Sa½khittanti thinamiddh±nupatita½. Etañhi saªkucitacitta½ n±ma ±rammaºe saªkocavasena pavattanato. Vikkhittanti uddhaccasahagata½. Etañhi pasaµacitta½ n±ma ±rammaºe savisesa½ vikkhepavasena visaµabh±vena pavattanato. Mahaggatanti r³p±vacara½ ar³p±vacarañca. Amahaggatanti k±m±vacara½. Sa-uttaranti k±m±vacara½. Anuttaranti r³p±vacara½ ar³p±vacarañca. Tatr±pi sa-uttara½ r³p±vacara½, anuttara½ ar³p±vacarameva. Sam±hitanti yassa appan±sam±dhi v± upac±rasam±dhi v± atthi. Asam±hitanti ubhayasam±dhivirahita½. Vimuttanti tadaªgavikkhambhanavimutt²hi vimutta½. Avimuttanti ubhayavimuttirahita½. Samucchedappaµippassaddhinissaraºavimutt²na½ pana idha ok±sova natthi, ok±s±bh±vo ca sammasanac±rassa adhippetatt± veditabbo.
Up±d±nassa khandh± up±d±nakkhandh±, up±d±nassa paccayabh³t± dhammapuñj± dhammar±sayoti attho. Up±d±nehi ±rammaºakaraº±divasena up±d±tabb± v± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh±. Cha ajjhattikab±hir±yatan±n²ti cakkhu sota½ gh±na½ jivh± k±yo manoti im±ni cha ajjhattik±yatan±ni ceva, r³pa½ saddo gandho raso phoµµhabbo dhamm±ti im±ni cha b±hir±yatan±ni ca. Ettha pana lokuttaradhamm± na gahetabb± sammasanac±rassa adhippetatt±. Satta sambojjhaªg±ti satisambojjhaªg±dayo satta sambojjhaªg±. Sati-±dayo hi sambodhissa, sambodhiy± v± aªg±ti sambojjhaªg±. Tath± hi sambujjhati ±raddhavipassakato paµµh±ya yog±vacaroti sambodhi, y±ya v± so sati-±dik±ya sattadhammas±maggiy± sambujjhati, kilesanidd±to uµµh±ti, sacc±ni v± paµivijjhati, s± dhammas±magg² sambodhi, tassa sambodhissa, tass± v± sambodhiy± aªg±ti sambojjhaªg±.
Catt±ri ariyasacc±n²ti “dukkha½ dukkhasamudayo dukkhanirodho dukkhanirodhag±minipaµipad±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1071-1072) eva½ vutt±ni catt±ri ariyasacc±ni. Tattha purim±ni dve sacc±ni vaµµa½ pavattihetubh±vato. Pacchim±ni vivaµµa½ nivaµµatadadhigam³p±yabh±vato. Tesu bhikkhuno vaµµe kammaµµh±n±bhiniveso hoti sar³pato pariggahasambhavato. Vivaµµe natthi abhiniveso avisayatt± avisayatte ca payojan±bh±vato. Pañcadh± vuttes³ti satipaµµh±nasutte vuttesu. Suddha-ar³pasammasanamev±ti r³pena amissitatt± kevala½ ar³pasammasanameva. Khandh±yatanasaccakoµµh±s±na½ pañcakkhandhasaªgahato “r³p±r³pasammasanan”ti vutta½. Pubbabh±giy±nampi satipaµµh±n±na½ saªgahitatt± “lokiyalokuttaramissak±neva kathit±n²”ti ±ha.
394. Anibbatt±nanti aj±t±na½. Payoga½ parakkamanti ettha bhusa½ yogo payogo, payogova parakkamo, payogasaªkh±ta½ parakkamanti attho. Citta½ ukkhipat²ti kosajjapakkhe patitu½ apad±navasena ukkhipati. Padh±nav²riyanti sammappadh±nalakkhaºappattav²riya½. Lokiy±ti lokiyasammappadh±nakath±. Sabbapubbabh±geti sabbamagg±na½ pubbabh±ge. Kassapasa½yuttapariy±yen±ti kassapasa½yutte ±gatasuttena “uppann± me p±pak± akusal± dhamm± appah²yam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun”ti (sa½. ni. 2.145) ±gatatt±. S± lokiy±ti veditabb±.
Samathavipassan±v±ti avadh±raºena magga½ nivattetv± tassa nivattane k±raºa½ dassento, “maggo pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Saki½ uppajjitv±ti ida½ bh³takathanamatta½. Niruddhassa puna anuppajjanato “na koci guºo”ti ±saªkeyy±ti ±ha– “so h²”ti-±di. Anantarameva yath± phala½ uppajjati, tath± pavattiyevassa paccayad±na½. Purimasmimp²ti “anuppann± me kusal± dhamm± uppajjam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun”ti etthapi. Vuttanti por±ºaµµhakath±ya½. Ta½ pana tath±vuttavacana½ na yutta½ dutiyasmi½ viya purimasmi½ maggassa aggahaºe k±raº±bh±vato. Purimasmi½ aggahite magge anuppajjam±no maggo anatth±ya sa½vatteyy±ti ±pajjeyya, na ceta½ yutta½ ±pajjam±ne tasmi½ padh±natthasambhavato. Catukiccas±dhanavasen±ti anuppann±kusal±nupp±dan±dicatukiccas±dhanavasena.
Vuttanayen±ti “asamud±c±ravasena v± ananubh³t±rammaºavasena v±”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Vijjam±n±ti dharam±nasabh±v±. Khaºattayapariy±pannatt± upp±d±disamaªgino vattam±nabh±vena uppanna½ vattam±nuppanna½. Tañhi upp±dato paµµh±ya y±va bhaªg± uddha½ panna½ pattanti nippariy±yato “uppannan”ti vuccati. Anubhavitv± bhavitv± ca vigata½ bhutv±vigata½. Anubhavanabhavan±ni hi bhavanas±maññena bhutv±-saddena vutt±ni. S±maññameva hi upasaggena vises²yati. Idha vip±k±nubhavanavasena tad±rammaºa½ avipakkavip±kassa sabbath± avigatatt± bhavitv±vigatamattavasena kammañca “bhutv±vigatuppannan”ti vutta½. Na aµµhas±liniya½ viya rajjan±divasena anubh³t±pagata½ javana½ uppajjitv± niruddhat±vasena bh³t±pagatañca saªkhata½ bh³t±pagatuppannanti. Tasm± idha ok±sakatuppanna½ vip±kameva vadati, na tattha viya kammampi. Aµµhas±liniyañhi bh³t±vigatuppanna½ ok±sakatuppannañca aññath± dassita½. Vuttañhi tattha (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±m±vacarakusalapadabh±jan²ya)–
“¾rammaºarasa½ anubhavitv± niruddha½ anubh³t±pagatasaªkh±ta½ kusal±kusala½, up±d±dittaya½ anuppatv± niruddha½ bh³t±pagatasaªkh±ta½ sesasaªkhatañca bh³t±pagatuppanna½ n±ma. ‘Y±nissa t±ni pubbe kat±ni kamm±n²’ti evam±din± nayena vutta½ kamma½ at²tampi sam±na½ añña½ vip±ka½ paµib±hitv± attano vip±kassok±sa½ katv± µhitatt±, tath±katok±sañca vip±ka½ anuppannampi sam±na½ eva½ kate ok±se ekantena uppajjanato ok±sakatuppanna½ n±m±”ti.
Idha pana sammohavinodaniya½ vuttanayeneva bhutv±vigatuppanna½ ok±sakatuppannañca dassita½. Vuttañhi, sammohavinodaniya½ (vibha. aµµha. 406)–
“Kamme pana jahite ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavitv± niruddho vip±ko bhutv±vigata½ n±ma. Kamma½ uppajjitv± niruddha½ bhutv±vigata½ n±ma. Tadubhayampi bhutv±vigatuppannanti saªkhya½ gacchati. Kusal±kusala½ kamma½ aññakammassa vip±ka½ paµib±hitv± attano vip±kassa ok±sa½ karoti. Eva½ kate ok±se vip±ko uppajjam±no ok±sakaraºato paµµh±ya uppannoti vuccati. Ida½ ok±sakatuppanna½ n±m±”ti.
Tattha aµµhas±liniy± ayamadhipp±yo– “satipi sabbesampi cittupp±d±na½ sa½vedayitasabh±v± ±rammaº±nubhavane savipall±se pana sant±ne citt±bhisaªkh±ravasena pavattito aby±katehi visiµµho kusal±kusal±na½ s±tisayo visay±nubhavan±k±ro. Yath± vikappagg±havasena r±g±d²hi tabbipakkhehi ca akusala½ kusalañca nippariy±yato ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavati, na tath± vip±ko kammavegakkhittatt±, n±pi kiriy± ahetuk±na½ atidubbalat±ya, sahetuk±nañca kh²ºakilesassa cha¼aªgupekkh±vato uppajjam±n±na½ atisantavuttitt±, tasm± rajjan±divasena ±rammaºaras±nubhavana½ s±tisayanti akusala½ kusalañca uppajjitv± niruddhat±s±maññena sesasaªkhatañca bh³t±pagatan”ti vutta½. Sammohavinodaniy± pana vip±k±nubhavanavasena tad±rammaºa½ avipakkap±kassa sabbath± avigatatt± bhavitv±vigatamattavasena kammañca bhutv±pagatanti vutta½. Teneva tattha ok±sakatuppannanti vip±kamev±ha, na kammampi, tasm± idh±pi sammohavinodaniya½ vuttanayeneva bhutv±pagatuppanna½ ok±sakatuppannañca vibhattanti daµµhabba½.
Pañcakkhandh± pana vipassan±ya bh³mi n±m±ti sammasanassa µh±nabh±vato vutta½. Tes³ti at²t±dibhedesu. Anusayitakiles±ti appah²n± maggena pah±tabb± adhippet±. Ten±ha– “at²t± v±…pe… na vattabb±”ti. Hontu t±va “at²t±”ti v± “paccuppann±”ti v± na vattabb±, “an±gat±”ti pana kasm± na vattabb±, nanu k±raºal±bhe uppajjan±rah± appah²naµµhena th±magat± kiles± anusay±ti vuccant²ti? Saccameta½, an±gatabh±vopi nesa½ na paricchinno itar±n±gatakkhandh±na½ viy±ti “an±gat± v±ti na vattabb±”ti vutta½. Yadi hi nesa½ paricchinno an±gatabh±vo siy±, tato “paccuppann±, at²t±”ti ca vattabb± siyu½, paccayasamav±ye pana uppajjan±rahata½ up±d±ya an±gatavoh±ro tattha veditabbo.
Ida½ bh³miladdhuppanna½ n±m±ti ida½ yath±vutta½ kilesaj±ta½ appah²naµµhena bh³miladdhuppanna½ n±ma k±raºal±bhe sati vijjam±nakiccakaraºato. T±su t±su bh³mis³ti manussadev±di-attabh±vasaªkh±tesu up±d±nakkhandhesu. ¾rammaºakaraºavasena hi bhavanti ettha kiles±ti bh³miyo, up±d±nakkhandh±. Asamuggh±tagat±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ sant±ne anuppattidhammata½ an±p±ditat±ya samuggh±ta½ samuccheda½ na gat±ti asamuggh±tagat±. Bh³miladdhuppanna½ n±m±ti ettha laddhabh³mika½ bh³miladdhanti vutta½ aggi-±hito viya. Ok±sakatuppannasaddepi ca aµµhas±liniya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±m±vacarakusalapadabh±jan²ya) ±gatanayena ok±so kato etena kusal±kusalakammena, ok±so kato etassa vip±kass±ti ca duvidhatthepi evameva katasaddassa paranip±to veditabbo. Idha pana ok±sakatuppannasaddena vip±kasseva gahitatt± “ok±so kato etassa vip±kass±”ti eva½ viggaho daµµhabbo.
Khaºattayasamaªgit±ya samud±c±rappatta½ samud±c±ruppanna½. Ten±ha– “sampati vattam±na½yev±”ti. ¾rammaºa½ adhiggayha da¼ha½ gahetv± pavatta½ ±rammaº±dhiggahituppanna½. Vikkhambhanappah±navasena appah²n± avikkhambhit±. Samucchedappah±navasena appah²n± asamuggh±tit±. Nimittagg±havasena ±rammaºassa adhiggahitatt± ta½ ±rammaºa½ anussarit±nussaritakkhaºe kilesuppattihetubh±vena upatiµµhanato adhiggahitameva n±ma½ hot²ti ±ha– “±rammaºassa adhiggahitatt±”ti. Ettha ca ±haµakh²rarukkho viya nimittagg±havasena adhiggahita½ ±rammaºa½, an±haµakh²rarukkho viya avikkhambhitat±ya antogatakilesa-±rammaºa½ daµµhabba½. Nimittagg±hik± avikkhambhitakiles± v± puggal± v± ±haµ±n±haµakh²rarukkhasadis±. Purimanayenev±ti avikkhambhituppanne vuttanayeneva. Vitth±retabbanti “imasmi½ n±ma µh±ne nuppajjissant²”ti na vattabb±. Kasm±? Asamuggh±titatt±. Yath± ki½? Yath± sace kh²rarukkha½ kuµh±riy± ±haneyyu½, imasmi½ n±ma µh±ne kh²ra½ na nikkhameyy±ti na vattabba½, eva½. Ida½ asamuggh±tituppanna½ n±m±ti eva½ yojetv± vitth±retabba½.
Imesu uppannes³ti yath±vuttesu aµµhasu uppannesu. Ida½ na maggavajjha½ appah±tabbavatthutt±. Maggavajjha½ maggena paheyyavatthutt±. Rattoti r±gena samann±gato. Esa nayo duµµho m³¼hoti etth±pi. Vinibaddhoti m±nasa½yojanena vir³pa½ nibandhito. Par±maµµhoti diµµhipar±m±sena dhammasabh±va½ atikkamma parato ±maµµho. Aniµµhaªgatoti niµµha½ agato, sa½say±pannoti attho. Th±magatoti anusayavasena da¼hata½ upagato. Yuganaddh±ti pah±tabbappah±yakayuge naddh± viya vattanak± ekak±likatt±. Sa½kilesik±ti sa½kilesadhammasahit±.
P±¼iyanti paµisambhid±p±¼iya½ (paµi. ma. 3.21). Tik±likesupi kilesesu v±y±m±bh±vadassanattha½ aj±taphalataruºarukkho p±¼iya½ nidassito, aµµhakath±ya½ pana j±to satto asamud±haµakileso n±ma natth²ti “j±taphalarukkhena d²petabban”ti vatv± tamattha½ vivaritu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Atha v± maggena pah²nakiles±nameva at²t±dibhedena tidh± navattabbata½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ aj±taphalarukkho upam±vasena p±¼iya½ ±bhato, at²t±d²na½ appah²nat±dassanatthampi “j±taphalarukkhena d²petabban”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Tattha yath± acchinne rukkhe nibbattan±rah±ni phal±ni chinne anuppajjam±n±ni kad±ci sasabh±v±ni ahesu½, honti, bhavissanti v±ti at²t±dibh±vena na vattabb±ni, eva½ maggena pah²nakiles± ca daµµhabb± magge anuppanne uppattirah±na½ uppanne sabbena sabba½ abh±vato Yath± ca chede asati phal±ni uppajjissant²ti chedanassa s±tthakat±, eva½ maggabh±van±ya ca s±tthakat± yojetabb±. N±pi na pajahat²ti uppajjan±rah±na½ pajahanato vutta½. Uppajjitv±ti lakkhaºe tv±-saddo. Maggassa uppajjanakiriy±ya hi samudayappah±nanibb±nasachikaraºakiriy± viya khandh±na½ parij±nanakiriy± lakkh²yati.