avaººa½ hoti. Imesu cat³su s²hesu aya½ kesaras²ho idha adhippeto.
Migar±j±ti sabbamigagaºassa r±j±. ¾say±ti vasanaµµh±nato, suvaººaguhato v± rajatamaºiphalikamanosil±guhato v± nikkhamat²ti vutta½ hoti. Nikkhamam±no panesa cat³hi k±raºehi nikkhamati andhak±rap²¼ito v± ±lokatth±ya, ucc±rapass±vap²¼ito v± tesa½ vissajjanatth±ya, jighacch±p²¼ito v± gocaratth±ya, sambhavap²¼ito v± assaddhammapaµisevanatth±ya. Idha pana gocaratth±ya nikkhamanto adhippeto.
Vijambhat²ti suvaººatale v± rajatamaºiphalikamanosil±tal±na½ v± aññatarasmi½ dve pacchimap±de sama½ patiµµh±petv± purimap±de purato pas±retv± sar²rassa pacch±bh±ga½ ±ka¹¹hitv± purimabh±ga½ abhiharitv± piµµhi½ n±metv± g²va½ ukkhipitv± asanisadda½ karonto viya n±sapuµ±ni pothetv± sar²ralagga½ raja½ vidhunanto vijambhati. Vijambhanabh³miyañca pana taruºavacchako viya apar±para½ javati, javato panassa sar²ra½ andhak±re paribbhamanta½ al±ta½ viya kh±yati.
Anuviloket²ti kasm± anuviloketi? Par±nuddayat±ya. Tasmi½ kira s²han±da½ nadante pap±t±v±µ±d²su visamaµµh±nesu carant± hatthigokaººamahi½s±dayo p±º± pap±tepi ±v±µepi patanti, tesa½ anudday±ya anuviloketi. Ki½ panassa luddassa parama½sakh±dino anudday± n±ma atth²ti? ¾ma atthi. Tath± hi “ki½ me bah³hi gh±titeh²”ti attano gocaratth±y±pi khuddake p±ºe na gaºh±ti. Eva½ anuddaya½ karoti, vuttampi ceta½– “m±ha½ khuddake p±ºe visamagate saªgh±ta½ ±p±desin”ti (a. ni. 10.21).
S²han±da½ nadat²ti tikkhattu½ t±va abh²tan±da½ nadati. Evañca panassa vijambhanabh³miya½ µhatv± nadantassa saddo samant± tiyojanapadesa½ ekaninn±da½ karoti, tamassa ninn±da½ sutv± tiyojanabbhantaragat± dvipadacatuppadagaº± yath±µh±ne µh±tu½ na sakkonti. Gocar±ya pakkamat²ti ±h±ratth±ya gacchati. Katha½? So hi vijambhanabh³miya½ µhatv± dakkhiºato v± v±mato v± uppatanto usabhamatta½ µh±na½ gaºh±ti, uddha½ uppatanto catt±ripi aµµhapi usabhaµµh±n±ni uppatati, same µh±ne ujuka½ pakkhandanto so¼asa-usabhamattampi v²sati-usabhamattampi µh±na½ pakkhandati, thal± v± pabbat± v± pakkhandanto saµµhi-usabhamattampi as²ti-usabhamattampi µh±na½ pakkhandati, antar±magge rukkha½ v± pabbata½ v± disv± ta½ pariharanto v±mato v± dakkhiºato v± uddha½ v± usabhamatta½ apakkamati. Tatiya½ pana s²han±da½ naditv± teneva saddhi½ tiyojane µh±ne paññ±yati, tiyojana½ gantv± nivattitv± µhito attanova n±dassa anun±da½ suº±ti. Eva½ s²ghena javena pakkamati.
Yebhuyyen±ti p±yena. Bhaya½ sant±sa½ sa½veganti sabba½ cittutr±sasseva n±ma½. S²hassa hi sadda½ sutv± bah³ bh±yanti, appak± na bh±yanti. Ke pana teti? Samas²ho hatth±j±n²yo ass±j±n²yo usabh±j±n²yo puris±j±n²yo kh²º±savoti. Kasm± panete na bh±yant²ti? Samas²ho t±va “j±tigottakulas³rabh±vehi sam±nosm²”ti na bh±yati, hatth±j±n²y±dayo attano sakk±yadiµµhibalavat±ya na bh±yanti, kh²º±savo sakk±yadiµµhiy± pah²natt± na bh±yati.
Bil±say±ti bile sayant± bilav±sino ahinakulagodh±dayo. Udak±say±ti udakav±sino macchakacchap±dayo. Van±say±ti vanav±sino hatthi-assagokaººamig±dayo. Pavisant²ti “id±ni ±gantv± gaºhissat²”ti magga½ oloketv± pavisanti. Da¼heh²ti thirehi. Varatteh²ti cammarajj³hi. Mahiddhikoti-±d²su vijambhanabh³miya½ µhatv± dakkhiºapass±d²hi usabhamatta½, uju½ v²sati-usabhamatt±dilaªghanavasena mahiddhikat±, sesamig±na½ adhipatibh±vena mahesakkhat±, samant± tiyojanaµµh±ne sadda½ sutv± pal±yant±na½ vasena mah±nubh±vat± veditabb±.
Evameva khoti bhagav± tesu tesu suttantesu tath± tath± att±na½ kathesi. “S²hoti kho, bhikkhave, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacana½ arahato samm±sambuddhass±”ti (a. ni. 5.99; 10.21) imasmi½ t±va sutte s²hasadisa½ att±na½ kathesi. “Bhisakko sallakattoti kho, sunakkhatta, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (ma. ni. 3.65) imasmi½ vejjasadisa½, “br±hmaºoti kho, bhikkhave, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (a. ni. 8.85) imasmi½ br±hmaºasadisa½, “puriso maggakusaloti kho, tissa, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.84) imasmi½ maggadesakapurisasadisa½, “r±j±hamasmi, sel±”ti (su. ni. 559; ma. ni. 2.399) imasmi½ r±jasadisa½. Imasmi½ pana sutte s²hasadisameva katv± att±na½ kathento evam±ha.
Tatr±ya½ sadisat±– s²hassa kañcanaguh±d²su vasanak±lo viya hi tath±gatassa d²paªkarap±dam³le kat±bhin²h±rassa aparimitak±la½ p±ramiyo p³retv± pacchimabhave paµisandhiggahaºena ceva m±tukucchito nikkhamanena ca dasasahassilokadh±tu½ kampetv± vuddhimanv±ya dibbasampattisadisa½ sampatti½ anubhavam±nassa t²su p±s±desu niv±sak±lo daµµhabbo. S²hassa kañcanaguh±dito nikkhantak±lo viya tath±gatassa ek³nati½sasa½vacchare vivaµena dv±rena kaº¹aka½ ±ruyha channasah±yassa nikkhamitv± t²ºi rajj±ni atikkamitv± anom±nad²t²re brahmun± dinn±ni k±s±y±ni paridahitv± pabbajitassa sattame divase r±jagaha½ gantv± tattha piº¹±ya caritv± paº¹avagiripabbh±re katabhattakiccassa samm±sambodhi½ patv± paµhamameva magadharaµµha½ ±gamanatth±ya y±va rañño paµiññ±d±nak±lo.
S²hassa vijambhanak±lo viya tath±gatassa dinnapaµiññassa ±¼±rak±l±ma-upasaªkamana½ ±di½ katv± y±va suj±t±ya dinnap±y±sassa ek³napaºº±s±ya piº¹ehi paribhuttak±lo veditabbo. S²hassa sar²ravidhunana½ viya s±yanhasamaye sottiyena dinn± aµµha tiºamuµµhiyo gahetv± dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat±hi thomiyam±nassa gandh±d²hi p³jiyam±nassa tikkhattu½ bodhi½ padakkhiºa½ katv± bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha cuddasahatthubbedhe µh±ne tiºasanthara½ attharitv± caturaªgav²riya½ adhiµµh±ya nisinnassa ta½khaºaññeva m±rabala½ vidhametv± t²su y±mesu tisso vijj± visodhetv± anulomappaµiloma½ paµiccasamupp±damah±samudda½ yamakañ±ºamanthanena manthentassa sabbaññutaññ±ºe paµividdhe tadanubh±vena dasasahassilokadh±tukampana½ veditabba½.
S²hassa catudis±vilokana½ viya paµividdhasabbaññutaññ±ºassa sattasatt±ha½ bodhimaº¹e viharitv± paribhuttamadhupiº¹ik±h±rassa ajap±lanigrodham³le mah±brahmuno dhammadesan±y±cana½ paµiggahetv± tattha viharantassa ek±dasame divase “sve ±s±¼hipuººam± bhavissat²”ti pacc³sasamaye “kassa nu kho aha½ paµhama½ dhamma½ deseyyan”ti ±¼±rudak±na½ k±lakatabh±va½ ñatv± dhammadesanatth±ya pañcavaggiy±na½ olokana½ daµµhabba½. S²hassa gocaratth±ya tiyojana½ gamanak±lo viya attano pattac²vara½ ±d±ya “pañcavaggiy±na½ dhammacakka½ pavattess±m²”ti pacch±bhatte ajap±lanigrodhato vuµµhitassa aµµh±rasayojanamagga½ gamanak±lo.
S²hassa s²han±dak±lo viya tath±gatassa aµµh±rasayojanamagga½ gantv± pañcavaggiye saññ±petv± acalapallaªke nisinnassa dasahi cakkav±¼asahassehi sannipatitena devagaºena parivutassa “dveme, bhikkhave, ant± pabbajitena na sevitabb±”ti-±din± nayena dhammacakkappavattanak±lo veditabbo. Imasmi½ ca pana pade desiyam±ne tath±gatas²hassa dhammaghoso heµµh± av²ci½ upari bhavagga½ gahetv± dasasahassilokadh±tu½ paµicch±desi. S²hassa saddena khuddakap±º±na½ sant±s±pajjanak±lo viya tath±gatassa t²ºi lakkhaº±ni d²petv± catt±ri sacc±ni so¼asah±k±rehi saµµhiy± ca nayasahassehi vibhajitv± dhamma½ kathentassa d²gh±yuk±na½ dev±na½ ñ±ºasant±sassa uppattik±lo veditabbo.
Aparo nayo– s²ho viya sabbaññuta½ patto tath±gato, ±sayabh³t±ya kanakaguh±ya nikkhamana½ viya gandhakuµito nikkhamanak±lo, vijambhana½ viya dhammasabha½ upasaªkamanak±lo, dis±vilokana½ viya paris±vilokana½, s²han±danadana½ viya dhammadesan±k±lo, gocar±ya pakkamana½ viya parav±danimmaddanatth±ya gamana½.
Aparo nayo– s²ho viya tath±gato, himavantanissit±ya kañcanaguh±ya nikkhamana½ viya ±rammaºavasena nibb±nanissit±ya phalasam±pattiy± vuµµh±na½, vijambhana½ viya paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½, dis±vilokana½ viya veneyyasattavilokana½, s²han±do viya sampattaparis±ya dhammadesan±, gocar±ya pakkamana½ viya asampatt±na½ veneyyasatt±na½ santik³pasaªkamana½ veditabba½.
Yad±ti yasmi½ k±le. Tath±gatoti heµµh± vuttehi aµµhahi k±raºehi tath±gato. Loketi sattaloke. Uppajjat²ti abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya y±va bodhipallaªk± v± arahattamaggañ±º± v± uppajjati n±ma, arahattaphale pana patte uppanno n±ma. Araha½ samm±sambuddhoti-±d²ni visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.124 ±dayo) buddh±nussatiniddese vitth±rit±ni.
Iti sakk±yoti aya½ sakk±yo, ettako sakk±yo, na ito bhiyyo sakk±yo atth²ti. Ett±vat± sabh±vato sarasato pariyantato paricchedato parivaµumato sabbepi pañcup±d±nakkhandh± dassit± honti. Iti sakk±yasamudayoti aya½ sakk±yassa samudayo n±ma. Ett±vat± “±h±rasamuday± r³pasamudayo”ti-±di sabba½ dassita½ hoti. Iti sakk±yassa atthaªgamoti aya½ sakk±yassa atthaªgamo. Imin±pi “±h±ranirodh± r³panirodho”ti-±di sabba½ dassita½ hoti.
Vaººavantoti sar²ravaººena vaººavanto. Dhammadesana½ sutv±ti pañcasu khandhesu paºº±salakkhaºappaµimaº¹ita½ tath±gatassa dhammadesana½ sutv±. Yebhuyyen±ti idha ke µhapeti? Ariyas±vake deve. Tesa½ hi kh²º±savatt± cittutr±sabhayampi na uppajjati, sa½viggassa yoniso padh±nena pattabba½ pattat±ya ñ±ºasa½vegopi. Itar±sa½ pana devat±na½ “t±so heso, bhikkhave, aniccan”ti manasikaront±na½ cittutr±sabhayampi, balavavipassan±k±le ñ±ºabhayampi uppajjati. Bhoti dhamm±lapanamattameta½. Sakk±yapariy±pann±ti pañcakkhandhapariy±pann±. Iti tesa½ samm±sambuddhe vaµµadosa½ dassetv± tilakkhaº±hata½ katv± dhamma½ desente ñ±ºabhaya½ n±ma okkamati.
Abhiññ±y±ti j±nitv±. Dhammacakkanti paµivedhañ±ºampi desan±ñ±ºampi. Paµivedhañ±ºa½ n±ma yena ñ±ºena bodhipallaªke nisinno catt±ri sacc±ni so¼asah±k±rehi saµµhiy± ca nayasahassehi paµivijjhi. Desan±ñ±ºa½ n±ma yena ñ±ºena tiparivaµµa½ dv±das±k±ra½ dhammacakka½ pavattesi. Ubhayampeta½ dasabalassa ure j±tañ±ºameva. Tesu dhammadesan±ñ±ºa½ gahetabba½. Ta½ panesa y±va aµµh±rasabrahmakoµ²hi saddhi½ aññ±koº¹aññattherassa sot±pattiphala½ na uppajjati, t±va pavatteti n±ma. Tasmi½ uppanne pavattita½ n±ma hot²ti veditabba½. Appaµipuggaloti sadisapuggalarahito. Yasassinoti pariv±rasampann±. T±dinoti l±bh±l±bh±d²hi ekasadisassa.