16. Ekadhammap±¼i

(16) 1. Ekadhammap±¼i-paµhamavaggavaººan±

296. Ekadhammap±¼ivaººan±ya½ idha dhamma-saddo sabh±vattho “kusal± dhamm±”ti-±d²su viy±ti ±ha– “ekasabh±vo”ti. Ekanten±ti eka½sena, avassanti attho. Vaµµeti sa½s±ravaµµe. Nibbindanatth±y±ti anabhiramanatth±ya. Virajjanatth±y±ti arajjanatth±ya. Virajjan±y±ti palujjan±ya. Tenev±ha– “vigam±y±”ti. R±g±d²na½ nirodh±y±ti maggañ±ºena r±g±d²na½ nirodhanatth±ya. Maggañ±ºena nirodhana½ n±ma accanta½ appavattikaraºanti ±ha– “appavattikaraºatth±y±”ti. Yath± kh±dan²yassa mukhe katv± kh±dana½ n±ma y±vadeva ajjhoharaºattha½, eva½ r±g±d²na½ nirodhana½ vaµµanirodhanatthamev±ti vutta½– “vaµµasseva v± nirujjhanatth±y±”ti. Yasm± kilesesu kh²ºesu itara½ vaµµadvayampi kh²ºameva hoti, tasm± m³lameva gaºhanto “upasam±y±ti kilesav³pasamanatth±y±”ti ±ha. Saªkhatadhamm±na½ abhij±nana½ n±ma tattha lakkhaºattay±ropanamukhenev±ti ±ha– “anicc±di…pe… abhij±nanatth±y±”ti. Sambujjhitabb±ni n±ma catt±ri ariyasacc±ni tabbinimuttassa ñeyyassa abh±vato. “Catunna½ sacc±na½ bujjhanatth±y±”ti vatv± tayida½ bujjhana½ yassa ñ±ºassa vasena ijjhati, tassa ñ±ºassa vasena dassetu½– “bodhi vuccat²”ti-±di vutta½. Appaccayanibb±nass±ti amatadh±tuy±.
Uss±hajananatthanti kammaµµh±ne abhiruci-upp±dan±ya. Visakaºµakoti gu¼assa v±ºijasamaññ±. “Kismiñci dese desabh±s±”ti keci. Ucchuraso samap±kapakko cuºº±d²hi missetv± piº¹²kato gu¼o, apiº¹²kato ph±ºita½. P±kavisesena khaº¹akhaº¹asedito khaº¹o, mal±bh±va½ ±panno sakkar±.
Sarat²ti sati. Anu anu sarat²ti anussati, anu anur³p± sat²tipi anussati. Duvidha½ hot²ti payojanavasena duvidha½ hoti. Cittasampaha½sanatthanti pas±dan²yavatthusmi½ pas±dupp±danena bh±van±cittassa paritosanattha½. Vipassanatthanti vipassan±sukhattha½. Upac±rasam±dhin± hi citte sam±hite vipassan±sukhena ijjhati. Cittupp±doti bh±van±vasena pavatto cittupp±do Upahaññati patihaññati paµik³latt± ±rammaºassa. Tato eva ukkaºµhati, kammaµµh±na½ riñcati, nirass±do hoti bh±vanass±dassa alabbhanato. Pas²dati buddhaguº±na½ pas±dan²yatt±. Tath± ca kaªkh±dicetokhil±bh±vena vin²varaºo hoti. Dametv±ti n²varaºanir±karaºena nibbisevana½ katv±. Eva½ kammaµµh±nantar±nuyuñjanena cittaparidamanassa upama½ dassento, “kathan”ti-±dim±ha.
Ko aya½…pe… anussar²ti ko aya½ mama abbhantare µhatv± anussari. Pariggaºhantoti b±hirakaparikappitassa anussarakassa sabbaso abh±vadassanameta½. Ten±ha– “na añño koc²”ti. Disv±ti pariyesananayena vuttappak±ra½ cittameva anussar²ti disv± sabbampetanti eta½ hadayavatthu-±dippabheda½ sabbampi. Idañca r³pa½ purimañca ar³panti ida½ ruppanasabh±vatt± r³pa½, purima½ ata½sabh±vatt± ar³panti saªkhepato r³p±r³pa½ vavatthapetv±. Pañcakkhandhe vavatthapetv±ti yojan±. Sambh±vik±ti samuµµh±pik±. Tass±ti samudayasaccassa. Nirodhoti nirodhanimitta½. Appan±v±roti yath±raddh±ya desan±ya nigamanav±ro.
297. Eseva nayoti imin± yv±ya½ “ta½ panetan”ti-±din± atthanayo buddh±nussatiya½ vibh±vitoti atidisati, sv±ya½ atideso payojanavasena navasupi anussat²su s±dh±raºavasena vuttopi ±n±p±nassati-±d²su t²su vipassanatth±neva hont²ti imin± apav±dena nivattitoti t±sa½ ekappayojanat±va daµµhabb±. Dhamme anussati dhamm±nussat²ti sam±sapadavibh±gadassanampi vacanatthadassanapakkhikamev±ti ±ha– “aya½ panettha vacanattho”ti. Dhamma½ ±rabbh±ti hi dhammassa anussatiy± visayabh±vadassanameta½. Esa nayo sesesupi. S²la½ ±rabbh±ti attano p±risuddhis²la½ ±rabbha. C±ga½ ±rabbh±ti attano c±gaguºa½ ±rabbha. Devat± ±rabbh±ti ettha devat±guºasadisat±ya attano saddh±s²lasutac±gapaññ±su devat±samaññ±. Bhavati hi ta½sadisepi tabboh±ro yath± “t±ni osadh±ni, esa brahmadatto”ti ca. Ten±ha– “devat± sakkhiµµh±ne µhapetv±”ti-±di. Tattha devat± sakkhiµµh±ne µhapetv±ti “yath±r³p±ya saddh±ya samann±gat± t± devat± ito cut± tattha upapann±, mayhampi tath±r³p± saddh± sa½vijjati. Yath±r³pena s²lena, yath±r³pena sutena, yath±r³pena c±gena, yath±r³p±ya paññ±ya samann±gat± t± devat± ito cut± tattha upapann±, mayhampi tath±r³p± paññ± sa½vijjat²”ti eva½ devat± sakkhiµµh±ne µhapetv±. Ass±sapass±sanimitta½ n±ma tattha laddhabbappaµibh±ganimitta½. Gat±ti ±rammaºakaraºavasena upagat± pavatt±.
Upasammati ettha dukkhanti upasamo, nibb±na½. Accantameva ettha upasammati vaµµattayanti accant³pasamo, nibb±nameva. Khiºoti khepeti kileseti khayo, ariyamaggo. Te eva upasamet²ti upasamo, ariyamaggo eva. Khayo ca so upasamo c±ti khay³pasamo. Tatrac±ya½ upasamo dhammo ev±ti dhamm±nussatiy± upasam±nussati ekasaªgahoti? Sacca½ ekasaªgaho dhammabh±vas±maññe adhippete, saªkhatadhammato pana asaªkhatadhammo s±tisayo u¼±ratamapaº²tatamabh±vatoti d²petu½ visu½ n²haritv± vutta½. Imameva hi visesa½ sandh±ya bhagav±– “dhamm±nussat²”ti vatv±pi upasam±nussati½ avoca anussarantassa savisesa½ santapaº²tabh±vena upaµµh±nato. Evañca katv± idha khay³pasamaggahaºampi samatthitanti daµµhabba½. Yatheva hi sam±nepi lokuttaradhammabh±ve “y±vat±, bhikkhave, dhamm± saªkhat± v± asaªkhat± v±, vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti-±divacanato (itivu. 90) maggaphaladhammehi nibb±nadhammo s±tisayo, eva½ phaladhammato maggadhammo kilesappah±nena acchariyadhammabh±vato, tasm± accant³pasamena saddhi½ khay³pasamopi gahitoti daµµhabba½. Vipassanatth±neva hont²ti kasm± vuttanti? “Ekantanibbid±y±ti-±divacanato”ti keci, ta½ ak±raºa½ buddh±nussati-±d²supi tath± desan±ya ±gatatt±. Yath± pana buddh±nussati-±d²ni kammaµµh±n±ni vipassanatth±ni honti, nimittasampaha½sanatth±nipi honti, na evamet±ni, et±ni pana vipassanatth±nev±ti tath± vutta½.

Paµhamavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.