8. Ariyava½sasuttavaººan±

28. Aµµhamassa ajjh±sayiko nikkhepo. Ima½ kira mah±-ariyava½sasuttanta½ bhagav± jetavanamah±vih±re dhammasabh±ya½ paññattavarabuddh±sane nisinno attanopi parapuggal±nampi ajjh±sayavasena pariv±retv± nisinn±ni catt±l²sa bhikkhusahass±ni, “bhikkhave”ti ±mantetv± catt±rome, bhikkhave, ariyava½s±ti ±rabhi. Tattha ariyava½s±ti ariy±na½ va½s±. Yath± hi khattiyava½so br±hmaºava½so vessava½so suddava½so samaºava½so kulava½so r±java½so, eva½ ayampi aµµhamo ariyava½so ariyatanti ariyapaveº² n±ma hoti. So kho pan±ya½ ariyava½so imesa½ va½s±na½ m³lagandh±d²na½ k±¼±nus±rigandh±dayo viya aggamakkh±yati.
Ke pana te ariy±, yesa½ ete va½s±ti? Ariy± vuccanti buddh± ca paccekabuddh± ca tath±gatas±vak± ca, etesa½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±. Ito pubbe hi satasahassakapp±dhik±na½ catunna½ asaªkhyeyy±na½ matthake taºhaªkaro, medhaªkaro saraºaªkaro, d²paªkaroti catt±ro buddh± uppann±, te ariy±, tesa½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±. Tesa½ buddh±na½ parinibb±nato aparabh±ge asaªkhyeyya½ atikkamitv± koº¹añño n±ma buddho uppanno…pe… imasmi½ kappe kakusandho, koº±gamano, kassapo, amh±ka½ bhagav± gotamoti catt±ro buddh± uppann±, tesa½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±. Apica at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ sabbabuddha-paccekabuddha-buddhas±vak±na½ ariy±na½ va½s±ti ariyava½s±.
Te kho panete aggaññ± agg±ti j±nitabb±, rattaññ± d²gharatta½ pavatt±ti j±nitabb±, va½saññ± va½s±ti j±nitabb±. Por±º± na adhunuppattik±. Asa½kiºº± avikiºº± anapan²t±. Asa½kiººapubb± at²tabuddhehipi na sa½kiººapubb±, “ki imeh²”ti na apan²tapubb±. Na sa½k²yant²ti id±nipi na apan²yanti. Na sa½k²yissant²ti an±gatabuddhehipi na apan²yissanti. Ye loke viññ³ samaºabr±hmaº±, tehi appaµikuµµh±, samaºehi br±hmaºehi viññ³hi anindit± agarahit±.
Santuµµho hot²ti paccayasantosavasena santuµµho hoti. Itar²taren±ti na th³lasukhumal³khapaº²tathirajiºº±na½ yena kenaci, atha kho yath±laddh±d²na½ itar²tarena yena kenaci santuµµho hot²ti attho. C²varasmiñhi tayo santos± yath±l±bhasantoso yath±balasantoso yath±s±ruppasantosoti. Piº¹ap±t±d²supi eseva nayo. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± “santuµµhassa, bhikkhave, anuppann± ceva kusal± dhamm± uppajjant²”ti imasmi½ sutte vuttanayeneva veditabb±. Iti ime tayo santose sandh±ya “santuµµho hoti itar²tarena c²varena, yath±laddh±d²su yena kenaci c²varena santuµµho hot²”ti vutta½.
Ettha ca c²vara½ j±nitabba½, c²varakkhetta½ j±nitabba½, pa½suk³la½ j±nitabba½, c²varasantoso j±nitabbo, c²varappaµisa½yutt±ni dhutaªg±ni j±nitabb±ni. Tattha c²vara½ j±nitabbanti khom±d²ni cha c²var±ni duk³l±d²ni cha anulomac²var±ni j±nitabb±ni. Im±ni dv±dasa kappiyac²var±ni. Kusac²ra½, v±kac²ra½, phalakac²ra½, kesakambala½, v±¼akambala½, potthako, camma½, ul³kapakkha½, rukkhadussa½, lat±dussa½, erakadussa½, kadalidussa½, ve¼udussanti evam±d²ni pana akappiyac²var±ni.
C²varakkhettanti “saªghato v± gaºato v± ñ±tito v± mittato v± attano v± dhanena, pa½suk³la½ v±”ti eva½ uppajjanato cha khett±ni, aµµhannañca m±tik±na½ vasena aµµha khett±ni j±nitabb±ni.
Pa½suk³lanti sos±nika½, p±paºika½, rathiya½, saªk±rak³µaka½, sotthiya½, sin±na½, tittha½, gatapacc±gata½, aggida¹¹ha½, gokh±yita½, upacikakh±yita½, und³rakh±yita½ antacchinna½, dasacchinna½, dhaj±haµa½, th³pa½, samaºac²vara½, s±muddiya½, ±bhisekiya½, panthika½, v±t±haµa½, iddhimaya½, devadattiyanti tev²sati pa½suk³l±ni veditabb±ni. Ettha ca sotthiyanti gabbhamalaharaºa½. Gatapacc±gatanti matakasar²ra½ p±rupitv± sus±na½ netv± ±n²tac²vara½. Dhaj±haµanti dhaja½ uss±petv± tato ±n²ta½. Th³panti vammike p³jitac²vara½. S±muddiyanti samuddav²c²hi thala½ p±pita½. Panthikanti pantha½ gacchantehi corabhayena p±s±ºehi koµµetv± p±rutac²vara½. Iddhimayanti ehibhikkhuc²vara½. Sesa½ p±kaµamev±ti.
C²varasantosoti v²sati c²varasantos±– c²vare vitakkasantoso, gamanasantoso, pariyesanasantoso, paµil±bhasantoso, mattapaµiggahaºasantoso, loluppavivajjanasantoso, yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantoso, udakasantoso, dhovanasantoso, karaºasantoso, parim±ºasantoso, suttasantoso, sibbanasantoso, rajanasantoso, kappasantoso, paribhogasantoso, sannidhiparivajjanasantoso, vissajjanasantosoti.
Tattha s±dakabhikkhun± tem±sa½ nibaddhav±sa½ vasitv± ekam±samatta½ vitakketu½ vaµµati. So hi pav±retv± c²varam±se c²vara½ karoti, pa½suk³liko a¹¹ham±seneva karoti. Ida½ m±sa¹¹ham±samatta½ vitakkana½ vitakkasantoso n±ma. Vitakkasantosena pana santuµµhena bhikkhun± p±c²nakhaº¹ar±jiv±sikapa½suk³likattherasadisena bhavitabba½.
Thero kira “cetiyapabbatavih±re cetiya½ vandiss±m²”ti ±gato cetiya½ vanditv± cintesi– “mayha½ c²vara½ jiººa½, bah³na½ vasanaµµh±ne labhiss±m²”ti. So mah±vih±ra½ gantv± saªghatthera½ disv± vasanaµµh±na½ pucchitv± tattha vuttho punadivase c²vara½ ±d±ya ±gantv± thera½ vandi. Thero “ki½ ±vuso”ti ±ha. G±madv±ra½, bhante, gamiss±m²ti. Ahamp±vuso, gamiss±m²ti S±dhu, bhanteti gacchanto mah±bodhidv±rakoµµhake µhatv± “puññavant±na½ vasanaµµh±ne man±pa½ labhiss±m²”ti cintetv± “aparisuddho me vitakko”ti tatova paµinivatti. Punadivase ambaªgaºasam²pato, punadivase mah±cetiyassa uttaradv±rato tattheva paµinivattitv± catutthadivase therassa santika½ agam±si. Thero “imassa bhikkhuno vitakko na parisuddho bhavissat²”ti c²vara½ gahetv± tena saddhi½yeva pañha½ puccham±no g±ma½ p±visi. Tañca ratti½ eko manusso ucc±rapalibuddho s±µakeyeva vacca½ katv± ta½ saªk±raµµh±ne cha¹¹esi. Pa½suk³likatthero ta½ n²lamakkhik±hi samparikiººa½ disv± añjali½ paggahesi. Mah±thero “ki½, ±vuso, saªk±raµµh±nassa añjali½ paggaºh±s²”ti. N±ha½, bhante, saªk±raµµh±nassa añjali½ paggaºh±mi, mayha½ pitu dasabalassa paggaºh±mi, puººad±siy± sar²ra½ p±rupitv± cha¹¹ita½ pa½suk³la½ tumbamatte p±ºake vidhunitv± sus±nato gaºhantena dukkaratara½ kata½ bhanteti. Mah±thero “parisuddho vitakko pa½suk³likass±”ti cintesi. Pa½suk³likattheropi tasmi½yeva µh±ne µhito vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± t²ºi phal±ni patto ta½ s±µaka½ gahetv± c²vara½ katv± p±rupitv± p±c²nakhaº¹ar±ji½ gantv± aggaphala½ arahatta½ p±puºi.
C²varatth±ya gacchantassa pana “kattha labhiss±m²”ti acintetv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva gamana½ gamanasantoso n±ma. Pariyesantassa pana yena v± tena v± saddhi½ apariyesitv± lajji½ pesala½ bhikkhu½ gahetv± pariyesana½ pariyesanasantoso n±ma. Eva½ pariyesantassa ±hariyam±na½ c²vara½ d³rato disv± “eta½ man±pa½ bhavissati, eta½ aman±pan”ti eva½ avitakketv± th³lasukhum±d²su yath±laddheneva santussana½ paµil±bhasantoso n±ma. Eva½ laddha½ gaºhantass±pi “ettaka½ dupaµµassa bhavissati, ettaka½ ekapaµµass±”ti attano pahonakamatteneva santussana½ mattapaµiggahaºasantoso n±ma. C²vara½ pariyesantassa pana “asukassa gharadv±re man±pa½ labhiss±m²”ti acintetv± dv±rapaµip±µiy± caraºa½ loluppavivajjanasantoso n±ma.
L³khapaº²tesu yena kenaci y±petu½ sakkontassa yath±laddheneva y±pana½ yath±l±bhasantoso n±ma. Attano th±ma½ j±nitv± yena y±petu½ sakkoti, tena y±pana½ yath±balasantoso n±ma. Man±pa½ aññassa datv± attan± yena kenaci y±pana½ yath±s±ruppasantoso n±ma.
“Kattha udaka½ man±pa½, kattha aman±pan”ti avic±retv± yena kenaci dhovan³pagena udakena dhovana½ udakasantoso n±ma. Paº¹umattikagerukap³tipaººarasakiliµµh±ni pana udak±ni vajjetu½ vaµµati. Dhovantassa pana muggar±d²hi apaharitv± hatthehi madditv± dhovana½ dhovanasantoso n±ma. Tath± asujjhanta½ paºº±ni pakkhipitv± t±pita-udaken±pi dhovitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ dhovitv± karontassa “ida½ th³la½, ida½ sukhuman”ti akopetv± pahonakan²h±reneva karaºa½ karaºasantoso n±ma. Timaº¹alapaticch±danamattasseva karaºa½ parim±ºasantoso n±ma. C²varakaraºatth±ya pana man±pa½ sutta½ pariyesiss±m²ti avic±retv± rathik±d²su v± devaµµh±ne v± ±haritv± p±dam³le v± µhapita½ ya½kiñcideva sutta½ gahetv± karaºa½ suttasantoso n±ma.
Kusibandhanak±le pana aªgulamatte satta v±re na vijjhitabba½. Eva½ karontassa hi yo bhikkhu sah±yo na hoti, tassa vattabhedopi natthi. Tivaªgulamatte pana satta v±re vijjhitabba½. Eva½ karontassa maggappaµipannen±pi sah±yena bhavitabba½. Yo na hoti, tassa vattabhedo. Aya½ sibbanasantoso n±ma. Rajantena pana k±¼akacchak±d²ni pariyesantena na caritabba½, somavakkal±d²su ya½ labhati, tena rajitabba½. Alabhantena pana manussehi araññe v±ka½ gahetv± cha¹¹itarajana½ v± bhikkh³hi pacitv± cha¹¹itakasaµa½ v± gahetv± rajitabba½. Aya½ rajanasantoso n±ma. N²lakaddamak±¼as±mesu ya½kiñci gahetv± hatthipiµµhe nisinnassa paññ±yam±nakappakaraºa½ kappasantoso n±ma.
Hirikop²nappaµicch±danamattavasena paribhuñjana½ paribhogasantoso n±ma. Dussa½ pana labhitv± sutta½ v± s³ci½ v± k±raka½ v± alabhantena µhapetu½ vaµµati, labhantena na vaµµati. Katampi sace antev±sik±d²na½ d±tuk±mo hoti, te ca asannihit±, y±va ±gaman± µhapetu½ vaµµati. ¾gatamattesu d±tabba½. D±tu½ asakkontena adhiµµh±tabba½. Aññasmi½ c²vare sati paccattharaºampi adhiµµh±tu½ vaµµati. Anadhiµµhitameva hi sannidhi hoti, adhiµµhita½ na hot²ti mah±s²vatthero ±ha. Aya½ sannidhiparivajjanasantoso n±ma. Vissajjentena pana na mukha½ oloketv± d±tabba½, s±raº²yadhamme µhatv± vissajjetabbanti aya½ vissajjanasantoso n±ma.
C²varappaµisa½yutt±ni dhutaªg±ni n±ma pa½suk³likaªgañceva tec²varikaªgañca. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.24-25) veditabb±. Iti c²varasantosamah±-ariyava½sa½ p³rayam±no bhikkhu im±ni dve dhutaªg±ni gopeti. Im±ni gopento c²varasantosamah±-ariyava½savasena santuµµho hot²ti.
Vaººav±d²ti eko santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaººa½ na katheti. Eko na santuµµho hoti, santosassa vaººa½ katheti. Eko neva santuµµho hoti, na santosassa vaººa½ katheti. Eko santuµµho ceva hoti, santosassa ca vaººa½ katheti. Ta½ dassetu½ “itar²tarac²varasantuµµhiy± ca vaººav±d²”ti vutta½.
Anesananti d³teyyapahinagaman±nuyogapabheda½ n±nappak±ra½ anesana½. Appatir³panti ayutta½. Aladdh± ti alabhitv±. Yath± ekacco “katha½ nu kho c²vara½ labhiss±m²”ti puññavantehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ekato hutv± kohañña½ karonto uttasati paritassati, santuµµho bhikkhu eva½ aladdh± c²vara½ na paritassati. Laddh± c±ti dhammena samena labhitv±. Agadhitoti vigatalobhagiddho. Amucchitoti adhimattataºh±ya muccha½ an±panno. Anajjhopannoti taºh±ya anotthato apariyonaddho. ¾d²navadass±v²ti anesan±pattiyañca gedhitaparibhoge ca ±d²nava½ passam±no. Nissaraºapaññoti “y±vadeva s²tassa paµigh±t±y±”ti vutta½ nissaraºameva paj±nanto.