19. K±yagat±sativaggavaººan±

563. Cetas± phuµoti cittena pharito. Cittena pharaºañca samuddassa dvidh± sambhavat²ti ±ha– “duvidha½ pharaºan”ti-±di. Purimena atthen±ti “sampayogavasena vijja½ bhajant²”ti vuttena atthena. Pacchimen±ti “vijj±bh±ge vijj±koµµh±se vattant²”ti vuttena.
564. Mahato sa½veg±ya sa½vattat²ti-±d²su aya½ pana aparo nayo. Y±th±vato k±yasabh±vappavedanato mahato sa½veg±ya sa½vattati. Atth±y±ti diµµhadhammik±di-atth±ya. Yogakkhem±y±ti cat³hi yogehi khemabh±v±ya. Satisampajaññ±y±ti sabbattha sati-avippav±s±ya sattaµµh±niyasampajaññ±ya ca. ѱºadassanappaµil±bh±y±ti vipassan±ñ±º±dhigam±ya. Vijj±vimuttiphalasacchikiriy±y±ti tisso vijj± cittassa adhimutti nibb±na½ catt±ri s±maññaphal±n²ti etesa½ paccakkhakaraº±ya.
584. Paññ±paµil±bh±y±ti-±d²su so¼asasu padesu paññ±paµil±bh±ya paññ±vuddhiy± paññ±vepull±ya paññ±b±hull±y±ti im±ni catt±ri paññ±vasena bh±vavacan±ni, ses±ni dv±dasa puggalavasena bh±vavacan±ni. Sappurisasa½sevoti sappuris±na½ bhajana½. Saddhammassavananti tesa½ sappuris±na½ santike s²l±dippaµipattid²pakassa saddhammavacanassa savana½. Yoniso manasik±roti sut±na½ dhamm±na½ atth³paparikkh±vasena up±yena manasik±ro. Dhamm±nudhammappaµipatt²ti lokuttaradhamme anugatassa s²l±dippaµipad±dhammassa paµipajjana½.
Channa½ abhiññ±ñ±º±nanti iddhividhadibbasotacetopariyapubbeniv±sadibbacakkhu-±savakkhayañ±º±na½. Tesattat²na½ ñ±º±nanti paµisambhid±p±¼iya½ (paµi. ma. 1.1-2 m±tik±) “sot±vadh±ne paññ± sutamaye ñ±ºa½, sutv±na sa½vare paññ± s²lamaye ñ±ºan”ti-±din± ñ±ºakath±ya niddiµµh±na½ s±vakas±dh±raº±s±dh±raº±na½ ñ±º±na½. Imesañhi tesattatiñ±º±na½ sutamayañ±º±d²ni sattasaµµhiñ±º±ni s±vakassa s±dh±raº±ni, “indriyaparopariyatte ñ±ºa½, satt±na½ ±say±nusaye ñ±ºa½, yamakap±µih²re ñ±ºa½, mah±karuº±sam±pattiy± ñ±ºa½, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, an±varaºañ±ºan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.68-73 m±tik±) im±ni cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni s±vakehi.
Sattasattat²na½ ñ±º±nanti ettha–
“J±tipaccay± jar±maraºanti ñ±ºa½, asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºanti ñ±ºa½. At²tampi addh±na½ j±tipaccay± jar±maraºanti ñ±ºa½, asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºanti ñ±ºa½. An±gatampi addh±na½ j±tipaccay± jar±maraºanti ñ±ºa½, asati j±tiy± natthi jar±maraºanti ñ±ºa½. Yampissa ta½ dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, tampi khayadhamma½ vayadhamma½ vir±gadhamma½ nirodhadhammanti ñ±ºa½. Bhavapaccay± j±t²ti ñ±ºa½…pe… up±d±napaccay± bhavoti ñ±ºa½, taºh±paccay± up±d±nanti ñ±ºa½, vedan±paccay± taºh±ti ñ±ºa½, phassapaccay± vedan±ti ñ±ºa½, sa¼±yatanapaccay± phassoti ñ±ºa½, n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatananti ñ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³panti ñ±ºa½, saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºanti ñ±ºa½, avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti ñ±ºa½, asati avijj±ya natthi saªkh±r±ti ñ±ºa½, at²tampi addh±na½ avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti ñ±ºa½, asati avijj±ya natthi saªkh±r±ti ñ±ºa½, an±gatampi addh±na½ avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti ñ±ºa½, asati avijj±ya natthi saªkh±r±ti ñ±ºa½, yampissa ta½ dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, tampi khayadhama½ vayadhamma½ vir±gadhamma½ nirodhadhammanti ñ±ºan”ti–
Bhagavat± nid±navagge (sa½. ni. 2.34-35) jar±maraº±d²su ek±dasasu paµiccasamupp±daªgesu pacceka½ satta satta katv± vutt±ni sattasattatiñ±º±ni.
Tattha dhammaµµhitiñ±ºanti paccay±k±rañ±ºa½. Paccay±k±ro hi dhamm±na½ pavattisaªkh±t±ya µhitiy± k±raºatt± “dhammaµµhit²”ti vuccati, tattha ñ±ºa½ dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, “j±tipaccay± jar±maraºan”ti-±din± vuttasseva chabbidhassa ñ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½. Khayadhammanti khayagamanasabh±va½. Vayadhammanti vayagamanasabh±va½. Vir±gadhammanti virajjanasabh±va½. Nirodhadhammanti nirujjhanasabh±vanti attho.
L±bhoti-±d²su l±bhoyeva upasaggena visesetv± “paµil±bho”ti vutto. Puna tasseva atthavivaraºavasena “patti sampatt²”ti vutta½. Phusan±ti adhigamanavasena phusan±. Sacchikiriy±ti paµil±bhasacchikiriy±. Upasampad±ti nipph±dan±.
Sattannañca sekkh±nanti tisso sikkh± sikkhant²ti sekkhasaññit±na½ sot±pattimaggaµµh±d²na½ sattanna½. Puthujjanakaly±ºakassa c±ti nibb±nag±miniy± paµipad±ya yuttatt± sundaraµµhena kaly±ºasaññitassa puthujjanassa. Va¹¹hita½ va¹¹hana½ ek±y±ti va¹¹hitava¹¹han±. Yath±vutt±na½ aµµhannampi paññ±na½ vasena visesatova arahato paññ±vasena paññ±vuddhiy±. Tath± paññ±vepull±ya.
Yassa kassacipi visesato anur³padhammassa mahanta½ n±ma kiccasiddhiy± veditabbanti tadassa kiccasiddhiy± dassento “mahante atthe pariggaºh±t²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha atth±d²na½ mahantabh±vo mah±visayat±ya veditabbo, mah±visayat± ca tesa½ paµisambhid±magge ±gatanayena veditabb±. S²lakkhandhassa pana hetumahantat±ya, paccayamahantat±ya, nissayamahantat±ya pabhedamahantat±ya, kiccamahantat±ya, phalamahantat±ya, ±nisa½samahantat±ya ca mahantabh±vo veditabbo. Tattha hetu alobh±dayo. Paccayo hirottappasaddh±sativ²riy±dayo. Nissayo s±vakabodhipaccekabodhiniyatat± ta½samaªgino ca purisavises±. Pabhedo c±rittav±ritt±divibh±go. Kicca½ tadaªg±divasena paµipakkhavidhamana½. Phala½ saggasampad± nibb±nasampad± ca. ¾nisa½so piyaman±pat±di. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.9) ±kaªkheyyasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 1.64 ±dayo) ca ±gatanayena veditabbo. Imin± nayena sam±dhikkhandh±d²nampi mahantat± yath±raha½ niddh±retv± vattabb±. Ýh±n±µµh±n±d²na½ mahantabh±vo pana mah±visayat±ya veditabbo. Tattha µh±n±µµh±n±na½ mah±visayat± bahudh±tukasutt±d²su ±gatanayena veditabb±.
Vih±rasam±patt²na½ mah±visayat± sam±dhikkhandhe mah±visayat±niddh±raºanayena veditabb±, ariyasacc±na½ sakalay±nasaªg±hakato saccavibhaªge (vibha. 189 ±dayo) ta½sa½vaººan±su (vibha. aµµha. 189 ±dayo) ca ±gatanayena, satipaµµh±n±d²na½ satipaµµh±navibhaªg±d²su (vibha. 355 ±dayo) ta½sa½vaººan±d²su (vibha. aµµha. 355 ±dayo) ca ±gatanayena, s±maññaphal±na½ mahato hitassa mahato sukhassa mahato atthassa mahato yogakkhemassa nipphattibh±vato santapaº²ta-atakk±vacarapaº¹itavedan²yabh±vato, abhiññ±na½ mah±sambh±rato mah±visayato mah±kiccato mah±nubh±vato mah±nipphattito, nibb±nassa madanimmadan±dimahatthasiddhito ca mahantabh±vo veditabbo. Pariggaºh±t²ti sabh±v±dito paricchijja gaºh±ti j±n±ti, paµivijjhat²ti attho.
Puthupaññ±ti etth±pi vuttanay±nus±rena attho veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– puthu n±n±kkhandhesu ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti “aya½ r³pakkhandho n±ma…pe… aya½ viññ±ºakkhandho n±m±”ti eva½ pañcanna½ khandh±na½ n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tesupi ekavidhena r³pakkhandho…pe… ek±dasavidhena r³pakkhandho. Ekavidhena vedan±kkhandho…pe… bahuvidhena vedan±kkhandho. Ekavidhena saññ±kkhandho…pe… bahuvidhena saññ±kkhandho. Ekavidhena saªkh±rakkhandho…pe… bahuvidhena saªkh±rakkhandho. Ekavidhena viññ±ºakkhandho…pe… bahuvidhena viññ±ºakkhandhoti eva½ ekekassa khandhassa ekavidh±divasena at²t±divasenapi n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati.
Puthu n±n±dh±t³s³ti “aya½ cakkhudh±tu n±ma…pe… aya½ manoviññ±ºadh±tu n±ma. Tattha so¼asa dh±tuyo k±m±vacar±, dve c±tubh³mik±”ti eva½ dh±t³su n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tayida½ up±dinnadh±tuvasena vutta½. Paccekabuddh±nañhi dvinnañca aggas±vak±na½ up±dinnadh±t³su eva n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati, tañca kho ekadesatova, na nippadesato. Bahiddh± anup±dinnadh±t³na½ n±n±karaºa½ tesa½ avisayova, sabbaññubuddh±na½yeva pana “im±ya dh±tuy± ussannatt± imassa rukkhassa khandho seto hoti, imassa k±¼o, imassa maµµho, imassa kharo, imassa bahalataco, imassa sukkhataco. Imassa patta½ vaººasaºµh±n±divasena evar³pa½. Imassa puppha½ n²la½, p²ta½, lohita½, od±ta½, sugandha½, duggandha½, missakagandha½. Phala½ khuddaka½, mahanta½, d²gha½, vaµµa½, suvaººa½, dubbaººa½, maµµha½, pharusa½, sugandha½, duggandha½, madhura½, tittaka½, ambila½, kaµuka½, kas±va½. Kaºµako tikhiºo, atikhiºo, ujuko, kuµilo, tambo, n²lo, lohito, od±to”ti-±din± dh±tun±natta½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati.
Puthu n±n±-±yatanes³ti “ida½ cakkh±yatana½ n±ma…pe… ida½ dhamm±yatana½ n±ma. Tattha das±yatan± k±m±vacar±, dve c±tubh³mak±”ti eva½ ±yatanan±natta½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati.
Puthu n±n±paµiccasamupp±des³ti ajjhattabahiddh±bhedato sant±nabhedato ca n±nappabhedesu paµiccasamupp±daªgesu. Avijj±di-aªg±ni hi pacceka½ paµiccasamupp±dasaññit±ni. Ten±ha– saªkh±rapiµake “dv±dasa paccay± dv±dasa paµiccasamupp±d±”ti (sa½. ni. µ². 1.1.110).
Puthu n±n±suññatamanupalabbhes³ti n±n±sabh±vesu niccas±r±divirahitesu suññasabh±vesu, tato eva itthipurisa-attattaniy±divasena anupalabbham±nasabh±vesu. Ma-k±ro hettha padasandhikaro.
Puthu n±n±-atthes³ti atthapaµisambhid±visayesu paccayuppann±din±n±-atthesu. Dhammes³ti dhammapaµisambhid±visayesu paccay±din±n±dhammesu. Nirutt²s³ti tesa½yeva atthadhamm±na½ niddh±raºavacanasaªkh±tesu n±n±nirutt²su. Puthu n±n±paµibh±nes³ti atthapaµisambhid±divisayesu im±ni ñ±º±ni idamatthajotak±n²ti tath± tath± paµibh±nato upatiµµhanato paµibh±n±n²ti laddhan±mesu n±n±ñ±ºesu.
Puthu n±n±s²lakkhandhes³ti-±d²su s²lassa puthutta½ n±nattañca vuttameva, itaresa½ pana vuttanay±nus±rena suviññeyyatt± p±kaµameva. Ya½ pana abhinna½ ekameva nibb±na½, tattha upac±ravasena puthutta½ gahetabbanti ±ha– “puthu n±n±janas±dh±raºe dhamme samatikkamm±”ti. Tenassa madanimmadan±dipariy±yena puthutta½ parid²pita½ hoti.
Vipule attheti mahante atthe. Mahantapariy±yo hi vipulasaddo. Gambh²res³ti sas±d²hi viya mah±samuddo anupacitañ±ºasambh±rehi alabbhaneyyappatiµµhesu khandhesu ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti visayassa gambh²rat±ya ñ±ºassa gambh²rat± vibh±vit±.
Tikkhavisadabh±v±diguºehi as±dh±raºatt± paresa½ paññ±ya na s±mant±, atha kho suvid³ravid³reti asamantapaññ± ±k±rassa rassatta½ katv±. Keci “asamatthapaññ±”ti paµhanti, tesa½ yath±vuttaguºehi aññehi as±dh±raºatt± natthi etiss± k±yaci samatthanti asamatth± paññ±ti yojan±. Atthavavatth±natoti atthappabhedassa y±th±vato sanniµµh±nato. Na añño koci sakkoti abhisambhavitunti ñ±ºagatiy± samp±puºitu½ na añño kocipi sakkoti, tasm± aya½ suvid³ravid³reti asamantapaññ±. Id±ni puggalantaravasena asamantapañña½ vibh±vetu½, “puthujjanakaly±ºakass±”ti-±di ±raddha½.