18. Apara-acchar±saªgh±tavaggavaººan±

382. Idampi suttanti ettha pi-saddo heµµh± vuttac³¼acchar±saªgh±tasutta½ sampiº¹eti. C³¼acchar±saªgh±tasutte appana½ appatt±ya mett±ya t±vamahanto vip±ko dassito, kimaªga½ pana imiss± appan±ppatt±ya mett±y±ti dassetu½– “appan±ppatt±ya h²”ti-±dim±ha. Vip±kakath±yeva natth²ti vip±ke kath±yeva natthi, ayameva v± p±µho. Gaºan±nupubbat±ti gaºan±nupubbat±ya. Paµhama½ uppannantipi paµhama½, paµhama½ sam±pajjat²ti ida½ pana na ekantalakkhaºa½. Ciººavas²bh±vo hi aµµhasam±pattil±bh² ±dito paµµh±ya matthaka½ p±pentopi sam±pajjitu½ sakkoti, matthakato paµµh±ya ±di½ p±pentopi, antarantar± okkantopi sam±pajjitu½ sakkoti eva. Pubbuppattiyaµµhena pana paµhama½ n±ma hoti. Vibhaªgeti jh±navibhaªge. Vipassana½ kayiram±na½ lakkhaº³panijjh±nakicca½ maggena sijjhati taggatasammohaviddha½sanato Apica vipassan±ya lakkhaº³panijjh±na½ maggena uppannena sijjhati itarath± parivattanato, tasm± maggo lakkhaº³panijjh±na½, na anicc±dilakkhaº±na½ ±rammaºakaraºato. Yath± phala½ nibb±nassa asaªkhatalakkhaºa½ ±rammaºakaraºavasena upanijjh±yati, eva½ maggopi. Evampissa lakkhaº³panijjh±nata½ veditabba½. Vattabbameva natthi arittajjh±nat±ya. Sesa½ visesa½, arittajjh±n± ev±ti attho.
386-387. Hitapharaºanti sattesu hit±nur³pa½ jh±nassa pharitv± pavattana½. Cetopaµipakkhato vimuccati et±y±ti cetovimutti, appan±ppatt± mett±. Ten±ha– “idh±”ti-±di. Eseva nayoti imin± karuº±d²nampi appan±ppattata½ atidisati. Vaµµa½ honti kammavaµµabh±vato. Vaµµap±d± hont²ti vip±kavaµµassa k±raºa½ honti.
390. Ajjhattaparikammavasen±ti attano kes±d²su parikammakaraºavasena. Aµµh±rasavidheti aµµh±rasappabhede. K±yeti r³pak±ye. R³pak±yo hi idha aªgapaccaªg±na½ kes±d²nañca dhamm±na½ sam³haµµhena hatthik±yarathak±y±dayo viya k±yoti adhippeto. Sam³havisayat±ya cassa k±yasaddassa samud±y³p±danat±ya ca asubh±k±rassa “k±ye”ti ekavacana½. Tath± ±rammaº±divibh±gena anekabhedabhinnampi citta½ cittabh±vas±maññena ekajjha½ gahetv± “citte”ti ekavacana½ kata½. K±y±nupass²ti imassa attha½ dassetu½– “tameva k±ya½ paññ±ya anupassanto”ti ±ha. Tameva k±yanti ca avadh±raºena vedan±di-anupassana½ nivatteti. Tena ca puna k±yaggahaºassa payojana½ s³citanti daµµhabba½. “K±ye”ti hi vatv±pi puna “k±y±nupass²”ti dutiya½ k±yaggahaºa½ asammissato vavatth±naghanavinibbhog±didassanattha½ kata½. Tena vedan±dayopi ettha sit±, ettha paµibaddh±ti k±yavedan±di-anupassanappasaªgepi ±panne na k±ye vedan±nupass² citt±nupass² dhamm±nupass² v±. Atha kho k±y±nupass²yev±ti k±yasaªkh±tavatthusmi½ k±y±nupassan±k±rasseva dassanena asammissato vavatth±na½ dassita½ hoti. Tath± na k±ye aªgapaccaªgavinimutta-ekadhamm±nupass², n±pi kesalom±divinimutta-itthipuris±nupass². Yopi cettha kesalom±diko bh³tup±d±yasam³hasaªkh±to k±yo, katthapi na bh³tup±d±yavinimutta-ekadhamm±nupass², atha kho rathasambh±r±nupassako viya aªgapaccaªgasam³h±nupass² n±gar±vayav±nupassako viya kesalom±disam³h±nupass², kadalikkhandhapattavaµµivinibbhujjako rittamuµµhiviniveµhako viya ca bh³tup±d±yasam³h±nupass²yev±ti n±nappak±rato sam³havaseneva k±yasaªkh±tassa vatthuno dassanena ghanavinibbhogo dassito hoti. Na hettha yath±vuttasam³havinimutto k±yo v± itth² v± puriso v± añño v± koci dhammo dissati, yath±vuttadhammasam³hamatteyeva pana tath± tath± satt± micch±bhinivesa½ karonti.
Aµµh±rasavidhen±ti aµµh±rasavidh±. Satipaµµh±nabh±vakass±ti satipaµµh±nabh±va½ bh±ventassa. T²su bhavesu kilese ±tapet²ti ±t±po, v²riyasseta½ n±ma½. Yadipi hi kiles±na½ pah±na½ ±t±pananti, ta½ samm±diµµhi-±d²nampi attheva. ¾tapasaddo viya pana ±t±pasaddopi v²riyeva niru¼ho. Atha v± paµipakkhappah±ne sampayuttadhamm±na½ abbhussahanavasena pavattam±nassa v²riyassa s±tisaya½ tad±t±pananti v²riyameva tath± vuccati, na aññadhamm±, tasm± ±t±poti v²riyassa n±ma½, so assa atth²ti ±t±p². Ayañca ²k±ro pasa½s±ya atisayassa v± d²pakoti ±t±piggahaºena sammappadh±nasamaªgita½ dasseti. Tenev±ha– “±t±p²ti…pe… v²riyena v²riyav±”ti. Sampaj±noti sampajaññasaªkh±tena ñ±ºena samann±gato. Ten±ha– “aµµh±rasavidhena…pe… samm± paj±nanto”ti. Aya½ panettha vacanattho– samm± samantato s±mañca paj±nanto sampaj±no, asammissato vavatth±ne aññadhamm±nupassit±bh±vena samm± avipar²ta½ sabb±k±rappaj±nena samantato upar³parivises±vahabh±vena pavattiy± samm± paj±nantoti attho.
K±yo ca idha lujjanappalujjanaµµhena lokoti adhippetoti ±ha– “tasmi½yeva k±yasaªkh±te loke”ti. Pañcak±maguºikataºhanti r³p±d²su pañcasu k±maguºesu pavattam±na½ taºha½ Yasm± panettha abhijjh±gahaºena k±macchando, domanassaggahaºena by±p±do saªgaha½ gacchati, tasm± n²varaºapariy±pannabalavadhammadvayadassanena n²varaºappah±na½ vutta½ hot²ti veditabba½. Visesena cettha abhijjh±vinayena k±yasampattim³lakassa anurodhassa, domanassavinayena k±yavipattim³lakassa virodhassa, abhijjh±vinayena ca k±ye abhiratiy±, domanassavinayena k±yabh±van±ya anabhiratiy±, abhijjh±vinayena k±ye abh³t±na½ subhasukhabh±v±d²na½ pakkhepassa, domanassavinayena k±ye bh³t±na½ asubh±sukhabh±v±d²na½ apanayanassa ca pah±na½ vutta½. Tena yog±vacarassa yog±nubh±vo yogasamatthat± ca d²pit± hoti. Yog±nubh±vo hi esa, yadida½ anurodhavirodhavippamutto aratiratisaho abh³tapakkhepabh³t±panayanavirahito ca hoti. Anurodhavirodhavippamutto cesa aratiratisaho abh³ta½ apakkhipanto bh³tañca anapanento yogasamattho hot²ti. Suddhar³pasammasanameva kathitanti kevala½ k±y±nupassan±bh±vato vutta½.
Sukh±dibhed±su vedan±s³ti sukhadukkha-adukkhamasukhas±misanir±misabhed±su vedan±su. Tattha sukhayat²ti sukh±, sampayuttadhamme k±yañca laddhass±de karot²ti attho. Suµµhu v± kh±dati, khanati v± k±yika½ cetasikañca ±b±dhanti sukh±, sukara½ ok±sad±na½ etiss±ti v± sukh±. Dukkhayat²ti dukkh±, sampayuttadhamme k±yañca p²¼eti vib±dhat²ti attho. Duµµhu v± kh±dati, khanati v± k±yika½ cetasikañca s±tanti dukkh±, dukkara½ ok±sad±na½ etiss±ti v± dukkh±. Dukkhasukhappaµikkhepena adukkhamasukh±ti upekkh± vutt±. Vediyati ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavat²ti vedan±. Vediyam±noti anubhavam±no. Sukha½ vedana½ vediy±m²ti paj±n±t²ti k±yika½ v± cetasika½ v± sukha½ vedana½ vediyam±no “aha½ sukha½ vedana½ vediy±m²”ti paj±n±t²ti attho. Tattha k±ma½ utt±naseyyak±pi d±rak± thaññapivan±dik±le sukha½ vedana½ vediyam±n± “sukha½ vedana½ vediy±m±”ti paj±nanti, na paneta½ evar³pa½ paj±nana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Evar³pañhi j±nana½ sattupaladdhi½ na jahati, attasañña½ na uggh±µeti, kammaµµh±na½ v± satipaµµh±nabh±van± v± na hoti. Imassa pana bhikkhuno j±nana½ sattupaladdhi½ jahati, attasañña½ uggh±µeti, kammaµµh±nañceva satipaµµh±nabh±van± ca hoti. Idañhi “ko vediyati, tassa vedan±, ki½ k±raº± vedan±”ti eva½ sampaj±nantassa vediyana½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Tattha ko vediyat²ti? Na koci satto v± puggalo v± vediyati. Kassa vedan±ti? Na kassaci sattassa v± puggalassa v± vedan±. Ki½ k±raº± vedan±ti? Vatthu-±rammaº± ca panassa vedan±ti. Tasm± esa eva½ paj±n±ti “ta½ ta½ sukh±d²na½ vatthubh³ta½ r³p±di½ ±rammaºa½ katv± vedan±va vediyati, ta½ pana vedan±pavatti½ up±d±ya ‘aha½ vediy±m²’ti voh±ramatta½ hot²”ti. Eva½ “sukh±d²na½ vatthubh³ta½ r³p±di½ ±rammaºa½ katv± vedan±va vediyat²”ti sallakkhento esa “sukha½ vedana½ vediy±m²”ti paj±n±t²ti veditabbo.
Atha v± sukha½ vedana½ vediy±m²ti paj±n±t²ti sukhavedan±kkhaºe dukkh±ya vedan±ya abh±vato sukha½ vedana½ vediyam±no “sukha½ vedana½yeva vediy±m²”ti paj±n±ti. Tena y± pubbe bh³tapubb± dukkh± vedan±, tass± id±ni abh±vato imiss± ca sukh±ya vedan±ya ito para½ paµhama½ abh±vato “vedan± n±ma anicc± addhuv± vipariº±madhamm±”ti itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Dukkha½ vedana½ vediy±m²ti paj±n±t²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
S±misa½ v± sukhanti-±d²su yasm± kilesehi ±masitabbato ±mis± n±ma pañca k±maguº±. ¾rammaºakaraºavasena saha ±miseh²ti s±mis±, tasm± s±mis± sukh± n±ma pañcak±maguº±misanissit± chasu dv±resu uppann± chagehassit± somanassavedan±. S±mis± dukkh± n±ma chagehassit± domanassavedan±. S± ca chasu dv±resu “iµµh±rammaºa½ n±nubhaviss±mi n±nubhav±m²”ti vitakkayato uppann± k±maguºanissit± domanassavedan± veditabb±. Nir±mis± sukh± n±ma chanekkhammassit± somanassavedan±. S± ca chasu dv±resu iµµh±rammaºe ±p±thagate anicc±divasena vipassana½ paµµhapetv± ussukk±petu½ sakkontassa “ussakkit± me vipassan±”ti somanassaj±tassa uppann± somanassavedan± daµµhabb±.
Nir±mis± dukkh± n±ma chanekkhammassit± domanassavedan±. S± pana chasu dv±resu iµµh±rammaºe ±p±thagate anuttaravimokkhasaªkh±ta-ariyaphaladhammesu piha½ paµµhapetv± tadadhigam±ya anicc±divasena vipassana½ paµµhapetv± ussukk±petu½ asakkontassa “imampi pakkha½ imampi m±sa½ imampi sa½vacchara½ vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyabh³mi½ p±puºitu½ n±sakkhin”ti anusocato uppann± domanassavedan±.
S±mis± adukkhamasukh± n±ma chagehassit± upekkh±vedan±. S± ca chasu dv±resu iµµh±rammaºe ±p±thagate gu¼apiº¹ake nil²namakkhik± viya r³p±d²ni anuvattam±n± tattheva lagg± laggit± hutv± uppann± k±maguºanissit± upekkh±vedan±. Nir±mis± adukkhamasukh± n±ma chanekkhammassit± upekkh±vedan±. S± pana chasu dv±resu iµµh±di-±rammaºe ±p±thagate iµµhe arajjantassa, aniµµhe adussantassa, asamapekkhanena amuyhantassa uppann± vipassan±ñ±ºasampayutt± upekkh±vedan±. Eva½ vuttanti mah±satipaµµh±nasutte vutta½. S±va vedan± veditabb±ti lujjanappalujjanaµµhena s± vedan± “loko”ti veditabb±.
Eva½ vitth±riteti “sar±ga½ v± citta½ sar±ga½ cittanti paj±n±ti, v²tar±ga½ v± citta½…pe… sadosa½ v± citta½, v²tadosa½ v± citta½, samoha½ v± citta½, v²tamoha½ v± citta½, sa½khitta½ v± citta½, vikkhitta½ v± citta½, mahaggata½ v± citta½, amahaggata½ v± citta½, sa-uttara½ v± citta½, anuttara½ v± citta½, sam±hita½ v± citta½, asam±hita½ v± citta½, vimutta½ v± citta½, avimutta½ v± cittanti paj±n±t²”ti eva½ satipaµµh±nasutte (d². ni. 2.381; ma. ni. 1.114) vitth±retv± dassite so¼asavidhe citte.
Tattha sar±ganti aµµhavidha½ lobhasahagata½. V²tar±ganti lokiyakusal±by±kata½. Ida½ pana yasm± sammasana½ na dhammasamodh±na½, tasm± idha ekapadepi lokuttara½ na labbhati. Ses±ni catt±ri akusalacitt±ni neva purimapada½, na pacchimapada½ bhajanti. Sadosanti duvidha½ domanassasahagata½. V²tadosanti lokiyakusal±by±kata½. Ses±ni dasa akusalacitt±ni neva purimapada½, na pacchimapada½ bhajanti. Samohanti vicikicch±sahagatañceva uddhaccasahagatañc±ti duvidha½. Yasm± pana moho sabb±kusalesu uppajjati, tasm± ses±nipi idha vattantiyeva. Imasmiññeva hi duke dv±das±kusalacitt±ni pariy±dinn±n²ti. V²tamohanti lokiyakusal±by±kata½.