Tattha iriyana½ pavattana½ iriy±, k±yappayogo. Tass± pavattan³p±yabh±vato µh±n±di iriy±patho. Ýh±nasamaªg² v± hi k±yena kiñci kareyya gaman±d²su aññatarasamaªg² v±. Atha v± iriyati pavattati etena attabh±vo, k±yakicca½ v±ti iriy±, tass± pavattiy± up±yabh±vato pathoti iriy±patho, µh±n±di eva. So ca atthato gatinivatti-±di-±k±rena pavatto catusantatir³pappabandho eva. Viharaºa½, viharati eten±ti v± vih±ro. Divi bhavo dibbo, tattha bahulappavattiy± brahmap±risajj±didevaloke bhavoti attho. Tattha yo dibb±nubh±vo, tadatth±ya sa½vattat²ti v± dibbo, abhiññ±bhin²h±ravasena mah±gatikatt± v± dibbo, dibbo ca so vih±ro c±ti dibbavih±ro, catasso r³p±vacarasam±pattiyo. Ar³pasam±pattiyopi ettheva saªgaha½ gacchanti. Brahm±na½, brahm±no v± vih±r± brahmavih±r±, catasso appamaññ±yo. Ariyo, ariy±na½ v± vih±ro ariyavih±ro, catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni. So hi eka½ iriy±pathab±dhananti-±di yadipi bhagav± ekenapi iriy±pathena ciratara½ k±la½ attabh±va½ pavattetu½ sakkoti, tath±pi up±dinnakasar²rassa aya½ sabh±voti dassetu½ vutta½. Yasm± v± bhagav± yattha katthaci vasanto veneyy±na½ dhamma½ desento n±n±sam±patt²hi ca k±la½ v²tin±mento vasat²ti satt±na½ attano ca vividhahitasukha½ harati upaneti upp±deti, tasm± vividha½ harat²ti viharat²ti evamettha attho veditabbo.
Jetassa r±jakum±rass±ti ettha attano paccatthikajana½ jin±t²ti jeto. Sotasaddo viya hi kattus±dhano jetasaddo. Atha v± raññ± pasenadikosalena attano paccatthikajane jite j±toti jeto. Rañño hi jaya½ ±ropetv± kum±ro jitav±ti jetoti vutto. Maªgalak±mat±ya v± tassa eva½n±mameva katanti jeto. Maªgalak±mat±ya hi jeyyoti etasmi½ atthe jetoti vutta½. Vitth±ro pan±ti-±din± “an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me”ti ettha sudatto n±ma so, gahapati, m±t±pit³hi katan±mavasena, sabbak±masamiddhat±ya pana vigatamaccherat±ya karuº±diguºasamaªgit±ya ca niccak±la½ an±th±na½ piº¹amad±si. Tena an±thapiº¹ikoti saªkha½ gato. ¾ramanti ettha p±ºino, visesena v± pabbajit±ti ±r±mo, tassa pupphaphal±disobh±ya n±tid³ranacc±sannat±dipañcavidhasen±sanaªgasampattiy± ca tato tato ±gamma ramanti abhiramanti, anukkaºµhit± hutv± nivasant²ti attho. Vuttappak±r±ya v± sampattiy± tattha tattha gatepi attano abbhantara½yeva ±netv± ramet²ti ±r±mo. So hi an±thapiº¹ikena gahapatin± jetassa r±jakum±rassa hatthato aµµh±rasahiraññakoµ²hi santh±rena kiºitv± aµµh±rasahiraññakoµ²hi sen±san±ni k±r±petv± aµµh±rasahiraññakoµ²hi vih±ramaha½ niµµh±petv± eva½ catupaññ±sahiraññakoµiparicc±gena buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa niyy±tito, tasm± “an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±mo”ti vuccat²ti imamattha½ nidasseti.
Tatth±ti “eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me”ti ya½ vutta½ v±kya½, tattha. Siy±ti kassaci eva½ parivitakko siy±, vakkham±n±k±rena kad±ci codeyya v±ti attho. Atha tattha viharat²ti yadi jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me viharati. Na vattabbanti n±n±µh±nabh³tatt± s±vatthijetavan±na½, “eka½ samayan”ti ca vuttatt±ti adhipp±yo. Id±ni codako tameva attano adhipp±ya½ “na hi sakk±”ti-±din± vivarati. Itaro sabbameta½ avipar²ta½ attha½ aj±nantena tay± vuttanti dassento “na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabban”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha etanti “s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me”ti eta½ vacana½. Evanti “yadi t±va bhagav±”ti-±din± ya½ ta½ bhavat± codita½, ta½ atthato eva½ na kho pana daµµhabba½, na ubhayattha apubba½ acarima½ vih±radassanatthanti attho. Id±ni attan± yath±dhippeta½ avipar²tamattha½, tassa ca paµikacceva vuttabh±va½, tena ca appaµividdhata½ pak±sento “nanu avocumha…pe… jetavane”ti ±ha. Evampi “jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me viharati”cceva vattabba½, na “s±vatthiyan”ti codana½ manasi katv± vutta½– “gocarag±manidassanatthan”ti-±di.
Avassañcettha gocarag±makittana½ kattabba½. Tath± hi ta½ yath± jetavan±dikittana½ pabbajit±nuggahakaraº±di-anekappayojana½, eva½ gocarag±makittanampi gahaµµh±nuggahakaraº±divividhapayojananti dassento “s±vatthivacanen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha paccayaggahaºena upasaªkamapayirup±san±na½ ok±sad±nena dhammadesan±ya saraºesu s²lesu ca patiµµh±panena yath³panissaya½ uparivises±dhigam±vahanena ca gahaµµh±nuggahakaraºa½, uggahaparipucch±na½ kammaµµh±n±nuyogassa ca anur³pavasanaµµh±napariggahenettha pabbajit±nuggahakaraºa½ veditabba½. Karuº±ya upagamana½, na l±bh±dinimitta½. Paññ±ya apagamana½, na virodh±dinimittanti upagaman±pagaman±na½ nirupakkilesata½ vibh±veti. Dhammikasukha½ n±ma anavajjasukha½. Devat±na½ upak±rabahulat± janavivittat±ya. Pacurajanavivittañhi µh±na½ dev± upasaªkamitabba½ maññanti. Tadatthaparinipph±dananti lokatthanipph±dana½, buddhakiccasamp±dananti attho. Evam±din±ti ±di-saddena s±vatthikittanena r³pak±yassa anuggaºhana½ dasseti, jetavan±dikittanena dhammak±yassa. Tath± purimena par±dh²nakiriy±karaºa½, dutiyena att±dh²nakiriy±karaºa½. Purimena v± karuº±kicca½, itarena paññ±kicca½. Purimena cassa param±ya anukamp±ya samann±gama½, pacchimena param±ya upekkh±ya samann±gama½ d²peti. Bhagav± hi sabbasatte param±ya anukamp±ya anukampati, na ca tattha sinehados±nupatito paramupekkhakabh±vato. Upekkhako ca na parahitasukhakaraºe appossukko mah±k±ruºikabh±vato. Tassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya lokan±that±, upekkhakat±ya attan±that±.
Tath± hesa bodhisattabh³to mah±karuº±ya sañcoditam±naso sakalalokahit±ya ussukkam±panno mah±bhin²h±rato paµµh±ya tadatthanipph±danattha½ puññañ±ºasambh±re samp±dento aparimita½ k±la½ anappaka½ dukkhamanubhosi, upekkhakat±ya samm± patitehi dukkhehi na vikampitat±. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya sa½s±r±bhimukhat±, upekkhakat±ya tato nibbindan±. Tath± upekkhakat±ya nibb±n±bhimukhat±, mah±k±ruºikat±ya tadadhigamo. Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya paresa½ ahi½s±pana½, upekkhakat±ya saya½ parehi abh±yana½. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya para½ rakkhato attano rakkhaºa½, upekkhakat±ya att±na½ rakkhato paresa½ rakkhaºa½. Tenassa attahit±ya paµipann±d²su catutthapuggalabh±vo siddho hoti. Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya sacc±dhiµµh±nassa ca c±g±dhiµµh±nassa ca p±rip³r², upekkhakat±ya upasam±dhiµµh±nassa ca paññ±dhiµµh±nassa ca p±rip³r² Eva½ purisuddh±sayappayogassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya lokahitatthameva rajjasampad±dibhavasampattiy± upagamana½, upekkhakat±ya tiº±yapi amaññam±nassa tato apagamana½. Iti suvisuddha-upagam±pagamassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya lokahitatthameva d±navasena sampatt²na½ pariccajan±, upekkhakat±ya cassa phalassa attano apacc±s²san±. Eva½ samud±gamanato paµµh±ya acchariyabbhutaguºasamann±gatassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya paresa½ hitasukhattha½ atidukkarak±rit±, upekkhakat±ya k±yampi analaªk±rit±.
Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya carimattabh±ve jiºº±turamatadassanena sañj±tasa½vego, upekkhakat±ya u¼±resu devabhogasadisesu bhogesu nirapekkho mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhami. Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya “kiccha½ vat±ya½ loko ±panno”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.57; sa½. ni. 2.4, 10) karuº±mukheneva vipassan±rambho, upekkhakat±ya buddhabh³tassa satta satt±h±ni vivekasukheneva v²tin±mana½. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya dhammagambh²rata½ paccavekkhitv± dhammadesan±ya appossukkana½ ±pajjitv±pi mah±brahmuno ajjhesan±padesena ok±sakaraºa½, upekkhakat±ya pañcavaggiy±diveneyy±na½ ananur³pasamud±c±repi anaññath±bh±vo. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya katthaci paµigh±t±bh±venassa sabbattha amittasaññ±bh±vo, upekkhakat±ya katthacipi anurodh±bh±vena sabbattha sinehasanthav±bh±vo. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya paresa½ pas±dan±, upekkhakat±ya pasann±k±rehi na vikampan±. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya dhamm±nur±g±bh±vena tattha ±cariyamuµµhi-abh±vo, upekkhakat±ya s±vak±nur±g±bh±vena pariv±raparikammat±bh±vo. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya dhamma½ desetu½ parehi sa½saggamupagacchatopi upekkhakat±ya na tattha abhirati. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya g±m±d²na½ ±sannaµµh±ne vasatopi upekkhakat±ya araññaµµh±ne eva viharaºa½. Tena vutta½– “purimenassa param±ya anukamp±ya samann±gama½ d²pet²”ti.
Tanti tatr±ti pada½. “Desak±laparid²panan”ti ye desak±l± idha viharaºakiriy±visesanabh±vena vutt±, tesa½ parid²pananti dassento “ya½ samaya½…pe… d²pet²”ti ±ha. Ta½-saddo hi vuttassa atthassa paµiniddeso, tasm± idha k±lassa desassa v± paµiniddeso bhavitumarahati, na aññassa. Aya½ t±va tatra-saddassa paµiniddesabh±ve atthavibh±van±. Yasm± pana ²disesu µh±nesu tatra-saddo dhammadesan±visiµµha½ desak±lañca vibh±veti, tasm± vutta½– “bh±sitabbayutte v± desak±le d²pet²”ti. Tena tatr±ti yatra bhagav± dhammadesanattha½ bhikkh³ ±lapati bh±sati, t±dise dese, k±le v±ti attho. Na h²ti-±din± tamevattha½ samattheti. Nanu ca yattha µhito bhagav± “ak±lo kho t±v±”ti-±din± b±hiyassa dhammadesana½ paµikkhipi, tattheva antarav²thiya½ µhito tassa dhamma½ deses²ti? Saccameta½, adesetabbak±le adesan±ya ida½ ud±haraºa½. Tenev±ha– “ak±lo kho t±v±”ti.
Ya½ pana tattha vutta½– “antaraghara½ paviµµhamh±”ti, tampi tassa ak±labh±vasseva pariy±yena dassanattha½ vutta½. Tassa hi tad± addh±naparissamena r³pak±ye akammaññat± ahosi, balavap²tivegena n±mak±ye. Tadubhayassa v³pasama½ ±gamento papañcaparih±rattha½ bhagav± “ak±lo kho”ti pariy±yena paµikkhipi. Adesetabbadese adesan±ya pana ud±haraºa½ “atha kho bhagav± magg± okkamma aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di (sa½. ni. 2.154), vih±rapacch±y±ya½ paññatte ±sane nis²d²”ti (d². ni. 1.363) ca evam±dika½ idha ±disaddena saªgahita½. “Atha kho so, bhikkhave, b±lo idha pubbe nes±do idha p±p±ni kamm±ni karitv±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.251) padap³raºamatte kho-saddo, “dukkha½ kho ag±ravo viharati appatisso”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.21) avadh±raºe, “kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso, satthu pavivittassa viharato s±vak± viveka½ n±nusikkhant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.31) ±dik±latthe, v±ky±rambheti attho. Tattha padap³raºena vacan±laªk±ramatta½ kata½ hoti, ±dik±latthena v±kyassa upaññ±samatta½. Avadh±raºatthena pana niyamadassana½, tasm± ±mantesi ev±ti ±mantane niyamo dassito hoti.
Bhagav±ti lokagarud²pananti kasm± vutta½, nanu pubbepi bhagav±saddassa attho vuttoti? Yadipi vutto, ta½ panassa yath±vutte µh±ne viharaºakiriy±ya kattu visesadassanattha½ kata½, na ±mantanakiriy±ya, idha pana ±mantanakiriy±ya, tasm± tadattha½ puna “bhagav±”ti p±¼iya½ vuttanti tassattha½ dassetu½ “bhagav±ti lokagarud²panan”ti ±ha. Tena lokagarubh±vato tadanur³pa½ paµipatti½ patthento attano santika½ upagat±na½ bhikkh³na½ ajjh±say±nur³pa½ dhamma½ desetu½ te ±mantes²ti dasseti. Kath±savanayuttapuggalavacananti vakkham±n±ya cittapariy±d±nadesan±ya savanayoggapuggalavacana½. Cat³supi paris±su bhikkh³ eva edis±na½ desan±na½ visesena bh±janabh³t±ti s±tisaya½ s±sanasampaµigg±hakabh±vadassanattha½ idha bhikkhuggahaºanti dassetv± id±ni saddattha½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhikkhakoti bhikkh³ti bhikkhanadhammat±ya bhikkh³ti attho. Bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatoti buddh±d²hi ajjhupagata½ bhikkh±cariya½, uñch±cariya½, ajjhupagatatt± anuµµhitatt± bhikkhu. Yo hi appa½ v± mahanta½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito, so kasigorakkh±dij²vik±kappana½ hitv± liªgasampaµicchaneneva bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatatt± bhikkhu, parappaµibaddhaj²vikatt± v± vih±ramajjhe k±jabhatta½ bhuñjam±nopi bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatoti bhikkhu, piº¹iy±lopabhojana½ niss±ya pabbajj±ya uss±haj±tatt± v± bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatoti bhikkh³ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. ¾din± nayen±ti “chinnabhinnapaµadharoti bhikkhu, bhindati p±pake akusale dhammeti bhikkhu, bhinnatt± p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ bhikkh³”ti-±din± (vibha. 510) vibhaªge ±gatanayena. ѱpaneti avabodhane, paµivedaneti attho.