Kilesasant±nanidd±ya uµµhahat²ti etena sikh±ppattavipassan±ya sahagat±nampi sati-±d²na½ bojjhaªgabh±va½ dasseti. Vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± hi kilese nirodhent² eva pavattat²ti. Catt±ri v±ti-±din± pana maggaphalasahagat±na½ bojjhaªgabh±va½ dasseti. Sattahi bojjhaªgehi bh±vitehi saccappaµivedho hot²ti kathamida½ j±nitabbanti codana½ sandh±y±ha– “yath±h±”ti-±di. Jh±naªgamaggaªg±dayo viy±ti etena bodhibojjhaªgasadd±na½ samud±y±vayavavisayata½ dasseti. Senaªgarathaªg±dayo viy±ti etena puggalapaññattiy± avijjam±napaññattibh±va½ dasseti.
Bodh±ya sa½vattant²ti bojjhaªg±ti k±raºattho aªgasaddoti katv± vutta½. Bujjhant²ti bodhiyo, bodhiyo eva aªg±ni bojjhaªg±n²ti vutta½– “bujjhant²ti bojjhaªg±”ti. Vipassan±d²na½ k±raº±d²na½ bujjhitabb±nañca sacc±na½ anur³pa½ paccakkhabh±vena paµimukha½ avipar²tat±ya samm± ca bujjhant²ti eva½ atthavisesad²pakehi upasaggehi “anubujjhant²”ti-±di vutta½. Bodhisaddo hi sabbavisesayuttabujjhana½ s±maññena saªgaºh±ti. Sa½-saddo pasa½s±ya½ sundarabh±ve ca dissat²ti ±ha– “pasattho sundaro ca bojjhaªgo sambojjhaªgo”ti.
Dhamme vicinat²ti dhammavicayo. Tattha dhammeti catusaccadhamme tabbinimuttassa sabh±vadhammassa abh±vato. Tato eva so pavicayalakkhaºo. Obh±sanarasoti visayobh±sanaraso. Asammuyhan±k±rena paccupatiµµhat²ti asammohapaccupaµµh±no.
V²rassa bh±vo, kamma½ v±ti v²riya½. ¿rayitabbatoti pavattetabbato. Paggahalakkhaºanti kosajjapakkhe patitu½ adatv± sampayuttadhamm±na½ paggahalakkhaºa½. Tato eva sampayuttadhamme upatthambhanarasa½. Anos²dana½ asa½s²dana½.
P²ºayat²ti tappeti. P²ºanakiccena sampayuttadhamm±na½ viya ta½samuµµh±napaº²tar³pehi k±yass±byapana½. Pharaºap²tivasena heta½ lakkhaºa½ vutta½, tath± rasoti. Udaggabh±vo odagya½, ta½ paccupaµµhapet²ti odagyapaccupaµµh±n±. Ubbegap²tivasena ceta½ vutta½.
K±yacittadarathappassambhanatoti k±yadarathassa cittadarathassa ca passambhanato v³pasamanato. Ten±ha– “upasamalakkhaº±”ti, k±yacittadarath±na½ v³pasamanalakkhaº±ti attho. K±yoti cettha vedan±dayo tayo khandh±. Daratho s±rambho, dukkhadomanassapaccay±na½ uddhacc±dik±na½ kiles±na½, tath±pavatt±na½ v± catunna½ khandh±nameta½ adhivacana½. Darathanimmaddanena pari¼±haparipphandanavirahito s²tibh±vo aparipphandanas²tibh±vo.
Samm± cittassa µhapana½ sam±dh±na½. Avikkhepo sampayutt±na½ avikkhittat±. Yena sampayutt± avikkhitt± honti, so dhammo avikkhepo. Avis±ro attano eva avisaraºabh±vo. Atha v± vikkhepappaµipakkhat±ya avikkhepalakkhaºo. Nh±n²yacuººassa udaka½ viya sampayuttadhamm±na½ sampiº¹anakiccat±ya avis±rabh±vena lakkhitabbo avis±ralakkhaºo. Niv±te d²pacciµµhiti viya cetaso µhitibh±vena paccupatiµµhat²ti cittaµµhitipaccupaµµh±no.
Ajjhupekkhanatoti samappavattesu assesu s±rathi viya sampayuttadhamm±na½ ajjhupekkhanato. Paµisaªkh±nalakkhaº±ti majjhattabh±ve µhatv± v²ma½sanasaªkh±tappaµisaªkh±nalakkhaº±. Samav±hitalakkhaº±ti sama½ avisama½ yath±sakakiccesu sampayuttadhamm±na½ pavattanalakkhaº±. Ud±s²nabh±vena pavattam±n±pi sesasampayuttadhamme yath±sakakiccesu pavatteti, yath± r±j± tuºh² nisinnopi atthakaraºe dhammaµµhe yath±saka½ kiccesu appamatto pavatteti. Al²n±nuddhatappavattipaccayatt± ³n±dhikaniv±raºaras±. Pakkhap±tupacchedanaras±ti “ida½ nih²nakicca½ hotu, ida½ atirekatarakiccan”ti eva½ pakkhap±tanavasena viya pavatti pakkhap±to, ta½ upacchindant² viya hot²ti pakkhap±tupacchedanaras±. Sampayuttadhamm±na½ sakasakakicce majjhattabh±vena paccupatiµµhat²ti majjhattabh±vapaccupaµµh±no. Bojjhaªg±na½ upar³pari upp±danameva br³hana½ va¹¹hanañc±ti ±ha– “upp±det²”ti.
Sati ca sampajaññañca satisampajañña½, satipadh±na½ v± sampajañña½ satisampajañña½. Ta½ sabbattha satok±ribh±v±vahatt± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya hoti. Yath± paccan²kadhammappah±na½ anur³padhammasevan± ca anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya hoti, eva½ satirahitapuggalavivajjan±, satok±ripuggalasevan±, tattha ca yuttat± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya hot²ti imamattha½ dasseti, “satisampajaññan”ti-±din±. Sattasu µh±nes³ti “abhikkante paµikkante sampaj±nak±r² hoti, ±lokite vilokite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, samiñjite pas±rite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, saªgh±µipattac²varadh±raºe sampaj±nak±r² hoti, asite p²te kh±yite s±yite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, ucc±rapass±vakamme sampaj±nak±r² hoti, gate µhite nisinne sutte j±garite bh±site tuºh²bh±ve sampaj±nak±r² hot²”ti (d². ni. 2.376; ma. ni. 1.109) eva½ vuttesu abhikkant±d²su sattasu µh±nesu. Tissadattatthero n±ma yo bodhimaº¹e suvaººasal±ka½ gahetv± “aµµh±rasasu bh±s±su katarabh±s±ya dhamma½ kathem²”ti parisa½ padh±resi. Abhayattheroti datt±bhayattheram±ha. Abhinivesanti vipassan±bhinivesa½.
Paripucchakat±ti pariyog±hetv± pucchakabh±vo. ¾cariye payirup±sitv± pañcapi nik±ye saha aµµhakath±ya pariyog±hetv± ya½ ya½ tattha gaºµhiµµh±nabh³ta½, ta½ ta½ “ida½, bhante, katha½, imassa ko attho”ti khandh±yatan±di-attha½ pucchantassa hi dhammavicayasambojjhaªgo uppajjati. Ten±ha– “khandhadh±tu…pe… bahulat±”ti.
Vatthuvisadakiriy±ti ettha cittacetasik±na½ pavattiµµh±nabh±vato sar²ra½ tappaµibaddh±ni c²var±d²ni ca vatth³n²ti adhippet±ni. T±ni yath± cittassa sukh±vah±ni honti, tath± karaºa½ tesa½ visadakiriy±. Ten±ha– “ajjhattikab±hir±nan”ti-±di. Ussannadosanti v±tapitt±divasena upacitadosa½. Sedamalamakkhitanti sedena ceva jallik±saªkh±tena sar²ramalena ca makkhita½. Ca-saddena aññampi sar²rassa p²¼±vaha½ acc±san±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Sen±sana½ v±ti -saddena malaggahitapatt±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Paribhaº¹akaraº±d²h²ti ±di-saddena pattapacan±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Avisadeti vatthumhi avisade sati, visayabh³te v±. Katha½ bh±vanamanuyuttassa t±ni ajjhattikab±hiravatth³ni visayo? Antarantar± pavattanakacittupp±davaseneva vutta½. Te hi cittupp±d± cittekaggat±ya aparisuddhabh±v±ya sa½vattanti. Cittacetasikes³ti nissay±dipaccayabh³tesu cittacetasikesu. ѱºamp²ti api-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Tena “na kevala½ vatthuyeva, atha kho tasmi½ aparisuddhe ñ±ºampi aparisuddha½ hot²”ti nissay±parisuddhiy± ta½nissit±parisuddhi viya visayassa aparisuddhat±ya visayino aparisuddhi½ dasseti.
Samabh±vakaraºanti kiccato an³n±dhikabh±vakaraºa½. Saddhindriya½ balava½ hoti, saddheyyavatthusmi½ paccayavasena adhimokkhakiccassa paµutarabh±vena paññ±ya avisadat±ya v²riy±d²nañca sithilat±din± saddhindriya½ balava½ hoti. Ten±ha– “itar±ni mand±n²”ti. Tatoti tasm±, saddhindriyassa balavabh±vato itaresañca mandatt±ti attho. Kosajjapakkhe patitu½ adatv± sampayuttadhamm±na½ paggaºhana½ anubalappad±na½ paggaho. Paggahova kicca½ paggahakicca½. K±tu½ na sakkot²ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. ¾rammaºa½ upagantv± µh±na½, anissajjana½ v± upaµµh±na½. Vikkhepappaµipakkho, yena v± sampayutt± avikkhitt± honti, so avikkhepo. R³pagata½ viya cakkhun± yena y±th±vato visayasabh±va½ passati, ta½ dassanakicca½ k±tu½ na sakkoti balavat± saddhindriyena adhibh³tatt±. Sahaj±tadhammesu hi indaµµha½ k±rent±na½ sahapavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ ekadesat±vaseneva atthasiddhi, na aññath±. Tasm±ti vuttamevattha½ k±raºabh±vena pacc±masati. Tanti saddhindriya½. Dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºen±ti yassa saddheyyassa vatthuno u¼±rat±diguºe adhimuccanassa s±tisayappavattiy± saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, tassa paccayapaccayuppannat±divibh±gato y±th±vato v²ma½sanena. Evañhi eva½dhammat±nayena y±th±vasarasato pariggayham±ne savipph±ro adhimokkho na hoti “aya½ imesa½ dhamm±na½ sabh±vo”ti parij±nanavasena paññ±by±p±rassa s±tisayatt±. Dhuriyadhammesu hi yath± saddh±ya balavabh±ve paññ±ya mandabh±vo hoti, eva½ paññ±ya balavabh±ve saddh±ya mandabh±vo hoti. Tena vutta½– “ta½ dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena h±petabban”ti.
Tath± amanasik±ren±ti yen±k±rena bh±vanamanuyuñjantassa saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, ten±k±rena bh±van±ya ananuyuñjanatoti vutta½ hoti. Idha duvidhena saddhindriyassa balavabh±vo attano v± paccayavisesena kiccuttariyato v²riy±d²na½ v± mandakiccat±ya. Tattha paµhamavikappe h±panavidhi dassito, dutiyavikappe pana yath± manasikaroto v²riy±d²na½ mandakiccat±ya saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, tath± amanasik±rena v²riy±d²na½ paµukiccabh±v±vahena manasik±rena saddhindriya½ tehi samarasa½ karontena h±petabba½. Imin± nayena sesindriyesupi h±panavidhi veditabbo.
Vakkalittheravatth³ti so hi ±yasm± saddh±dhimuttat±ya kat±dhik±ro satthu r³padassanappasuto eva hutv± viharanto satth±r± “ki½ te, vakkali, imin± p³tik±yena diµµhena, yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½ passati, so ma½ passat²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.87) nayena ovaditv± kammaµµh±ne niyojitopi ta½ ananuyuñjanto paº±mito att±na½ vinip±tetu½ pap±taµµh±na½ abhiruhi. Atha na½ satth± yath±nisinnova obh±savissajjanena att±na½ dassetv±–
“P±mojjabahulo bhikkhu, pasanno buddhas±sane;
adhigacche pada½ santa½, saªkh±r³pasama½ sukhan”ti. (Dha. pa. 381)–

G±tha½ vatv± “ehi, vakkal²”ti ±ha. So teneva amatena abhisitto haµµhatuµµho hutv± vipassana½ paµµhapesi, saddh±ya pana balavabh±vena vipassan±v²thi½ na otari. Ta½ ñatv± bhagav± tassa indriyasamattappaµip±dan±ya kammaµµh±na½ sodhetv± ad±si. So satth±r± dinnanaye µhatv± vipassana½ ussukk±petv± maggappaµip±µiy± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½– “vakkalittheravatthu cettha nidassanan”ti. Etth±ti saddhindriyassa adhimattabh±ve sesindriy±na½ sakicc±karaºe. Itarakiccabhedanti upaµµh±n±dikiccavisesa½. Passaddh±d²ti ±di-saddena sam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªg±na½ saªgaho. H±petabbanti yath± saddhindriyassa balavabh±vo dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena h±yati, eva½ v²riyindriyassa adhimattat± passaddhi-±dibh±van±ya h±yati sam±dhipakkhiyatt± tass±. Tath± hi sam±dhindriyassa adhimattata½ kosajjap±tato rakkhant² v²riy±dibh±van± viya v²riyindriyassa adhimattata½ uddhaccap±tato rakkhant² passaddh±dibh±van± eka½sato h±peti. Tena vutta½– “passaddh±dibh±van±ya h±petabban”ti.

Soºattherassa vatth³ti sukhum±lasoºattherassa vatthu. So hi ±yasm± satthu santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± s²tavane viharanto “mama sar²ra½ sukhum±la½, na ca sakk± sukheneva sukha½ adhigantu½, kilametv±pi samaºadhammo k±tabbo”ti µh±nacaªkamameva adhiµµh±ya padh±namanuyuñjanto p±datalesu phoµesu uµµhitesupi vedana½ ajjhupekkhitv± da¼hav²riya½ karonto acc±raddhav²riyat±ya visesa½ nibbattetu½ n±sakkhi. Satth± tattha gantv± v²º³pamov±dena ovaditv± v²riyasamat±yojanavidhi½ dassento kammaµµh±na½ visodhetv± gijjhak³µa½ gato. Theropi satth±r± dinnanayena v²riyasamata½ yojetv± bh±vento vipassanampi ussukk±petv± arahatte patiµµh±si. Tena vutta½– “soºattherassa vatthu dassetabban”ti. Sesesup²ti satisam±dhipaññindriyesupi.