4. K±¼ak±r±masuttavaŗŗan±

24. Catuttha½ atthuppattiya½ nikkhitta½. Katar±ya atthuppattiyanti? Dasabalaguŗakath±ya. An±thapiŗ¹ikassa kira dh²t± c³¼asubhadd± “s±ketanagare k±¼akaseµµhiputtassa geha½ gacchiss±m²”ti satth±ra½ upasaŖkamitv±, “bhante, aha½ micch±diµµhikakula½ gacch±mi. Sace tattha sakk±ra½ labhiss±mi, ekasmi½ purise pesiyam±ne papańco bhavissati, ma½ ±vajjeyy±tha bhagav±”ti paµińńa½ gahetv± agam±si. Seµµhi “suŗis± me ±gat±”ti maŖgala½ karontova bahu½ kh±dan²yabhojan²ya½ paµiy±detv± pańca acelakasat±ni nimantesi. So tesu nisinnesu “dh²t± me ±gantv± arahante vandat³”ti c³¼asubhadd±ya pesesi. ¾gataphal± ariyas±vik± arahanteti vuttamatteyeva “l±bh± vata me”ti uµµhahitv± gat± te nissirikadassane acelake disv±va “samaŗ± n±ma na evar³p± honti, t±ta, yesa½ neva ajjhatta½ hir², na bahiddh± ottappa½ atth²”ti vatv± “na ime samaŗ±, dh²dh²”ti khe¼a½ p±tetv± nivattitv± attano vasanaµµh±nameva gat±.
Tato acelak± “mah±seµµhi kuto te evar³p± k±lakaŗŗ² laddh±, ki½ sakalajambud²pe ańń± d±rik± natth²”ti seµµhi½ paribh±si½su. So “±cariy± j±nitv± v± kata½ hotu aj±nitv± v±, ahamettha j±niss±m²”ti acelake uyyojetv± subhadd±ya santika½ gantv± “amma, kasm± evar³pa½ ak±si, kasm± arahante lajj±pes²”ti ±ha. T±ta, arahant± n±ma evar³p± na hont²ti. Atha na½ so ±ha–
“K²dis± samaŗ± tuyha½, b±¼ha½ kho ne pasa½sasi;
ki½s²l± ki½sam±c±r±, ta½ me akkh±hi pucchit±”ti.
S± ±ha–
“Santindriy± santaman±, santatej± guŗamaggasaŗµhit±;
okkhittacakkh³ mitabh±ŗ², t±dis± samaŗ± mama.
“Vasanti vanamogayha, n±go chetv±va bandhana½;
ekakiy± adutiy±, t±dis± samaŗ± mam±”ti.
Evańca pana vatv± seµµhissa pure µhatv± tiŗŗa½ ratan±na½ guŗa½ kathesi. Seµµhi tass± vacana½ sutv± “yadi eva½, tava samaŗe ±netv± maŖgala½ karom±”ti. S± pucchi “kad± karissatha, t±t±”ti. Seµµhi cintesi– “katip±haccayen±ti vutte pesetv± pakkos±peyy±”ti. Atha na½ “sve amm±”ti ±ha. S± s±yanhasamaye uparip±s±da½ ±ruyha mahanta½ pupphasamugga½ gahetv± satthu guŗe anussaritv± aµµha pupphamuµµhiyo dasabalassa vissajjetv± ańjali½ paggayha namassam±n± aµµh±si. Evańca avaca– “bhagav± sve pańcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ mayha½ bhikkha½ gaŗhath±”ti. T±ni pupph±ni gantv± dasabalassa matthake vit±na½ hutv± aµµha½su. Satth± ±vajjento ta½ k±raŗa½ addasa. Dhammadesan±pariyos±ne an±thapiŗ¹ikamah±seµµhi dasabala½ vanditv± “sve, bhante, pańcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ mama gehe bhikkha½ gaŗhath±”ti ±ha. C³¼asubhadd±ya nimantitamha seµµh²ti. Na, bhante, kańci ±gata½ pass±m±ti. ¾ma, seµµhi, saddh± pana up±sik± d³re yojanasatamatthakepi yojanasahassamatthakepi µhit± himavanto viya pańń±yat²ti vatv±–
“D³re santo pak±senti, himavantova pabbato;
asantettha na dissanti, ratti½ khitt± yath± sar±”ti. (Dha. pa. 304)–

Ima½ g±tham±ha. An±thapiŗ¹iko “bhante, mama, dh²tu saŖgaha½ karoth±”ti vanditv± pakk±mi.

Satth± ±nandatthera½ ±mantesi– “aha½, ±nanda, s±keta½ gamiss±mi, pańcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ sal±ka½ dehi. Dadanto ca cha¼abhińń±na½yeva dadeyy±s²”ti. Thero tath± ak±si. C³¼asubhadd± rattibh±gasamanantare cintesi– “buddh± n±ma bahukicc± bahukaraŗ²y±, ma½ sallakkheyya v± na v±, ki½ nu kho kariss±m²”ti. Tasmi½ khaŗe vessavaŗo mah±r±j± c³¼asubhadd±ya kathesi– “bhadde, m± kho tva½ viman± ahosi, m± dumman±. Adhivuttha½ te bhagavat± sv±tan±ya bhatta½ saddhi½ bhikkhusaŖghen±”ti. S± tuµµhapahaµµh± d±nameva sa½vidahi. Sakkopi kho devar±j± vissakamma½ ±mantesi– “t±ta, dasabalo c³¼asubhadd±ya santika½ s±ketanagara½ gacchissati, pańca k³µ±g±rasat±ni m±peh²”ti. So tath± ak±si. Satth± pańcahi cha¼abhińńasatehi parivuto k³µ±g±ray±nena maŗivaŗŗa½ ±k±sa½ vilikhanto viya s±ketanagara½ agam±si.
Subhadd± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaŖghassa d±na½ datv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ±ha– “bhante, mayha½ sasurapakkho micch±diµµhiko, s±dhu tesa½ anucchavikadhamma½ katheth±”ti. Satth± dhamma½ desesi. K±¼akaseµµhi sot±panno hutv± attano uyy±na½ dasabalassa ad±si. Acelak± “amh±ka½ paµhama½ dinnan”ti nikkhamitu½ na icchanti. “Gacchatha n²haritabbaniy±mena te n²harath±”ti sabbe n²har±petv± tattheva satthu vih±ra½ k±retv± brahmadeyya½ katv± udaka½ p±tesi So k±¼akena k±ritat±ya k±¼ak±r±mo n±ma j±to. Bhagav± tasmi½ samaye tattha viharati. Tena vutta½– “s±kete viharati k±¼ak±r±me”ti.
Bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti pańcasate bhikkh³ ±mantesi. Te kira s±ketanagarav±sino kulaputt± satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± satthu santike pabbajitv± upaµµh±nas±l±ya nisinn± “aho buddhaguŗ± n±ma mahant±, evar³pa½ n±ma micch±diµµhika½ k±¼akaseµµhi½ diµµhito mocetv± sot±pattiphala½ p±petv± sakalanagara½ satth±r± devalokasadisa½ katan”ti dasabalassa guŗa½ kathenti. Satth± tesa½ guŗa½ kathent±na½ citta½ upaparikkhitv±– “mayi gate mahat² desan± samuµµhissati, desan±pariyos±ne ca ime pańcasat± bhikkh³ arahatte patiµµhahissanti, mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± kampissat²”ti dhammasabha½ gantv± pańńattavarabuddh±sane nisinno te bhikkh³ ±di½ katv± ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokass±ti ima½ desana½ ±rabhi. Evamida½ sutta½ guŗakath±ya nikkhittanti veditabba½.
Tattha “tamaha½ j±n±m²”ti padapariyos±ne mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± akampittha. Abbhańń±sinti abhi-ańń±si½, j±ninti attho. Viditanti p±kaµa½ katv± ń±ta½. Imin± eta½ dasseti– ańńe j±nantiyeva, may± pana p±kaµa½ katv± viditanti. Imehi t²hi padehi sabbańńutabh³mi n±ma kathit±. Ta½ tath±gato na upaµµh±s²ti ta½ chadv±rika½ ±rammaŗa½ tath±gato taŗh±ya v± diµµhiy± v± na upaµµh±si na upagańchi. Ayańhi passati bhagav± cakkhun± r³pa½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto so bhagav±. Suŗ±ti bhagav± sotena sadda½. Gh±yati bhagav± gh±nena gandha½. S±yati bhagav± jivh±ya rasa½. Phusati bhagav± k±yena phoµµhabba½. Vij±n±ti bhagav± manas± dhamma½, chandar±go bhagavato natthi, suvimuttacitto so bhagav±. Tena vutta½– “ta½ tath±gato na upaµµh±s²”ti. Imin± padena kh²ŗ±savabh³mi kathit±ti veditabb±.
Ta½ mamassa mus±ti ta½ me vacana½ mus±v±do n±ma bhaveyya. Ta½ passa t±disamev±ti tampi mus±v±do bhaveyya. Ta½ mamassa kal²ti ta½ vacana½ mayha½ doso bhaveyy±ti attho. Ett±vat± saccabh³mi n±ma kathit±ti veditabb±.
Daµµh± daµµhabbanti disv± daµµhabba½. Diµµha½ na mańńat²ti ta½ diµµha½ r³p±yatana½ “aha½ mah±janena diµµhameva pass±m²”ti taŗh±m±nadiµµh²hi na mańńati. Adiµµha½ na mańńat²ti “aha½ mah±janena adiµµhameva eta½ pass±m²”ti evampi taŗh±d²hi mańńan±hi na mańńati. Daµµhabba½ na mańńat²ti “mah±janena diµµha½ pass±m²”ti evampi t±hi mańńan±hi na mańńati. Daµµhabbańhi adiµµhampi hotiyeva. Evar³p±ni hi vacan±ni t²supi k±lesu labbhanti, tenassa attho vutto. Daµµh±ra½ na mańńat²ti passit±ra½ ekasatta½ n±ma t±hi mańńan±hi na mańńat²ti attho. Sesaµµh±nesupi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Imin± ettakena µh±nena suńńat±bh³mi n±ma kathit±.
Iti kho, bhikkhaveti eva½ kho, bhikkhave. T±d²yeva t±d²ti t±dit± n±ma ekasadisat±. Tath±gato ca y±diso l±bh±d²su, t±disova al±bh±d²su. Tena vutta½– “l±bhepi t±d², al±bhepi t±d². Yasepi t±d², ayasepi t±d². Nind±yapi t±d², pasa½s±yapi t±d². Sukhepi t±d², dukkhepi t±d²”ti (mah±ni. 38, 192). Im±ya t±dit±ya t±d². Tamh± ca pana t±dimh±ti tato tath±gatat±dito ańńo uttaritaro v± paŗ²tataro v± t±d² natth²ti ett±vat± t±dibh³mi n±ma kathit±. Im±hi pańcabh³m²hi desana½ niµµh±pentassa pańcasupi µh±nesu mah±pathav² sakkhibh±vena akampittha. Desan±pariyos±ne te pańcasate adhun±pabbajite kulaputte ±di½ katv± ta½ µh±na½ patt±na½ devamanuss±na½ catur±s²ti p±ŗasahass±ni amatap±na½ pivi½su.
Bhagav±pi sutta½ niµµh±petv± g±th±hi k³µa½ gaŗhanto ya½kińc²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ajjhosita½ saccamuta½ paresanti paresa½ saddh±ya parapattiy±yan±ya saccamutanti mańńitv± ajjhosita½ gilitv± pariniµµh±petv± gahita½. Sayasa½vutes³ti sayameva sa½varitv± piy±yitv± gahitagahaŗesu, diµµhigatikes³ti attho. Diµµhigatik± hi saya½ sa½vut±ti vuccanti. Sacca½ mus± v±pi para½ daheyy±ti tesu saya½ sa½vutasaŖkh±tesu diµµhigatikesu tath±gato t±d² tesa½ ekampi vacana½ “idameva sacca½ moghamańńan”ti eva½ sacca½ mus± v±pi para½ uttama½ katv± na odaheyya, na saddaheyya, na pattiy±yeyya. Etańca sallanti eta½ diµµhisalla½. Paµikacca disv±ti puretara½ bodhim³leyeva disv±. Visatt±ti lagg± lagit± palibuddh±. J±n±mi pass±mi tatheva etanti yath±ya½ paj± ajjhosit± gilitv± pariniµµh±petv± visatt± lagg± lagit±, eva½ ahampi j±n±mi pass±mi. Tath± eva½ yath± et±ya paj±ya gahitanti eva½ ajjhosita½ natthi tath±gat±nanti attho.