Sa½vidahitv±ti-±d²su samm± vidahana½ kammantappayojanañca ekant±navajjavac²k±yakammavasena icchitabbanti virativ±c±vasena sa½vidahana½ viratikammantasseva payojanañca nidassitanti daµµhabba½. Eva½ hissa samm±v±c±ya samm±kammantass±pi bahuk±rat± jotit± siy±. Vac²bhedaniy±mik± hi vac²duccaritavirati k±yikakiriyaniy±mik±ya k±yaduccaritaviratiy± upak±rik±. Tath± hi visa½v±dan±dimicch±v±cato avirato micch±kammantatopi na viramateva. Yath±ha– “eka½ dhamma½ at²tassa…pe… natthi p±pa½ ak±riyan”ti. Tasm± avisa½v±dan±disamm±v±c±ya µhito samm±kammantampi p³retiyev±ti vac²duccaritavirati k±yaduccaritaviratiy± upak±rik±.
Yasm± ±j²vap±risuddhi n±ma duss²lyappah±napubbik±, tasm± samm±v±c±kammant±nantara½ samm±-±j²vo desitoti dassetu½– “catubbidha½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Ett±vat±ti parisuddhas²l±j²vik±mattena. Ida½ v²riyanti catusammappadh±nav²riya½.
V²riy±rambhopi samm±satipariggahito eva nibb±n±vaho, na kevaloti dassetu½– “tato”ti-±di vutta½. S³paµµhit±ti bahiddh±vikkhepa½ pah±ya suµµhu upaµµhit± k±tabb±. Sam±dhissa upak±radhamm± n±ma yath±vuttavatthuvisadakiriy±dayo. Tappaµipakkhato anupak±radhamm± veditabb±. Gatiyoti nipphattiyo. Samanvesitv±ti samm± pariyesitv±.
427. Yath± itth²su kath± pavatt± adhitth²ti vuccati, eva½ att±na½ adhikicca pavatt± ajjhatta½. “Eva½ pavattam±n± maya½ ‘att±’ti gahaºa½ gamiss±m±”ti imin± viya adhipp±yena att±na½ adhikicca uddissa pavatt± sattasantatipariy±pann± ajjhatta½. Tasmi½ ajjhattar³pe, attano kes±divatthuke kasiºar³peti attho. Parikammavasena ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ²ti parikammakaraºavasena ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ², na appan±vasena. Na hi paµibh±ganimitt±rammaº± appan± ajjhattavisay± sambhavati. Ta½ pana ajjhatta½ parikammavasena laddha½ kasiºanimitta½ avisuddhameva hoti, na bahiddh± parikammavasena laddha½ viya visuddha½. Ten±ha– “ta½ pan±”ti-±di.
Yasseva½ parikamma½ ajjhatta½ uppannanti yassa puggalassa eva½ vuttappak±rena ajjhatta½ parikamma½ j±ta½. Nimitta½ pana bahiddh±ti paµibh±ganimitta½ sasantatipariy±panna½ na hot²ti bahiddh±. Paritt±n²ti yath±laddh±ni suppasar±vamatt±ni. Ten±ha– “ava¹¹hit±n²”ti. Parittavasenev±ti vaººavasena ±bhoge vijjam±nepi parittavaseneva ida½ abhibh±yatana½ vutta½ parittat± hettha abhibhavanassa k±raºa½. Vaºº±bhoge satipi asatipi abhibhavat²ti abhibhu, parikamma½, ñ±ºa½ v±. Abhibhu ±yatana½ etass±ti abhibh±yatana½, jh±na½. Abhibhavitabba½ v± ±rammaºasaªkh±ta½ ±yatana½ etass±ti abhibh±yatana½. Atha v± ±rammaº±bhibhavanato abhibhu ca ta½ ±yatanañca yogino sukhavises±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vato man±yatanadhamm±yatanabh±vato c±ti sasampayuttajjh±na½ abhibh±yatana½. Abhibh±yatanabh±van± n±ma tikkhapaññasseva sambhavati, na itarass±ti ±ha– “ñ±ºuttariko puggalo”ti. Abhibhavitv± sam±pajjat²ti ettha abhibhavana½ sam±pajjanañca upac±rajjh±n±dhigamanasamanantarameva appan±jh±nupp±dananti ±ha– “saha nimittupp±denevettha appana½ p±pet²”ti. Saha nimittupp±den±ti ca appan±pariv±s±bh±vassa lakkhaºavacanameta½. Yo khipp±bhiññoti vuccati, tatopi ñ±ºuttarasseva abhibh±yatanabh±van±. Etth±ti etasmi½ nimitte. Appana½ p±pet²ti bh±van±-appana½ neti.
Ettha ca keci “uppanne upac±rajjh±ne ta½ ±rabbha ye heµµhimantena dve tayo javanav±r± pavattanti, te upac±rajjh±napakkhik± eva, tadanantara½ bhavaªgapariv±sena upac±rasevan±ya ca vin± appan± hoti, saha nimittupp±deneva appana½ p±pet²”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimatta½. Na hi p±riv±sikaparikammena appan±v±ro icchito, n±pi mahaggatappam±ºajjh±nesu viya upac±rajjh±ne ekantato paccavekkhaº± icchitabb±. Tasm± upac±rajjh±n±dhigamato para½ katipayabhavaªgacitt±vas±ne appana½ p±puºanto “saha nimittupp±denevettha appana½ p±pet²”ti vutto. Saha nimittupp±den±ti ca adhipp±yikamida½ vacana½, na n²tattha½, tattha adhipp±yo vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Na antosam±pattiya½ tad± tath±r³passa ±bhogassa asambhavato. Sam±pattito vuµµhitassa ±bhogo pubbabh±gabh±van±vasena jh±nakkhaºe pavatta½ abhibhavan±k±ra½ gahetv± pavattoti daµµhabba½. Abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½ pana “imin±ssa pubb±bhogo kathito”ti vutta½. Antosam±pattiya½ tad± tath± ±bhog±bh±ve kasm± jh±nasaññ±yap²ti vuttanti ±ha– “abhibhavasaññ± hissa antosam±pattiyampi atth²”ti.
Va¹¹hitappam±º±n²ti vipulappam±º±n²ti attho, na ekaªguladvaªgul±diva¹¹hi½ p±pit±ni tath± va¹¹hanassevettha asambhavato. Ten±ha– “mahant±n²”ti. Bhattava¹¹hitakanti bhuñjanabh±jane va¹¹hetv± dinna½ bhatta½, ek±sane purisena bhuñjitabbabhattato upa¹¹habhattanti attho.
R³pe saññ± r³pasaññ±, s± assa atth²ti r³pasaññ², na r³pasaññ² ar³pasaññ². Saññ±s²sena jh±na½ vadati. R³pasaññ±ya anupp±danamevettha al±bhit±. Bahiddh±va uppannanti bahiddh±vatthusmi½yeva uppanna½. Ettha ca–
“Ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ² bahiddh± r³p±ni passati paritt±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni. Ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ² bahiddh± r³p±ni passati appam±º±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² bahiddh± r³p±ni passati paritt±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni. Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² bahiddh± r³p±ni passati appam±º±ni suvaººadubbaºº±n²”ti (d². ni. 3.338, 358; a. ni. 8.65; 10.29)–

Evamidha catt±ri abhibh±yatan±ni ±gat±ni. Abhidhamme (dha. sa. 244-245) pana “ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² bahiddh± r³p±ni passati paritt±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni, appam±º±ni suvaººadubbaºº±n²”ti evam±gat±ni. Tattha ca k±raºa½ abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½ vuttameva. Tath± hi vutta½ aµµhas±liniya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 204)–

“Kasm± pana yath± suttante ‘ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ² eko bahiddh± r³p±ni passati paritt±n²’ti-±di vutta½, eva½ avatv± idha cat³supi abhibh±yatanesu ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññit±va vutt±ti. Ajjhattar³p±na½ anabhibhavan²yato. Tattha v± hi idha v± bahiddh± r³p±neva abhibhavitabb±ni, tasm± t±ni niyamato vattabb±n²”ti.
Tatr±pi idhapi vutt±ni “ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ² ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ²ti ida½ pana satthu desan±vil±samattamev±”ti. Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo– idha vaºº±bhogarahit±ni sahit±ni ca sabb±ni paritt±ni suvaººadubbaºº±ni abhibhuyy±ti. Pariy±yakath± hi suttantadesan±ti. Abhidhamme pana nippariy±yadesanatt± vaºº±bhogarahit±ni visu½ vutt±ni, tath± sahit±ni. Atthi hi ubhayattha abhibhavanavisesoti. Tath± idha pariy±yadesanatt± vimokkh±nampi abhibhavanapariy±yo atth²ti “ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ²”ti-±din± paµhamadutiya-abhibh±yatanesu paµhamavimokkho, tatiyacatuttha-abhibh±yatanesu dutiyavimokkho, vaºº±bhibh±yatanesu tatiyavimokkho ca abhibhavanapattito saªgahito. Abhidhamme pana nippariy±yadesanatt± vimokkh±bhibh±yatan±ni asaªkarato desetu½ vimokkhe vajjetv± abhibh±yatan±ni kathit±ni. Sabb±ni ca vimokkhakicc±ni jh±n±ni vimokkhadesan±ya½ vutt±ni. Tadeta½ “ajjhatta½ r³pasaññ²”ti ±gatassa abhibh±yatanadvayassa abhidhamme abhibh±yatanesu avacanato “r³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±d²nañca sabbavimokkhakiccas±dh±raºavacanabh±vato vavatth±na½ katanti viññ±yati.
Ajjhattar³p±na½ anabhibhavan²yatoti ida½ abhidhamme katthacipi “ajjhattar³p±ni passat²”ti avatv± sabbattha ya½ vutta½– “bahiddh± r³p±ni passat²”ti, tassa k±raºavacana½. Tena ya½ aññahetuka½ suttante “bahiddh± r³p±ni passat²”ti vacana½, ta½ tena hetun± vutta½. Ya½ pana desan±vil±sahetuka½ ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññit±ya eva abhidhamme vacana½, na tassa añña½ k±raºa½ maggitabbanti dasseti. Ajjhattar³p±na½ anabhibhavan²yat± ca tesa½ bahiddh±r³p±na½ viya avibh³tatt±. Desan±vil±so ca yath±vuttavavatth±navasena veditabbo veneyyajjh±sayavasena vijjam±napariy±yakathanabh±vato. Desan±vil±so hi n±ma veneyyajjh±say±nur³pa½ vijjam±nassa ca pariy±yassa vibh±vana½, na yassa kassaci, tasm± “idha pariy±yadesanatt±”ti-±din± vuttappak±ra½ vavatth±na½ desan±vil±sanibandhananti daµµhabba½.
Suvaººadubbaºº±n²ti eteneva siddhatt± na n²l±di-abhibh±yatan±ni vattabb±n²ti ce? Na n²l±d²su kat±dhik±r±na½ n²l±dibh±vasseva abhibhavanak±raºatt±. Na hi tesa½ parisuddh±parisuddhavaºº±na½ parittat± appam±ºat± v± abhibhavanak±raºa½, atha kho n²l±dibh±vo ev±ti. Etesu ca paritt±dikasiºar³pesu ya½ya½caritassa im±ni abhibh±yatan±ni ijjhanti, ta½ dassetu½– “imesu pan±”ti-±di vutta½.
Sabbasaªg±hikavasen±ti n²lavaººan²lanidassanan²lanibh±s±na½ s±dh±raºavasena. Vaººavasen±ti sabh±vavaººavasena. Nidassanavasen±ti passitabbat±vasena, cakkhuviññ±ºav²thiy± gahetabbat±vasena Obh±savasen±ti sappabh±sat±ya avabh±sanavasena. Vaººadh±tuy± v±ti añjanarajatavatth±divaººadh±tuy±. Lokiy±neva r³p±vacarajjh±nabh±vato.
435. R³p²ti ettha yen±ya½ sasantatipariy±pannena r³pena samann±gato, ta½ yassa jh±nassa hetubh±vena visiµµhar³pa½ hoti. Yena visiµµhena r³p²ti vucceyya, tadeva sasantatipariy±pannar³panimitta½ jh±na½. Idha pana paramatthato r³pibh±vas±dhakanti ±ha– “ajjhatta½ kes±d²s³”ti-±di. R³pajjh±na½ r³panti uttarapadalopena vutta½– “r³p³papattiy±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 160-161, 185-190 ±dayo, 244-245 ±dayo; vibha. 625) viya.
Subhantveva adhimutto hot²ti aya½ tatiyavimokkho. Idha suparisuddhan²l±divaººakasiºajjh±navasena vuttoti dassetv± id±ni paµisambhid±p±¼iya½ tassa brahmavih±rajjh±navasena ±gatabh±va½ dassetu½– “paµisambhid±magge pan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Idha pana uparip±¼iya½yeva brahmavih±r±na½ ±gatatt± ta½ naya½ paµikkhipitv± parisuddhan²l±divaººakasiºavaseneva subhavimokkho anuññ±to.
443. Parikammapathaviy±p²ti akat±ya v± kat±ya v± da¼hamaº¹al±disaªkh±taparikammapathaviy±pi. Uggahanimitt±d²na½ pathav²kasiºanti n±ma½ nissite nissayavoh±ravasena vuttanti daµµhabba½, yath± “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti.
S²l±n²ti p±timokkhasa½var±d²ni catt±ri s²l±ni. Sodhetv±ti an±pajjanena ±pannavuµµh±panena kilesehi appaµip²¼anena ca visodhetv±. Tividhañhi s²lassa visodhana½ n±ma– an±pajjana½ ±pannavuµµh±pana½ kilesehi ca appaµip²¼ananti. Kammaµµh±nabh±vana½ paribundheti uparodheti pavattitu½ na det²ti palibodho rak±rassa lak±ra½ katv±, paribandhoti attho. Upacchinditv±ti sam±pannena saªg±haºena v± uparundhitv±, apalibodha½ katv±ti attho. Kaly±ºamitta½ upasaªkamitv±ti–
“Piyo garu bh±van²yo, vatt± ca vacanakkhamo;
gambh²rañca katha½ katt±, no caµµh±ne niyojako”ti. (A. ni. 7.37)–

Evam±diguºasamann±gata½ ekantahitesi½ vuddhipakkhe µhita½ kaly±ºamitta½ upasaªkamitv±.

Ananur³pa½ vih±ranti aµµh±rasanna½ dos±na½ aññatarena samann±gata½. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±su–
“Mah±v±sa½ nav±v±sa½, jar±v±sañca panthani½;
soº¹i½ paººañca pupphañca, phala½ patthitameva ca.
“Nagara½ d±run± khetta½, visabh±gena paµµana½;
paccantas²m± sapp±ya½, yattha mitto na labbhati.
“Aµµh±raset±ni µh±n±ni, iti viññ±ya paº¹ito;
±rak± parivajjeyya, magga½ sappaµibhaya½ yath±”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.52).
Anur³peti gocarag±mato n±tid³ranacc±sannat±d²hi pañcahi aªgehi samann±gate. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½ hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ n±tid³ra½ hoti nacc±sanna½ gaman±gamanasampanna½ div± app±kiººa½ ratti½ appasadda½ appanigghosa½ appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassa½. Tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa appakasirena uppajjanti c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±. Tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane ther± bhikkh³ viharanti bahussut± ±gat±gam± dhammadhar± vinayadhar± m±tik±dhar±. Te k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± paripucchati paripañhati ‘ida½, bhante, katha½ imassa ko attho’ti. Tassa te ±yasmanto avivaµañceva vivaranti, anutt±n²katañca utt±ni½ karonti, anekavihitesu ca kaªkh±µh±niyesu dhammesu kaªkha½ paµivinodenti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½ hot²”ti (a. ni. 10.11).
Ettha ca n±tid³ra½ nacc±sanna½ gaman±gamanasampannanti eka½ aªga½, div± app±kiººa½ ratti½ appasadda½ appanigghosanti eka½, appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassanti eka½, tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa…pe… parikkh±r±ti eka½, tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane ther±…pe… kaªkha½ paµivinodent²ti ekanti eva½ pañcaªg±ni veditabb±ni.
Khuddakapalibodha½ upacchinditv±ti d²ghakesanakhalom±na½ chedanena c²varakammac²vararajanapattapacanamañcap²µh±disodhanavasena khuddakapalibodha½ upacchinditv±.
453. Uddhum±tak±d²s³ti ettha ±di-saddena vin²lakavipubbakavicchiddakavikkh±yitakahatavikkhittakalohitakapu¼avaka-aµµhik±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tattha bhast± viya v±yun± uddha½ j²vitapariy±d±n± yath±nukkama½ samuggatena s³nabh±vena dhum±tatt± uddhum±ta½, uddhum±tameva uddhum±taka½, paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ uddhum±tanti uddhum±taka½, tath±r³passa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Vin²la½ vuccati viparibhinnan²lavaººa½, vin²lameva vin²laka½, paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ vin²lanti vin²laka½, ma½sussadaµµh±nesu rattavaººassa pubbasannicayaµµh±nesu setavaººassa, yebhuyyena ca n²lavaººassa nilaµµh±ne n²las±µakap±rutasseva chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Paribhinnaµµh±nesu vissandam±napubba½ vipubba½, vipubbameva vipubbaka½, paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ vipubbanti vipubbaka½, tath±r³passa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Vicchidda½ vuccati dvidh± chindanena apadh±rita½, vicchiddameva vicchiddaka½, paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ vicchiddanti vicchiddaka½, vemajjhe chinnassa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Ito ca etto ca vividh±k±rena soºasiªg±l±d²hi kh±yita½ vikkh±yita½, vikkh±yitameva vikkh±yitaka½, paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ vikkh±yitanti vikkh±yitaka½, tath±r³passa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½.
Vividh± khitta½ vikkhitta½, vikkhittameva vikkhittaka½, paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ vikkhittanti vikkhittaka½, aññena hattha½, aññena p±da½, aññena s²santi eva½ tato tato vikkhittassa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Hatañca ta½ purimanayeneva vikkhittakañc±ti hatavikkhittaka½, k±kapad±k±rena aªgapaccaªgesu satthena hanitv± vuttanayeneva vikkhittassa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Lohita½ kirati vikkhipati ito cito ca paggharat²ti lohitaka½, paggharitalohitamakkhitassa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Pu¼av± vuccanti kimayo, pu¼ave kirat²ti pu¼avaka½, kimiparipuººassa chavasar²rasseta½ adhivacana½. Aµµhiyeva aµµhika½, paµik³latt± v± kucchita½ aµµh²ti aµµhika½, aµµhisaªkhalik±yapi ekaµµhikassapi eta½ adhivacana½. Imesu dasasu asubhesu paµhamajjh±nameva uppajjati, na dutiy±d²ni. Ten±ha– idha “paµhamajjh±nasahagat± saññ±”ti. Tath± hi aparisaºµhitajal±ya s²ghasot±ya nadiy± arittabaleneva n±v± tiµµhati, vin± arittena na sakk± µhapetu½. Evameva½ dubbalatt± ±rammaºassa vitakkabaleneva citta½ ekagga½ hutv± tiµµhati, vin± vitakkena na sakk± µhapetu½ Tasm± paµhamajjh±namevettha hoti, na dutiy±d²ni. ¾rammaºassa dubbalat± cettha paµik³labh±vena citta½ µhapetu½ asamatthat±.
“Rukkho mato, loha½ matan”ti-±d²su ya½ khandhappabandha½ up±d±ya rukkh±disamaññ±, tasmi½ anupacchinnepi allat±divigamana½ niss±ya matavoh±ro sammutimaraºa½. Saªkh±r±na½ khaºabhaªgasaªkh±ta½ khaºikamaraºa½. Samucchedamaraºanti arahato sant±nassa sabbaso ucchedabh³ta½ maraºa½. Vipassan±bh±van±vasena ceta½ vutta½. Maraº±nussatibh±van±ya½ pana tividhampeta½ n±dhippeta½ asa½vegavatthuto anupaµµhahanato ab±hullato ca. Maraº±nussatiyañhi ekena bhavena paricchinnassa j²vitindriyappabandhassa vicchedo maraºanti adhippeto sa½vegavatthuto upaµµhahanato b±hullato ca. Id±ni imameva maraºa½ sandh±ya vikappantara½ dassento, “heµµh± vuttalakkhaº± v±”ti-±dim±ha.
Asitap²t±dibhedeti asitap²takh±yitas±yitappabhede, asitabbakh±ditabbas±yitabbavibh±geti attho k±labhedavacanicch±ya abh±vato yath± “duddhan”ti. Kaba¼a½ kar²yat²ti kaba¼²k±ro, ±har²yat²ti ±h±ro, kaba¼²k±ro ca so ±h±ro c±ti kaba¼²k±r±h±ro. Vatthuvasena ceta½ vutta½. Savatthuko eva hi ±h±ro idha kammaµµh±nabh±vena adhippeto. Oj±lakkhaºo pana ±h±ro ojaµµhamaka½ r³pa½ ±harat²ti ±h±roti vuccati. So idha n±dhippeto paµik³l±k±raggahaºassa asambhavato. Nava paµik³l±n²ti gamanapariyesanaparibhog±sayanid±na-aparipakkaparipakkaphalanissandappaµik³lavasena nava paµik³l±ni. Samakkhanappaµik³la½ pana paribhog±d²su labbham±natt± idha visu½ na gahita½, aññath± tena saddhi½ “dasa paµik³l±n²”ti vattabba½. Visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.303-304) pana samakkhana½ paribhog±d²su labbham±nampi nissandavasena visesato paµik³lanti visu½ gahetv± dasah±k±rehi paµik³lat± vutt±.
Uppajjanakasaññanti paµik³l±k±raggahaºavasena uppajjanakasañña½. Saññ±saddo c±ya½ “r³pasaññ± saddasaññ±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.57) sañj±nanalakkhaºe dhamme ±gato, “aniccasaññ± dukkhasaññ±”ti-±d²su vipassan±ya ±gato, “uddhum±takasaññ±ti v± sop±kar³pasaññ±ti v± ime dhamm± ekaµµh±, ud±hu n±naµµh±”ti-±d²su samathe ±gato. Idha pana samathassa parikamme daµµhabbo. ¾h±rehi paµik³l±k±raggahaºa½, tappabh±vita½ v± upac±rajjh±na½ idha “±h±re paµik³lasaññ±”ti adhippeta½.
Ukkaºµhitasaññanti nibbindan±k±rena uppajjanakasañña½. Aniccasaññanti ettha anicca½ khandhapañcaka½ upp±davayaññathattabh±vato, hutv± abh±vato v±, tasmi½ anicce khandhapañcake aniccanti uppajjam±n± aniccalakkhaºaparigg±hik± saññ± aniccasaññ±. Ten±ha– “pañcanna½ up±d±nakkhandh±nan”ti-±di. Tattha udayo nibbattilakkhaºa½, vayo vipariº±malakkhaºa½, aññathatta½ jar±. Udayabbayaññathattaggahaºena aniccalakkhaºa½ dasseti. Upp±davayaññathattabh±vato hi khandhapañcaka½ aniccanti vuccati. Yassa ca sabh±vena khandhapañcaka½ aniccanti vuccati, ta½ aniccalakkhaºa½. Tena hi ta½ aniccanti lakkh²yati, aniccalakkhaºañca udayabbay±na½ amanasik±r± santatiy± paµicchannatt± na upaµµh±ti, udayabbaya½ pana pariggahetv± santatiy± vikopit±ya aniccalakkhaºa½ y±th±vasarasato upaµµh±ti. Na hi sammadeva udayabbaya½ sallakkhentassa pubb±pariyena pavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ aññoññabh±va½ sallakkhaºena santatiy± uggh±µit±ya dhamm± sambandhabh±vena upaµµhahanti, atha kho ayosal±k± viya asambandhabh±ven±ti suµµhutara½ aniccalakkhaºa½ p±kaµa½ hoti.
“Yadanicca½, ta½ dukkhan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.15, 45, 46, 76, 77, 85; 2.4.1, 4) vacanato tadeva khandhapañcaka½ abhiºhappaµip²¼anato dukkha½, abhiºhappaµip²¼an±k±ro pana dukkhalakkhaºa½. Tenev±ha– “anicce khandhapañcake…pe… sañña½ bh±vet²”ti. Tattha paµip²¼ana½ n±ma yath±pariggahita½ udayavayavasena saªkh±r±na½ nirantara½ paµip²¼iyam±nat± vib±dhiyam±nat±. Dukkhalakkhaºañca abhiºhasampaµip²¼anassa amanasik±r± iriy±pathehi paµicchannatt± na upaµµh±ti, abhiºhasampaµip²¼ana½ pana manasi karitv± iriy±pathe labbham±nadukkhappaµicch±dakabh±ve uggh±µite dukkhalakkhaºa½ y±th±vasarasato upaµµh±ti. Tath± hi iriy±pathehi paµicchannatt± dukkhalakkhaºa½ na upaµµh±ti, te ca iriy±path± abhiºhasampaµip²¼an±manasik±rena paµicch±dak± j±t±. Ekasmiñhi iriy±pathe uppannassa dukkhassa vinodaka½ iriy±pathantara½ tassa paµicch±daka½ viya hoti, eva½ ses±pi. Iriy±path±na½ pana ta½ta½dukkhapatit±k±rabh±ve y±th±vato ñ±te tesa½ dukkhappaµicch±dakabh±vo uggh±µito n±ma hoti saªkh±r±na½ nirantara½ dukkh±bhitunnat±ya p±kaµabh±vato. Tasm± abhiºhasampaµip²¼ana½ manasi karitv± iriy±pathe labbham±nadukkhappaµicch±dakabh±ve uggh±µite dukkhalakkhaºa½ y±th±vasarasato upaµµh±ti.
“Ya½ dukkha½, tadanatt±”ti vacanato tadeva khandhapañcaka½ avasavattanato anatt±, avasavattan±k±ro pana anattalakkhaºa½. Ten±ha– “paµip²¼anaµµhen±”ti-±di Anattalakkhaºañca n±n±dh±tuvinibbhogassa amanasik±r± ghanena paµicchannatt± na upaµµh±ti, n±n±dh±tuyo pana vinibbhujjitv± “aññ± pathav²dh±tu, aññ± ±podh±t³”ti-±din±, “añño phasso, aññ± vedan±”ti-±din± ca visu½ visu½ katv± ghanavinibbhoge kate sam³haghane kicc±rammaºaghane ca bhedite anattalakkhaºa½ y±th±vasarasato upaµµh±ti. Y± hes± aññamaññ³patthambhesu samuditesu r³p±r³padhammesu ekatt±bhinivesavasena aparimadditasaªkh±rehi mam±yam±n± sam³haghanat±, tath± tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ kiccabhedassa satipi paµiniyatabh±ve ekato gayham±n± kiccaghanat±, tath± s±rammaºadhamm±na½ satipi ±rammaºakaraºabhede ekato gayham±n± ±rammaºaghanat±. S± cat³su dh±t³su ñ±ºena vinibbhujitv± dissam±n±su hatthena parimaddiyam±no pheºapiº¹o viya vil²na½ ±gacchati, yath±paccaya½ pavattam±n± suññ± ete dhammamatt±ti avasavattan±k±rasaªkh±ta½ anattalakkhaºa½ p±kaµatara½ hoti.

Apara-acchar±saªgh±tavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.