3. Uruvelavaggo

1. Paµhama-uruvelasuttavaººan±

21. Tatiyassa paµhame uruvel±yanti ettha uruvel±ti mah±vel±, mah±v±likar±s²ti attho. Atha v± ur³ti v±luk± vuccati, vel±ti mariy±d±. Vel±tikkamanahetu ±haµ± uru uruvel±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. At²te kira anuppanne buddhe dasasahass± kulaputt± t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± tasmi½ padese viharant± ekadivasa½ sannipatitv± katikavatta½ aka½su– “k±yakammavac²kamm±ni n±ma paresampi p±kaµ±ni honti, manokamma½ pana ap±kaµa½. Tasm± yo k±mavitakka½ v± by±p±davitakka½ v± vihi½s±vitakka½ v± vitakketi, tassa añño codako n±ma natthi. So attan±va att±na½ codetv± pattapuµena v±luka½ ±haritv± imasmi½ µh±ne ±kiratu, idamassa daº¹akamman”ti. Tato paµµh±ya yo t±disa½ vitakka½ vitakketi, so tattha pattapuµena v±luka½ ±kirati, eva½ tattha anukkamena mah±v±lukar±si j±to. Tato na½ pacchim± janat± parikkhipitv± cetiyaµµh±namak±si, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½– “uruvel±ti mah±vel±, mah±v±likar±s²ti attho”ti. Tameva sandh±ya vutta½– “atha v± ur³ti v±luk± vuccati, vel±ti mariy±d±, vel±tikkamanahetu ±haµ± uru uruvel±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo”ti.
Najj± nerañjar±ya t²reti uruvelag±ma½ niss±ya nerañjar±nad²t²re vihar±m²ti dasseti. Ajap±lanigrodheti ajap±lak± tassa nigrodhassa ch±y±ya nis²dantipi tiµµhantipi, tasm± so ajap±lanigrodhotveva saªkha½ gato, tassa heµµh±ti attho. Paµham±bhisambuddhoti sambuddho hutv± paµhamameva. Udap±d²ti aya½ vitakko pañcame satt±he udap±di. Kasm± udap±d²ti? Sabbabuddh±na½ ±ciººatt± ceva pubb±sevanat±ya ca. Tattha pubb±sevan±ya pak±sanattha½ tittiraj±taka½ ±haritabba½. Hatthiv±naratittir± kira ekasmi½ padese viharant± “yo amh±ka½ mahallako, tasmi½ sag±rav± vihariss±m±”ti nigrodha½ dassetv± “ko nu kho amh±ka½ mahallako”ti v²ma½sant± tittirassa mahallakabh±va½ ñatv± tassa jeµµh±pac±yanakamma½ katv± aññamañña½ samagg± sammodam±n± viharitv± saggapar±yaº± ahesu½. Ta½ k±raºa½ ñatv± rukkhe adhivatth± devat± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Ye vu¹¹hamapac±yanti, nar± dhammassa kovid±;
diµµheva dhamme p±sa½s±, sampar±ye ca suggat²”ti. (J±. 1.1.37).
Eva½ ahetukatiracch±nayoniya½ nibbattopi tath±gato sag±ravav±sa½ rocesi, id±ni kasm± na rocessat²ti. Ag±ravoti aññasmi½ g±ravarahito, kañci garuµµh±ne aµµhapetv±ti attho. Appatissoti patissayarahito, kañci jeµµhakaµµh±ne aµµhapetv±ti attho. Samaºa½ v± br±hmaºa½ v±ti ettha samitap±pab±hitap±p±yeva samaºabr±hmaº± adhippet±. Sakkatv± garu½ katv±ti sakk±rañceva katv± garuk±rañca upaµµhapetv±.
Sadevake loketi-±d²su saddhi½ devehi sadevake. Devaggahaºena cettha m±rabrahmesu gahitesupi m±ro n±ma vasavatt² sabbesa½ upari vasa½ vatteti, brahm± n±ma mah±nubh±vo, ekaªguliy± ekasmi½ cakkav±¼asahasse ±loka½ pharati, dv²hi dv²su, dasahi aªgul²hi dasasu cakkav±¼asahassesu ±loka½ pharati. So imin± s²lasampannataroti vattu½ m± labhant³ti sam±rake sabrahmaketi visu½ vutta½. Tath± samaº± n±ma ekanik±y±divasena bahussut± s²lavanto paº¹it±, br±hmaº±pi vatthuvijj±divasena bahussut± paº¹it±. Te imin± sampannatar±ti vattu½ m± labhant³ti sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±y±ti vutta½. Sadevamanuss±y±ti ida½ pana nippadesato dassanattha½ gahitameva gahetv± vutta½. Apicettha purim±ni t²ºi pad±ni lokavasena vutt±ni, pacchim±ni dve paj±vasena. S²lasampannataranti s²lena sampannatara½, adhikataranti attho. Ettha ca s²l±dayo catt±ro dhamm± lokiyalokuttar± kathit±, vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ lokiyameva. Paccavekkhaºañ±ºameva heta½. P±turahos²ti “aya½ satth± av²cito y±va bhavagg± s²l±d²hi attan± adhikatara½ apassanto ‘may± paµividdhanavalokuttaradhammameva sakkatv± upaniss±ya vihariss±m²’ti cinteti, k±raºa½ bhagav± cinteti, attha½ vu¹¹hi½ visesa½ cinteti, gacch±missa uss±ha½ janess±m²”ti cintetv± purato p±kaµo ahosi, abhimukhe aµµh±s²ti attho.
Viha½su viharanti c±ti ettha yo vadeyya– “viharant²ti vacanato paccuppannepi bah³ buddh±”ti, so “bhagav±pi bhante etarahi araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti imin± vacanena paµib±hitabbo.
“Na me ±cariyo atthi, sadiso me na vijjati;
sadevakasmi½ lokasmi½, natthi me paµipuggalo”ti. (Mah±va. 11; ma. ni. 2.341)–

¾d²hi cassa suttehi aññesa½ buddh±na½ abh±vo d²petabbo. Tasm±ti yasm± sabbepi buddh± saddhammagaruno, tasm±. Mahattamabhikaªkhat±ti mahantabh±va½ patthayam±nena. Sara½ buddh±na s±sananti buddh±na½ s±sana½ sarantena.

Yatoti yasmi½ k±le. Mahattena samann±gatoti rattaññumahatta½ vepullamahatta½ brahmacariyamahatta½ l±bhaggamahattanti imin± catubbidhena mahattena samann±gato. Atha me saªghepi g±ravoti atha mayha½ saªghepi g±ravo j±to. Kismi½ pana k±le bhagavat± saªghe g±ravo katoti? Mah±paj±patiy± dussayugad±nak±le. Tad± hi bhagav± attano upan²ta½ dussayuga½ “saªghe, gotami, dehi, saªghe te dinne ahañceva p³jito bhaviss±mi saªgho c±”ti vadanto saªghe g±rava½ ak±si n±ma.