“Yasmiñca kho, bhikkhave, samaye l²na½ citta½ hoti, k±lo tasmi½ samaye dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo v²riyasambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo p²tisambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya. Ta½ kissa hetu? L²na½, bhikkhave, citta½, ta½ etehi dhammehi susamuµµh±paya½ hoti. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso paritta½ aggi½ ujj±letuk±mo assa. So tattha sukkh±ni ceva tiº±ni pakkhipeyya, sukkh±ni ca gomay±ni pakkhipeyya, sukkh±ni ca kaµµh±ni pakkhipeyya, mukhav±tañca dadeyya, na ca pa½sukena okireyya, bhabbo nu kho so puriso paritta½ aggi½ ujj±letunti? Eva½, bhante”ti (sa½. ni. 5.234).
Ettha ca yath±saka½ ±h±ravasena dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±d²na½ bh±van± samuµµh±pan±ti veditabb±, s± anantara½ vibh±vit± eva.
Acc±raddhav²riyat±d²h²ti ±di-saddena paññ±payogabalavata½ pamoduppil±panañca saªgaºh±ti. Tassa niggaºhananti tassa uddhatassa cittassa sam±dhisambojjhaªg±disamuµµh±panena uddhat±pattito nisedhana½. Vuttampi ceta½ bhagavat±–
“Yasmiñca kho, bhikkhave, samaye uddhata½ citta½ hoti, k±lo tasmi½ samaye passaddhisambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Uddhata½, bhikkhave, citta½, ta½ etehi dhammehi suv³pasama½ hoti. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ nibb±petuk±mo assa, so tattha all±ni ceva tiº±ni pakkhipeyya, all±ni ca gomay±ni nikkhipeyya, all±ni ca kaµµh±ni pakkhipeyya, mukhav±tañca na dadeyya, pa½sukena ca okireyya, bhabbo nu kho so puriso mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ nibb±petunti? Eva½, bhante”ti (sa½. ni. 5.234).
Etth±pi yath±saka½ ±h±ravasena passaddhisambojjhaªg±d²na½ bh±van± samuµµh±pan±ti veditabb±. Tattha passaddhisambojjhaªgassa bh±van± vutt± eva, sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa vuccam±n±, itarassa anantara½ vakkhati.
Paññ±payogamandat±y±ti paññ±by±p±rassa appakabh±vena. Yath± hi d±na½ alobhappadh±na½, s²la½ adosappadh±na½, eva½ bh±van± amohappadh±n±. Tattha yad± paññ± na balavat² hoti, tad± bh±van± pubben±para½ vises±vah± na hoti. Anabhisaªgato viya ±h±ro purisassa, yogino cittassa abhiruci½ na janeti, tena ta½ nirass±da½ hoti. Tath± bh±van±ya sammadeva av²thipaµipattiy± upasamasukha½ na vindati, tenapi citta½ nirass±da½ hoti. Tena vutta½– “paññ±payogamandat±y±…pe… nirass±da½ hot²”ti. Tassa sa½vegupp±dana½ pas±dupp±danañca tikicchananti ta½ dassento, “aµµha sa½vegavatth³n²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha j±tijar±by±dhimaraº±ni yath±raha½ sugatiya½ duggatiyañca hont²ti tadaññameva pañcavidhabandhan±dikhuppip±s±di-aññamaññaviheµhan±dihetuka½ ap±yadukkha½ daµµhabba½. Tayida½ sabba½ tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ paccuppannabhavanissita½ gahitanti at²te an±gate ca k±le vaµµam³lakadukkh±ni visu½ gahit±ni Ye pana satt± ±h±r³paj²vino, tattha ca uµµh±naphal³paj²vino, tesa½ aññehi as±dh±raºaj²vitadukkha½ aµµhama½ sa½vegavatthu gahitanti daµµhabba½. Aya½ vuccati samaye sampaha½sanat±ti aya½ bh±van±cittassa sampaha½sitabbasamaye vuttanayeneva sa½vegajananavasena ceva pas±dupp±danavasena ca sammadeva paha½san±, sa½vegajananapubbakapas±dupp±danena tosan±ti attho.
Samm±paµipatti½ ±gamm±ti l²nuddhaccavirahena samathav²thipaµipattiy± ca samm± avisama½ sammadeva bh±van±paµipatti½ ±gamma. Al²nanti-±d²su kosajjapakkhiy±na½ dhamm±na½ anadhimattat±ya al²na½, uddhaccapakkhik±na½ anadhimattat±ya anuddhata½, paññ±payogasampattiy± upasamasukh±dhigamena ca anirass±da½, tato eva ±rammaºe samappavatta½ samathav²thipaµipanna½. Al²n±nuddhat±hi v± ±rammaºe samappavatta½, anirass±dat±ya samathav²thipaµipanna½. Samappavattiy± v± al²na½ anuddhata½, samathav²thipaµipattiy± anirass±danti daµµhabba½. Tattha al²nat±ya paggahe, anuddhatat±ya niggahe, anirass±dat±ya sampaha½sane na by±p±ra½ ±pajjati. Aya½ vuccati samaye ajjhupekkhanat±ti aya½ ajjhupekkhitabbasamaye bh±van±cittassa paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu by±vaµat±saªkh±ta½ paµipakkha½ abhibhuyya ajjhupekkhan± vuccati. Paµipakkhavikkhambhanato vipassan±ya adhiµµh±nabh±v³pagamanato ca upac±rajjh±nampi sam±dh±nakiccanipphattiy± puggalassa sam±hitabh±vas±dhanamev±ti tattha samadhurabh±ven±ha– “upac±ra½ v± appana½ v±”ti. Esa uppajjat²ti esa sam±dhisambojjhaªgo anuppanno uppajjati.
Anurodhavirodhappah±navasena majjhattabh±vo upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa k±raºa½ tasmi½ sati sijjhanato, asati ca asijjhanato, so ca majjhattabh±vo visayavasena duvidhoti ±ha– “sattamajjhattat± saªkh±ramajjhattat±”ti. Tadubhayena ca virujjhana½ passaddhisambojjhaªgabh±van±ya eva d³r²katanti anurujjhanasseva pah±navidhi½ dassetu½– “sattamajjhattat±”ti-±di vutta½. Ten±ha– “sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggalaparivajjanat±”ti. Upekkh±ya hi visesato r±go paµipakkho. Tath± c±ha– “upekkh± r±gabahulassa visuddhimaggo”ti (visuddhi. 1.269). Dv²h±k±reh²ti kammassakat±paccavekkhaºa½, attasuññat±paccavekkhaºanti, imehi dv²hi k±raºehi. Dv²hev±ti avadh±raºa½ saªkhy±sam±nat±dassanattha½. Saªkhy± eva hettha sam±n±, na saªkhyeyya½ sabbath± sam±nanti. Ass±mikabh±vo anattaniyat±. Sati hi attani tassa kiñcanabh±vena c²vara½ añña½ v± kiñci attaniya½ n±ma siy±, so pana koci natthev±ti adhipp±yo. Anaddhaniyanti na addh±nakkhama½, na ciraµµh±y² ittara½ aniccanti attho. T±vak±likanti tasseva vevacana½.
Mam±yat²ti mamatta½ karoti, mam±ti taºh±ya pariggayha tiµµhati. Dhan±yant±ti dhana½ dabba½ karont±.
419. Samm±dassanalakkhaº±ti samm± avipar²ta½ anicc±divasena dassanasabh±v±. Samm±-abhiniropanalakkhaºoti sammadeva ±rammaºe cittassa abhiniropanasabh±vo. Caturaªgasamann±gat± v±c± jana½ saªgaºh±t²ti tabbipakkhaviratisabh±v± samm±v±c± bhedakaramicch±v±c±pah±nena jane sampayutte ca pariggaºhanakiccavat² hot²ti “pariggahalakkhaº±”ti vutt±. Visa½v±dan±dikiccat±ya hi l³kh±na½ aparigg±hak±na½ mus±v±d±d²na½ paµipakkhabh³t± siniddhabh±vena pariggahaºasabh±v± samm±jappanakicc± samm±v±c± tappaccayasubh±sitasampaµigg±hake jane sampayuttadhamme ca pariggaºhant² pavattat²ti pariggahalakkhaº±. Yath± c²varakamm±dippayogasaªkh±to kammanto k±tabba½ c²vararajan±dika½ samuµµh±peti nipph±deti, ta½ta½kiriy±nipph±dako v± cetan±saªkh±to kammanto hatthacalan±dika½ kiriya½ samuµµh±peti, eva½ s±vajjakattabbakiriy±samuµµh±pakamicch±kammantappah±nena samm±kammanto niravajjassa kattabbassa niravajj±k±rena samuµµh±panakiccav± hot²ti ±ha– “samm±samuµµh±panalakkhaºo”ti. Sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± ukkhipana½ samuµµh±pana½ k±yikakiriy±ya bh±rukkhipana½ viya. Samm±vod±panalakkhaºoti j²vam±nassa puggalassa, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± j²vitindriyavuttiy±, ±j²vasseva v± sammadeva sodhana½ vod±pana½ lakkhaºa½ etass±ti samm±vod±panalakkhaºo. Atha v± k±yav±c±na½ khandhasant±nassa ca sa½kilesabh³tamicch±-±j²vappah±nena samm±-±j²vo “vod±panalakkhaºo”ti vutto. Samm±v±y±masatisam±dh²su vattabba½ heµµh± vuttameva.
Paññ±ya kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pubbaªgamabh±vato sabbepi akusal± dhamm± tass± paµipakkh±v±ti vutta½– “aññehipi attano paccan²kakilesehi saddhin”ti. Atha v± attano paccan²kakiles± diµµhekaµµh± avijj±dayo paññ±ya ujupaccan²kabh±vato. Passat²ti passant² viya hoti vibandh±bh±vato. Ten±ha– “tappaµicch±daka…pe… asammohato”ti. Samm±saªkapp±d²na½ micch±saªkapp±dayo ujuvipaccan²k±ti ±ha– “samm±saªkapp±dayo…pe… pajahant²”ti. Tathev±ti imin± attano paccan²kakilesehi saddhinti imamattha½ anuka¹¹hati. Visesatoti samm±diµµhiy± vuttakiccato visesena. Etth±ti etesu samm±saªkapp±d²su.
Es± samm±diµµhi n±m±ti lokiya½ lokuttarañca ekajjha½ katv± vadati missakat±bh±vato Ten±ha– “pubbabh±ge”ti-±di. Ek±rammaº± nibb±n±rammaºatt±. Kiccatoti pubbabh±ge dukkh±d²hi ñ±ºehi k±tabbakiccassa idha nipphattito, imasseva v± ñ±ºassa dukkh±dippak±sanakiccato. Catt±ri n±m±ni labhati dukkhapariññ±dicatukiccas±dhanato. T²ºi n±m±ni labhati k±masaªkapp±dippah±nakiccanipphattito. Sikkh±padavibhaªge (vibha. 703 ±dayo) “viraticetan± ta½sampayutt± ca dhamm± sikkh±pad±n²”ti vutt±ni, tattha padh±n±na½ viraticetan±na½ vasena “viratiyopi honti cetan±dayop²”ti ±ha. “Samm± vadati et±y±”ti-±din± atthasambhavato samm±v±c±dayo tayo viratiyopi honti cetan±dayopi. Mus±v±d±d²hi viramaºak±le viratiyo, subh±sit±div±c±bh±san±dik±le cetan±dayo yojetabb±. Maggakkhaºe pana viratiyova maggalakkhaºappattito. Na hi cetan± niyy±nasabh±v±. Atha v± ekassa ñ±ºassa dukkh±diñ±ºat± viya ek±ya viratiy± mus±v±d±diviratibh±vo viya ca ek±ya cetan±ya samm±v±c±dikiccattayas±dhanasabh±v± samm±v±c±dibh±v±siddhito “maggakkhaºe viratiyov±”ti vutta½.
Catt±ri n±m±ni labhat²ti catusammappadh±nacatusatipaµµh±navasena labhati. Maggakkhaºeti ±netv± sambandho. Pubbabh±gepi maggakkhaºepi samm±sam±dhi ev±ti yadipi sam±dhi-upak±rak±na½ abhiniropan±numajjanasampiy±yanabr³hanasantasukh±na½ vitakk±d²na½ vasena cat³hi jh±nehi samm±sam±dhi vibhatto, tath±pi v±y±mo viya anuppann±kusal±nupp±dan±dicatuv±y±makicca½, sati viya ca asubh±sukh±nicc±nattesu k±y±d²su subh±disaññ±pah±nalakkhaºa½ catusatikicca½, eko sam±dhi catujjh±nasam±dhikicca½ na s±dhet²ti pubbabh±gepi paµhamajjh±nasam±dhi, paµhamajjh±nasam±dhi eva maggakkhaºepi, tath± pubbabh±gepi catutthajjh±nasam±dhi, catutthajjh±nasam±dhi eva maggakkhaºep²ti attho.
“Ki½ pan±ya½ maggadhamm±na½ desan±nukkamo, kevala½ v±c±ya kamavattinibh±vato, ud±hu kañci visesa½ up±d±y±”ti vic±raº±ya½ kañci visesa½ up±d±y±ti dassento ±ha– “imes³”ti-±di. Tattha bh±van±nubh±v± hitaphal±ya s±tisaya½ tikkhavisadabh±vappattiy± acchariyabbhutasamatthat±yogena sabbaso paµipakkhavidhamanena y±th±vato dhammasabh±vabodhanena ca samm±diµµhiy± bahuk±rat± veditabb±. Ten±ha– “aya½ h²”ti-±di.
Tass±ti samm±diµµhiy±. Bahuk±roti dhammasampaµivedhe bah³pak±ro. Id±ni tamattha½ upam±hi vibh±vetu½, “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½.
Vac²bhedassa k±rako vitakko s±vajj±navajjavac²bhedanivattanappavattan±k±r±ya samm±v±c±yapi upak±rako ev±ti ±ha– “sv±ya½…pe… samm±v±c±yapi upak±rako”ti. Samm±saªkappo hi saccav±c±ya virativ±c±yapi visesapaccayo micch±saªkappatadekaµµhakilesappah±nato.