Itar²tarac²varasantuµµhiy±ti yena kenaci c²varena santuµµhiy±. Nevatt±nukka½set²ti “aha½ pa½suk³liko, may± upasampadam±¼eyeva pa½suk³likaªga½ gahita½, ko may± sadiso atth²”ti attukka½sana½ na karoti. No para½ vambhet²ti “ime panaññe bhikkh³ na pa½suk³lik±”ti v±, “pa½suk³likaªgamattampi etesa½ natth²”ti v± eva½ para½ na vambheti. Yo hi tattha dakkhoti yo tasmi½ c²varasantose vaººav±d±d²su v± dakkho cheko byatto. Analasoti s±taccakiriy±ya ±lasiyavirahito. Sampaj±no paµissatoti sampaj±napaññ±ya ceva satiy± ca yutto. Ariyava½se µhitoti ariyava½se patiµµhito.
Itar²tarena piº¹ap±ten±ti yena kenaci piº¹ap±tena. Etth±pi piº¹ap±to j±nitabbo, piº¹ap±takkhetta½ j±nitabba½, piº¹ap±tasantoso j±nitabbo, piº¹ap±tappaµisa½yutta½ dhutaªga½ j±nitabba½ Tattha piº¹ap±toti odano kumm±so sattu maccho ma½sa½ kh²ra½ dadhi sappi navan²ta½ tela½ madhu ph±ºita½ y±gu kh±dan²ya½ s±yan²ya½ lehan²yanti so¼asa piº¹ap±t±.
Piº¹ap±takkhettanti saªghabhatta½ uddesabhatta½ nimantana½ sal±kabhatta½ pakkhika½ uposathika½ p±µipadikabhatta½ ±gantukabhatta½ gamikabhatta½ gil±nabhatta½ gil±nupaµµh±kabhatta½ dhurabhatta½ kuµibhatta½ v±rabhatta½ vih±rabhattanti pannarasa piº¹ap±takkhett±ni.
Piº¹ap±tasantosoti piº¹ap±te vitakkasantoso gamanasantoso pariyesanasantoso paµil±bhasantoso paµiggahaºasantoso mattapaµiggahaºasantoso loluppavivajjanasantoso yath±l±bhasantoso yath±balasantoso yath±s±ruppasantoso upak±rasantoso parim±ºasantoso paribhogasantoso sannidhiparivajjanasantoso vissajjanasantosoti pannarasa santos±.
Tattha s±dako bhikkhu mukha½ dhovitv± vitakketi. Piº¹ap±tikena pana gaºena saddhi½ carat± s±ya½ ther³paµµh±nak±le “sve kattha piº¹±ya cariss±m±ti? Asukag±me, bhante”ti ettaka½ cintetv± tato paµµh±ya na vitakketabba½. Ekac±rikena vitakkam±¼ake µhatv± vitakketabba½. Tato paµµh±ya vitakkento ariyava½s± cuto hoti parib±hiro. Aya½ vitakkasantoso n±ma.
Piº¹±ya pavisantena “kuhi½ labhiss±m²”ti acintetv± kammaµµh±nas²sena gantabba½. Aya½ gamanasantoso n±ma. Pariyesantena ya½ v± ta½ v± aggahetv± lajji½ pesalameva gahetv± pariyesitabba½. Aya½ pariyesanasantoso n±ma. D³ratova ±hariyam±na½ disv± “eta½ man±pa½ eta½ aman±pan”ti citta½ na upp±detabba½. Aya½ paµil±bhasantoso n±ma. “Ima½ man±pa½ gaºhiss±mi, ima½ aman±pa½ na gaºhiss±m²”ti acintetv± ya½kiñci y±panamatta½ gahetabbameva. Aya½ paµiggahaºasantoso n±ma.
Ettha pana deyyadhammo bahu, d±yako appa½ d±tuk±mo, appa½ gahetabba½. Deyyadhammopi bahu, d±yakopi bahu½ d±tuk±mo, pam±ºeneva gahetabba½. Deyyadhammo na bahu, d±yakopi appa½ d±tuk±mo, appa½ gahetabba½. Deyyadhammo na bahu, d±yako pana bahu½ d±tuk±mo, pam±ºena gahetabba½ Paµiggahaºasmiñhi matta½ aj±nanto manuss±na½ pas±da½ makkheti, saddh±deyya½ vinip±teti, s±sana½ na karoti, vij±tam±tuy±pi citta½ gahetu½ na sakkoti. Iti matta½ j±nitv±va paµiggahetabbanti aya½ mattapaµiggahaºasantoso n±ma. A¹¹hakul±niyeva agantv± dv±rapaµip±µiy± gantabba½. Aya½ loluppavivajjanasantoso n±ma. Yath±l±bhasantos±dayo c²vare vuttanay± eva.
Piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjitv± “samaºadhamma½ anup±less±m²”ti eva½ upak±ra½ ñatv± paribhuñjana½ upak±rasantoso n±ma. Patta½ p³retv± ±n²ta½ na paµiggahetabba½. Anupasampanne sati tena g±h±petabba½, asati har±petv± paµiggahaºamatta½ gahetabba½. Aya½ parim±ºasantoso n±ma. “Jighacch±ya paµivinodana½ idamettha nissaraºan”ti eva½ paribhuñjana½ paribhogasantoso n±ma. Nidahitv± na paribhuñjitabbanti aya½ sannidhiparivajjanasantoso n±ma. Mukha½ anoloketv± s±raº²yadhamme µhitena vissajjetabba½. Aya½ vissajjanasantoso n±ma.
Piº¹ap±tappaµisa½yutt±ni pana pañca dhutaªg±ni piº¹ap±tikaªga½ sapad±nac±rikaªga½ ek±sanikaªga½ pattapiº¹ikaªga½ khalupacch±bhattikaªganti. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.26-30) vutt±. Iti piº¹ap±tasantosamah±-ariyava½sa½ p³rayam±no bhikkhu im±ni pañca dhutaªg±ni gopeti, im±ni gopento piº¹ap±tasantosamah±-ariyava½sena santuµµho hoti. Vaººav±d²ti-±d²ni vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni.
Sen±sanen±ti idha sen±sana½ j±nitabba½, sen±sanakkhetta½ j±nitabba½, sen±sanasantoso j±nitabbo, sen±sanappaµisa½yutta½ dhutaªga½ j±nitabba½. Tattha sen±sananti mañco p²µha½ bhisi bimbohana½ vih±ro a¹¹hayogo p±s±do hammiya½ guh± leºa½ aµµo m±¼o ve¼ugumbo rukkham³la½ yattha v± pana bhikkh³ paµikkamant²ti im±ni pannarasa sen±san±ni.
Sen±sanakkhettanti saªghato v± gaºato v± ñ±tito v± mittato v± attano v± dhanena pa½suk³la½ v±ti cha khett±ni.
Sen±sanasantosoti sen±sane vitakkasantos±dayo pannarasa santos±. Te piº¹ap±te vuttanayeneva veditabb±. Sen±sanappaµisa½yutt±ni pana pañca dhutaªg±ni ±raññikaªga½ rukkham³likaªga½ abbhok±sikaªga½ sos±nikaªga½ yath±santhatikaªganti. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.31-35) vutt±. Iti sen±sanasantosamah±-ariyava½sa½ p³rayam±no bhikkhu im±ni pañca dhutaªg±ni gopeti. Im±ni gopento sen±sanasantosamah±-ariyava½sena santuµµho hoti.
Gil±napaccayo pana piº¹ap±teyeva paviµµho. Tattha yath±l±bhayath±balayath±s±ruppasantoseneva santussitabba½. Nesajjikaªga½ bh±van±r±ma-ariyava½sa½ bhajati. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Pañca sen±sane vutt±, pañca ±h±ranissit±;
eko v²riyasa½yutto, dve ca c²varanissit±”ti.
Iti bhagav± pathavi½ pattharam±no viya s±garakucchi½ p³rayam±no viya ±k±sa½ vitth±rayam±no viya ca paµhama½ c²varasantosa½ ariyava½sa½ kathetv± canda½ uµµh±pento viya s³riya½ ullaªghento viya ca dutiya½ piº¹ap±tasantosa½ kathetv± sineru½ ukkhipanto viya tatiya½ sen±sanasantosa½ ariyava½sa½ kathetv± id±ni sahassanayapaµimaº¹ita½ catuttha½ bh±van±r±ma½ ariyava½sa½ kathetu½ puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hot²ti desana½ ±rabhi.
Tattha ±ramaºa½ ±r±mo, abhirat²ti attho. Bh±van±ya ±r±mo ass±ti bh±van±r±mo. Bh±van±ya ratoti bh±van±rato. Pañcavidhe pah±ne ±r±mo ass±ti pah±n±r±mo. Apica bh±vento ramat²ti bh±van±r±mo. Pajahanto ramat²ti pah±n±r±moti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Ayañhi catt±ro satipaµµh±ne bh±vento ramati, rati½ vindat²ti attho. Tath± catt±ro sammappadh±ne. Catt±ro iddhip±de, pañcindriy±ni, pañca bal±ni, satta bojjhaªge, satta anupassan±, aµµh±rasa mah±vipassan±, sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamme, aµµhati½sa ±rammaºavibhattiyo bh±vento ramati, rati½ vindati. K±macchand±dayo pana kilese pajahanto ramati, rati½ vindati.
Imesu pana cat³su ariyava½sesu purimehi t²hi terasanna½ dhutaªg±na½ catupaccayasantosassa ca vasena sakala½ vinayapiµaka½ kathita½ hoti, bh±van±r±mena avasesa½ piµakadvaya½. Ima½ pana bh±van±r±ma½ ariyava½sa½ kathentena bhikkhun± paµisambhid±magge nekkhammap±¼iy± kathetabbo, d²ghanik±ye dasuttarasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo, majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±nasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo, abhidhamme niddesapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Tattha paµisambhid±magge nekkhammap±¼iy±ti–
“Nekkhamma½ bh±vento ramati, k±macchanda½ pajahanto ramati. Aby±p±da½, by±p±da½… ±lokasañña½… thinamiddha½… avikkhepa½, uddhacca½… dhammavavatth±na½… vicikiccha½… ñ±ºa½… avijja½… p±mojja½… arati½… paµhamajjh±na½, pañca n²varaºe… dutiyajjh±na½… vitakkavic±re… tatiyajjh±na½… p²ti½… catutthajjh±na½… sukhadukkhe… ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ bh±vento ramati, r³pasañña½ paµighasañña½ n±nattasañña½ pajahanto ramati. Viññ±ºañc±yatanasam±patti½…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti½ bh±vento ramati, ±kiñcaññ±yatanasañña½ pajahanto ramati.
“Anicc±nupassana½ bh±vento ramati, niccasañña½ pajahanto ramati. Dukkh±nupassana½… sukhasañña½… anatt±nupassana½… attasañña½… nibbid±nupassana½… nandi½… vir±g±nupassana½… r±ga½… nirodh±nupassana½… samudaya½… paµinissagg±nupassana½… ±d±na½… khay±nupassana½ ghanasañña½… vay±nupassana½… ±y³hana½… vipariº±m±nupassana½… dhuvasañña½… animitt±nupassana½ nimitta½… appaºihit±nupassana½… paºidhi½… suññat±nupassana½… abhinivesa½… adhipaññ±dhammavipassana½… s±r±d±n±bhinivesa½… yath±bh³tañ±ºadassana½… sammoh±bhinivesa½… ±d²nav±nupassana½… ±lay±bhinivesa½… paµisaªkh±nupassana½… appaµisaªkha½… vivaµµ±nupassana½… sa½yog±bhinivesa½… sot±pattimagga½… diµµhekaµµhe kilese… sakad±g±mimagga½… o¼±rike kilese… an±g±mimagga½… anusahagate kilese… arahattamagga½ bh±vento ramati, sabbakilese pajahanto ramat²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.41,95).
Eva½ paµisambhid±magge nekkhammap±¼iy± kathetabbo.
D²ghanik±ye dasuttarasuttantapariy±yen±ti–
“Eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati, eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramati…pe… dasa dhamme bh±vento ramati, dasa dhamme pajahanto ramati. Katama½ eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati? K±yagat±sati½ s±tasahagata½, ima½ eka½ dhamma½ bh±vento ramati. Katama½ eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramati? Asmim±na½, ima½ eka½ dhamma½ pajahanto ramati. Katame dve dhamme…pe… katame dasa dhamme bh±vento ramati? Dasa kasiº±yatan±ni, ime dasa dhamme bh±vento ramati. Katame dasa dhamme pajahanto ramati? Dasa micchatte, ime dasa dhamme pajahanto ramati. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hot²”ti (d². ni. 3.351-360).
Eva½ d²ghanik±ye dasuttarasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±nasuttantapariy±yen±ti–
“Ek±yano aya½, bhikkhave, maggo…pe… y±vadeva ñ±ºamatt±ya paµissatimatt±ya. Anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke up±diyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hoti bh±van±rato. Pah±n±r±mo hoti pah±narato. Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gacchanto v± gacch±m²ti paj±n±ti…pe… puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyath±pi passeyya sar²ra½ sivathik±ya cha¹¹ita½…pe… p³t²ni cuººakaj±t±ni. So imameva k±ya½ upasa½harati ‘ayampi kho k±yo eva½dhammo eva½bh±v² eva½anat²to’ti. Iti ajjhatta½ v± k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati…pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hot²”ti (ma. ni. 1.106 ±dayo).
Eva½ majjhimanik±ye satipaµµh±nasuttantapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Abhidhamme niddesapariy±yen±ti sabbepi saªkhate “aniccato dukkhato rogato gaº¹ato …pe… sa½kilesikadhammato passanto ramati, eva½ kho bhikkhu bh±van±r±mo hot²”ti (mah±ni. 13; c³¼ani. upas²vam±ºavapucch±niddeso 39, nandam±ºavapucch±niddeso 51). Eva½ niddesapariy±yena kathetabbo.
Nevatt±nukka½set²ti “ajja me saµµhi v± sattati v± vass±ni anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±ti vipassan±ya kamma½ karontassa ko may± sadiso atth²”ti eva½ attukka½sana½ na karoti. No para½ vambhet²ti “anicca½ dukkhanti vipassan±mattakampi natthi, ki½ ime vissaµµhakammaµµh±n± carant²”ti eva½ paravambhana½ na karoti. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Ime kho, bhikkhave, catt±ro ariyava½s±ti, bhikkhave, ime catt±ro ariyava½s± ariyatantiyo ariyapaveºiyo ariyañjas± ariyavaµum±n²ti suttanta½ vinivaµµetv± id±ni mah±-ariyava½saparip³rakassa bhikkhuno vasanadis± dassento imehi ca pana, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha sveva arati½ sahat²ti soyeva arati½ anabhirati½ ukkaºµhita½ sahati abhibhavati. Na ta½ arati sahat²ti ta½ pana bhikkhu½ y± es± pantesu sen±sanesu adhikusal±na½ dhamm±na½ bh±van±ya arati n±ma hoti, s± sahitu½ adhibhavitu½ na sakkoti. Aratiratisahoti aratiñca pañcak±maguºaratiñca sahati, adhibhavitu½ sakkoti.
Id±ni g±th±hi k³µa½ gaºhanto n±rat²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha dh²ranti v²riyavanta½. N±rati dh²ra½ sahat²ti ida½ purimasseva k±raºavacana½. Yasm± s± dh²ra½ na sahati nappahoti dh²ra½ sahitu½ adhibhavitu½ na sakkoti, tasm± n±rati sahati dh²ra½. Dh²ro hi aratissahoti aratisahatt± hi so dh²ro n±ma, tasm± arati½ sahat²ti attho. Sabbakammavih±y²nanti sabba½ tebh³makakamma½ cajitv± paricchinna½ parivaµuma½ katv± µhita½. Panuººa½ ko niv±rayeti kilese panuditv± µhita½ ko n±ma r±go v± doso v± niv±reyya. Nekkha½ jambonadasseva, ko ta½ ninditumarahat²ti jambonadasaªkh±tassa j±tirattasuvaººassa nikkhasadisa½ garahitabbadosavimutta½ ko ta½ puggala½ ninditu½ arahati. Brahmun±pi pasa½sitoti mah±brahmun±pi esa puggalo pasa½sitoyev±ti. Desan±pariyos±ne catt±l²sa bhikkhusahass±ni arahatte patiµµhahi½su.